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Now we know why Russian AK-47 so deadly
Material posted: Publication date: 05-06-2018
The Soviet weapon has a reputation of reliable, but coarse and inaccurate. However, it often cost an extensive research. The report in 1979, entitled "Effects of fire from automatic weapons", describes the statistical methodology used for weapons testing during the Soviet era. There are also many tables of firings, starting in 1977, which compares the accuracy of different samples infantry weapons. In tests using various weapons involved both experienced and average soldiers, shooting from different positions, including shooting from moving vehicles at night and even return fire against the muzzle flashes in the dark. These tests helped bring the average number of shots required to defeat or destroy a number of targets, including helicopters, vehicles and personnel of the enemy. This article attempts to summarize the conclusions that can be drawn from these tables is firing, comparing the results shown AK-74 and AKM.

As far as purely technical performance, these machines showed approximately the same ballistic results which demonstrate the modern American rifles. The AKM is much more bullet drop is 10.8 meters at a thousand meters against the target. Bullet AK-74 falls by 7.1 meters. With less net energy shot AK-74, the rotation speed of the bullets is much higher, and the rotational energy is retained better. At a distance of from 100 to 400 meters AK-74 loses about 54 percent of its energy, while the AKM lose a good 60 percent.

Becomes much more interesting when exploring data tables accuracy. Tips measured the dispersion of weapons both in vertical and in horizontal terms, as well as with experienced, medium arrows. Here we see that AK-74 begins significantly ahead of the AKM. At a distance of 100 meters, the average accuracy of the average shooter AK-74 had vertical and horizontal dispersion is four inches. With AKM, this figure rises to six inches. Using the best shooters managed to reduce the horizontal dispersion of the AK-74 to two inches, and in the case of the AKM — only up to four inches. At a distance of 500 meters from well-trained arrows, we see horizontal dispersion of ten inches with the AK-74 and 20 centimeters — with AKM.

It should be noted that in the tables of horizontal and vertical dispersion of AKM appears to be approximately equal. The growth first increases slowly compared with the second. With the AK-74 horizontal dispersion is stably less than the vertical dispersion at the distance of firing up to 600 meters, as indicated by the oval shape of the cone hits. However, this applies only to the best shooters. Showed average hands with AK-74 the AKM is similar to the results with approximately the same values of the horizontal and vertical dispersion. It is unclear whether this is due to mechanical improvements or modifications to the sighting system on the AK-74 compared to the AKM, but the difference between the results of groups of shooters with different skill levels, apparently, indicates that the improvement of the sight reduces the horizontal dispersion.

The councils were not content with the results of the analysis shown in this step. They also paid attention to practical accuracy, measured by the number of shots required to defeat a target. When determining the practical precision shooting at a body target at a distance of 800 meters good arrows it took 11 shots to hit it from the prone position in appointed positions, 20 shots each position in the trench and the 26 shots from the prone position in our position. With respect to AKM, the figures increase to values of 18, 22 and 41 shots, respectively. While kneeling with their AK-74 well-trained marksmen can hit a big target from a distance of 700 metres, although at a cost of 45 ammo. As for the AKM, that such a goal has served them only at a distance of 500 meters, which was spent on 36 attempts. The arrows average level of training that uses AK-74, had to make 14 shots to hit the chest and the growth target from a distance of 300 metres. At the same thing, only using the AKM, spent 47 attempts. AK-74 showed a significant increase in accuracy when firing at small and medium-sized goals compared to the AKM for both experienced and for average shooters.
The boards also made the relevant measurements when firing bursts. There is a full table accuracy when firing bursts of three shots. Here begin to Shine a softer efficiency characteristics of the AK-74. Shooting prone from an AK-74 from appointed positions, all that is necessary for hitting a moving target at a distance of 500 meters — to produce one phase of the three rounds. AKM this can only be done at distances up to 300 meters. In conditions of reduced visibility when firing in short bursts using the AK-74 soldiers of the middle level require two stages or six rounds in order to hit a stationary target at a distance of 100 meters. And five bursts, or 15 rounds to knock down the same target from a distance of 200 meters. In the case of AKM 11 rounds it took to hit the target with 100 meters, and 33 with 200. The difference is impressive: when firing bursts when using the AKM requires almost twice as many rounds.

Perhaps one of the most interesting is a test firing in long bursts. The soldiers were instructed to shoot long bursts at the group targets at distances from 100 to 300 meters. The recorded number of shots required to neutralize 50 and 80 percent of the detachment, consisting of stationary and breast growth targets. From the prone position, being in appointed positions, good arrows it took 22 rounds long burst to neutralize half of the order and 52 of the cartridge in order to hit the 80 percent goals from AKM from a distance of 300 meters. Average soldiers took 51 shots and 119, respectively. When you use AK-74 numbers of well-trained soldiers fell to 17 and 39, and for the average soldier to 38 and 88. Not to mention a significant improvement in fully automatic control and precision.

Overall, while the pure technical characteristics of the AKM and AK-74 apparently, the last do not give significant advantages, practical tests have shown that excellent performance handling and ballistics of the AK-74 proved to be incredibly useful. Small arms small improvements can in practice show amazing results. And, as for the soldiers average level of training and the professional military.

In this article, data are taken from the following source: "TABLES of FIRING AT GROUND TARGETS FROM SMALL ARMS CALIBRES OF 5,45 AND 7,62 mm", TS/GROU No. 61.

Charlie Gao


Tags: armed forces , AME , USSR

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