Center for Strategic Assessment and forecasts

Autonomous non-profit organization

Home / Defence and security / The tragedy of Yugoslavia: Lessons and Conclusions / Articles
On the tactical units of the 5th corps of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the 1992-95 war,
Material posted: Valetskiy OlegPublication date: 04-06-2013

With the beginning of hostilities in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the spring of 1992, large-scale fighting in the summer of 1992 turned and in the West in the Bosnian Krajina.Here in the areas of Bihac,Bugema,Casino,in September 1992,was created 5th corps of the Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina because of premature stop of offensive military action based on promises of Western diplomats and other representatives of Western intelligence agencies, are simply deceived and the leadership of Republika Srpska and the leadership of Serbia and Yugoslavia.

Serbian troops only in the fall have established a stable front line running through the centre of Bosansko Groats,on the right Bank of the una river, while a part of this city with the surrounding villages on the left Bank of the river una, remained in the hands of Muslims.

As with the South of Bihac was opstina Dirver, Grahovo and Glamoc where Serbs were in the majority (over 90%), and from the North and West was the territory of the Serbian Kninska Krajina (Republika Srpska Krajina – Republic of Krajina Srpska), these areas remained deep in the Serbian environment. To blizhyshee positions created in June, the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina under the cities of the Eggs and Herbalist from Bihac was about hundreds of kilometers,and the nearest positions of the army of Croatia in Croatia, from great Clausi had about twenty kilometers,and the army of Croatia in this area has not made any serious attempts to break through the position 39го the case of the ICS under Cetingrad from the direction of Karlovac and Zagreb.

The only thing that has taken command of the army of Croatia in respect of this territory,which became called the course of the war "Western Bosnia" is allowing the representatives of the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina to organize on the territory of Croatia refugees from Bosnian Krajina and Posavina as well as volunteers from among the Bosnian Muslims who worked and lived abroad,mainly in Western Europe.

In summer-autumn of 1992 after a series of defeats forces of the HVO and the Patriotic League in Bosnian Krajina and Posavina,military-able men were collected on the territory of Croatia and then were either transferred to the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which was under the control of Bosnia and Herzegovina, either together with their families went West. According to the book "Krasniqi and Herzegovina in battles on two fronts"("U obruču -Krajišnici i Hercegovci u borbama na dva fronta". Ramiz Dreković. Zenica 2004) 5ым former commander corps General Ramiz of Dracevica in Croatia of these refugees as volunteers and has created separate divisions and units of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which reached number eleven thousand people. The most efficient appeared to be created in Rijeka (Croatia) is 1-th and 7-th brigade called "Rieccomi" (Riekstini), or "Krasnimi" (Krainski),which were later 17 are United by one brigade and according to Drekovic were perebrosali on the front near Travnik and Zenica in September 1992.

Taking advantage of the passivity of the Serbian command through the territory of the RSK from Croatia to Bihac,Buzim and Cazin mountain trails held group of Muslim volunteers from Europe and Croatia.

So on June 18,according to the book "Krainski the ghazis" Niyaz Pelagica ("Kraiške gazije".Nijaz Veladžic.Bošnjacka zajednica-"Preporod".Bužim) arrived a group of volunteers led by Newseum Nanochem,which is 30 June joins in the fighting against Serbian forces in the area of Ivanska-Asmaca-Panyak-Charbula - Banani. In the fighting killed himself Newset Manic, but his group was establishing an intelligence-sabotage group "the ghazis" 105ой brigade became widely known in this war.

Learning and the infiltration of Muslims across the territory of Kninska Krajina Serb command in RSC increased control and thus detachment of the Muslims were discovered 27th August 1992 in the area of Obilic and sawing of opstina Plasco in the area of Kordun.The next day when the local Serbian division received reinforcements from Wojnicz and Korenica and that the unit was broken,having lost 197 men killed and wounded and 34 prisoners.

In the Western Bosnia of Muslim refugees from Sana'a Bridge, Key and Predore captured by the Serbs consolidated into companies and battalions have played an important role in the actions of this body,a similar role was played by immigrants from the "Sanjak".

An important role in the fighting was played by small village Buzim in opstina Bosansko where Croup has been creating 105ая brigade(later converted into the 505 brigade) under the command of Izet Nanica and it is already October 7, during the operation "Oganj" captured the heart of the plateau Corcovada dominated that Busymom.

In addition, in Bihac was established and 101ый battalion HVO reported to the local headquarters of the HVO.

As a result, on August 13 there was establishing Unsko-Sana'a operational group of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina under the command of Hajrudin of Osmanagich,who was later replaced by Ramiz Drekovic former captain of the 1st class JNA and native of Sandzak,This group comprised the 1st "bihaku"(commander Mirsad suleimanovich) and the 2nd "bihacka Muslim-Croatian"(commander Atif Dudakovic) brigade had headquarters in Bihac and in August in its composition were also created 105ая "Buzinska shock kriska Muslim" brigade(commander Izet Nanic) with headquarters in Bugema,"Cazinska infantry" brigade(commander Muhamed Delalić), with its headquarters in Cazin,"the 1st large-kladochka mountain" brigade(commander Mehmed Kostic), with its headquarters in the great Clause.

In September it has been creating "bosansko-Krupskaya infantry" brigade(commander Fadil Hasagic) with the headquarters on the left Bank of the city of Bosanska Krupa(later converted to 511ую brigade),and in November, the 101st "Muslim-kraska" a crew of refugees from other optin Bosnian Krajina.

After the post commander Unsko-Sana'a OEG Hirudina of Osmanagich, replaced Ramiz Drekovic,29th September according to the recollections of Ramiz of Drakovich was created 5th corps of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina Dregoviches headed.

In January 1993го, the corps was able to conduct an offensive operation near the village of Banani,where the positions held battalion "new town" (Novi grad) of the 1st brigade "Kraskovo" corps of the VRS. Offensive forces of the 5th corps in the area Banany called "Munya-93("Munja-93")"

According to the book "Krasniqi and Herzegovina in battles on two fronts" Ramiz drakovich of 11 January 1993, carried out by 105 (505 later-Oh) "Boginskoe" brigade under the command of the former JNA Lieutenant Izet Nanica. In the operation of the key role played by individual "commando" platoon of this brigade "Hamza" and "the ghazis" acting under the direct command of Izet Nanica and formed the basis of the five battle groups, according to the book of Drakovich. One group of the reconnaissance and sabotage platoon "the ghazis" was the riverbed of the Serbian Gloa in the rear, while the other four battle groups attacked from the front and from the flanks. As a result of sudden operation of the Serbian commanders had been caught off guard, and the battalion was routed, suffering heavy losses,so that about sixty of the killed Serbs remained in Muslim territory. Muslims also seized in this operation about two dozen guns and mortars, it is highly useful to them later.

This attack was a harbinger of new attacks of the 5th corps on Serb troops, subsequently ended in the defeat of the Serbian troops first in Kninska Krajina and then in the RSK and Bosnian Krajina in MS that without the existence of the 5th corps would be impossible.

Properly natural the lack of military equipment, the main striking force of the corps amounted to volunteers selected from units designed for both assault operations to break enemy defense lines and for carrying out reconnaissance and sabotage operations.

So for example company and later the battalion of special purpose "Hamza (or Hamza) (Hamze)" created in part 505-th brigade of the 5th corps of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina represented an example of "assault" units of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina and to call it a gang of criminals, as did the Serbian media, it means not to understand the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina and not only in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

This unit was used in such a way that the project was at the point of attack and then performed the maneuver in the rear of the enemy attacking him from the rear, either seeping through his battle formations, and then attacking with the beginning of a frontal attack or arranging ambushes suitable reserves of the enemy. Three of its commander Asim topalovic, Muharem Sahinovic, Asim, Bajrektarevic died in battle and this fact shows the high level of samootverzhennost in its ranks.

The same tactic actions were the reconnaissance and sabotage platoon "the ghazis (Gazije)" the same 505-Oh crews, the practice of which was described in the book. Of course not only in 505ой brigade,not only in the 5th corps, and in all parts of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the war there was a similar assault units, whose formation was influenced by practical needs. Unfortunately, the Serbs did not take into account in the course of the war, changes in tactics and organization of the Muslims, which played a tragic role in 1995.

505 brigade of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina (before its reorganization which was called 105 Brigada) was established in the village Burim, in this case, stood out in all of the 5th corps and was its main striking power. Its personnel and the commander - Izet Nanic differed high fighting qualities, so that later the brigade received the official name "Vitesse" (guards). Himself Izet Nanic (born in 1965)graduated in 1987 Military Academy(military school) in Zagreb until the outbreak of the war he served in forces of air force and air defense in the JNA in Serbia. Standing at the head 105 of the brigade in 1992, he has focused on the development of the assault units of his brigade.Subsequently, on 19th December 1993 in the composition 505ой brigade was founded diversantebi platoon "Typhoon(Tajfun)" as part of the 2nd assault battalion 505ой brigade and thus the brigade itself had acquired the quality of "assault" brigade and was brought to all important operations of the 5th corps.

So during the operation, "Munya-93",according to the book "Krainski the ghazis" Niyaz Pelagica power 105ой teams were organized so that the main assault group was a reconnaissance and sabotage group of the brigade "the ghazis" and "Hamza",but also made up of volunteers, the office of the 3rd battalion and group of 111ой brigade.Themselves force battalions were supposed to go already for the assault teams.Full unit of fire fighters had no ammunition and were often in the pockets.From the means of fire support they had only three mortars of 82 mm caliber and two mortars calibre 60 mm.

Closer to the Serbian positions in the area of Linden and "Kadikoy" height group "Hamza" at 6 o'clock in the morning suddenly hit all weapon emplacements Serbs for half an hour and broke their resistance in the most important points. Serbian reinforcements dinosauce to support their hit on the way to ambush soldiers from the division "the ghazis" and the group of volunteers 111th brigade before it leaked through the Serbian positions.Muslims were able to capture one anti-tank gun ZIS caliber of 76 millimeters, two anti-aircraft guns of calibre of 20 millimeters,two mortars caliber 82 millimeters, six mortars of caliber of 60 millimeters and three recoilless rifles of caliber 82 millimeters, and the left positions of the body 69 of the Serbian fighters.

Then Serbian artillery struck on the positions of the Muslims,from which they had eight killed(just surgery they killed 17 people), and until January 14, go counter-strike Serb forces in the numbers of volunteers from Serbia,but to return the lost positions, the Serbs could not.

During the military action the soldiers of the 5th corps was often used as a combat poklic is the Arabic word for "tekbir" used by duhovenstva during the prayer, so to say that Islamic fundamentalism is not peculiar to Bosnia,then do not understand neither Bosnia nor Islam.This fundamentalism has become quickly an integral feature of the Muslims of Western Bosnia,which it was not imposed on the CIA and life circumstances, coupled with the policy of its political top.What is called the method of "stick and carrots".

Of course Serbs were not completely passive and command the same ICS understood the danger represented for Kninska Krajina located in the rear of the 5th corps of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

So,according to the book of the former commander 5ым corps General Ramiz of Drakovich "In the environment ( Krasniki and Herzegovina in battles on two fronts)" during the offensive on 27 April 1993 in the area of Bosanska Impact forces of the 39th SVK corps Banikova, that is, from the territory of the Republic of Serbian Krajina,as a result of the breakthrough of the Serbian infantry battalion reinforced tank company was broken 521 brigade and in the great Kladusa started to panic. The command of the 5th corps was transferred to this area, the reinforcement of 501-nd, 511-505 and Oh-Oh brigades and a detachment of special police and the Serbian advance was halted. Probably if such breakthroughs were carried out by Serbian forces on all fronts, 5th corps could be broken. However, the onset of the 39th SVK corps were left without support, and on 29 April his forces returned to their original positions.

New Serbian offensive on 26 June 1993, this time under the VRS forces in Bihac,according to the book of Drakovich after initial success was also halted and suffered defeat 503 th 504 and the second brigade, supported by the provisions of 501-and 502-nd brigades, and battalion of military police and a detachment of the special police rescued the captured Serbs height.

September 1, JMC forces launched a new offensive on the forces of the 5th corps in the area of Bosansko Through here and broke through the front line.

At night the forces of the 5th corps counterattacked and drove the Serbs to their former positions on the border. After the defeat of the forces of 521-th brigade in the area of Bosansko Tumblers, its commander Mehmed Kostic, was filmed by Dregoviches and is replaced by Izet Laticia.

The outbreak of Croat-Muslim war in Western Bosnia hardly touched. After several clashes between the local HVO brigade and its commander Vlado Šantić, I realized that the chances of success they have, and how help from the Serbs.

However, the main danger for the 5th corps came not from Serbian forces, but from our own ranks. The main source of this danger was Fikret Abdic.

It is worth reminding that the territory of the Bosnian Krajina during the Second World war, was the main base of the partisan movement and Tito in Bihac, were under the control of the partisans of Josip Broz Tito, on 25 November 1943 the first meeting of the "partisan" Communist Parliament of Yugoslavia-AVNOJ. Local Muslims have been an important factor in the guerrilla movement and, together with the Serbs suffered heavy losses in the fighting against Ustasa NDH, including the notorious concentration camp NDH – Asenova. Cpower these traditions, all Bosnian Krajina remained under the biggest Communist influence in Bosnia and Herzegovina until the beginning of the war.

Despite the fact that the majority of Muslims in the Bihac opstina voted for SDA, which received a lot of votes from Muslims and other opstina Bosnian Krajina, played an important role in SDA then joined Fikret Abdic the head of the largest state enterprise "Agrokomerc" and a native of the great Clause where they called him "babo" (father). Abdic enjoyed the support of the fellow countryman of Hamdi Poszerza native Casino veteran guerrilla army and Tito who held the post of President of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1971-74, Chairman of the Parliament of Bosnia and Herzegovina 1971-78 and a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Union of Yugoslavia.

Hamdia Pozderac as his brother the Patient were perhaps the most influential politicians in Bosnia and Herzegovina 70-80 years and Hamdii Pazderce and who died in a plane crash in 1977 under mysterious circumstances Cemal Begitu, the then Prime Minister of the SFRY,was attributed a considerable portion of merit in the fact that Josip Broz Tito in the 1974 Constitution introduced the concept of the nation "Muslims".Abdic stood at the head of "Agrokomerc" thanks to Pazderce became his main economic power and according to the book “Kill your neighbor (the Yugoslav secret police 1945-95)” author Marco Lopusina ("Ubij bližnjeg svog (Jugoslovenska tajna policija 1945. - 1995.)" - Lopušina Marko, Beograd, 1997) in the 80-ies of the Minister of internal Affairs, duško Zgonjanin (Serb by nationality) have created a DB in Bosnia and Herzegovina a group personally loyal to him jointly with the military security of JNA-KOS (CL management military military security),put under the control of Belgrade - DB Bosnia and Herzegovina was increasingly based. Just this can explain the trial against Fikret Abdiche Scam known as "Agrokomerc" whose true purpose was to Hamdija Pozderac, which was then applied for the post of President of Yugoslavia.

After the arrest and conviction of Abdita in 1987 in the society he was created a halo of "Martyr" because after his release in 1990 he joined Brady opposition SDA (Stranka Demokratske shares) representing themselves radical Islamic opposition of the then Communist government which was represented by created on the basis of the UCC(Saves Ugoslavia the Communists-League of Communists of Yugoslavia) Bosnia and Herzegovina SDP - the party of "reformed Communists" headed by Niyaz Durakovic,the last Chairman of the Central Committee of the UCC of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

However, as he himself admitted in interview on 28th February 2008 nijaz Durakovic the correspondent of radio "Free Europe" Sabine Cyberaudio (“Nijaz Duraković: Milošević je bio rigidni boljševik operiran od nacionalizma”.Sabina Čabaravdić.”Radio Slobodna Evropa”.28.02.2008) SDS, contrary to expectations,fuelled by information agencies,who promised her a complete victory,elections programa received about 19% of the vote.In this light, with regard to Adica with the leadership of the former SFRY in Belgrade,secured to him by Pondercel,it can be assumed that there was manipulation of the Muslim for without Abdiche,which symbolized the old Yugoslavia in the Bosnian Krajina, the Muslims would be SDA not voted in such numbers.Abdic never was an Islamic fundamentalist and formally as a member of the Presidium of the SDA in practice he was against its ideology.

In the end, in the Bosnian Krajina, local Muslims were in considerable confusion when YUNA suddenly they supported Serbian Chetniks against the partisans of Tito fought in the Second World war and which as the extremists chased and DB JNA KOS.

The provisions in "Western Bosnia" in 1992-93 was critical, and 5th corps was fighting in conditions of almost complete isolation, and this connection is desperately short of arms and ammunition,for the production of certain types of ammunition and weapons at the local level although it was conducted but it was very small scale,and its stockpiles of the JNA mostly evacuated.Troops of the 5th corps had a shortage of everything from food to fuel and ammunition.

An important role however was played by the Croatian air force,which made the flight as plane, helicopter, or private aircraft and helicopters of the air force Croatia, although then the question arises, what then did defense as CRS and VRS.

Certainly played a role in the provision of the 5th corps and the UN convoys,but they took place on Serbian territory and not without a lot of money, because otherwise it is unlikely the Serbs would be missed. Besides French and Bangladeshi battalions of UN peacekeeping troops, which appeared here after the proclamation in may 1993, bihać, area under the protection of the UN, the weapons were small arms calibers other than former JNA. Far more important was the role played by international arms merchants who hired polzovalis for rent in third countries transport aircraft. So, one of such planes - a Ukrainian an-26 on August 1, 1994 was shot down over the Kninska Krajina, from SAM "Cube" from the defense of ICS and then the crashing plane on the heads of the Serbian peasants were suddenly rained dollars. After the examination of the downed plane was viasano that the plane was Ukrainian, and he managed to unload his load in Bihac, and the aircraft was discovered and the exporter's representative - a man with a Russian passport.

In reaction to the Serbs, the representative of the Ukrainian contingent at the meeting with representatives of the Main staff of the SVK General Sekulic and Loncar said that the plane had been hired by Ukraine but by some citizens of the Russian Federation. This was not an isolated case and at the end of 1994 in the area of Bihac was shot down and one Mi–8 helicopter with a Russian crew who took a flight with supplies for the 5th corps.

However, it wasn't enough, because the oil tanks by air was impossible to reset, and the number of Muslim forces in Western Bosnia demanded not single flights, and the constant "air bridge" so the end of the war has not been organized.

However the issue was quickly solved by enterprising Serbian merchants have seen a enterprising and never was impossible otkazati.

Especially significant mutually beneficial trade with 5ым body,had a considerable amount of funds received from the Izetbegovic was on the border with the Serbian Krinau and then RAC preferred not to fight and trade with 5th corps. Naturally, those who engaged in this trade, do it with full consent and support of the top, both in Belgrade and Knin the capital of DGC. Amor, Maskevich, Chairman of the Commission for exchange of Bosnia and Herzegovina,after the war, mentioned the figure of 20 million German marks per month which was assessed is the Serbian trade with Bihac.

In this trade and the important role played Fikret Abdic who, after his departure from Sarajevo,we stopped in Croatia, where it has reached a definitive agreement with Tudjman. Thanks to his connections with the pre-war leadership of Bosnia and Herzegovina,and Yugoslavia with DB, Abdic with the beginning of the war, took control of the transfer of "humanitarian" aid by UN convoys to Bihac and Velika Kladusa. While a third of this aid was given to the Serbian intelligence services and because they were the most reliable partner.

After returning to Western Bosnia, September 2, 1992, the an-2 plane, which arrived from Zagreb, Abdic, usual methods of intrigue, began to establish their own power.According to the book of Ramiz of Drakovich "In the environment ( Krasniki and Herzegovina in battles on two fronts)" Abdic initiated change of the Chairman of Skupstina (Parliament) and head of opstina Bihac, respectively Ljubljanica and Valacich. Replacing the last in March 1993 to less dangerous for him Topica and Usica,Abdic took the local police. With the support of the former Minister of internal Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina Aliya Delimustafic, in place of the chief of the CSB (regional centre of the Ministry of internal Affairs) of bihać, responsible for all of Western Bosnia, he put Irfan Saracevic. Last before the war worked in a local DB (state security) and obviously had ties with Fikret Abdiche. The appointment of Saracevic, openly linking himself with Abdiche,according to Drekovic, provoked resistance in the local SDA and the headquarters of Ramiz Drakovich. As a result, in Bihac, there is another CBS, which took over some employees from the old CSB. In the end, technically the question was settled, so these CBS have joined again in one and Saracevic became Deputy, a more suitable person for local SDA, ziadeh of Kadic, but in reality the schism continued. At the same time, Abdic managed to subdue the influence of the officers and soldiers of the 5th corps in the first place 521-527 and Oh-Oh brigades mobilized in opstina Great Kladusa, which was a center of supporters of Abdita.

Probably what Abdic most of the time spent in the great Clause, played a negative role for him, leading to a weakening of its influence in Bihac. However, an even greater impact, his influence caused the Serbs themselves,because it was hard to convince Muslims, especially refugees, in war, guilty only Izetbegovic, and his Drakovich "sancakli" and Islamic extremists SDA, and tried to make Abdic. His proposals for the establishment of a special economic zone in Bihac, and frequent criticism in the address of the 5th corps, was contrary to "frontline logic" and thus be under the authority of fighters of the 5th corps,which he was under the influence of advice from outside underestimated.Perhaps, however, that if the Serbs go on a large offensive operations for the capture of bihać, Abdico have been able to force local Muslims to agree to them proposed the demilitarization of this zone. Thus, Abdic, would be due by the police, could really rule Western Bosnia, and Serbs would not have danger in the face of the 5th corps, and probably would not have lost any of the Kninska Krajina, in August 1995, no part of the Bosnian Krajina in August-October 1995.

And in 1993, Abdic was able to enlist the support of international representatives and Aries Stoltenberg, who invited him to a conference on a peaceful solution to the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, held in Switzerland on 12 June 1993. Controlled Abdico radio "Walkathon" used this fact in their broadcasts and 27th September 1993, Abdic announced on the radio about the creation of the "Autonomous province of Western Bosnia".

As the Prime Minister of this "Autonomous province of Western Bosnia" Abdic signed a peace Treaty on October 21, 1993 in Zagreb with President of Herceg-Bosna mate Boban a, and then personally went to Belgrade, signed by Radovan karadžić, in the presence of Slobodan Milosevic a peace Treaty on October 22, 1993.

Power 527ой brigade, created in mid-August 1992, immediately took the side of Abdita, and then force 521ой brigade while its commander Niyaz milkovich together with a group of his fighters left the great Clause and later was incorporated 506ая brigade of the 5th corps.

Abdic was funded by the issuance of additional financial assistance of local police, and under his control 521-527 th and-th brigade. But here stepped in Drekovic, which according to his memoirs, ordered to give from the reserves of the body to each soldier monthly financial assistance in the amount of 5 liters of vegetable oil, two pounds of coffee, cartons of cigarettes and 50 kg of flour.It should be noted that at that time in Bihac 50-kg bag of flour cost 1000 German marks, a liter of vegetable oil — up to 18 marks, and pounds sugar — 20 marks. However the more important role played the fact that 5th corps was in September 1993 was sufficiently powerful military force and a 501-nd, 502, apt, 505-th and 511-th brigade were less susceptible to the "autonomist" propaganda from the great Clause, due to the presence in their ranks a considerable number of refugees from communities occupied by Serbian forces.

Thus, Abdic, going on the offensive against the 5th corps, had no control over Bihac, which led to his defeat. After the proclamation of the "Autonomous province of Western Bosnia" forces of the 5th corps was surrounded by the CSB(Central police) in Bihac, "stanytsia" (branch) police in Bihac and Cazin and disarmed them along with reserve police forces in Bihac. "The village" police in Bosansko Rump, immediately moved to the side of the 5th corps. Later, part of the military police was transferred to the police forces which were subordinated to the CSB of Bihac, "cleansed" of supporters of Abdita. This has played a positive for the 5th corps role, depriving the soil usual in this war, the conflict between the army and the interior Ministry.

At the same time, an attempt to capture Abdiche 2 October 1993, control over Casinos, failed, because he sent not organized military units, and crowds of his supporters, who decided to blockade the headquarters 503, 504-Oh, 517-Oh brigades, to seize power over them.

According to the book "Krainski the ghazis" Niyaz Pelagica in Cazin brigade commander 503ей Muhamed Delalić remained faithful 5ому the case,then as brigade commander 504ой Neural Jerich moved to the side of Abdita,but both teams continued to obey 5ому the body.

Drekovic,according to his memoir arriving in Cazin, with the support of the military police changed the command 504 and 517-Oh brigades and restored its original position. However, on 15 October, replaced the commander of the 504-th brigade, Neural Jeric by logging in Zazen with a group of supporters Abdiche, 527-Oh crews, proclaimed the power of Abdiche over the city and forces loyal to him 517-Oh crews were sent to the area of the village of Jakovici to provide Casino.

If successful, the 5th corps would have remained only a small area with Bihac in the centre and he would hardly be able to resist much longer. As a result, in Johovich was sent battle group (120 persons) of the 5th corps 502 of the first brigade, under the command of Atif of Dudukovich who stopped a crowd of supporters Abdiche opened fire on 2 October. A firefight started and Abdic sent new forces to the area,so that according to Drekovic was established the front line in the area villages Johovich, Skokovi, Todorovo. The command of the 5th corps, stopping power Abdiche, at this stage, prepared on 16 October, the day after the capture Casino Gerizim, the attack on Casin forces combat groups 501-nd, 505 and 511-th brigades. As a result, the city was immediately captured, and 70 supporters of Abdiche captured.

In November of 1993 the armed forces of Fikret Abdita(according to the book "Krainski the ghazis" Niyaz Velagici had in its composition five brigades with a total urban population of ten thousand people, with the support of the Serbian artillery they again went on the offensive.However, in the area of Tereza and Pyanicha November 6,according to Pelagico forces of the 5th corps moved to the offensive after capturing the village of Planice,Cariacica Rastila and kriz and in addition to that on another part of the front forces of the 5th corps were disarmed of storonnikov of Abdita in villages Calica,Zboriste and Carveries.

According to the book "Krainski the ghazis" December 15, force 505ой brigade captured the town Todorov defeating and taking prisoner most of the forces of the 3rd brigade with its commander Fikret Keserovic and capturing two mountain guns B-1 of caliber of 76 millimeters.

In the December fighting near the village of SKOLKOVO forces of the 5th corps (505ая brigade, brigade 501ая, 511ая brigade, and a detachment of special purpose 5 corps and 1st "Bosnian" team created from refugees from other optin Bosnian Krajina remained under the control of Serbs captured the village of SKOLKOVO breaking strength of the 4th brigade of the forces of Fikret Abdita and taking about 80 captives.

According to the book "Krainski the ghazis" Niyaz Pelagica 30 December 1993 in fighting in the area of Jaglici,Zboriste and Wyrowski was broken and the 1st brigade of Fikret Abdico to the fact that all of its staff at its head commander Mirheta Jusices was taken prisoner, and on 12 January in the area of Stavange retrogene was about one hundred troops of Fikret Abdita.

These decisive measures of the 5th corps and its new commander(November 1993го years) General Atif of Dudukovich has led to the fact that the local HVO forces (101st brigade) has not taken any steps to support Abdita, although their commander Vlado Šantić defected to the latter.

Brokered by command of the French peacekeeping battalion on January 18, 1994 was signed a truce forces of the 5th corps and the commander of the armed forces of the "Autonomous province of Western Bosnia" Asim delić.

Only 9 may 1994, the forces of Fikret Abdiche having in its composition and Serbian units,launched an offensive on the town of Todorovo, the defending forces 503, 517, 502 and 505 of the teams, where they could capture important heights and Marina Chapter Buhrich birdo over Theodore.

Force 505 teams remaining in the centre of Todorovo were then assembled,but during the night of 11 to 12 may, according to the book "Krainski the ghazis" Niyaz Pelagica reconnaissance and sabotage units of the 505 brigade made their way to them, and in the morning began a counteroffensive which were returned to the height of the Marina and head Buhrich birdo.

June 11, 1994 should be a new offensive forces and 505 1st "Bosnian" brigades, and the detachment of special purpose "Ahmet Merzlyak-Bren" in the area of Todorova and golubović.

While the command of the 5th corps all the reserves were sent against Abdiche, with the Serbian side has not taken any large-scale attack, although then an opportunity to send Serbian troops to join the forces of Abdika on the offensive than they would be izbjegnuta accusations of the international community in violation of Security Council resolutions in the UN "protected zones". Abdic had by that time desyatitysyachnye armed forces, organized in five brigades.

In practice, however, the war itself dragged on under foreign pressure.With the signing of the Treaty of peace in February 1994 between the Aliya Izetbegovic and Mate Boban,who graduated from fighting Sedna between Croats and Muslims in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1993, resumed air deliveries to the forces of the 5th corps from the territory of Croatia.

In addition, in Western Bosnia, the command of the 5th corps were able to fool your opponents during the RAID developed.Then, converted by Dudakovic, under the pretext of trading with the enemy,in the summer of 1994, ousted Hamdiu of Abdiche, commander of the famous brigade here 502ой "Tigrovi". As a result, Abdic as "oposiciones" priblizila Fikret Abdic and at the meeting in July in great Clause, offered him a plan for the capture of bihać by the "rebellious people".

Officers of the military security in the CRS headquarters in Knin, and personally, Radovan Karadzic and Milan Martic, has approved the plan of Abdiche named "Sloboda-94".

On the morning of 7 July in Bihac by the task of Dudukovich began to be undermined the charges,sozdavalsya fires,but the radio station in Bihac announced the beginning of diversions in the city of Bihac.

At the same time the 5th corps units using blank ammunition conducted a simulated fighting in the town and neighbouring villages, where flags were hung out "Avtonomnaya Western Bosnia" and many international media picked up the news of vostanie in Bihac.

In the end, three days - 7, 8 and 9 July to the Serbs through ISEC Bihac trucks were moved weapons and ammunition to the "rebels" in Bihac,which was controlled by the officers of the military security of the SVK Branko Cuic and Rasim bašić and then according to this book, 5-th body from its enemies received about a thousand units of small arms, rifle ammunition, 200 thousand, two hundred light anti-tank weapons, four vehicles and several tons of food.

The operation,according to the book "Krainski the ghazis" Niyaz Pelagica was over yet on 9 July, when they were under arrest of a member of the government of Fikret Abdiche -Arif sukovich and the officer of security service of Fikret Abdiche-Adis Saric, and while trying to arrest were killed by officers Branko Cuic and Rasim bašić as a member of the government of Fikret Abdiche Mujo Bajric.

In August of 1994 the 5th corps taking advantage of the respite date was programirovaniya and started a new operation called "Tigar" (Tiger) against forces of Fikret Abdita. On 4 August, the forces of the 5th corps of Atif of Dudukovich knocked out power 4th brigade forces of Fikret Abdiche from Pecigrad, which had taken several hundred prisoners

Great Kladusa thus was doomed and on the night of 20 to 21 August, according to the book according to the book "Krainski the ghazis" Niyaz Pelagica power 505ой brigade broke through the front line under the great Kedusha, and at 5 am went into the city centre.

This led to the fact that in August 1994, 5th: the corps was able to establish full control over the entire territory of Western Bosnia, and about forty thousand loyal supporters of Abdita and members of their families fled to Serbian territory of RSK after 21st August 1994 Abdic left to the Great Clause which captured the 5th corps.

In this case, UN troops for Serbs obstacle was not because in October 1994, the French battalion of UN peacekeepers was replaced by a battalion of Bangladeshi peacekeepers. This battalion was armed with only outdated BTR–60 PB, and it is significant that when at the end of October the forces of the VRS, SVK and Fikret Abdiche resumed military operations against the 5th corps,then the French gone.In addition, in early November, the chief of sector of canadian Colonel Lanier, canceled attendance likhoborsky Bangladeshi men at the observation posts, where there were only military observers of the United Nations.However, one could hardly expect anything from peacekeepers who understood the overwhelming Serb superiority.

In the end, the command of the VRS undertook its own offensive operation on the direction of RDOC-Buim-Casin-airfield Jeleva cross Western Bosna into two parts and so to end 5ым body.

The main aim of the operation "Breza-94" was selected Burim. The operation of HRV in position 505ой and 511ой brigades of the 5th corps was commanded personally by General Ratko Mladic and at the command location and was commander of the 1st "Cresskill" corps, General Momir Talić. Three days on the positions of the Muslims was carried out artillery and missile fire, including ptrk Malyutka, and 262 mm MLRS "Orkan" was fired on cities and Casino Bagimu.

According to the book "Krainski the ghazis" Niyaz Pelagica the Serbian offensive began on 3 September in the area of Radocha on the main line Colomac-Radoc and support to the heights Nikolic activities and Medica activities and on the plateau Corcovada.

During the offensive, Serbian forces managed to move forward, but before entering into battle of the main forces, when in the afternoon, Serb troops made a break, in the night of 11 to 12 September, the reconnaissance and sabotage groups of Muslims, the basis of which units were 505ой brigade "Hamza", "the ghazis" and "Typhoon", with a total urban population of up to five hundred people,according to the book Niyaz Pelagica (former participant in these events in the subdivision "the ghazis") managed to seep through the battle formations of Serbs.

On the morning of 12 September, according to Pelagico, Serb tanks firing, went on the offensive on the position of Muslims and in this time reconnaissance and sabotage group of Muslims armed with rocket-propelled grenades, attacked the Serbian rear on locations where munitions were dumped in shelters and in trucks. After the bombings last, in some Serbian units began to panic, while other Serbian units were without a connection and command for Mladic in the attack was wounded in his command seat on Columbo the Muslim FRI projectile gun ZIS-3 and was evacuated from the battlefield.

In the end, the Serb forces retreated after losing dozens of men killed and wounded.

Forces of the 5th corps of Bihac, under the then went on the offensive and on October 25 the forces 505ой brigade broke through the Serbian front line under the VRS barracks "Girmek".

Feodosevich success on the night of 31st October to 1 November, the 505 and 511ой brigades crossed the river in boats and over the river Una has landed in the area of Bosansko Cereals in the morning and captured the village of Ostruznica, Colevas officer smashing units of the Serbian "bosansko-Krupskaya" brigade.

On the same day on the river una,according to the book "Krainski the ghazis" Niyaz Pelagica was installed crossing,which cpower small fire of the Serbs was possible to cross only at night. Logistical Muslims according to Velagic worked poorly and landed on the other side of the unit suffered from a lack of supply, and in addition during the operation was a perfect replacement positions 505ой brigade forces 511ой brigade, the first who wanted to enter the city.The Serbs, however, have recovered from neozhidannosti and after receiving reinforcements, counterattacked on the position 505ой and 511ой teams. Attempt further advance of Muslims was a Serb photos according to Velagici at the height of the Splash,than was stopped and the attack on the village Govedarica suburb Bosansko Otoki. Power 505ой brigade according to Pelagico you're practically surrounded on two days and only transfer the new units ostanovilo communication with his troops.

Eventually, on 10 November it was decided the command to withdraw its troops from the beachhead and the Muslims mined the area and destroying captured equipment was moved at night on the Bank of the river una.

Only then the Serbian side decided on some decisive action,under pressure from Belgrade and Slobodan Milosevic had a more significant support to Abdic Fikret, who in his endorsement was sent not only weapons but also people mainly from the previously mentioned forces DB (state security) of Serbia - unit"red berets" under the command of Milorad Ulemek and detachment "Skorpioni" Slobodan Medica. Was also provedena mobilization of storonnikov of Ardica-of which there were around 4,700 people.

The operation commander dubbed "the Spider" was appointed General novaković from ICS, and its headquarters was stationed in Petrova Gora.

In practice, however,according to interview with General ICS Milisav Sekulich of the magazine "Free Bosnia" after the war, weapons and ammunition from Serbia were by a thread as the forces of defence of Western Bosnia and the forces of the 5th corps and were known facts when the Ministers of the government of the RS was accompanied by convoys of fuel in Bihac at the height of the Serbian campaign. In the end, the operation according to the testimony of veterans of the 5th corps brought them to some extent more good than harm. About the facts of trade during this operation repeatedly written in the media of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the episode was repeated when after the war listening to the speech of the commander of the 5th corps (since 1993) of Atif Dudakovic, Aliya Izetbegovic noticed that they say "anything you wouldn't have released if I didn't pay".

However, Serb forces played a major role in the beginning of the offensive of the armed forces "Autonomni pokraina Western Bosna" of Fikret Abdita and then in the armed forces of Abdiche also fought many of the Serbian fighters from the RSK and the RS, who went to fight for money in big groups. November 16, the offensive began in the on the Great Kladusa and Bihac forces troops of Fikret Abdiche, ICS divisions and units of the Serbian DB.However, despite initial success the Great Kladusa they take are unable until 19 December 1994.However, in the direction of Cereals Bosnian Serb forces in November 1994 to create two bridgehead on the left Bank of the una in the district of Kobylnica and Toluca, and the forces of the 1st "Kraskov" corps of VRS under the command of General Milovanovic, was able Ripac he crossed the river, a couple of days after the start of the offensive, to take the settlements of Sokolac, Debeljaca, Bucket box, and the Klokot and enter in the Bihac and they had a kilometer to the centre of this little town. It seemed that this was now followed by a defeat of the 5th corps, but suddenly from Belgrade was ordered to stop all operations because he expected the arrival of U.S. representative Jim Carter,who arrived at the Palais in December 1994. Another truce Serbs nothing useful gave, but Serbian troops in Bihac immediately has already suffered a military defeat when the enemy counter-attack, which killed at the very Bihac to fifty people.

At the time there were persistent rumours that alia Izetbegovic paid Serbian management large sum of money to stop the attack on Bihac.

In the end, the defeat of the 5th corps of the Serbian leadership had raspisatsya for ICS by the end of autumn began to experience increasing pressure from the army of Croatia, HRV faced with constant offensive operations of Muslims in the Ozren,under Techcom, Nevesinje and in the area of Sarajevo. As a result, by mid-February 1995 in the Bihac front under the power 501ой and 502ой crews were able to return their lost positions and their offensive near Bihac occupied towns and villages a Bucket field, Mali, Great Scochi, Mesopotamia, Inflow, Ripac and near the village of Robbery.

Later the 5th corps played a key role in the Serbian defeat in August 1995, because in July 1995, forces 505ой,510ой and 511ой brigades broke through enemy positions near the village of Iwaniska towards the border with Croatia, and then during the operation of the Croatian armed forces Storm (4-8 August 1995) forces of the 5th corps near its operations in the rear of the ICS brought panic in the ranks of its fighters and burned several krainski Serbian villages.

Immediately after this Croatian operation Storm, the 5th corps defeated the forces of Fikret Abdiche forced to flee under the protection of Croats,who took then, more than two dozen of thousands of refugees, giving fighters Abdika the right to enter the ranks of the HVO.However, by that time the forces of Fikret Abdita were not old strength,having lost a total of two years about a thousand killed and several thousand prisoners and deserters from their ranks and because they have further roles in the war are not played and partially refugees emigrated to third countries,remained partly in Croatia and partly returned to Western Bosnia.

The very same 5th corps played a key role in the Serbian defeat in the Bosnian Krajina in September and October of 1995 and early October 1995, stood a few dozen kilometers from Banja Luka, bihać passing of more than a hundred kilometers on the Serbian territory.



  1. "U obruču (Krajišnici i Hercegovci u borbama na dva fronta". Ramiz Dreković . Zenica 2004
  2. "Ubij bližnjeg svog (Jugoslovenska tajna policija 1945. - 1995.)" - Lopušina Marko, Beograd, 1997
  3. "Kraiške gazije".Nijaz Veladžic..Bošnjacka zajednica-"Preporod".Bužim
  4. “Nijaz Duraković: Milošević je bio rigidni boljševik operiran od nacionalizma”.Sabina Čabaravdić.”Radio Slobodna Evropa”.28.02.2008

RELATED MATERIALS: Defence and security