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Assault brigade of the red army: the red army elite
Material posted: Publication date: 25-06-2017
The Germans during the great Patriotic war showed themselves masters of military engineering. Their obstacles in the blitzkrieg was considered impregnable. But was created in 1943 sapper-engineering assault units of the red army broke into the most complex of the German fortifications.

Soviet sappers before the war

German historians speaking about the war with the Soviet Union, like to say that the Russian military turned out to be excellent students and have surpassed their teachers – soldiers and officers of Wehrmacht. To illustrate, the engineer assault battalions of the red army breaking into the impregnable fortifications of Germany.

However, the use of technical solutions to achieve the military advantage had taken place since the times of Alexander Nevsky. The capture of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible can also be attributed to the asset of Russian military engineering.

The beginning of the great Patriotic war, it was believed that Soviet sapper troops to fully meet the requirements of the time. They were equipped with the necessary means to overcome obstacles, in particular, armored vehicle launched bridges it-28, pontoon Park equipment electroparadise. There was even a special swimming bag for horses of the IPC. At the same time, these battalions were auxiliary units of the red army was not equipped with the necessary motor transport.

Pantsergrenadery of the SS "Totenkopf"

Military engineering in the war played a huge role. Tank connections breaking through our fronts, the Nazis in the shortest time was built around the encircled Soviet troops of the obstacle, including from the minefield. The time required to overcome them, were sufficient to destroy the advancing red army infantry with heavy machine-gun and mortar fire.

Soviet fortifications were stormed by German special forces – pantsergrenadery, consisted of infantry of the Wehrmacht. Among this kind of German most famous is the SS division "Totenkopf" ("Dead head") of a sample of 1939 and 1942, which had a special battalion.

In the Arsenal of enemy sappers and stormtroopers were special means for the destruction of our pillboxes and bunkers, but most importantly, they have been specifically trained to take a layered defense structures.

The beginning of the war

Without effective anti-personnel defence, equipped with protective engineering barriers, the German blitzkrieg would be a journey of Nazi tanks across the endless Russian expanses. It is therefore trapped in the boilers of the army of the red army, once safely cut off from the rear, surrendered after an exhausting bombardment and the exhaustion of resources.

Our demining troops were bled at the beginning of the war, being engaged in the construction of a new fortified area on the border with Poland. One of the first they were on the firing line, not having heavy weapons and vehicles for evacuation.

The remaining engineering of the Gib, covering the main parts of the waste, blasting the bridges and leaving a minefield. Often the engineers used as infantry. Bet responded to the situation fairly quickly as possible in those conditions, and 28 November 1941, issued an order prohibiting the use of sappers for other purposes. In fact, in the autumn of the first year of the war, we had to re-create the sapper troops.

A strong body and spirit

Bet quickly ran to the fighting, but also led the analytical work. The command said that fighting the army corps of engineers, because of their nature, were a formidable force. For example, the famous "Pavlov's House" in Stalingrad 56 days defending the 18 sappers under the command of Sergeant Yakov Pavlov. Commander of German 6th army field Marshal von Paulus too was captivated by the engineers 329-th engineering battalion and the soldiers of the infantry division.

May 30, 1943, was completed the formation of the first 15 assault engineer-sapper brigades, which had the task of breakthrough the German fortified. The men of these units became physically strong young men under the age of forty years, well versed in the art. Most of these units were formed on the basis of belligerent battalion, well-proven in battle. In August 1943, assault engineering sapper brigade arrived at the front.

Hard to exercise – easy in battle

Soldiers assault engineering and demining brigades before to get to the front, passed a special course. Carefully taught them throwing grenades and secretive movement. For example, captain M. Tsun, commander of the 62nd assault battalion of the 13th, Sibr fired live ammunition in the classroom, where future sappers crawling on their bellies. As a result, his men are not inferior to the best instructors and the scouts. The bomb squad stormtroopers also coached rapid jerks on rough terrain with power ammunition, grenades and explosives. Of course, training and techniques of unarmed combat.

Soviet ground attack aircraft

Sappers-stormtroopers have mastered the tactics of joint with the infantry attacks. To do this, they made a detailed map of the German defense and figured its weaknesses. In the battle the soldiers of these battalions were in steel breastplates, wearing them for cotton jackets. For this they are sometimes called armored infantry.

"My team is a special squad, storm troopers with bulletproof vests, steel helmets, all armed with submachine guns, recalled the chief of the engineering troops of the 1st Ukrainian front General Galitsky, They intended to fight with infantry and have to participate in the breakthrough: to destroy pillboxes, bunkers, machine gun nests and NP...".

In addition to the machines, many of the stormtroopers-the soldiers were armed with man-pack flamethrowers, machine guns and antitank guns, which were used as large-caliber rifles. Binding was reinforced and hand grenades. Having made openings in the enemy lines, bomb squad-attack immediately removed to the reserve.

The Defeat Of Germany

The Germans considered the Konigsberg impregnable fortress, but the city fell in a matter of days. Soldiers from an engineering assault battalions broke through to the fortifications, and blew them with a powerful explosive charges. Nikolay Nikiforov in his book "the Assault brigade of the red Army in battle" gave the following example:

"... to undermine the concrete shelters near Parsau took charge 800 kg of EXPLOSIVES. A garrison of 120 people after the explosion, surrendered".

Here's another quote from the same book:

"In the battle for Berlin 41st obro burned 103 of the building. Experience with the use of a knapsack flamethrowers again gave reason to believe that they are one of the effective means of struggle in the city, thanks to their lightness, the possibility to approach target objects for hidden accesses and high efficiency gametangia".

Rate was considered an engineering battalion of the elite of the red army.

Terentyev Andrey


Source: http://www.nationaljournal.ru/articles/2017-06-21/3717/

Tags: armed forces , USSR


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