Getting to the reasons, time, area of occurrence and actions of the insurgency, I consider it necessary to make a reservation that material to the preparation of the review are, in addition to documentary evidence, the statements of individuals and of Soviet workers, and transcripts of interviews of suspects and persons accused of complicity with a gang of persons as well as witnesses and eyewitnesses. If you use all this stuff to that was critical, taking only the most authentic and proven.In 1917, in the period of Kerensky, the bourgeois city of Kirsanov in Tambov lips.
Antonov, Aleksandr Stepanovich, a prominent figure of the socialist revolutionary party, established under the previous government the production of robberies and murders for the most part, police officials and wine shops, for which he was exiled to Siberia, were received for the position of police officer in Tambov or Tambov district (not determined), at the same time the leader of the Bolsheviks G. Kirsanova Trunini was the uprising of the Bolsheviks in the city (184). To suppress it was sent to elected local authorities C.Antonov, who successfully revolt eliminated and Trunina arrested. Who was at Trunina Bolshevik literature was burned.
Shortly thereafter, Antonov as distinguished themselves in suppressing the rebellion, received the post of chief of Kirsanovsky County militia. Enlisting for this position, Antonov had appointed to positions of heads of district police of his supporters, like former officers Loshchinin, zaeva, etc. At that time the spontaneous growth of Bolshevism in the country, and Antonov, seeing that the existing Provisional government unsteadily on his pedestal, feeling his overthrow, he, together with known at the time the Tambov SRS Bazhenov (185), Mikhnevich (186) , etc., with the complicity and put them before the chiefs of simility, started the preparatory work in terms of acquisition of weapons and storage thereof. Using Kirsanov began taking the trains with the Czechoslovak troops and disarming Antonov, and selected weapons went to the village Ramza, the Chernavka, the lake Ilmen, where it is buried in the ground and where, in all likelihood, there were already cells of the future political organization of the peasantry, which will touch on below, namely STK.
The struggle of the proletariat for power has come to Kirsanov, which gradually has created a diarchy in the face, on the one hand, re-elected Council, which was dominated by representatives of the socialist regiment formed there, and the Kirsanov government, which met Antonov, Bazhenov, Budkevich, Bulatov (187) etc. to Realize, however, is self-government under the onslaught of Bolsheviks, they failed. Seeing this, Antonov and his friends began to fuse weapons in hidden places. When Antonov, who was on a monthly vacation, learned about the shooting of his companions zaeva and Loshchinin, he disappeared and since then, Kirsanov is not. It was in April 1918 From that moment ends the official service of the Antonov. He has for some time disappears from the field of view of the Bolshevik authorities in Tambov, but from this time begins the "Antonov" and the rebel movement in the Tambov province, have adopted, due to objective reasons Russian life in General, on the one hand, and subjective Tambov, on the other, of enormous dimensions, becoming a powerful, tightly organized, covering almost all the population of the Tambov province and having a certain structure of the army, the movement.
Let us now consider the reasons for further growth Antonov.Tambov province, inhabited mostly kulak element, from the very beginning treated unkindly to the fact of the surplus of the state and tried by various ways such not run. Because in the first years of the dictatorship of the proletariat was not necessary to apply the most repressive measures, and especially in the province of Tambov, nearby to the front and is filled with deserters, so far the Antonov movement is not developed, staying small, taking the character of separate attacks on state farms, village councils and separate Communist and Soviet officials.
But in 1920, in connection with a partial crop failure, began to subside the charging of the surplus, comes in some areas of the Tambov province to Hercules pillars and your methods are not yielding the methods of the Inquisition. This Antonov brought to the sympathies of the peasants, and the movement began more and more to expand, moving with giant steps forward.In addition to these reasons, the development of the Antonov also contributed to other causes, these are the attitude of the highest authorities in the face of agricultural and Salavatov and higher in the face of Executive Committee, provincial Committee, gubcheka, on the one hand, and the socialist-revolutionary agitation and propaganda on the other.Celle - and volcovici filled with kulaks and middle peasants, "the lovers of private property," sympathized Antonov, assisted him and most have not taken any measures to deal with it. The provincial Executive Committee and provincial Committee did not attach much importance to this movement, do not conduct any decisive struggle, and, on the contrary, due to the party composition of the mass petty-bourgeois and petty-bourgeois element, indulged in regionalism, care about anything, but not seen the nascent formidable power.
The surplus prospered, the activities of some Soviet and party workers - peasant lovers featherbeds, a samovar and horses - to go unpunished, revolutionary agitation increased, and in the Centre were busy external fronts, against a stronger enemy, and local authorities, sitting on a kind of SHIPKA pass, thinking that all is quiet. And as a consequence calm fighting with Antonov was extremely indecisive. Part in force against him, only strengthened, but not weakened the power of the Antonov. Absolutely not designed for its purpose, with no signs of combat capability and undisciplined, politically processed parts, VNUS decompose rapidly and frequently not only fled when meeting with Antonov, but to the side of the Antonov, increasing a numerical frame, and the inventory of his gear, his weapons. The only combat unit, cavalry, special cavalry consolidated in the group all the time had only the troops concentrated around Antonov, and also showed little success in the struggle, and thus, and military measures, as well as political, took his fight against the rebels to zero.Simultaneously with the negative aspects of the actions of our government has grown and developed the activities of revolutionary organizations, using every insensitive and criminal misconduct of the authorities for propaganda and the inaction of the authorities for organizational works.
Above we have already pointed out the initial preparatory work of Antonov and other SRS for the preparation of the uprisings in the form of fusing different kinds of weapons in a secluded place. Forced to hide underground, they had not at first support in the peasants received from the Soviet government land, and consequently were forced to recruit deserters, bandits, etc. of persons in small groups, the purpose of which were robberies, in the name of such. The initial units as a result was desertion-gangster seeking to looting part. But in process of formation and recruitment was carried out some political work among the deserters, and troops gradually took a definite political overtones SR.
Of a number of available gangster documents shows that the governing political party of the entire rebel movement is the party of socialists-revolutionaries, conducting his propaganda and organising it through organized Union of the working peasantry (STK). This is evidenced in the appeal of the County Committee of the socialist revolutionary party and the provincial and district committees STK, and most importantly, is a program of the Union of the working peasantry'(1), the slogan of which is "In the struggle you will attain your right", and the task - the overthrow of the Communist-Bolsheviks, "who has brought the country to poverty, death and shame." For the destruction of this "forced" the government and its orders, the Union organizes guerrilla groups and is waging an armed struggle in pursuit of certain goals, of which the main are "the convening of a Constituent Assembly on the principle of equal, universal, direct and secret suffrage, without prejudice to its role and establish a political system, to preserve the voters right to recall representatives, not expressing the will of the people". "Pending convocation of the Constituent Assembly the establishment. temporal power on the ground and in the Center happens on an elective basis with the unions and parties involved in the fight with the Communists"."The implementation of the law on the socialisation of the land in full, adopted and approved by the former Constituent Assembly."
"The approval of the Russian and foreign capital to restore the economic life of the country". "Organized and existing voluntary groups should not be dismissed prior to the convening of the Constituent Assembly and the resolution of the question of a standing army". This is the STK program. As for the General slogans that have circulated among the masses of the guerrillas, most of them non-party, such slogans are "In the struggle you will attain your right", "Down with the rule of tyrants Communists", "long live the Constituent Assembly", "long live the people's guerrilla army" and "long live free Russia". The goal is the overthrow of Soviet power and the destruction of the Bolshevik Communists.
The above slogans and quotes from JCC programs clearly show that the main direction in which it heads. Further review of the activities of Antonov will show that he and his group had little relations with the Central Committee of the socialist-revolutionaries, or position in his 19th year, when the socialist-revolutionaries withdrew and became opponents of Denikin, and he's done with them intercourse. The main character of both the programme and tactics - the SR.
Under these slogans held organization increasingly embittered peasant who saw in the face of Antonov and his associates as advocates. For the reasons stated above, the agitation of the socialist party increasingly developed. The unions of working peasantry multiplied quantitatively, qualitatively improved and strengthened.
We noted above that the growth Antonov guilty mainly local authorities and the methods of carrying out the breakdowns. In the review of Antonova activities since leaving his underground this will be easy to verify.Hiding in 1918, Antonov continued its earlier initiated case on the conduct of preparatory underground work among the population, among whom he met sympathy for his undertakings, among, mainly, the kulak element. Hunter to go into the squad was not enough, and Antonov recruits into your organization of people with a criminal past and present, and at the end of 1918, when the desertion, he was engaged in recruiting and among them, making attacks and looting in Soviet institutions, and beating the Communists. Kulachenko population had assisted him to conduct underground work and in material terms. So Antonov had collected quite a considerable number of deserters and criminals without a certain political belief with the explicit desire for robbery and murder and with the participation of other socialist raised in Rudivka villages Vasilevka, Nikol kulak uprising (188), which was liquidated soon and the local Communist units, and without the participation of military units.After this unsuccessful performances Antonov took over the organization of the individual units of the so-called "Green army" composed of deserters, criminals, etc. of the item.
Organizing these groups, attracting to its ranks of deserters, and other elements, it at the same time paying special attention to the consolidation of its Foundation, i.e. in every way gaining the sympathy of the local population, which, as mentioned earlier, used different supports in the material, even in technical respects and in the same time produces partial raids for robbery and the murder of individual Soviet officials. Separate the facts produced by the murders and robberies in this review, we will not give, as they already stated in the previous report. In this review will come closer to growth of its movement.In 1919, when the total number of his squad made up the numbers up to 2000 people and the entire southern part of the Kirsanov uyezd was filled with deserters, has not yet entered a number of his squad, Antonov became more and more to exercise your recruiting activities of the gang. From that moment, includes open polytheism (and a certain political coloring to his squad.
Your primary detachment he renames the traditional title "combat squad", and formed the deserters ' groups trying to organize with greater cohesion and more gives them political overtones. By early 1920 he had already made sufficient political work in their groups. STK already organized, and Antonov officially informs the Kirsanov comparta about the program and its requirements. A letter'(2) dated postmark 18.02.20 and Antonov indicates "the audacity of being built on the charges, giving it the name "bandit" and attributing to him any involvement in the robberies, committed in Truscinski, Kaluga, etc. Kurdyukovskaya parishes, denying, arguing, and pointing out that hand to him this is "the attraction to him conscious of the working masses of Russia," and cites the fact of liquidation of a gang of robbers under the leadership of Bereskin.
Further he points out that to fight the criminals we (on behalf of "B. D.") are always ready to lend a helping hand. About set out in the letter Antonov asked to bring to the attention of the County Committee of the RCP(b).Force Antonov, however, remain small, but in the second half of the 20th, the forces begin to grow rapidly. Agitation Antonov and his associates have had success due to the reasons outlined at the beginning. By November 20th of the year, when the number of units has reached a large size, Antonov was convened plenary meeting of the commanders of all guerrilla units, which ruled, according to which all units are connected to form a unified guerrilla army, which organized the Main operational headquarters of the guerrilla army of the Tambov region, consisting of 5 elected by secret ballot of persons (order No. 1 of 14 February 1920), with his time and he proceeds to the unification of the separate militant groups through systematic organization, both politically and militarily. After a month the design and plans and objectives of the entire rebel movement were fleshed out and got a certain look. All the units representing not that other, as separate gangs, without authoritative leaders, and only leaders, begin to connect the separate parts when reaching the number of 300 - 500 people receive the name of the regiments, which, in turn, have specific names and numbering. There is evidence that the shelves are connected into larger units, like brigades, divisions, and even in the latter case. Operations of a military nature begins to acquire a certain regularity, and the actions of the regiments begins to lead is not the initiative of the former leaders, who later became the commanders of regiments, and the instructions and orders of the Chief of the operational headquarters, which is headed by Anton himself and the commander of all the forces of Tokmak.
Proof of this are the orders of the Chief of the operational headquarters of the partisan army N 14 paragraph 8 of 29.12.20, which indicates the existence of the 3rd division, N 8, paragraph 1 of 18.01.21 G. - on the existence of the 2nd division, N 14 paragraph 3 from 29.12.20 G. - on the existence of the 1st division, in addition, a number of reports over the signatures of the chiefs of divisions. The existence of brigades known from the orders of the staff of the 1st guerilla army of the Tambov region N 9 paragraph 2 of 16.01.21 g'(3)In respect of cases for more vivid illustrations will lead the entire paragraph 2 of the order of the staff of the 1st guerilla army of the Tambov region No. 3 of 8 January 1921, which States: "in Order to eliminate misunderstandings that may occur during the battle, I order: the joint action of corps, divisions and regiments to the more correct command of troops, to appoint one person or join the staff, along which must come the orders existing in the battle parts. In addition, the order of the staff of the 1st army N 24 from 25.01.21 G. declared States of army corps, divisions, brigades, regiments, etc. (copy attached)'(4). These facts indicate the existence of, and, perhaps, only on the assumed existence of such connections. According to the Protocol of the joint meeting of the members of the provincial Committee of STK and the Main operational headquarters of commanders, political workers of the 1st army of the Tambov region and Tambov organizers and Borisoglebsky districts, held January 15, 1921 under the chairmanship of the old Man and secretaries at Tokove'(5), on which, besides other issues, heard a report on the existence of two headquarters of the army: Chief of the operational headquarters and the headquarters of the 1st partisan army.
In essence, the matter carried unanimously a resolution that a more flexible command and control the existence of the headquarters of the 1st partisan army would be worthwhile, and the Main operational headquarters led Antonov to recognize the second headquarters of the army of the Tambov region. The link between the staffs recognize the Tambov provincial Committee of the WCC, representatives from the headquarters of the army. Then on January 18, 1921, according to the Protocol of the Main operational headquarters with the participation of a member of the provincial Committee of 18.01.21 G. N 1, paragraph 2, in the order declared on the Main operational headquarters N 9 paragraph 2 of G. 19.01.21 available in the Tambov region, the guerrilla forces divided into two armies. In the first part of the guerrilla army included: 1st Kamensky, 2nd STS, 5th Panofsky, 6th Savelski, 7th Tambov, 10th Volche-Karachanskiy, 11th Pavlodar, 12th Tokaj, the 13th Petuhovsky shelves.The structure of the second army included: 3rd Kirsanov, 4th Grassroots, 8th Arable-Uglovka and 9th Semenovsky regiments. Paragraph 4 of the order States: "Due to the re-election of the Chief of the operational headquarters, the headquarters of the[Ohm] of the army to elect the Main operational headquarters of the three persons, not later than 18 January 1921 should receive the cases from the existing staff. On the basis of the said order the first headquarters of the guerrilla army was convened on January 26, 1921, a meeting of officers with the office of member of the Tambov provincial Committee of the JCC, chaired by Gubarev secretaries at Parfenova on the following issues: 1) on the choice of representatives of the Main operational headquarters; 2) to increase the number of representatives from regiments and 3) on the participation of officials of staff of the army in elections for representatives to the General staff'(6) . The questions were issued: 1) reading the order of the Chief of the operational headquarters from 19.01.21 g. for N 9, paragraph 4, have decided to ask the Main operational headquarters for clarification of the order, by reason of the second army assigned three representatives, as having a team of three regiments, while the first army, being composed of 10 regiments, too, must be represented by three representatives.
This situation finds illegal meeting and taking into account the proportionality of the regiments, first army has the right to nominate for re-election Main operations of the army headquarters not three and 10 members. The number of representatives from regiments to increase to three from each regiment, and choose individuals who are familiar with military tactics and the political situation that the participation of officials of the headquarters of the first army in the election for representatives of the Main operational headquarters is required. The result of the re-election of the Chief of the operational headquarters for the lack of materials is not installed.The action plan was developed, the forces gathered, the party organization in the face of Kirsanovsky ukoma RCP was notified and had to start the beginning of hostilities. On March 6, 1921 the staff of the 1st army of the Tambov region order No. 738, because of "strategic considerations on the state level, ordered the regiments and brigades act from occupied areas (sites) where were the rallies and uprisings in the definitely planned. About the further course of military operations has been repeatedly identified in reports and summaries, and therefore this issue will not stop.
To characterize the internal relations adding that in there the original of the Protocol of the General meeting of regiment commanders, political workers and members of the Chief of the operational headquarters on April 14, 1921, by drawing the attention on the question: on confidence in the chief of the Main operational headquarters of the Antonov, which issued a resolution "to Express full trust'(7). What caused the production of this issue on the agenda, for lack of material to establish it was not possible.The area of occurrence of insurgency is the southern part of the Kirsanov uyezd, storage of weapons - village Ramza, Chernavka, lake Ilmen Kirsanovsky uyezd. The seat of Antonov and his underground organization - the village of Kamenka and Kashira Afanas'evka volost, the village of Walhonding, formerly. Vysheslavtseva estate, village karinka Alexander parish, where 10.07.20, there was the Congress of delegates of the S.-R., who took part in the preparations for armed intervention against the Soviet power. The first rebellious townships are Kamenskaya and Alexander the Tambov district, the five books of Moses-Alabushskiy and Tugolukovskogo of Borisoglebsky district and Zolotovskiy Kirsanovsky uyezd.
In the period of January, February, March, and April, 1921 the rebel movement spread Kirsanov, Borisoglebsk, Tambov, a part of Kozlovsky, and Usman Morshansk County Tambov province and spread beyond the borders of Voronezh, Saratov and Penza provinces. The quartering of the Main operational and headquarters staff of the 1st army is: 20.11.20 G. - V. the villages and monasteries 21.12.20 g - Berezivka, 27.12.20 G. - Pichaevo, 28.12.20 G. - Sergeyevka, G. 31.12.20 - Chakarova, G. 01.01.21 - Panova Bushes, 05.01.21 G. - D. Kalmakova, 10.01.21 G. - S. Kamenka, 11.01.21 G. - S. Kamenka, 12.01.21 G. - S. Kamenka, 13.01.21 g - stove, g. 14.01.21 - Kamenka, from 15.1 at 15.2. 21 - stepanivka, 19.02.21 G. - Okhlebinino, 21.02.21 G. - s. Sosnovka, 23.02.21 G. Abakumov, G. 25.02.21 - Bolshaya Lozovka, 02.03.21 G. - S. Pokrovskoe, 03.03.21 G. - Petrine, 07.03.21 G. - D. Mikhaylovka, G. 09.03.21 - ol'shanka, 10.03.21 G. - D. Mikhaylovka, 15.03.21 G. - S. Novoselskoe, 17.03.21 G. S. lizard, 24.03.21 G. - doctor of Nikolayevka, 25.03.21 g - d. Nikolaevka of the Borisoglebsk district.The leader of the rebel movement is a tradesman of the city Kirsanov of the Tambov province Alexander Stepanovich Antonov (189), an active leader of the party of socialists-revolutionaries, who graduated from the 5 classes of the real school. Profession of parents: father - gardener, mother - a dressmaker.Tokmakov Peter is a farmer of the village of Inokuchi Inocheskoy parish Kirsanovsky uyezd of the Tambov province, and served as a policeman in Antonov and fled with him after the shooting Loshchinin and zaeva and working with him, occupying the post of commander of the armies of the Tambov region. Killed (order of the G[face] about[operativnogo] W[Taba] N 31 paragraph 1 of 25.03.21.Pavlov, Mikhail Prokhorov is an active leader of the insurrection - held many responsible posts, from battalion commander to the chief quartermaster and chief of the division.
Currently holds the post of commander of the armies.Popov Maksim Dmitrievich - "Matdinov", a former officer, have been working since the organization's Main operational headquarters, holding the post of aide staff.Pluzhnikov N. Gregory - "the old Man", a member of the provincial Committee of STK, cu[Astanin] the village of Kamenka, Tambov uyezd and province. Social position - the village fist. An active leader.Kolesnikov Ivan Sergeyevich, commander of the 1st partisan army, who came from Voronezh province for joint solutions to common combat tasks.Gubarev Ivan Arkhipovich - chief of staff of the 1st partisan army, former officer (rank not installed).Davydov Peter is a farmer of the village of Chernavka Kirsanovsky uyezd of the Tambov province., well politically developed, calls itself right-wing SR. Terrorist. During the period of revolutionary government, was elected from district Deputy to the Constituent Assembly'(8) .
With Antonov worked for about two years.Ishin is a farmer of the village of Kalugino Kirsanovsky uyezd, Tambov province. About 40 years old graduated from a local school. Engaged in gardening. In 1905, was Treasurer of the party of socialists-revolutionaries and left about 40000 rubles of party money. Was sentenced to Arkhangelsk; where he returned and began the structure of their economy and at the same time engaging in trade, skolachivaya capital. After the overthrow of the monarchy was arrested right SRS for fraud in 1905, but was soon liberated, and, being on a post of the Chairman of the volost Zemstvo, has been in contact with Antonov.Maxim Yurin - "Herman", a peasant village Ramza Rasinski parish Kirsanovsky uyezd of the Tambov province, a prosperous village fist, is working with Antonov and a half to two years (not precisely determined).In addition to these, the movement takes part and many other eminent persons whose names are placed in the attached herewith the list'(9) with indication of position and what part of the total numerical composition of the guerrilla units, in the absence of actual data, to specify is not possible. As for the number of each troop formations, such see in the attached herewith the reports on the situation and actions of the individual parts of the guerrilla army of the Tambov region.
The whole part with a few exceptions consists of the local population, the predominant majority of which are Banda desertion and kulak elements, and has the poorest population, but also intellectuals and former officers, some of whom fell under declared the orders of the Chief of the operational headquarters of the mobilization, and the other part is voluntarily willing.The number of arms is not precisely determined, but I believe that if there is a shortage, only some parts and in a small size, as the shelves, weapons in addition to rifles and swords attached to guns and even artillery, composed of guns, captured from us in battle at different times, and under the direct responsibility of the Chief of the operational staff (the number of guns is not installed) . The source of the weapons is, in addition to the original weapons, Antonov selected even when he was chief of police of the city Kirsanov, who served through the station Kirsanov Czechoslovak troops and hid them in the villages Ramza, Chernavka, lake Ilmen, and even military units, to which Antonov attacked by a large force to disarm them, and trains passing through the territory covered by the uprising, which were wagons with equipment and weapons.
To unlock weapons were involved in local committees QCD, using for this purpose all its links. In addition, in the report, the political worker of the 10th Volche-Karachanskiy regiment Coat to the headquarters of the 1st partisan army of the Tambov region indicates that the citizen of the village of l'vovo in the Tambov district of the Tambov province Mashkov, Aleksei Ivanovich - Communist who has authority of the village that received approval from them on good behavior and is currently on the train, together with his fellow citizen and wish to transfer 4 machine guns, many rifles and cartridge in the hands of the guerrillas. In the same way the guerrillas are purchasing the uniforms and equipment, first for the most part, in addition to the above, is acquired, as stated in the order N 8 on the Main operational headquarters of paragraph 1 of 20.11.20 G.: "in view of the coming of cold weather, the partisans of the army, through the economic part, it is allowed to exchange from the peasants a cold Shoe on a warm, fodder and food is sourced from the population and by Soviet looting of warehouses, farms, etc.". A convoy of military units was large, but the order of the staff of the 1st army reduced to the number prescribed by the regimental staff on the train due to the fact that such excess. The carts are distributed and cater to the following needs: health - 3, technical - 2, [Mandi]p shelf 1, office of hochste - 1 front office - 1 and machine - number of machine guns.The scheme of organization of the army attached'(10) Discipline, the former first strong, despite a number of published on the armies of the orders is not satisfactory - Pala, looting, robbery, shkurnichestvo and desertion are increasing. Morale is weakening. From the report of the regiment'(11) we see that the left group of forces of the partisan army retreated in panic, strikes incredible fear in the population, not seeing the enemy (red). And other reports, which stated that the guerrillas's regiment fled their homes. Finally, to stop this ban on corporal punishment, he began to use the rod and lash, from 10 or more beats (see instruction courts), and in the process of giving prescriptions about the movement of a particular part, it is shown that if one of the partisans will refuse to perform this, immediately such to disarm and hand over weapons to others. The individual facts of non-execution of orders will not lead, because a lot of them, and they are outlined in the attached herewith the summaries and shelves.
The nature of the activity is manifested in the fact that the battle with the red army openly accept parts only in those cases when they are in a desperate situation, often make sudden raids on villages, volosts and villages occupied by our forces, of course, taking into account the size and armament of the latter. In the case of receiving the order about the attack on the village or the village, where the number of the enemy exceeds the guerrillas, the latter are grouped and a group of two or three regiments produce plaque. When you capture settlements in the first place is the defeat of the Soviet institutions at the same time other parts that are included with the advancing regiment or imparted, to produce, if you only pass through this area - damage to the railway line. Warehouses, where applicable, plundered, and all the loot goes primarily to the needs of the partisans, and then the rest goes to the army headquarters, despite the fact that many of the orders of the army say about the direction of the staff just captured, where the last and will be distributed. The demolition of structures occurs in addition to its initiatives [by] the commanders of regiments and units, [and] by the orders and instructions of staff of the army, which reviewed the railway line and the destruction of all kinds of government structures such as bridges, Telegraph wires, posts, apparatus, station buildings, boxes, arrows, etc. attaches great importance.
Confirmation is a series of published orders and directives. Is necessary to note that the work on the destruction of public buildings of the partisans involved the entire population, without distinction of sex, areas, surrounding villages. In addition, the 5th guerrilla regiment Panofsky has a certain task solely to produce damage to the railway line on a plot of City - Tokarevka, which is carried out. The duties of the same regiment lies [task] sazivanja with the rail train and panellock and the failure to present the possibility of workers sent by the Reds, to make the correction itself by shelling and ambushes, for more vivid illustration, see the summary of the 5th regiment Panofsky. There have been cases of attacks on trains for the purpose of robbery, as, for example, at the station Saburovo brigade regiments Kozlovsky "Carp"'(12) captured a freight train, where to get large military trophies, and the locomotive of the train disbanded and fired in the direction of a parsed path for more destruction. Large details, see the reports of military units of the partisan armies, here we present excerpts from situation reports, [Chief of staff] about th[s] parts, under the direct supervision of the Chief of the operational staff [of the action], and not included in the summary of regiments:"With 10 to 20 December 1920 taken Inzhavino, released those arrested among the 300 people, dismantled railway line at the site of Inokovka - Inzhavino.
Taken two machine guns, 167 rifles, several thousand rounds. Made a night attack on a detachment Perevedentsev, taken some rifles. During the attack on senior Inokovka was fired at the train, the second train was delayed, which is taken a few dozen rifles, one box of bombs, 13 large boxes of cartridges, 1900 pounds of sugar and other material. The train was withdrawn from station Inokovka to the village of Nikolskoye and lowered under the bridge. When the red offensive on the village V.-Spasskoe they were . repulsed, the loss of red: one squadron, 2 regiment, then red returned to Rasskazovo. Clash of guerrilla intelligence with intelligence Perevedentsev near the village of Bogoslovka, in the result of red fled, leaving 2 dead".
"20.01.21 G. Antonova shelves upon occurrence of red with article Zherdevka you will find a special regiment (red), from which 650 people beaten the Tartars, taken 3 gun, weight of the cartridge and weapons.
11.02.21, there was a clash with the enemy, advancing on the village Caravana. The Reds fled in panic. Captured prisoners.
12.02.21 G. scouts partisans in the village of the Fatty taken 9 people red.
17.02.21 g clash at the village of Atlassi with the Reds squad numbering 150 people. The squad disarmed. Captured 118, rifles and ammunition.
22.02.21 G. the clash with the Reds at the village Twins. The withdrawal of guerrilla units.
25.02.21 G. the clash with the Reds at the village Kobylinka, which is taken machine guns, rifles and ammunition. Disarmed about 60 red.
20.02.21 G. our scouts in the area of Kalugino, Treskino Bogdanovo disarmed and 32 red.
27.02.21 G. the attack on red, located in the village of Bogoslovka, after a brief shootout, the guerrillas withdrew in view of the apparent superiority of enemy forces.
01.03.21 G. made an attack on the Reds squad located in the village Latrines, the opponent is knocked out of the village with heavy losses and pursued by the cavalry guerrillas, hastily departed to the village of Uvarovo. Partisans taken 4 guns, about 500 rounds, rifles, weight of cartridge, saddles, carts with supplies and prisoners.
01.04.21 raided red numbering 250 people, located in the village of Kalinovka. The squad defeated, part, about 70 people fled, and the rest disarmed.
Taken 2 guns, the mass of the cartridge and seats.
02.04.21 advancing on the village of Kalinovka regiment of red [from] the group Dmitrienko guerrilla counter-offensive was routed. Taken 3 machine guns, a lot of saddles and ammunition.
07.04.21 in pursuit of red, composed of one squadron from the village Fedorov to senior Walhonding taken a few saddles.
08.04.21 the RAID on the red regiment, situated in the village of Treskino. Red running, trying to escape, were surrounded and, with the exception of three people taken prisoner. Taken 5 machine guns, 60 tapes and a huge amount of the cartridge".The formulation of the spying and informing of the guerrillas satisfactory, as evidenced by available information, not only about military units, actively fighting against them, but even located on garrisons, as well as the mood of the citizens and the internal regulations of cities. A number of reports as to the headquarters of the guerilla army of the Tambov region and in the provincial Committee of the TCI shows that the most important thing involved in all this the local people: women, old people and even teenagers-children, wading from areas infected with banditry, for one reason or another in cities, where they receive all necessary and interested partisans of the information through personal observation and conversations with friends living in the cities, by their very psychology of ordinary people, tell arrived from the village all there is to know about local government and its orders, he had seen and heard, the local Board of STK, or the headquarters of any partisan part, where the chain of command to the army headquarters. Also, there were cases of sending disguised spies in the city Morshansk under the guise of women and nuns (a summary Of[special] about[meeting] No. 3).
In relation to the existence of residents, employees and informants on the ground in the affirmative in the absence of data to say it is not possible, and on persons who are serving in Soviet institutions, some of them, despite their party affiliation, try and support the banditry. For clarity, such assistance to see the app in the "weapons and the source of such".
Intelligence and awareness of the enemy were and are the most well-established apparatus in the military, and both the first and second set he is. In addition to military intelligence, acting according to the instructions (see Appendix)'(13), a great service in this respect local render him inimical to the Soviet power residents. They produce and immediately transfer all data on movement, movement and location, and sometimes even the size and armament of our troops.Communication with military units and headquarters
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