If the goal is peace, judging by the title of the conference, there is no quicker and easier way to do this other than by implementation of UN resolutions, providing for the political transition and the formation of representative governments. This is something that excludes Assad in power because he leads an oppressive and unjust regime, embodying the barbaric destructive model and sectarian politics. As for the legitimacy of the government, which commits a coup against the Constitution, starting with the military coup and ending with the maintenance of the regime for half a century thanks to their children and grandchildren, which has empowered the security service has repeatedly committed mass murder and have entered the country under a state of emergency, it can only be achieved through war crimes and crimes against humanity. Meanwhile, reports from human rights organizations about the crimes of the Assad regime and he himself can become a source of alternative legitimacy.
Russia can impose a peace conference, selecting the participants depending on the mood and coordination with allies and those who ally is. It can also find the "oppositionists", who agree to re-grant the legitimacy of the Assad regime and his government, but she's not going to be able to legitimize murder. In the hands of Moscow are all military tools of Russian, Iranian, Iraqi, and possibly others, to protect the Assad regime that is still going on. But they can't convince anyone, even people from the government who destroyed his homeland, gave the country to the invaders in order to preserve their power, turned into their puppets and have committed crimes beyond humanity that the Assad regime has the support of the Syrians and their respect, and therefore legitimate. They are not convincing in that mode, split the nation and caused the civil war, is the only force that can reunite the people and to lead them in the interests of reconciliation, peace and reconstruction. Russia will be able to put Assad in the hearts of Syrians, including those who in the beginning was deceived by his supporters and slogans only when the camel can pass through the eye of a needle.
What Russia is doing, is an attempt to circumvent the only possible solution, which was provided for in UN resolutions. Chief among them is the Geneva Declaration, which pursues only one goal — to meet the demands of the Syrian people to get rid of the murderous regime that was the cause of the revolution and the civil war, and to make the transition to the regime to represent all the people, to obey his will and return to him the sovereignty in his country, turned by the Assad family and his followers in a plantation with slaves. I think what Russia is doing is misguided and disastrous policy. It exacerbated the already tragic situation, increased feelings of frustration and hatred, deepens the split in the country and in the public mind, and kills any hope for national reconciliation and therefore peace in the near future. Russia, despite all its efforts not to break the will of the Syrian people, who rebelled against the authoritarian rule and discrimination, and to ignore its legitimate demands. It can't replace the content of the political process, namely, to replace the regime change and the creation of an alternative political system the restoration of the legitimacy of the Assad regime, which is outdated in moral, political and militarily, to convince the opposition to join him or agree with him any political position. In the eyes of the people it would be a betrayal and would help to ensure that Assad could stir things up and to avoid responsibility of justice.
Moscow may impose its own interests in Syria and, perhaps, the interests of its allies. It is possible and legal. However, they cannot impose on the Syrians that would guarantee these interests, as well as brutal regime and the Iranian occupation, which have killed at least a million Syrians, not to mention the millions of persons with disabilities, displaced persons, migrants and refugees. In other words, ensuring that Russian interests cannot be achieved by destruction of the hopes of the Syrians, their future and the enslavement of the country and the people.
Peace in Syria cannot be achieved through the transformation of the political process, which lasts for six years, in the process of reassessing the role of Assad and his murderous regime. Adhering to the latter, Russia is not looking for solutions, and wants to complete political defeat of the Syrian people and to force him to obey, and to surrender to those who are killing Syrians and turned the military into a symbol of national sovereignty, as did the supporters of Assad, who immortalized his memory, by installing a large monument in the city of Latakia. The inevitable result of what is happening is the destruction of any hope of a return to normal public life and the restoration of national relations.
Russia is on the wrong track and needed to change its attitude and plans, but she continues to persist in its position and ignore the aspirations of the Syrian people, defending Assad. All this would devalue her efforts, and will deprive Moscow of the possibility of reaching a viable and lasting settlement, in which they desperately need to maintain their position, acquiring, in Syria, and perhaps also the confidence of Syrians in the future after Russia withdraws from the country.
The failure of Russia will lead to the fact that the Syrians will be with a vengeance to curse her and lay on her most of the responsibility for the hard six years of the crisis, because the Russian leadership prevented the Security Council and saved the Iranian colonial project. Her actions could lead to disaster greater in scale than even the civil war. Because then, millions of children and young people who were forced to leave their homes and their country, have been deprived of education, work and future, and experienced life in the camps and on the streets, you will understand that death is more merciful than life, revenge is faster and safer promises the world, and the unjust bloodshed is easier than justice.
Russia faces a crucial and difficult choice: either break with the Iranian project aims to prolong the war indefinitely to derive strategic benefits, and then there will be no basis for peace or insist to end the war and reach a political solution. The second option implies the failure of the Iranian Imperial plans that are impossible to implement, not to continue the war. These plans aimed at the destruction of the demographic structure in Syria and the takeover of the Syrian state, as happened with Iraq and Lebanon.
This does not necessarily mean the rejection of the Alliance with Tehran. This means to choose a dog or dog's tail, as expressed by a senior Russian official said, describing Russia's relations with Assad and his regime. I believe that Iran eventually managed to set a trap for Russia. Or Russia has got itself into the trap that was installed when thought uses the Alliance with Tehran to strengthen its position in Syria and that at the right moment it can come to a compromise about Iran's influence in exchange for geopolitical, economic and political interests in the entire Levant. Today, it seems, the moment of truth as to who has final say in determining the fate of a political or military solution in Syria.
Burhan, Galion (Burhan Galiyun)
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