Center for Strategic Assessment and forecasts

Autonomous non-profit organization

Home / Defence and security / Special Operations: Theory and capabilities / Articles
In Libya, private military companies acted in the main role
Material posted: Publication date: 25-02-2011

In Libya, as earlier in Egypt and Tunisia, security forces are moving to the side of the insurgent people. In particular the interior Minister, the Secretary of the General people's Committee for national security, Abdel Fatah Younis al-Obeidi announced his resignation and move to the side of the revolution." Their support for protesters declare all new army units.

To Malta, refusing to fire at civilians of their country, military pilots fly fighter jets. In the waters of the Maltese capital Valletta entered the Libyan military ship with several hundred people on Board.

As follows from the reports, many areas of the country, mainly in the East, has already defected to the opposition and are controlled by opponents of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi. Under the control of Libyan leader remains in Tripoli, but there is resistance becoming more widespread.

But Gaddafi seems to be made of Egyptian lessons some conclusions. And unlike Mubarak did the main rate not the national Armed Forces, and foreign mercenaries, thousands of which he throws on the suppression of popular unrest. What kind of mercenaries, where are they? Western media reported that Gaddafi recruited in Chad, Guinea-Bissau, and other African countries where they are promised $2 thousand a day.

However, this information is highly questionable. Of course, for a fee, you can recruit almost the entire male population of these countries, however, the benefits from it will be small. Even if all recruited have combat experience, they need to transport, to sort, to equip, to distribute the units and to conduct combat coordination. Without all this, they hardly can be successfully used even against the rebels, and especially – against the regular troops, who stood on the side of the revolution. And to carry out these activities Gaddafi just no time. Hardly would he even have time to develop recruitment networks in these African countries. The account goes on hours and minutes.

It is obvious that the Libyan dictator has used the services of private military companies, which carried the fast transfer in the country trained and armed mercenaries. By the way, eyewitnesses claim that the punitive detachments consist not only of blacks, among them many Europeans. It is on the ground.

While in the air, too are mercenaries. Thus, it became known that at least some crews of fighter jets and helicopters, striking at the population – Ukrainian. In Kiev deny this information. "The Ukrainian military personnel in Libya is not, so they could not participate in the bombardment of demonstrators in the country", - said the defense Ministry of Ukraine. However, it is clear that the pilots are not active military personnel. They are likely retirees, and many of these in all the major PMCs, not only Ukrainians, but also people from all countries of the CIS.

Also, there is information that the boats, which attacked the demonstrators with the sea in Tripoli and Benghazi – cities on the Mediterranean coast, was ruled by European crews, among whom were Italians.

It should be noted that anti-Western speeches of Gaddafi is nothing more than rhetoric. In fact, he has long been moving in line with the Pro-Western policies, coordinating their actions with TNCs (which possibly contributed to the Colonel with the mercenaries). Moreover, the possibility of the fall of his regime has caused the most serious concerns in several EU countries and, above all, in Italy.

The "great Arab revolution" outlined in the seriousness of the old adage – the national army and police is not the best means of dealing with its own people. They are designed to protect order and state sovereignty. But the situation is that for many of the ruling regimes is not so much the actual protection of the sovereignty (external enemies they have), and the preservation of their power and the opportunity to enjoy its benefits. In such a situation the army is not just not needed, and due to the inevitable military patriotism – just dangerous. It turns into unnecessary, very expensive and also dangerous thing. Much easier, safer and cheaper to use instead the services of PMCs. So in the near future we can expect a rapid decline and "reform" of the armed forces of several countries. With the police of course, it is somewhat more difficult – because to fight crime and keep the peace, it is still necessary every day. Although, apparently, and the police will be reduced.

The result of the "great Arab revolution" will be the further development of PMCs are highly mobile, capable of immediate deployment to any part of the planet that will support many modes.

 

Peter Ivanchenko


Source: http://www.segodnia.ru/index.php?pgid=2&partid=28&newsid=13518


RELATED MATERIALS: Defence and security