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Walecki, O. V. "the Yugoslavian war 1991-1995" / Updated edition.
Material posted: Publication date: 31-05-2013

The book is dedicated to the Yugoslav war of 1991-1995. Her goal is to help the Russian reader to imagine what was civil inter-ethnic armed conflict in the former Yugoslavia.

The book is a profound analysis of the military situation, the political game is probably equal for all participants of the conflict, the role and actions of the UN, NATO and the EU, provides historical insights, showing the origins of the Yugoslav wars and explain many of its "oddities". The author, a participant of those events, he tried to systematize the experience of the Yugoslav war, comparing it with the experience of other civil wars, to withdraw from the resulting axioms, some theorems, which may be helpful in the future and questions like "who is guilty?" in this work he prefers the questions "what to do".

Publisher: Kraft+ (contact publisher kraft2010@list.ru post@agrafbooks.ru)

ISBN 978-5-93675-180-6; 2011.

 

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Table of contents

From the author ......................................................................................... 10

Chapter 1 ............................................................................................ 12

Yugoslavia and its role in world politics of the 1990s– the Role of Tito in the reforms of the state and army and his heirs. – Political struggle in the environment of the Yugoslav nomenclature. – The internal political situation in the former SFRY and the rise of Croatian nationalism.– Slobodan Milosevic and Mira Markovic. – Ideology and politics in the JNA and in the state apparatus of the Serbian side.– International position and YUNA. – The role of General Veljko of kadievich.– Admiral Branko Mamula and the relationship of the General staff, SC-and URS Management of military security.– Political reasons for the dissolution of the SFRY.

Chapter 2 ............................................................................................ 34

The beginning of the collapse of Yugoslavia: war in Slovenia. – Background to the conflict. – Movement of Slovenia to independence and the establishment of its armed forces.– The military-political situation in Croatia. – Fighting the JNA and the Slovenian Armed forces. – The policy manual. The withdrawal of the JNA from Slovenia and international diplomacy.

Chapter 3 ............................................................................................ 46

The collapse of Yugoslavia and civil war in Croatia. – Historical background. – The Role Of The Vatican. The history of the development of Croatian nationalism and its political organizations. Royal Yugoslavia and the emergence of the Ustasa movement: ideology and policy. – The second world war and relations between the Serbs and Croats in the SFRY. – Policy and Hz of CSM and the role of the Herzegovinian Croats. – Political activity of the Serbs of Croatia and the role of Jovan Raskovic. – The beginning of ethnic clashes in Croatia. – The role of the Yugoslav nomenclature in inter-ethnic clashes.

Chapter 4 ............................................................................................ 71

The creation of a Serbian CAO. – National war in Croatia. – The events in Plitvice and in the Village of Borovoye. – The collapse of Yugoslavia. – Ideology and politics. – Serbs in Croatia and their position. In the village of Mirkovci. War crimes of the Serbian and Croatian sides. – The nature of war crimes and their consequences.

Chapter 5 ............................................................................................ 81

Organization, planning and conduct of war from the JNA. – Creation and organization SNG. – The nature of the JNA and Yugoslav policy. – The experience of the war. – The siege of JNA barracks in Croatia and surrender of the 32nd corps Varaždinske. – Fighting in the Face, and Cordone Banii. – The attack of Croatian forces on JNA barracks. The defence barracks "Djuro Sallai". – Implementation of plans by the JNA and the fighting in Western Slavonia.

Chapter 6 ............................................................................................ 94

The political situation and the beginning of military action in Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium. – Forces and JNA forces SNG. – Operation of the JNA against Croatian forces in Vukovar during the operation (August–November 1991). – The internal situation in Vukovar and war crimes. – Organization of the defence of Vukovar and the possibilities of the civilian population. – Validated principles of organization and command. Urban tactics. – The role of river landing and river fleet. – Tactics tank units in the city and anti-tank fighting. – The front under the Vinkovci and Osicom. – Arrival of fresh forces of the JNA and the transition to the offensive. – Creation of the assault troops in parts of the JNA. – Attempts of the Croatian counter-attacks. – The role of policy and Hz in the fighting. – The November assault on Vukovar and the care of his defenders. – Executions of captives, and sending to camp. – Losses of the parties and the experience of Vukovar.

Chapter 7 .......................................................................................... 110

The JNA offensive and the fighting in the North and South Dalmatia: Zadar, Sibenik and split. – Conscription and behaviors of reservists, volunteers and enlisted in the war. – The officer corps of the JNA. – The command of the JNA. – The offensive of the JNA on Dubrovnik. – The transfer of hostilities to the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina and offensive operations of the army of Croatia and HVO Herze-Bosna.

Chapter 8 .......................................................................................... 121

Peacekeeping "Vance plan", the role of the UN and the emergence of UN peacekeeping troops in Croatia. – The Establishment Of The Republic Of Serbian Krajina. Processes in the military-political circles of the Serbian side and the point of view of General Veljko of kadievich on the reasons for the defeat. – Attempt to change kadievich. – Branko Mamula and Mira Markovic and their role in the creation of the IC-UR. – The defeat of the JNA and its command frame.

Chapter 9 .......................................................................................... 130

The emergence of Serbian nationalism and Serbian volunteer movement. – The role of intelligence services in creating the volunteer movement. – Political organization of the CDS, SNO and SPO. – Magistrates around the CDS. – The postwar fate of the volunteers. – The basic principles of establishing a voluntary movement. – The role of the JNA and the state bodies of Serbia. – The actions of the volunteers in the ranks of the JNA, VRS and SVK. – The relationship of volunteers with the officer corps. – Around the ideology and behavior of volunteers. – The possibilities of volunteerism.

Chapter 10 .........................................................................................146

Opportunities YUNA maintenance protivoprotosanoe action. – Military police and military counterintelligence. – Role of intelligence agencies and special police of the interior Ministry. – Organization of forces "Red berets" of the Serbian DB. – Detachment "Scorpion" and the center "alpha" captain Dragan. – The Rangers regiment of the U.S. army. – Serbian volunteer guard of Zeljko Raznatovic ("Arkan") and the RAID. – The organization and training of special forces for guerrilla and protivoprotosanoe action.

Chapter 11 .........................................................................................157

The establishment of a Croatian special forces: the role of the Ministry of internal Affairs and "special" forces SNG. – Creation and development of the forces of HOS Croatia. – Veterans of the French foreign Legion and foreign military experts. – The attitude to POWs and civilians. Ideas, organization, tactics of the special forces of the belligerents. – Special forces of the JNA. – Reconnaissance and sabotage units of the JNA. – The creation of SWAT teams and interventi groups in the army. – Using "special" forces in assault infantry action. – Experience Mogadishu. – Special forces of the MUP of Serbia. – Tactics of reconnaissance and sabotage actions: raids behind enemy lines. – Tactics of ambushes and the mobile ambush. – Fire raids and forays. – The attitude to human resources.

Chapter 12 .........................................................................................172

Artillery YUNA: composition and types of weapons systems. – Experience in the use of artillery in the fighting in Croatia. – The use of air force in the war in Croatia.

Chapter 13 ........................................................................................ 181

Means of fire support. – Armored vehicles. – Questions of tactics and organization of tank and mechanized divisions.

Chapter 14 .........................................................................................188

Experience of engineering support of troops during the fighting in Croatia. – Mine weapons and tools mining and demining. – Organization of troops. – Logistics support during the war.

Chapter 15 .........................................................................................199

Pre-war Bosnia and Herzegovina: ethnic composition and political situation. – Creation of a VTS. – Power and YUNA plans in case of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina: the creation of the 2nd military region. – The situation in Posavina and politics of Croatia. – Creation of Sao Krajina and the Croatian Association Bosansko Posavina.

Chapter 16 .........................................................................................208

The transfer of the war from Croatia to Bosnia and Herzegovina. – The first period of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. – The fighting in the Bosnian Krajina, Central Bosnia. – The actions of the JNA and Muslim fighters in Sarajevo, Tuzla, Biliana, Zvornik, Predore and other Bosnian towns. Serb "cleansing". – The influence of the Serbian policy to create a Muslim army of Bosnia and Herzegovina. – The beginning of the war in Western Bosnia.

Chapter 17 .........................................................................................221

The pre-war situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina and religion in it. – The Role Of Alija Izetbegovic. – Serbian policy towards Muslims: history and modernity. – The role of the Islamic factor and the emergence of a Bosnian nation. – The creation and establishment of "Patriotske League". – The future of Islamic politics.

Chapter 18 .........................................................................................233

The role of Sarajevo in the war. – National composition of the population. – The departure of the JNA from Bosnia and Herzegovina. – Withdrawal of the JNA from Sarajevo. – The attempted coup in the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina. – Attack fighters "Patriotske League" on a convoy of the JNA outside Dobrovoljacka. – Deficiencies in the command of the JNA and local Serbian forces.

Chapter 19 .........................................................................................248

Fighting YUNA in Podrinje and Central Bosnia. – Entrance state security forces of Serbia and of the volunteer detachments in Eastern Bosnia and Podrinje. – Organization of forces "Patriotske League" and the activities of the SDA. – Fighting for Zvornik and the defeat of the JNA column in Tuzla. – Establishment of the Serbian authorities in other cities of Podrinje and Posavina. – The policy of "ethnic cleansing".

Chapter 20 .........................................................................................264

The Establishment Of The Republic Of Srpska. – Personnel issues and the relationship with Belgrade. – Sarajevo is the key to the end of the war. – The battle for Sarajevo: the balance of forces of the parties. – Shortcomings in the tactics and strategy of the Serbian and Muslim sides. – The possibility of the Serbian side during the fighting in Sarajevo.

Chapter 21 .........................................................................................276

The position of the Serbian forces in Western Bosnia and Herzegovina. – Composition of forces and the Serbian forces operation "Corridor 92": fighting in the Bosnian Krajina, Posavina and Central Bosnia. – Defense Of Doboj. – Transition to VRS defence: the causes and consequences of this decision.

Chapter 22 .........................................................................................288

Fighting in Podrinje and Herzegovina. – The actions of the JNA and Serb forces in Herzegovina. – The offensive of Muslim forces at Gorazde. – War crimes of Muslims in the area Bradina. – Operation of Muslims under the Srebrenica and Jepoy. – The actions of BPC in Semberija and under Brcko. – Missed opportunity of the Muslim troops.

Chapter 23 ........................................................................................ 301

The war between Croatian and Muslim forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina. – The outcome of the war and the role of the Mujahideen and mercenaries in them.

Chapter 24 .........................................................................................318

Features of organization, tactics and strategy of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina.– The role of gangs in war and internecine fighting in Muslim environment. Yusuf Prazina ("yuca") and the Mushan topalovic ("CACO"). Service of military security of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina. – The conflict between the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina and HVO in Sarajevo. – The importance of Grbavica in the fighting in Sarajevo. Front around Sarajevo and the balance of forces of the parties. – Serbian policy and the fate of Sarajevo.

Chapter 25 .........................................................................................332

Operation VRS and the army of Yugoslavia under Srebrenica in 1993 and operation "Lukavac-93" in the area of Tarnovo and Igman. – The role of Serbian Sarajevo and its people in the war. – Sarajevo and Serbian policy. Operations under BPC Gorazde and the role of international diplomacy, the NATO command and UN peacekeeping troops.

Chapter 26 .........................................................................................344

The fighting in Central Bosnia and in Herzegovina in 1993-1994 – Joint action of Serbs and Croats in areas Zepce and Novi-Sheher. – Operation of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina for taking Varese and the Serbian counteroffensive. – The front under Dobem and Ozren. – The fighting in Herzegovina. – The policy of the leadership of Serbia and Yugoslavia to Republika Srpska and Republika Srpska Krajina. – The ideology of the Serbian political machine.

Chapter 27 .........................................................................................354

Serbia and the new "third" Yugoslavia in the 1990s – the Beginning of the war in 1991. and the breakup of Yugoslavia. – Position in the Serbian society in the 1990s – "Warring" people and "Serbian" policy of the state. – The results of the policy item of the apparatus and the spiritual condition of Serbian society. – The military spirit and tradition. – The importance of the Kosovo battle in the Serbian history and psychology.

Chapter 28 .........................................................................................380

The creation of the 5th corps and the arms trade. – Tactics of the 5th corps, 505 brigade and its shock troops. – The arrival of Fikret Abdita and the beginning of the conflict between the 5th corps of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the self-defense forces in Western Bosnia. Serb offensive in Western Bosnia, and operation "Breza" and "Spider". – Operation in Bihac and the fate of the 5th corps.

Chapter 29 .........................................................................................391

"Serbian question" in Croatia. – The crisis in the Republic of Serbian Krajina: political reasons. Krajina after 1991 – the state of the CRS: the arms and organization. – The role of volunteers. – Operations on Milevska plateau, under the carnival and Medicscan on the ledge. – Corruption and trading with the enemy in the ranks of the ICS.

Chapter 30 .........................................................................................405

The role of international and domestic policy failures of the Serbian side. – The situation in the Yugoslav army in the 1990s – the Military organization of the VRS and SVK and its shortcomings. – The problem of desertion. – Political organization of the RS and RSK. – Maintenance of trench warfare. – Preparation of troops, the role of the media and the military-publishing. Serbian history and psychology.

Chapter 31 .........................................................................................426

"Belligerent" nation and politics in the state apparatus. – Interventie and "special" the formation of the Serbian armed forces and maneuverability of troops. – Theory of storm troopers. Service of military security and shock troops. The JNA officers and the commanders of shock troops. – Organisation and practices in the use of shock troops. – Training and military construction. – The attitude of the Yugoslav nomenclature to the appearance of the shock troops. – Social consequences of frontline practice in society.

Chapter 32 .........................................................................................439

Issues infantry attacks. – Organisation and practices in the use of shock troops in the Yugoslav war. – The possibility of organization and the use of the shock troops. – Action of infantry in terms of enemy guided and cluster munitions. Military theory: Richard Simpkin. – The command in the war.

Chapter 33 .........................................................................................449

Light infantry in civil wars: its shortcomings and possibilities. – The role of ideology and national factor in its organization. – The training of light infantry. – Tactics of light infantry and fire support. – Role mine-explosive means in the hostilities, including guerrilla warfare. – Sniper action and shooting training.

Chapter 34 .........................................................................................467

Reconnaissance and sabotage actions in the Yugoslav war and special forces. – Raids and fire raids. – Human intelligence and the secret services in the former Yugoslavia. – The role of intelligence services in conducting intelligence and sabotage activities. – Special forces "the Village of scouts" in southern Rhodesia, the battalion "Buffalo" in South Africa and the special forces of the United States. – Creation and action of the 10th diversants detachment of the VRS. – "Special" forces of the MUP RS. – Theory of intelligence-subversive action: findings starinova. – Guerrilla warfare. – The situation in the Serbian forces, special forces and the conduct of military intelligence in 1995

Chapter 35 .........................................................................................479

UN peacekeepers and their role in the Yugoslav war. – Western media. – Attitude to the warring peacekeepers in Bosnia and Herzegovina, of the parties. – The actions of the peacekeeping troops, their organization and armed clashes with their participation. – The transfer of the weapon and the action of NATO aviation on a ban of flights. – Power SAS great Britain. – The peacekeeping operation in the former Yugoslavia of the airborne troops of Russia and armed forces of Ukraine. – NATO air strikes on Serbs in 1994

Chapter 36 .........................................................................................492

The situation on the fronts of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1994 and relations with the HVO. – Combat operations on the Sarajevo front in 1994-1995 Western "peacekeeping" policy. – The fall of the RSK in 1995 – Operation Croatian forces "Bleak" in Western Slavonia: the forces and means of the parties and the progress of the operation. – The defeat of the 18th corps of the SVK. – The policy of Serbia and Republika Srpska. – Evidence of the Serbs from Western Slavonia.

Chapter 37 .........................................................................................505

The internal political situation in the Republika Srpska. Grips Serbs hostage peacekeepers. – The offensive of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in Serb Sarajevo, with the aim deblokady the city. – The role of the Serbian people in the war and in defence of the Serbian Sarajevo.

Chapter 38 .........................................................................................515

Policy of the international community in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Serb operation to take Srebrenica and Žepa. – The question of war crimes in Srebrenica and the International Tribunal in the Hague.

Chapter 39 .........................................................................................529

The nature of Yugoslav wars and the role of the international community. – The relationship of Slobodan Milosevic Veljko Kadijevic and military-political top RS. – Parapsychological projects of the Serbian military and politicians. – The fall of the RSK in 1995 – Operation Croatian forces "oluja".

Chapter 40 .........................................................................................544

The production and import of weapons for the Croatian armed forces. – Foreign military assistance and the role of the American company "IPRM". – Theory NATO in the practice of the Croatian army. – Special forces of the army of Croatia. – Ostaszewo in the Croatian army. – Bibliography of the history of the armed forces in Croatia. – The post-war development of the army of Croatia and peacekeeping operations.

Chapter 41 .........................................................................................555

The production of armaments for the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina and moral issues, organization and tactics in the Muslim armed forces. – The role of the "special", reconnaissance and sabotage, assault and interventi units in the operations of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina. – Infantry assault tactics and reconnaissance and sabotage actions. – Loss and weaknesses in planning and command. – Ideology in the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina. – The Islamic factor. Volunteers in the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the emergence of the Mujahideen. – Causes of Mujahideen and their deployment. – The creation of Muslim units and the Islamization of the army. – Operations unit "al-Mujahid" under Vozuca: "Fetal-Mubin, al-Kerama" and "al-FADR". – The combat characteristics of the Mujahideen.

Chapter 42 .........................................................................................571

The new phase of the war in 1995 – the Attack on Gorazde. US policy and NATO in Bosnia and Herzegovina. – NATO air strikes on Serb positions. – The Serbian air defense capabilities of the air force of Yugoslavia and NATO aircraft. – The end of NATO operations "Deliberated Force" and its results. – The doctrine of "Conflict low-tension" of the United States and its application in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina. – Political instruments of the international community in Bosnia and Herzegovina. – Peacekeeping troops of the NATO IFOR and SFOR. – The strategy of international community policy in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Chapter 43 .........................................................................................596

The offensive of the Muslim-Croatian coalition of Serbs in Bosnia and hertsa the barn. – The operation "Magistral", "Sana-95", "southern direction". – The possibility of the Serbs. – War of "low intensity" NATO and the possibility of guerrilla warfare the Serbian side in practice. – The end of the war.

Chapter 44 .........................................................................................604

The intervention of the Islamic world in the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. – The supply of weapons and financial assistance. – Role of Saudi Arabia and Arab countries. – The role of Iran and his contacts with the United States. – Islamic fundamentalism. – The story of the organizations of Islamic fundamentalists in the SFRY. The policy of the United States and Europe against the Islamic fundamentalists in the former Yugoslavia. – The history of Islam and the role of the concept of "Jihad" in it. – Post-war activities of the Mujahideen in Bosnia and Herzegovina. – The emergence of the Wahabi movement and the struggle against it "democratic" part of the Muslim politicians. – The behavior of the international community and the Serbian reaction. Mujahedin during the war in Kosovo. – Plans for worldwide Jihad.

Afterword ...................................................................................625

Review of Colonel YOUNG and major-General of the ICS in retirement Milisav Sekulich's book of Oleg Vitalyevich Beleckogo "Yugoslav war" ............................................ 631

Biography Milisav Sekulich .............................................................................632

The first fundamental study of the military aspects of the Yugoslavian crisis

Review of George Engelhardt (Institute of Slavic studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences) ..................... 633

The war began with "bloody wedding". Sarajevo: independent testimony.

Review Of Maksim Surkov .............................................................................. 635

Bibliography ....................................................................................................... 637

Abbreviations .......................................................................................... 653

 


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