On 9 February we celebrate the 108 anniversary of the Russo-Japanese war. This was probably one of the biggest failures of the Russian army in history. But this does not detract from the exploits of our heroes.
1. Vsevolod Rudnev, the commander of the cruiser "Varyag"
7 February 1904, on the first day of the Russo-Japanese war he received the ultimatum of the Japanese rear Admiral S. Uryu with the requirement to leave the RAID before noon, otherwise they threatened to open fire on Russian ships in a neutral port, which was a flagrant violation of international law. Vsevolod Rudnev declined and decided to go on break. Before the formation of the officers and seamen of the cruiser, he informed them about the ultimatum of the Japanese and their decision. In particular, he said: "of Course, we go on break and join the fight with the squadron, as if she's strong. No questions about delivery may not be — we won't give up the cruiser and ourselves and will fight to the last to the last drop of blood. Each perform their duties accurately, slowly and calmly. Especially comentary, remembering that every shot has to harm the enemy. In the event of a fire to extinguish it without publicity, letting me know". The fight was brutal. The full force of the fire, the Japanese concentrated on the "Varyag". Under heavy enemy fire Russian sailors and officers fired at the enemy, patched holes, put out fires. Well-aimed fire from the "Varyag" produced results: seriously damaged the Japanese cruiser "Asama", "Chiyoda", "Takachiho", then was sunk by one torpedo boat. Bruised but not beaten, the Varyag returned to port.
2. Vasily Zverev, mechanical engineer of the destroyer "Strong"
On 27 March 1904 in 2 hours 15 minutes night the Japanese made a second attempt to block the entrance to the inner roadstead, sending 4 large commercial ship escorted by 6 destroyers; patrol torpedo boat "Strong" rushed to the attack, disposed of the ships and clashed with six Japanese destroyers. Receiving hole in the steam line, "Strong" was a sitting duck for enemy fire. Zverev then closed the hole with his body and returned to the ship move, sacrificing his life. The victims were solemnly buried in Port Arthur.
3. Gregory Khodosevich, gunnery the port Arthur fortress
March 30, 1904, the destroyer "Terrible" entered into an unequal battle with the four Japanese ships. In an unequal battle killed 49 sailors. Survived only five people among the rescued was Hodasevich. In the bloody confusion of battle, he managed to get out of the safe and hide between two lifejackets secret pack of the commander of the Pacific squadron Makarov and the entire cash amount of the ship's Treasury. Gregory has received a severe wound in the back. Once in the icy water, he did not feel his legs. Before leaving the sinking ship, Gregory hid a secret package to the task for exploration and rescue under the cork belt, obeying her boss's Maleeva. Khodosevich well knew that such military duty. See a Japanese boat, stiff fingers he began to tear apart the package and mixed in with seaweed hastily chew sodden scraps of paper. The Japanese, having noticed the Russian, hastily destroying, apparently, some important document, he hastened to raise Khodasevich and his companions on Board. Japanese sailors, to no avail interrogating Khodosevich and unsuccessfully examined the remains of the package that sent him to a pow camp. There he stayed until the end of the war. After the war, including 70 thousand Russian prisoners of war Grigori Khodosevich returned home.
4. Habakkuk Nikolaevich Volkov, senior non-commissioned officer
In the Russo-Japanese war Habakkuk Nikolaevich Volkov was full George knight. First George cross 4-th degree he received for bravery in the war. After just a few weeks, when it took to learn the location of the Japanese troops, trumpeter-bugler wolves volunteered to go scouting. Dressed in Chinese clothes, a young soldier scouted the location two large detachments of the enemy. But soon stumbled upon a Japanese patrol composed of 20 Dragoons headed by the officer. The Japanese have figured out who this unusual young Chinese. Snatching from his pocket a revolver, the spy shots and killed three Dragoons. And while the others tried to take him alive, the wolves jumped upon the horse of one of the dead. Long chase, detours and shooting did not bring success. Wolves broke away from his pursuers and returned safely to his regiment. For this feat Avvakum Volkov was awarded the George cross of the 3rd degree. In one battle the wounded Habakkuk gets to the prisoners. After a short investigation, he was sentenced to be shot. However, the same night, the soldier managed to escape. After ten grueling days of wandering in the taiga, wolves returned to the regiment, and was awarded the George cross 2-nd degree. But the war continued. Before and at Mukden the battle of the wolves once again volunteered to investigate. This time the skilled scout, doing the job, withdrew their protection from the enemy's powder magazine and blew it up. For new feat he was awarded the George cross 1st class, and became full George knight.
5. Vasily Ryabov, private
In the clothes of a Chinese peasant, in a wig with a pigtail scout Riabov in the rear of the enemy ran into a Japanese patrol. During the interrogation kept military secret, and being sentenced to death, behaved with dignity. It was done strictly according to the ritual. Shot from guns with fifteen steps. The Japanese were delighted with the courageous behavior of the Russian and consider it their duty to bring this to the attention of his superiors. Note Japanese officer sounds like a recommendation for award: "Our army can not Express our sincere wishes respected army, that the latter is raised more of these truly lovely, worthy of full respect for soldiers".
6. Roman Kondratenko, Lieutenant General, military engineer
Led the defense of Port Arthur, was engaged in the improvement of defensive positions, personally led the defense at the most difficult and dangerous areas. Roman Kondratenko was able to raise the morale of soldiers in the most difficult moments of the siege of the city, I could several times to repel the assault of the Japanese. Died December 15, 1904 from a direct hit in the casemate of the Fort howitzer shell. With him died another 8 officers. After the Russo-Japanese war, the body of the hero was solemnly reburied in St. Petersburg in the Alexander Nevsky Lavra.
7. Peter Butusov, Russian border guards officer, Lieutenant-Colonel
In 1904 — the chief of Department of the Kwantung Special Zaamursky district of the SACB. On 13 June 1904 by the order of commander of the vanguard of the 4th East-Siberian division, Colonel J. W. Shishko knocked the Japanese with mount Quincan. August 28, 1904 awarded the order of St. Stanislaus II degree for his leadership of his division and "excellent courage" in the battle on 20 and 21 June. In July Butusov point in which the border guards was blown up by enemy gun, and shot with three locks. August 6, border guards Butusov, together with arrows dislodged the Japanese from captured Water supply redoubt. October 15, 1904, for his bravery shown during the battles to repel the second assault on Port Arthur, Lieutenant-Colonel Butusov was awarded the order of St. George of IV degree. On November 21, 1904, during the fourth storm of Port Arthur, Butusov was appointed General R. I. Kondratenko commandant of the mountain High, where he was mortally wounded. Died November 22, 1904 and was buried at the military cemetery of Port Arthur.
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