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The white Legion and the Network of Colonel.
Material posted: Publication date: 12-10-2013

Legion Blanche; White Legion, is a phrase that abruptly, as a short burst, blazed headlines – through monotonically collapsing waterfalls on a daily basis; and – forgotten. The name for my taste, in this case little fitting: a boyish pathetic, battered already firmly in the context of fantasy.

On hearing it at first glance seems all too familiar: in the 90s, in the Russian-language news headlines, it flashed often on the borders of the White Legion Georgian guerrillas, in 1995 he fought in the mountain forests of Abkhazia; was the White Legion in Belarus, semi-underground organization of young officers, which in 1996ом authorities are accused of preparing a military coup. White Legion, about which speech will go, with our country linked – directly and briefly: these white legionaries came from Russia and spoke Russian. But the geographical space in which he highlighted – very vaguely: the civil war in the Congo, more specifically, in the Republic of Zaire (the country in recent months, then wore that name). In Russia, White Legion is not forgotten, it is even not forgotten. He is not seen. Strange as it may seem.

Except: the emergence of the White Legion has attracted the attention of professionals; those who in the service is supposed to track what was done in Africa; and those who watched events military. Even scientists and Africanists, specialists in the countries of the Congo basin. Diplomats. And, perhaps, is particularly attentive readers ( military romance?), of course: they have remained in my memory is not information, but rather, picture – Hollywood bright white mercenaries in Africa mercenaries en Afrique, in our time – tight, police-boring, the most lived-in, thoroughly educated by Almighty guards of Human Values). Mercenary, – the same: with dark glasses – brutal heroes of the 1960s, '70s, beginning' 80s – three years before the Millennium they were already looked weird. These warriors brought to life – the most mysterious, unexplored, despite the collapses newspaper information – war of the twentieth century: a red-hot front of the Cold War: half a century of the Soviet war in Africa. Mercenary had to disappear together with the Soviet Union.

These events took place nearly half a decade ago, – not so close to us in time, but not far. But the history of the White Legion began much earlier; she was fantastic: she looks like a short breakdown of the time machine: all the main characters names and names of this story, the Congo, the black dictator Marshal Mobutu and bright red guerrilla Kabila, romantic Colonel Bob Denar, the former Minister Jacques Fossar, Historical Elders; on page Great Story they had already written were still at a third of the century until 1997. In the 1960s: a time when rapidly falling apart colonial, European Africa; when the world is seriously ready for the Earth to fall apart – if you break out the Third World, it is also the First Nuclear War; or – 've seen flashes of the world proletarian revolution, and soon the whole world will cover tysyacheletii the Soviet Union, then these people took the most decisive part. Legendary Patrice Lumumba and Che Guevara collaborated with them in the same space, on the same stage; as allies, or as enemies.


The Republic of Zaire, a huge, second in size in Africa – power; in fact, the war was continuous to the end of the 20th century – forty years. The country was born in war. All this time she rules one and the same person, Marshal Mobutu SES Seko Kuku N Gandu VA For Banga, (which meant "Mobutu the greatest and therefore always invincible" is the most common translation). September 14, 1960го Joseph désiré Mobutu, Colonel of the newborn army of the Congo, chief of the General Staff, – made its first military coup, and the decision of the Collège des commissaires généraux, of the Association of General Commissioners, the then government of revolutionary time, – was appointed commander of the armed forces; it has been, in fact, the powers of the dictator: war, power in the Congo belonged to whom was the army. In 29 years as a military dictator of a huge country; this was done, up to that time, only one, General, too, French-speaking, – Bonaparte.

When Colonel Mobutu was not a successful military leader, he was very far from the theatres of war. In his youth, Mobutu served seven years in the Force publique, the Belgian colonial forces in the Congo in the post ptable comptable, something like a bookkeeper, Luluabourg, and then – in the administration of the General Staff in Leopoldville, the rank of the su-office, non-commissioned officer, To 1960му year, the future dictator was known as a journalist, editor, major political Newspapers.

Mobutu ascended on a wave of independence: higher positions in the country, young politicians were divided among themselves – as in a happy dream, and former colonial non-commissioned officer Mobutu has suddenly become the chief of the General Staff. He has won four major civil wars, crushed many uprisings and conspiracies. Mobutu retained power in the terrible civil war of the early 1960s, and rules for nearly 37 years: whole epoch.

In the projection on the history of our country, it looks like this: Mobutu already rules the Congo, when the USSR's power rules Nikita Khrushchev and major Gagarin went into space; in the Russian Federation when Boris Yeltsin was gravely ill and rumours of his resignation, and Mobutu was still at the head of their country.



Since October 1996, Eastern Congo-Zaire launched an offensive force, who took the name Association of democratic forces for the liberation (ADFL). Sure nothing about them was known, they moved from the province of Kivu, on which Mobutu has long been about the nature authorities were not. Suddenly, after the rebels entered in Zaire regular battalions of Rwanda, Burundi and Uganda. Countries, where the authorities were representatives of a multi-million Tutsis. Talked about the fact that the leader of the movement, Paul Kagame, the dictator of Uganda, is committed to the reconstruction of the once existing militant Tutsi Empire. From January 1997 revealed the leader of the Association: is not one of the leaders of ethnic Tutsis, as expected, and someone called Laurent désiré Kabila, from the Banda tribe. This sixty-year-old guerrilla commander participated in the once famous the Simba rebellion, (people-Lviv) the North-East Congo, in 1965, Then, with the fierce support of the USSR and China, forest tribes tried to create a Marxist-Leninist state the people's Republic of the Congo, in the deepest core of Africa. The Simba troops, partisans-werewolves – were the main force of the red separatists. To help the red wizards arrived even Che Guevara himself. According to some investmem, fatal to the Cuban Comandante was a quarrel with Kabila. Th from-for threats of this field commander was forced to hastily flee the Congo. This Soviet draft was destroyed, and in the African brutally. The only surviving forest of the commanders of that time, the former Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Revolution, Laurent Kabila a third of a century hiding in a dilapidated bases in the forests near lake Tanganyika.



For two months the ADFL rebels have captured nearly a third of the country. And in January it became known that arrived in Zaire white mercenaries, specialists of war by proxy. January 1997 state of the community, built over thirty years of Mobutu, was continuously shaken and crumbled, and – with a crash. Troops of Marshal, a – FAZ, – commanded by General Mahele retreated. The strength of the Association of Tutsi rebels were growing up, but even that's not the point. At the head of a chaotic guerrilla factions now stood real professionals, officers from Uganda and other countries in Tutsiled. As it turned out, their many years prepared on the basis of rapid reaction forces of the US, at Fort Benning, Georgia. And right after the new year appeared white. 3 January 1997 in the city of Kisangani, the main base of troops of Mobutu, came the first white specialists to thirty – three officers, almost all are French. They had to hastily reorganize the collapsing army of Marshal Mobutu. He commanded them old Belgian Christian Tavernier (Christian Tavernier). It is known that before the war, in June 1 996, Colonel Tavernier was invited to Zaire by someone Fernand Wibaux, (Fernand Wibaux), the second person in the Association "Transafrik". At the head of this structure was another legendary old – Fokkal Jacques (Jacques Foccart); in the ' 60s – the war Minister of France, one of the main creators of modern Africa. In particular, it is Fokkal tried to create a new oil state of Biafra.

Amazing it was the war in Zaire in 1997 had risen to his feet and came together in battle, the ghosts of times of Che Guevara and Lumumba. Couldn't stay away, Colonel Bob.

Since January 1997, arrived in Zaire became mercenaries in the press to call the romantically – Legion Blanche, the White Legion.



All, according to some, Colonel Tavernier has managed to pull in Kisangani about 280 white marcenaro. Facilitation was provided by two African veteran, Alain Le carro, (Alain Le Carro), Director of serious Agency security in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso; and Robert Montoya (Robert Montoya); it is represented in lomé, Benin, famous firm Executive Outcomes, is the world's largest private army, which provided already a number of wars in Africa. The Legion was well-armed: five or even seven planes, ten helicopters; on the arms and say no. What are the languages spoken between the soldiers of the white Legion is not exactly known, on 14 January 1997, arrived in Kisangani new subdivision about a hundred legionaries, commanded by Lieutenant Misha; he's Milorad Pelemis. They arrived on their own transport plane, Il-76. A month and a half "times" announced: "in Mobutu Recruits Serb Fighters for Zairean Civil War", (The Times, 3 March 1997). ("Mobutu hired Serbs". Indeed, the soldiers of Palamis were Serb veterans of the Yugoslav war.

Eric and Kenn, in the book “war in the Congo (LA GUERRE AU CONGO par Erik Kennes), said in passing, very very romantische detail: the Serbs did not obey the Colonel Tavernier, and acted independently. At first. By the spring the two groups merged under the name "the White Legion". It was established later: the Serbs – soldiers from the detachment "Ninja", the most fearsome unit of Red berets, special forces of the unrecognized Republic of Serbian Krajina. Created this the squad captain Dragan Vasilkovich – athlete, intellectual and philanthropist; is one of those characters in modern history, in tangible existence which is very hard to believe – precisely because of their upactually: a romantic character, like who appeared at the press conference directly from artenova Roundtable, Eduard Limonov who personally knew captain Dragan, in the book "the Other Russia" wrote: "... an adventurer who loved the war, talented fighter captain Dragan: a legend, a man arrived from nowhere, or from Australia, or from Israel; it was clear only, he speaks Serbian and knows how to fight. He founded a school of military instruction there, in Kninska Krajina, I was in school and then, remember, pledged to transfer to the school Bank account all the royalties from my books and articles, published in Yugoslavia. There, at school, wandering boys and girls on the streets of mock city that they had to take, there was spinning in the tank T-80 has forgotten what handle exactly click the driver. There he studied explosives beauties Serb with lush hips, and around wandered the soldiers, licking... Dragan Himself wore a kerchief, and on top of the helmet. On his face he wore an expression of cocky arrogance". Dragan had left Yugoslavia, in the Soviet times. He served in the Foreign Legion of France. Then – the instructor of special forces of Australia. And in 1991, leaving all , he came from Australia to help historic homeland. Mikhail Polikarpov, a Russian volunteer who fought in Serbia, in their vospominaniyah ("Offering. Where did the Serbian guy sad?"), said: "Dragan is a skinny brunette of about forty, a veteran of the French Foreign Legion. His squad was in 1994 in the village of Bruschke, North of Bankova. The group Dragan showed themselves very well in 1991 under the Dubrovnik and Vukovar. The core of the squad was two-three dozen experienced fighters, around which were grouped dozens of guys who studied the skill of the scout and the saboteur. ... Dragan was able to lead his unit to Bosnia in August, ninety-fifth, broke through the Croatian mites. In 1996, using his connections to the Legion, Dragan took his squad to Zaire. After a few months, he brought it without loss!". Dragan himself, it seems, in Africa, in the 97th fought. But undoubtedly his soldiers went to Zaire with his knowledge, and, most likely, on his orders.



Initially, the group Tavernier arrived in the city of Bunya. But soon they had to retreat. In Vatsa and Nagero also failed to keep. Eric Kahn, in his book "war in the Congo, wrote: "Besides the fact that these two groups are poorly equipped, were unable to operate in a situation of total disorganization in the country, they could not take the full brunt of face-to-face with an enemy more numerous and better organized". In the half of February, Colonel Tavernier threw his little Legion was already in Kisangani, the main base of the forces of Mobutu. Soon the name Tavernier had disappeared from the Chronicles of hostilities. With him, apparently, left almost all of the French and the Belgians. But the White Legion continued to fight in the Congo: resistant Slavs, which, seemingly, had nothing to lose. Probably took the command of Lieutenant Misha Polemic. His mercenary kept persistently. On 17 February they launched air strikes on the positions of the Association in Bukavu, Shabunda and Walikale, their Il-76 was used as a bomber. Slavs White Legion fought in this area until the fall of Kisangani, in may 1997.



"At the airport of the capital of Zaire was a transport and assault aircraft IL-76, which was used as a bomber. When Mobutu was overthrown, in the mud all the Legionnaires immediately flew away, according to some sources – in Tiraspol, the capital of the Transnistrian Republic. The scenario repeated itself in the Congo with its capital Brazzaville. From there the dictator also served as the Slavic mercenaries. And just like the name Legion, they immediately fled after the overthrow of the throne of his employer. A similar role has been played by the Russians in Chad, making the air guard of President Idriss déby. According to estimates of the organization "Doctors without borders", only three of these squad was killed during his service to African dictators about 50 thousand of their subjects". These srocki first flashed, as far as I can tell, – in the newspaper "Russian Bazaar", No. 32 (432), July 29 – August 4, 2004. This is a very respectable Russian newspaper published in new York, USA. The author – mark a Steinberg. Three weeks later, the same author was printed in Moscow, in the newspaper "Independent military review", 27 August 2004, (Annex to the "Independent newspaper"); article – "Spetsnaz rent". This is the same text that differ only the name and the structure of some sentences (which is actually discouraged in the media). The article is fairly concise. It's about private military companies, is clearly placed on the materials of the press, USA. But some of the stitching is incredibly important to the epic of the Slavic Legionnaires of the Congo. Later this article just pop up in various Russian media.

Another would be to ignore lines in a new York newspaper, – if it were not for the name of their author. But the fact that it is a visible character (for certain positions) and very mnogonado. Mark Steinberg – Colonel retired KGB, in the Soviet Army – about forty years (1945 – 1984); last position, with 1970го: head of special service of the headquarters of the Turkestan military district. He served almost all the time in the Middle East, following the resignation of the Colonel became a journalist, worked in the media of Tashkent. Immediately after the collapse of the USSR, he resolutely opened the back: in the 91st – emigrated from Uzbekistan to USA. Referred to as a military Advisor in the Miller Institute at Stanford University. In 1997ом, in the year of the White Legion, Colonel Steinberg seventy. He also is one of the historic elders. In 1997ом in new York was preparing for the third edition of its study "Jews in the wars of the Millennium". In the same 1997ом Colonel Shteinberg took U.S. citizenship. In these years the aged Soviet counterintelligence were often published in Newspapers and magazines of Russia, and Russian publications in the U.S., Australia, Canada, Israel, military policy, military history, military equipment.



Tiraspol, TRANS-Dniester Republic. Thrown three words – casual; but it was a great mystery that unfolded on the African mercenary – they are the special forces of the Serbian Krainov, – appeared on the borders of Russia. Almost – within Russia. Little Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic in all respects connected with an unbreakable bond. The General boundaries of Transnistria, with Russia no. But if you look closely at the patterns of political combinations of this unrecognized Republic in economic design, especially in foggy areas of military Affairs, it is often unclear: where does Transnistria and Russia begins. Transnistria is a small country, couldn't a few tens to slip in unnoticed. To hide here quietly and without form just get lost in the vast spaces. – it is impossible. Even for singles who have reasons to hide, close the PMR is not the best refuge. And then, according to Steinberg, Tiraspol has fallen quite tangible phenomenon: a small but significant military unit, a military transport aircraft, just with the hot positions in Congo, I. undoubtedly. Armed – threw the Legionnaires ' machine guns and assault rifles into the ocean on the way. To appear in the TMR White Legion could only with the permission of the authorities. The power mechanisms of TMR are concentrated under the Ministry of Public Security.

This Agency was headed by then major General Vladimir Yuryevich Antyufeyev, a Russian citizen. Long ago, at the time of publication Steinberg – for twelve years he held the post of Minister. The first years – when the PMR was at the center of attention all over the world, – Minister of GB was famous under a different name Vadim Shevtsov. ( – case is not unique, but rather rare, when the head of counterintelligence for the whole country, albeit unrecognised, has established his office, using false documents). Vladimir Antyufeev – a former Soviet Colonel of militia, Deputy chief of criminal investigation Department of the Riga. Until may 1991, he served as the head of the 4th Department (the apartment crazy) the office of criminal police of Department of police of Latvia. This officer belonged to the group, widely known under the code nazvaniem "Riga OMON": a small detachment, which in the summer of 1991 he played in Riga last bastions of the community disintegrating the USSR, tried to keep Latvia in the Union. All of the Riga policemen have been declared war criminals, with September 91го major antjufeev was in the international wanted list; he took refuge in the PMR and six months later (in may 1992го) led the management of the national security (later transformed into the MGB). What General antjufeev has always been directly associated with Moscow, is well – known. A well-known critic of the policy of the PMR, and the personal enemy of antyufiev, – Colonel Mikhail Bergman, in his book "the Leader in someone else's flock," wrote: "... I'm just stating the facts, I confidently state that this man and a group of his subordinates, firstly, worked and works in Tiraspol under some very high Moscow patron...". In 1997ом Minister of state security of Transnistria was officially a student at Moscow: he was trained at the Russian Academy of state service under the President of the Russian Federation (graduated in 1999). The movement of the White Legion in MTCT could occur only with the consent of the Minister of public security. I. therefore, with the permission of Moscow. Therefore, the undetected lines of Colonel Shteinberg, of course, if it was true, actually inadvertently highlighted the very important characters in hidden in the darkness huge the tablets system "Russia – Africa". It should be noted that the year 2004ый, when flashed the word "Tiraspol" in an article about African mercenary, it would only be a difficult period for the General antyufiev. Since the end of February 2004, Antyufeyev was in the list of leaders of Transnistria, which was officially declared persona non grata in the zone of influence of the European Union – at the request of the Republic of Moldova; at the same time the Prosecutor's office of Moldova brought to the Minister GB PMR new criminal case. It is possible that the old man mnogonado Steinberg somehow caught snatches of rumours generated by the new campaign against antyufiev.

So, in may 1997 the White Legion disappeared from Africa. Flashed this formation under the press spotlight briefly – for six months, and dissolved. Presumably – in the direction of Russia. Entered under the canopy of protection of the competent authorities of the Russian Federation. To shelter on its territory commandos Mobutu, professional “free soldiers” – a serious event, even if the Legionnaires were resting in TMR a few days. It is unlikely this prompted a simple charity. - military trouble of international scale in those years Russia and without missing, thanks to the war in Chechnya.

Most likely – someone took Colonel Tavernier – Lieutenant Pelemis. It was related to someone's strategic plans. ANOTHER CONGO. BRAZZAVILLE. GENERAL SASSOU-NGUESSO.

** In the article, Steinberg is no less important second geograficheskoe name – Brazzaville; it is the key to the continuation of the story of the White Legion. In may 1997 the country collapsed Zaire dictator Mobutu, and the country acquired a new name – Democratic Republic of the Congo. This created an awkward situation: there was a country that took the Congo with an extensive border in the North-West: – Congo, Republic of the Congo. You're in a unique situation: neighboring countries-namesake (and in both countries – one national language, French). Since that time the country, for short, named after their capitals: DRC – Congo-Kinshasa, Republic of Kazakhstan – Congo-Brazzaville. In may 1997 in Congo-Kinshasa war seemed to be over; in the Congo-Brazzaville – started.

October 25, 1997 Congo-Brazzaville is headed by army General Denis Sassou-Nguesso ( Denis Sassou member since Nguesso ); he was elected President, and already the second time. For him according to official data, voted, as is usual in such cases, 90 % of the population. For the first time Sassou-Nguesso, the son of a peasant of the people mbosi, became President in February 1979, and was head of state for thirteen years; and he was the head of all law enforcement agencies: the Minister of defence, Minister of state security and the Minister of internal Affairs. Generally in power by that time, Sassou-Nguesso was most of my life: since August 1968, he, Lieutenant of the 1st parachute battalion, aged 24 years, participated in the military coup, and joined the national Council of the Revolution. With 1992го General Sassou-Nguesso was in exile: the Congo, as almost all the countries of Black Africa, the painful was correlated with the alignment of political forces in Europe. Years 89-91ый, the collapse of the Soviet Bloc and the collapse of the Soviet Union – provoked a wave of passion for democracy worldwide and in Africa. General Sassou-Nguesso, too classic military dictator was bytesin from the country. The President became the leader of the liberal opposition, Professor Pascal of Lissouba, a staff expert of the UNESCO, former Prime Minister of the Congo; before that she lived thirteen years in exile. In the second year of his reign, began a guerrilla war, and in the capital city, and in the forests on the outskirts of the country; opposition parties formed militias. In February 1997, Denis Sassou-Nguesso returned to Congo, and to him from all sides began to be pulled together supporters. The former dictator was formally accused of attempting a military coup, escaped arrest, and began hostilities against the government troops. The real war unfolded in the first days of June 1997 – almost simultaneously with the fall of Mobutu in neighboring Zaire. In the middle of a war was the capital Brazzaville and its surroundings. The city was badly damaged. In early October 1997 entered the war the neighboring power – Angola. She certainly supported Sassou Nguesso. In the Congo Angolan troops were deployed, and 14 October 1997 Brazzaville was captured by opposition forces.

11 days General Sassou-Nguesso declared himself President. Professor of Lissouba fled to London. But the end of the year, at least, loyal to the deposed President, the troops continued to fight in the coastal areas of the country. The invasion of Angola in the Congo in October 1997: in a fierce embrace African wars in the last years of the Millennium this is one of the most complex assemblies. To some extent this marked the return of Russia to take action in Africa. Angola – undoubtedly, the Russian, or more precisely the Soviet Union in Africa; twenty years she was kept as an Outpost of the USSR in the South Atlantic, and Russia was associated not less related, -hard, – the Congo-Brazzaville from France or Congo-Kinshasa from Belgium. In 97th year in Angola just seems to have died down endless civil war; the capital and Northern regions kept the Marxist ruling party MPLA, led by President josé Eduardo DOS Santos, (he received the diploma engineer in Baku, and his first wife was Tatiana, a native of Penza).

South and East of the country was controlled by the UNITA group, which commanded all the legendary enemy of the USSR – Jonas Savimbi. In Angola, continuously, smoothly continued the events that unfolded during the reign of Brezhnev, Carter and Reagan: even the President has remained on duty since 1979, the leader of UNITA fought against the Communists with 1966го; i.e., in Angola was like an African island in the USSR, where continuously lasted for the events that took place under Brezhnev. Troops from Angola are still supplied with equipment from Russia, all the command posts were occupied by officers who had studied in the USSR, then in Russia; and dozens of Russian officers were serving in Angola as advisers.

It seems that in Slavic 1997ом White Legionaries were engaged Russia; in this case, it seems logical that after the collapse of Mobutu in may 1997 they were transferred to Transnistria (also the islet of the USSR), and in October 1997 he returned to Congo – along with the troops Rossiiskoi Angola.



Various sources vaguely, but insistently mention the following details: member of the White Legion were not only Serbs. And Russians, and Ukrainians. Colonel mark Steinberg: "the Dictator of Zaire Mobutu included a strike force of 100 Russian and Ukrainian mercenaries. It was called "White Legion". Legionaries, receiving an average of up to 3 thousand dollars. in the month, following the orders of the dictator by destroying the opposition fighters, burning villages, in which they were based". Most likely Russian instructors arrived together with the red berets from Serbia. It should be noted that the Russian volunteers were observed in the detachment Dragan initially noted were Russian volunteers. Mikhail Polikarpov: "Right hand at Dragan was a Russian – named Basil, later in 1994 when conducting reconnaissance in the rear of the Croats blew up on a mine-stretching and terribly whipped by shrapnel...". The Belarusians and the Ukrainians were reportedly the pilots, former officers of the Soviet air force. Of the ten helicopters of the Legion were four Soviet, Mi-24. Of course, small arms of the Legion was almost entirely Soviet production: "M53 light machine guns, RPG-7, M57; 60mm mortars; MANPADS "Igla"".



After listing the weapons, immediately Peeps out from behind the curtain is another person with a Russian name is Viktor Anatolyevich Bout. There is no direct evidence so far about its connection with the White Legion. But surprisingly it is consistently occurs is beside him, as if someone is chasing something: whether Booth Legion, or the Legion booth. Booth – WMD time has long found himself in the midst of the figures, drawn by points – the proxy war, Russian weapons, Belgium, France, Serbia, the Congo, that it is simply impossible to imagine that he went about this relationship. Victor Bout is still a figure of mystery; the more grows th dossier to the media in all languages of the world, the more mysterious it becomes.

Victor Bout, the senior Lieutenant of the Russian service, – whether originating from Dushanbe, whether from Ashgabat. In 1991ом graduated from the Military Institute of foreign languages in senior years seems to be trained in Angola. After the Institute got in Vitebsk. he served in the air force transport regiment. And soon disappeared. 1992го begins with an incredible rise up the senior Lieutenant booth – he's like a goldfish somewhere near Vitebsk caught. Vague news, already in 1992 the Booth ferried to England a huge party of the Soviet armored vehicles, weapons, ammunition. he was 25 years. To 1995му senior Lieutenant in the reserve Bout is one of the largest arms dealers in the world. After him began the hunt by Interpol. But Booth is calmly lived in the city of Otiende, Belgium, where he had a large Villa. In 1996ом he opened in Oostende the office of his company Air Cess – private air travel; by this time he had already aviatore, one of the largest in the world, and nearly 40 aircraft. He acted aggressively and surprisingly bravely. Supplied the Booth at first belligerent Afghanistan, and on both sides of the front. Then in his field of action was the Sudan, which led to serious civil war. In 1996ом booth began the first serious difficulties.

In connection with Zaïre. Experts from the Advisory Council on illicit firearms trafficking to the UN discovered: that Booth delivers with Soviet weapons Interahamwe, it was the army of the Hutu people, which led the guerrilla war in Rwanda. Base Interahamwe were located in Zaire. The Hutu people – the main enemies of the Tutsi and supported the government of Marshal Mobutu. Therefore, Viktor Bout at least since 1996 she has established a solid bridge Kinshasa, established contacts with the military authorities of Zaire. Then the Belgian authorities have failed to prevent booth: he defended the fact that the company was registered in Liberia, the aircraft flew from Romania and Bulgaria, in Ostend was just a transit. At the same time, in the summer of 1996, the command of the air force of Zaire has made huge purchases in Russia: five MIG-21 aircraft, several helicopters, three light fighter "Hawk". Almost certainly – this contract was the booth case. Other intermediaries at the same level in the Congo. And at the same time, French advisors Mobutu began negotiations with Colonel Tavernier on the establishment of the training team for Zairian army.

The appearance of the White Legion in Transnistria more than likely – primarily because Viktor Bout is very hard introduced in this unrecognized Republic.

The dossier of Komsomolskaya Pravda, a famous military analyst Colonel Viktor Baranets mentions: "According to my information, Booth repeatedly visited Transnistria, which today houses, the largest in Europe warehouse of mines, bombs and shells." Almost immediately after the fall of the Mobutu began to have serious troubles at the booth – until then hovering above the continents unhindered. A the Almighty. like goldfish, patron stopped his cover. In July 1997, Booth, already under threat of arrest, was forced to close its office in Belgium. And moved to the United Arab Emirates.

Since that time he has ceased to appear openly in Europe. Officially disappeared and his Liberian fleet. The company was re-registered in August in the Kingdom of Swaziland, and the aircraft moved to the airfield in South Africa. But South Africa was too far away from the main area of the booth, from the bowels, of which he procured the weapons of the former USSR countries. And about 1998ом was registered aviation company, a small, unnoticed then none of the stakeholders – IRBIS; port – Alma-ATA, Kazakhstan. None of his aircraft in the Kazakh company was not, but she immediately rented the aircraft Swaziland, the air cess.



White later the Legionnaires all began to appear in the West. On the Russian website, which emerged around 2000, is "the Fourth world war," in the short note about the White Legion was said: "In the subsequent period, the residual composition was evacuated to Europe and was recorded in various operational episodes in various countries of the Balkan Peninsula, as well as in teams physical protection of the French far-right parties front national and GUD". The Balkans, France, like the Serbs and the French are from White Legion returned home. What happened to the Russians is unclear.

Seven years later there were some statements that the Russian-Serbian "White Legion" in the Congo did not exist. Alexander Cherkasov in 2004 wrote: "Why us again and again "filled Negro"? One consolation is that we are not alone in the Universe. In Africa, which last tens of years bastarache fighting, go more stories about mercenaries .... But popular rumour gives this participation of Homeric proportions. A few years ago, when he overthrew the dictator Mobutu , the supporters of Laurent Kabila told about hundreds fought on the side of the foe of the Serbs and Ukrainians. And that I caught them, white-faced foes — so because the Europeans are entirely repainted with black paint. Thirty years earlier such legends went to Biafra — there is interference of the "white giants" both sides explained their military failures".

Cyril Serebransky


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