Agafonov semen Mihailovich - commander of the 181st special reconnaissance detachment of the Northern fleet, petty officer 1st article. Born in the small fishing village of Pushlakhta Arkhangelsk region in 1917. Of course, since childhood, wanted to be a sailor, so in 1938 he was accepted as a sailor in the Navy. He served in the submarine "Sch-401" of the Northern fleet. In 1941 he was enrolled in the ranks of the Marines of the same legendary Victor Leonov.
Perhaps this is the best Soviet master of unarmed combat. Behind had more than 50 successful amphibious operations behind enemy lines, where its ability to silently laid a dozen people in the trenches came in handy as we needed. Fifty times he crossed the front line, fifty times went deep behind enemy lines, collect information, blasted strong points, the base and the enemy batteries. And every trip was a feat.
He acted heroically during the landing in Motovskoy Bay September 18-19, 1942: captured two enemy machine guns, with one of them stayed to cover the retreat of an invasion from a vastly superior force of the enemy, after a stubborn fight and he managed to break through to the coast and were evacuated by boat. Member of the CPSU(b)/CPSU since 1942.
Particularly distinguished himself during the Petsamo-Kirkenes offensive. On the night of October 12, 1944 in the battles for the liberation of the village and the port of liinakhamari commander of the 181st special recon team of the Northern fleet petty officer 1st article Agafonov S. M., together with a detachment participated in the rapid attack the enemy batteries at Cape Cross. One of the first in the division he rushed on the battery, captured the gun and opened fire out of it at the enemy. In severe conditions, the squad captured the enemy position and hold it more than a day of continuous counterattacks by superior enemy forces, which contributed to the breakthrough of the boats with troops in the Gulf Petsamoon (Pechenga Bay) and the capture of the settlement of liinakhamari. In this battle, Agafonov had personally destroyed more than a dozen German soldiers, some of them in the melee.
..The task was difficult: to land behind enemy lines at Cape Grave and conduct a battalion of Marines to destroy the Nazi defense in this important item to capture the document or language and back.
In the dead of night Soviet boat silently approached the shore. The scouts quickly landed and began to climb up the steep coastal cliffs. Took the first turn, looked back, and the infantry battalion is not visible, it was late, left somewhere in the dark.
As time went on. Approaching dawn. To step one? Little forces. To go back without completing the job? This does not allow the tradition of scouts: not completed - don't come back.
And they decided. Their unexpected daring shot caught the Germans by surprise. After fleeing in panic Rangers Soviet sailors broke into the fortified area. In the abandoned dugout found staff papers, working the radio. Quickly he understood the situation and began to prepare for defense. It was on time. The enemy soon realized that before him only a handful of brave men, and rushed to the attack. Firing, the scouts waited for reinforcements, but his did not fit.
Shadows flickered in the rear of the small squad. One of the sailors looked over the stone and immediately shots rang out from the German machine. Had to circle the wagons. The sailors fought back all day. But the ferocity of enemy attacks rose. The Nazis did not spare ammunition, they beat all kinds of weapons. Circle of burned land, shelter, there was no way the scouts only closely pressed to the ground.
Finally it got dark. The Nazis realized that under cover of night, the Soviet unit will be easier to leave, and again rushed to attack. The position of the sailors seemed hopeless - ran out of ammunition. The group commander Leonov was the last drive. Something had to be done. To break ago? But on the flank, behind the rocks, stood a heavy machine guns the Nazis, cutting off escape routes. To break out was only possible by destroying machine-gun emplacements. The soldiers looked hopefully at the commander.
And he made a decision.
- Simon, I need to capture the guns, - he addressed to Agafonov.
He paused for a few seconds. Then solemnly, like a vow, uttered a short "there!" and prepared to pounce. The commander raised his gun and gave the Nazis a long line of the last disk. Agafonov a black bird flew up over the rocks and disappeared over the hill. He heard the noise of battle, the scouts rushed to help. And here is the long awaited trophies: two machine guns and boxes full of tapes. Now you can go for a breakthrough.
When the ring of the enemy parted, and a path to the shore was released, it turned out that sound in the unit only two: Agafonov and Chestnuts. The commander ordered them to take the Nazi documents and immediately deliver them to the headquarters of the fleet.
- What about you? - broke from Seeds.
- Go for you, but we will not wait, - said the commander.
Two went. The night they accidentally ran into an enemy post, gunfire, were both wounded. With great difficulty reached their. A few days later, Admiral Golovko presented Agafonov, Leonov and Kashtanovo order of the red banner.
...October of 1944. The Soviet Army came to the state border of the USSR, cleansing from Nazi invaders of the earth Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus, the Baltic States. Soldiers of the Arctic looking forward to when their time will come.
And finally, early on the morning of October 7, the men, who were on the Northern borders of the country saw on the front page of the front newspaper appeal: "the homeland needs to clear the whole Russian land in the Arctic with the ancient town of Pechenga... Go boldly forward, warrior of the North! With you all the power of our Motherland!" At eight o'clock in the morning began the Soviet offensive on the Karelian front.
Worried naval scouts: went to fight the 14th army, advancing Marines, and they still have not received a military order and so once again practiced landing with boats. Came the evening of 9 October. Captain Barchenko-Emelianov and Lieutenant Leonov gathered scouts.
- We are faced with an important task, ' said the captain. - The enemy is retreating, destroying everything in its path that can be destroyed. Must save from destruction Pechenga and other cities and to complete the encirclement of the fascist group. The fleet command decided to land troops in the port of liinakhamari, covering the approaches to the Pechenga sea.
"Devkina Zavod '" (as is liinakhamari in translation) - long and narrow Fiord, he was exposed to the Cape Cross two German batteries. While the batteries are entire.the troops can not pass. The scouts were tasked to destroy the enemy guns and to ensure the success of the operation to encircle the Nazis. The soldiers swore to obey the order of the Motherland.
The dark night of Soviet boat came to the rocky shore. The scouts silently left the ships, and walked into the darkness, towards the shot in the face with wet snow.
At midnight stormed the steep hill. Standing on the shoulders of Seeds Agafonov and leaning against the rock, the party squad Arkady Taralyn were cut down in the almost vertical granite rock steps. Through such steps, and the rope squad climbed to the top of the hill. And - there is even more of a steep mountain. The card to the battery was listed as 30 miles, but in fact, through tundra and swamps, over rocks and cliffs, were all 60. Went two days without sleep, with short breaks for rest. By the end of the day October 12, reached the goal. The detachment was divided. Part of it led by Lieutenant Leonov stormed the 88-millimeter battery, and the rest, under the command of captain Barchenko, was to capture the 150-millimeter guns, Agafonov was in the group Leonov.
Scouts became cautious about the battery, but someone in the dark he tripped over a wire. The enemy raised the alarm, took off the rockets, the shooting started. The Soviet soldiers did not panic, they tore off his overcoat and threw it over the barbed wire, we cut it with shovels. The squadron's strongman Ivan Lysenko, wrapping your head with a jacket, rushed to the wire, crawled under the crossbar of the pole, pull their socks up and lifted the boom over the ground.
- Quick, forward! he shouted. Agafonov saw the figure of Ivan slid the searchlight beams and tracer turn, tapping his chest went out. Lysenko swayed, the pack slowly fall down, still holding a wire. When he fell, the Soviet fighters were already at the battery. Semyon Agafonov climbed onto the roof of the dugout near the gun. From the ground popped up two officers. Agafonov first shot (later found out it was the battery commander), second Lieutenant - stunned with a rifle butt. Then he caught up with Andrew Wheat, grenades and they began to make inroads to the gun. These two scouts had been close fight with gunner, and others have turned the gun to the side of liinakhamari.
The commander sent Agafonov contact with a detachment that stormed a second battery. The atmosphere was heavy. From liinakhamari PA help the Nazis arrived troops. Had to split the group: some scouts repelled the attack of the troops, while others kept under fire from the battery. The soldiers remember the order: the battery should not make a single shot.
So was the entire day, October 13. It was evening. Ten sea suddenly ran the lights, hanging light rockets, talking guns. From the high Bank of the scouts could clearly See how into the Bay at breakneck speed rushed two Soviet torpedo boats. Rattled dozens of batteries of the Germans, but the most dangerous on the Cape Cross - silent. Boats, taking advantage of this, took refuge in the shadow of the opposite shore, and ran directly to the pier. And now the troops of the Soviet sailors fighting on shore. .next to the shore suitable new vessels. Saw a lot of semen Agafonov examples of desperate courage, but such a bold :breakthrough boats do not have to watch. Later he learned that the commander of the head of the boat, veganin A. O. Shabalin for this operation was awarded a second Gold Star of Hero of the Soviet Union.
By the morning of October 14, the "sea hunters" planted by scouts in the cavalry. And the Germans were driven back to the sea. Battle oshel on a narrow strip of shore. Semyon Agafonov grabbed the two by the Nazis. Defeating one, he drove into the water on one another, shouting:
- Surrender, you bastard! Will kill after all! Hyundai Hoch!
The Nazis released from the hands of the rifle, raised his left hand, sat down, and the right grabbed the stone and immediately fell, struck by a short turn.
The Nazis did not survive the onslaught, surrendered.
The detachment of scouts were immediately transferred to liinakhamari, where Agafonov and his friends again rushed to the battlefield... for 12 hours on 14 October, the garrison capitulated of liinakhamari, in the Pechenga road was opened. I arrived at the port, the commander of the Northern fleet, Admiral AG Golovko. He said the commander of the sea scouts V. Leonov:
The detachment fought heroically. Every single one is worthy. A person you will introduce the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
Leonov thanked him, but said to the Admiral:
- This title deserve Agafonov and Wheat. They first broke through to the battery and captured it. And then how fought! Weight the scouts consider them heroes...
- Well, if that's all, ' replied the Admiral, then there will be no error. Write relation.
Five days later the Admiral signed representation on assignment of a rank of Hero of the Soviet Union Sergeant S. M. Agafonov.
By the end of October liberation fights in the Arctic is over. The Soviet troops completely liberated from the German fascist invaders Petsamo area. The Soviet North was free.
The fifth of December, 1944, the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR established the medal "For defense of Soviet Arctic." It was awarded to all direct participants in the fighting, including our fellow countryman - the Hero of the Soviet Union Semyon Mikhailovich Agafonov.
After the defeat of Nazi Germany a group of sea scouts of the Northern fleet took part in the fighting in the far East against militarist Japan. New feats Seeds Agafonov was awarded the order of red banner.
Many years after the war, Semyon Mikhailovich Agafonov continued service in the ranks of the Navy.
He lived in the city of Yalta, Crimean oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Worked as a boatswain of a fishing seiner, assistant captain of the ship "Vacation", a mechanic at the plant "Vympel". Died January 1, 1977. He was buried in the town cemetery of Yalta. Awarded the order of Lenin (05.11.1944), three orders of the red banner (02.10.1942; 23.10.1944; 19.08.1945), order of the Patriotic war, 2 nd degree (10.10.1944), medals "For defense of Soviet Arctic", "For victory over Germany" "For victory over Japan" and other medals.
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