About this fighter in the sky and on the outskirts of space, what weapon has and what records are capable of, says his new material to TV channel "Star".
Conqueror of heights and distances
The service ceiling of the MiG-31 is more than 25 km it reaches the Stratosphere at supersonic speed: the speed of the fighter can reach 3 thousand km/h, that is, almost three beeps. One of the tasks of these machines is to intercept cruise missiles. Not coincidentally, one of the base airfields, the MiG-31 is located at an equal distance from Moscow and St. Petersburg. So it provides effective air defense of the two largest centers in the country.
Preparing to launch debugged seconds. The crew, engineers shift — everyone knows their tasks. Ready and standby fighter: engine warmed up, tanks filled, rocket — fully operational. At the same time the MiG-31 carries on Board four missiles of distant radius of action, R-33 and the same number of rockets of small range R-77.
If necessary, the whole ammo of MiG-31 can produce in one gulp. To escape from such a strike impossible. The plane also has an excellent radar that lets you see at a range of over 400 km.
According to the commander of the regiment of Russian air force Colonel Anatoly Ulyanov, new missiles, which are fitted in the MiG-31, capable of hitting targets in near space.
This satellites, and ballistic and cruise missiles, and other means of air attack of the enemy, including those that only will appear.
The concept of this plane, said the officer, laying in such a way that a detachment of these aircraft were able to cover the position area with a width of about 1000-1200 miles. "To our great country, especially its Northern borders, this can be very useful, because these aircraft covered the entire coast of the Barents and Kara seas," — said Colonel Anatoly Ulyanov.
Plane double: ahead is the commander, rear — Navigator. Taking their seats in chairs, the pilots close the "lights", followed by a series of pre-flight checks and the cars start moving towards the runway. According to the head of operations Lieutenant Colonel Evgeny Polyakov, the supersonic plane leaves in 10 minutes of flight.
Of course, if taken literally, the height to which rises the MiG-31 is not a space: outer space, according to the accepted international standard, starts from a height of 100 km. But the few dozen kilometers of space there are "signs" — no atmosphere, but there is cosmic radiation.
For the safety of the crew uses the mask, vasoteconline costumes. Thanks to them, it is possible to avoid such a dangerous phenomenon as "boiling" of the blood. By the way, the pilots flying at such heights that are physical not only before launch, but after returning to earth. Monitoring the human condition — the most important thing in aviation.
And prepare to fly help trainers. They simulated the conditions for executing tasks. Simulation full, even the engine sound is not audible. The fact that at supersonic speed the noise is left behind, as the plane ahead of him.
Air operator Arthur Sargsyan managed to shoot rare footage: a thin strip of waves coming on the fuselage is the very boundary which separates the audio and supersonic. This transition is called the "shock wave". The speed at this moment is determined only by the instruments, the pilots in the cockpit it does not feel.
On the simulator you can practice and elements of air combat, to practise with different inputs, e.g. fire in the engine.
Records of the 31st
"Homeland" MiG-31 — Nizhny Novgorod aircraft building plant "Sokol". Now the new machine there is not collected, but is actively upgrading old. As noted by chief designer Alexander Osokin, during renovation upgrades "stuffing", resulting in high-performance aircraft.
For example, analog meters are changing here on the digital LCD screens. But what remains unchanged is the quality of the metal of which the shell of the machine.
Incidentally, when the predecessor of the MiG-31 machine 25-th model was hijacked by a traitor-defector Viktor Belenko to Japan, the local experts have been unable to unravel the secret of the alloy. It is known that in the design of the machine used high-strength steel, aluminum and titanium. Another feature of the MiG is the location of the fuel tanks, which occupy almost the entire body.
Unique materials plus ideal well-calculated design make the MiG-31 record, which in many disciplines there is no competition. Let's say for speed: the French Dassault Rafale it is 2200 km/h, the NATO Eurofighter Typhoon — 2450, U.S. F-15 — 2650. Russian plane, recall, accelerated to 3 thousand. He is able to outrun even the shells fired from the same gun!
The moment belongs and the altitude record: in 1977, Soviet pilot Alexandr Fedotov has risen to this plane in the 37650 meters. This record is still not beaten.
However, as the Vice-President for innovation, JSC "UAC", President of the Board of Directors of JSC "RAC "MiG" Sergei Korotkov, if necessary, this ceiling can be exceeded.
The course of modernization
One of the newest records the MiG-31 — flight without landing for 7 hours. It was made by pilots wing with two refueling in the air and with the subsequent implementation of practical tasks on the cover of the polygon in one of the Northern regions of Russia. It is important to note that at any height the plane does not lose its fighting qualities, can enter into a dogfight with the enemy.
Interestingly, the same team of designers that worked on Instantly, and created the famous space Shuttle "Buran". The group, headed by Gleb Lozino-Lozinsky was assigned the project "Buran" precisely because they knew that such great heights and considerable heating of the structures. They have been, and the experience of creating the country's first aerospace plane "Spiral", consisting of the orbital plane, which is displayed in the space using hypersonic responsice and missiles.
This design remained on paper, but the "Buran" flew. By the way, its creation also had to invent unique materials. That's just one example: when the aircraft or spacecraft enters the dense layers of the atmosphere, its nose is heated to a temperature of 1700 degrees, and edges of the wings to 1800. It's enough to melt iron or cast iron.
The case of the Buran was covered with special heat-resistant tiles. Each (and there were about 40 thousand pieces) were processed individually under the curved shape of the case.
The MiG-31, despite his advanced age, is still considered a promising combat aircraft. What to say if in the world so far nobody has been able to do anything like that. As noted by Colonel Anatoly Ulyanov, the aircraft is able to easily overtake a cruise missile: the speed of the MiG-31, even in the land is 1500 kilometers per hour, while the missiles fly to dozvole.
It is important to note that the crews of the Russian VKS, flying on these machines, learn to hit a modern means of air attack, including promising.
As reported late last year, the Deputy defense Minister of Russia Yuri Borisov, during his working trip to the aircraft plant "Sokol", with this company the military has a long contract for repair and restoration with the life extension of MiG-31 to the level of MiG-31BM.
"In total, the contract involves the restoration of the 113 cars, — said Yuri Borisov. — So far, no breakdowns, no claims to the plant also."
Deputy defense Minister particularly drew attention to the fact that the company managed to complete the task of import substitution during the work on this fighter. "Any relationship we have now no fears on this occasion were not", — said Yuri Borisov.
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