Four managed 3М11 missile complex "Phalanx", placed on the lateral brackets of the helicopter, allowed them to destroy enemy tanks as on the March, and during Parking. In General, Mi-1ST - it's not just the helicopter, and a testing ground for different kinds of aviation arms.
The first experiments with rocket weapons has shown that the development of aircraft armament - a promising branch of engineering. Rockets TRS-132, placed on a helicopter, gave good range and larger area of damage, but a good performance of the armor did not Shine. For use in Mi-1ST also offer one of the first Soviet ATGM "baby" with nine rockets 9М14, which had increased range, good rates of penetration and high muzzle velocity.
It should be noted that neither anti-tank missile systems, Mi-1ST is not received, because the serial production of the helicopter, it was decided to stop. However, the completion of the first domestic attack helicopter line continued with the development of all directions of impact of rotary-wing machines, and a good tool in the works for many projects, there were several dozens of unique constructive solutions, it worked on Mi-1ST.
Unique records "Crocodile"
Mi-24 - without any exaggeration, a legend of Russian aviation. Good service, booking, impressive flight characteristics - all this allows the Mi-24 to work like a bee, in war zones around the world for over 40 years. However, in the history of the Mi-24 are the two cases truly outstanding air battles that do not fall within the usual Mi-24 of the work area.
We are talking about the cases where Mi-24 designed primarily to deal with manpower and equipment of the enemy, shot down a supersonic fighter. The first case occurred in the Bekaa valley in Lebanon in 1982, still makes military historians debate. The pilot of the Syrian air force helicopter Mi-24V started combat operations on the positions of Israeli armored vehicles carried out a mission in the usual military aviation mode, while the Israelis are not called to the aid of a few fighter "Phantom".
The fighters that were in the area of application of rockets "air-air", gave myself a radar emitters, and Mi-24V like in a Hollywood movie, made a sharp turn and literally "on the go" captured the Israeli planes and fired a missile. First R-60 was in the forward hemisphere of the Israeli fighter, and the second landed in the area of the left wing driven fighter of the Israeli air force. Unusual aerial victory of the Mi-24V over the "Phantoms" was the first air collision in aviation history, when military attack helicopter was able to beat two supersonic fighter.
In the history of aerial victory of the Mi-24V of the Israeli air force, by the way, much is still not clear. In particular, many military historians, experts in aviation say that the interception of "Crocodile" was not the F-4 Phantom, and the latest F-15. However, the fact that air destruction from the Israeli air force Mi-24V is a fact.
The second case and was not repeated by any country in modern history of military aviation. Mi-24D Iraqi air force during the Iran-Iraq conflict in 1984 was able to hit the same F-4 "Phantom", however, is the Iranian air force. Iranian pilot, riding in a fighter plane with missiles to destroy radar "Shrike" could not create a threat to the Mi-24, however, in addition to the missile armament to combat radar, the F-4 had and missiles "air-air", which, by a strange coincidence, was not able to use it. Affected by the skill of the pilot to pilot the Mi-24D at extremely low altitude.
Noting "gone" on the F-4, the Iraqi pilot did not take evasive maneuvers and "nose" and by pressing the trigger, fired in the direction of the enemy plane the cloud of unguided rockets S-5. One of these missiles landed in the fuselage, turned the Iranian F-4 into a pile of wreckage, and the pilot of the helicopter returned safely to base. The victory over the jets in the middle East wars - not only the records of the Mi-24. In 1992, during a military operation in Abkhazia, the Russian Mi-24VP managed to shoot down a missile antitank system "Sturm" Georgian su-25, which, in spite of the serious level of reservation, could not withstand the anti-tank missile hit.
Unique aerial victories which were derivates pilots of different countries on the Mi-24, and remained isolated cases of unconventional thinking of the crews and examples of excellent flight and firing capabilities of a machine, to repeat which could not in any other country.
Helicopter "Black shark", designed as a car in direct support of troops, almost immediately after his appearance has forced to strain all of the potential "friends" of the Soviet Union over the ocean, and indeed everywhere. After the first flight of the KA-50 in 1982, it became clear that a unique design with two rotors and no tail rotor, which distinguishes a helicopter from what was designed and built previously.
First unique "know-how" list of features "Black shark" is a fundamental failure of designers from the crew of two pilots. "Second head" it was decided to replace high-performance automated aiming system, with which the flying machines and the weapons can be combined. The General designer of the project KA-50 Sergei Mikheyev repeatedly declared opponents of the project that a pilot was able to perform all the tasks that you can work two.
Weapons used in KA-50, - the theme of which with trembling voice affected so far. In particular, the decision to equip the helicopter with a rapid-firing automatic cannon 2A42 caliber 30 mm - one of the most unusual not only in the domestic school helicopter, but in General in the world of aircraft armament. Due to the high rate of fire and serious munitions during combat use KA-50 in Chechnya, for example, it was revealed that the "treatment" of a congestion of manpower and equipment from the 2A42 and blocks NAR has a much greater efficacy than the attack object exclusively unguided weapons. However, the "teeth" and "armor" KA-50 not the only thing you can be proud of. "Black shark" has also a number of flight characteristics, redo that anyone in the world still failed.
"We are talking primarily about the record rate of climb. It manifested itself during operation battle strike group in Chechnya, when the KA-50 already had a shot and blew up the ammunition depot, it became clear that the explosion of the warehouse must hook the car. The pilot took the only right decision in the circumstances - took the control stick and began to climb. When they began to consider lifting speed return to base, got about 35 meters per second. That is, for half a minute the pilot in KA-50 scored more than a thousand meters," – said in an interview with "Star" graduate KAI, candidate of technical Sciences, engineer of aviation systems Nicholas Katyshev.
In the history of Russian helicopters sooner or later begin to manifest the best quality. Combat capabilities of Russian helicopters, according to most military experts, will always be ahead of time, and the unique design development and arms will carry out the tasks assigned to them 100 percent at any time, anywhere.
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