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"Who in the melee is not fought with the Russian, he did not see the war"
Material posted: Publication date: 09-03-2017
The vast majority of cases, "in arms" first caught our fighters.

For Nazi troops who attacked the USSR, the ability of soldiers to fight with bayonets, knives and entrenching blade was the same surprise as the T-34 tank, Katusha and Russian snipers.

A single complex

Finnish war has shown how important is the training of the red army unarmed combat. The reform of the Soviet ground forces, the last before the second world war, shooting, grenade throwing and bayonet fighting were combined into a single complex. Later in the battles with the Nazis, especially in urban environments and in the trenches, this experience has been generalized and strengthened. Lieutenant General Gerasimov described the tactics of storming the fortifications of the enemy: "From a distance of 40-50 meters, the attacking infantry cease fire, with one decisive throw to achieve the trenches of the enemy. From a distance of 20-25 meters, it uses hand grenades and throw on the run. Then follows the shot in focus and defeat the enemy with melee weapons".

The details of pre-war training to the fighting said a fighter of the NKVD Kovshar James F.: "Every soldier is important not only to know but to be able to own a bayonet and hand-to-hand combat with the enemy. I myself began my soldier's service in 1935. He graduated from courses for Junior commanders and was sent to a special infantry regiment deep tactical intelligence. Taught us well.

With melee combat, we, too, training was delivered well. Twice a week we went to "the box" - competed in gloves, get used to the beats. The strongest could stand up to five strokes at the same time. Three months later we learned not to be afraid of bumps and then we began to teach the throws. Throwing right and left, and across the back, and capture."

Special training – to the masses

Disaster 1941 have led to significant losses of the red Army. At the same time were identified and the strengths of our Armed forces. It was found that in melee combat, the soldiers of the Wehrmacht was inferior to trained soldiers. The boiling before the war disputes that the bayonet has lost its relevance, showed the correctness of those military experts who all are insisted on mass training of its ownership.

There was even released a special visual aid of major-General A. A. Tarasov, "Destroy the enemy in melee", which was directed in all parts, where there was accelerated training of the mobilized soldiers. "The deadly and insidious enemy of Your country - German fascism - armed to the teeth with firepower and technical means of war, wrote in the Preface Tarasov. – However, the German fascist hordes avoid meeting with us in the melee, for our fighters showed that it was not and they have no equal in courage and dexterity in fighting. But with the technique and tactics of the enemy we need to seriously be considered. Therefore in fierce battles with our enemy:

  • move quickly and secretly,
  • throw a grenade far and accurately,
  • Bay bayonet and butt tight".

The newsreel you can see how the militia are taught to chop on the run, but in the first half of the war often had to destroy the Nazis another - in their or in the trenches of the enemy to take an accurate shot with a bayonet in the throat. But the most menacing weapon of the soldier was a sapper shovel.

Especially good owned join the ranks of the red army, the farmers and the many builders who before the war often had to work carpenter's axes. Their attacks were continuous, sharp and sometimes so strong that it cut through limbs, not to mention the broken heads. Funeral of the German team after a hand to hand combat is often seen with his soldiers cut skulls.


The so-called book of the commander of the 181st special reconnaissance-sabotage detachment of the Northern fleet Victor Leonov. He and his soldiers had to engage in numerous hand-to-hand fighting with the best-trained soldiers of the mountain infantry units of the Wehrmacht. Between the soldiers they were called Rangers. It was about the German elite, consisting, usually, of young physically fit soldiers with growth of at least 176 see These Germans were trained to fight in harsh climatic conditions and perfectly mastered the technique of martial arts. However, the Nazi hunters could not resist our scouts-saboteurs.

"Blazed and flared the unusual in their intensity and suddenness of the battle – recalled Leonov. - It was the life or death struggle when in a swing and fist and edged weapons, and tucked under the arm of the rock. I saw Andrew quite close, lurking behind a large stone.

On the other side of the stone two Rangers were waiting for his appearance. A short lunge forward, then deceptive movement, and now fell one Ranger, Shibley kick butt. But, falling, he hooked Andrew, and he stretched out on the slippery stone. To him immediately rushed another huntsman. I took the rifle, but gave the place up, seeing behind the huntsman Taraskina and Gugueva.

The tall Ranger had already raised his rifle over the sprawled on the ground scout. I saw Andrew bird motnutsya to the side, but heard the clank of the butt on the stone. The rifle fell from the hands of the huntsman, and he bent down to pick it up. At the moment, I jumped through the stone and kick the butt of a rifle deafened hunters."

According to the twice hero of the Soviet Union Viktor Leonov, often hunters and our soldiers during the rapprochement did not shoot at each other, preferring short and fierce fight. The reason lay in the terrain, allowing you to secretly approach the enemy. And our, and the Germans came out to meet almost back to back – a distance of twenty meters. Before the battle the soldiers always contemptuous and evil smile, forcing the Nazis to get nervous and thinking if there is a catch. "...The smile and the vest became our weapon. The enemies could not withstand this pressure on the psyche," - said the leader of the scouts.

In the trenches of Stalingrad

Remembering a European company, the Wehrmacht soldiers are increasingly in conversations and in letters home expressed the idea: "who hasn't fought with the Russians in the melee, he had not seen a real war". Skirmishes, artillery fire and bombing, exhausting marches through the mud, cold and hunger did not go in no comparison with the short and fierce fights in which survival was almost impossible.

"We fought for 15 days for one house, using mortars, grenades, machine guns and bayonets, wrote in a letter home German Lieutenant 24 Panzer division, participant of the Stalingrad battle. - On the third day in the basement, stairwells and staircases littered with the bodies of 54 of my dead comrades.

The "front line" passes through the corridor separating the burned room, on the ceiling between the two floors. Reinforcements are pulled from neighbouring houses on fire-escapes and chimneys. From morning to night there is a continuous struggle. From floor to floor with the blackened soot from the parties we threw each other with grenades in the roar of explosions, clouds of dust and smoke, among the heaps of cement, puddles of blood, broken furniture and parts of human bodies. Ask any soldier that means a half-hour melee in this battle. And imagine Stalingrad. 80 days and 80 nights of hand to hand combat. The street length is now measured not by meters but by corpses..."

Statistics melee fights shows that in the Great Patriotic war, eighty percent of the fights, the initiators were our fighters.


Tags: armed forces , USSR

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