65 years ago, on 8 may 1949 in Berlin's Treptow Park was inaugurated the memorial complex, created in 1947 – 1949 by the architect Yakov Belopolsky and sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich. A Grand memorial has immortalized the feat of soldiers and officers of the red Army who died in the last days of world war II while liberating the capital of Germany from the Nazi evil.
They are mostly known for the monument to the Soviet soldier-winner, and the soldier standing on the hill of Treptower Park. In his right hand the soldier has the sword, latrubesse Nazi swastika. With his left hand he supports the girl, trustingly bows its head on the shoulder of his Savior. Front of the bronze soldier memorial field extends to the mass graves, sarcophagi, bowls for the eternal flame, the two red flags of granite and sculptures of kneeling men — young and older.
It is impossible to list the names of all those who had to do with the creation of the famous memorial complex. Our today's story about three men with an unusual and interesting destiny — Nicolae Maslove, Eugene Vuchetich and Ivan Odarchenko.
Sergeant Nikolai Masalov
According to the most accepted version of the prototype of the monument, which now stands at 65 years of Treptower Park, was a feat of Sergeant Masalova, who saved a German girl during the storming of Berlin.
Nikolai Masalov, the native of village Voznesenka of the Dmitrievsky parish of the Mariinsky district of Tomsk province. In the red Army the young man was called up in December 1941 — on the eve of his 19th birthday (he was born December 10, 1922). Became a mortar man. Baptism of fire took on the Bryansk front in 1942. In September his regiment crossed the Volga and became part of the 62nd army, General Vasily Chuikov, who after the battle of Stalingrad in April 1943 was renamed the 8th guards. The famous Soviet military leader gave his fighter this way: "Martial biography of Nicholas Masalova like a drop of water reflected the history of the 8th guards army. To his lot fell to be with us on the direction of the main attack German troops advancing on Stalingrad. Masalov fought on Mamaev hill as soldier shooter, in the days of battles on the Seversky Donets became a machine gunner, after liberation he was appointed assistant commander of the commandant's platoon, on the Dniester bridgehead was wounded, after four months in crossing the Vistula, again injured, but the trooper remained in the ranks and all the way from the Vistula to the Oder bridgehead was walking with a bandaged head".
Sergeant Masalov has honourably carried the flag of the regiment through half of Europe. Feat, immortalized his name, he has done a few kilometres from the Reichstag at the end of the war — April 29, 1945.
Again I will call the army General Chuykov: "Before the attack remained 50 minutes. There was silence, before the storm, anxious, tense. And suddenly in this silence, broken only by the crackling of the fire, the wail of a child. As if from out of the ground, muffled and invitingly sounded the voice of a child. Weeping, he repeated a single, clear word: "mutter, mutter..."".
To save the child volunteered the Sergeant Masalov. Risking his life, he crawled on the asphalt: "Under the bridge I saw three-year-old girl, who was sitting next to murdered mother remembered Masalov. — She had blonde, slightly churchwebsite the forehead hair. She tugged on his mother's shoulder and called: "mutter, mutter!" To think there once. I'm the girl in his arms and back. And she will sagolasin! I'm on the go and that way persuade: shut up, they say, and that will open me. It is kind of like the fascists began to shoot. Thank you to our — came to the rescue, opened fire with all guns".
The hero is really lucky. In the book "Second world war" historian Anatoly Utkin wrote: "fortunately, at this time began the cannonade — like gunners heard the call Masalova, which you were with three-year-old child in her arms. He handed the girl to the infirmary, and he came back to Flagstaff. So in Treptower Park is not a leaf, not an invented legend, but a simple illustration of the episode of the great war".
These "episodes" were not enough. Day to day with Mailowym their lives German child rescued Sergeant Trifon Lukyanovich Andreevich — the person, the whole family which Hitlerites killed in Belarus. Typical story of another participant of storm of Berlin Ivan Perfilieva about how he and other soldiers "had in the darkness, almost by swimming, to get German kids, women, old people by the Nazis of a flooded basement. "Neither did we, Soviet people, to look at the death of the children..."
A few days later the regiment to Nicholas Masalova came the sculptor. They met and talked. The sculptor did a few character sketches. On this meeting a war hero remembered only a few years later, when she accidentally noticed a monument to the soldier-winner... at matchbox. In 1965, the veteran again visited Berlin — the capital of the German Democratic Republic. There hero got the opportunity to see a bronze monument to perpetuate his feat, feats of Love and other soldiers.
Honorary citizen of Berlin, the town of Weißenfels and the village Tyazhin of the Kemerovo region Nikolay Masalov in Tjazin died 20 December 2001 at the age of 79 years.
Sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich
The Creator of the monument to the liberator soldier in Treptow Park was a great Soviet sculptor Evgeny Vuchetich. He was a worthy successor of the traditions that were laid in the NINETEENTH century the great Russian artists-the battle-Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (1817 – 1900) and Vasily Vasilyevich Vereshchagin (1842 – 1904).
Vuchetich was born on 15 (28) December 1908 in Yekaterinoslav (now Dnepropetrovsk). Surname inherited from his father Montenegrin. In 1933 Vuchetich graduated from the Leningrad Institute of painting, sculpture and architecture. Four years later, for her sculpture group "Kliment Voroshilov on horseback," was awarded the gold medal of the world art and industrial exhibition in Paris.
The creative life Vuchetich was extremely successful. In addition to the monument in Treptow Park, he created sculptural portraits of major public figures and famous Soviet generals. It was erected in Moscow the monument to Chairman of the Cheka Felix Dzerzhinsky and the majestic Motherland monument on Mamayev Kurgan in Volgograd (the height of the monument is 52 meters, the length of the sword — 33 meters). The sculptor's creations are monuments to the ordinary Alexander Matrosov Dnepropetrovsk and Velikie Luki, allegorical statue "swords into plowshares", installed at the UN building in new York.
About the monument to the liberator of Kiev, General of the army Nikolai Vatutin today, it is worth special mention. Commander of the 1st Ukrainian front, was mortally wounded by Ukrainian nationalists, on February 29, 1944 near the village of Miletin Ostrovskogo district, Rivne region. In Soviet times, Vatutin was revered in Ukraine. On the front side of the pedestal are carved the words of gratitude: "Generalov Watoto push for Ukrainian people". At present the monument to Vatutin in need of restoration. However, while the government in Kiev is neopentanoate walking in the footsteps of the killers of the Soviet General, count on it. However, under the current self-appointed authorities on what to expect and the vast majority of citizens of all Ukraine and not only to the inhabitants of its South-Eastern regions...
In-progress project Vucetic (he died April 12, 1974 in Moscow) after the death of the sculptor in Kiev on the Dnieper was built figure of the Motherland (the total height with pedestal — 102 m). The solemn opening ceremony of the monument took place on 8 may 1981.
Whereas Yevgeny Vuchetich for Kiev and all Ukraine, not to remain silent about the fact that in April 2014 the 40th anniversary of the death of the sculptor in Ukraine remained unnoticed. Was no exception and his native Dnepropetrovsk. That, however, is not surprising. The monuments of the Soviet era in Ukraine, now ruthlessly destroyed, and Dnipropetrovsk ruled by a sworn enemy of all Russian and Soviet oligarch Igor Kolomoisky — protege settled in the Pro-American Kiev junta.
Private Ivan Odarchenko
The sculpture of the warrior-winner Yevgeny Vuchetich created with Ivan Stepanovich Odarchenko, who was born in 1926 in a peasant family in the North of Kazakhstan in Atbasar region of Tselinograd oblast. The Red Army was called in January 1944. By that time, at the front killed his father (in 1942 at Stalingrad) and older brother Peter (1943 near Smolensk). As Nikolai Masalov, Ivan Odarchenko was a mortar man. Baptism of fire took place in Hungary in the battle for the station Sirets. In the composition of the 3rd Ukrainian front under Marshal of the Soviet Union Fedor Tolbukhin liberated Hungary, Austria and Czechoslovakia. He ended the war near Prague. Came to Germany after the end of world war II.
Ivan Stepanovich died less than a year ago — a veteran of the war died in Tambov on 2 July 2013. Ten years earlier in an interview with the author of these lines he told the following story: "the Sculptor Vuchetich it took soldiers with which to do the main figure of the warrior with the girl and sword. General Seals invited him to go to the stadium, which hosted the parade. There the sculptor and saw me. Then, during one of the events, I was approached by a man dressed in a civilian coat, and offered to climb with him to the podium. There he announced the decision to erect a monument in Treptow Park and asked if I agreed with the fact that the main sculpture of the warrior-liberator was done with me. I agreed. Then, on the orders of the commandant of the city of Berlin I got into the disposal of the sculptor Vuchetich, architect Belopolsky and artist Gorpenko... Near the site of the work lived the commandant of Berlin, General Alexander G. Kotikov. He had two daughters: Lena and Svetlana. Here are three Svetlana Kotikova I was holding".
When the work was completed, Vuchetich gave Odarchenko sketch of the head of the bronze soldier, which was subsequently transferred to the Tambov regional Museum of local lore. The Vuchetich Odarchenko has kept the warmest memories. In 2003, he recalled: "the House the mother is in trouble: the neighbor unnecessarily killed our only cow. I received a letter from home and was upset. Vuchetich saw and asked what was going on. I told. He asked: "how Much is the cow?". I replied. Then Vuchetich took their money and gave them to me. After a while he asked: "And hay for cows to eat?". Say: "do Not know". The money he gave me. He was a good man, sincere".
From the army Odarchenko was discharged in may 1950. On the way home to Kazakhstan came to Tambov to visit with her sister. Decided to stay her for just a few days, and so it was that remained in Tambov to live. There he trained as a Turner and Miller, worked all his life at the factory. She raised two children.
At the end of life fate gave the soldier an unexpected and pleasant surprise. After 60 years since the opening of the monument in Berlin's Treptow in his native Tambov Ivan Stepanovich Odarchenko once again had become the prototype for the monument. The result is a monument to the veteran, on his knees at which sits a girl.
We can only be happy when history repeats itself so happy.
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