Can the average person to make a career in the civil service, in business, in politics, not having protection on the basis of their ability and diligence which are properly assessed by his immediate superiors?
Formulate the question is simple: is the current Russia is a country of equal opportunities? Though we often hear of the narrow-minded opinion: all the best places are already occupied, everything is under control (or stolen to us), without cronyism not break. Commercialised option — no roll back and ties will not receive a contract.
About cronyism. According to a couple of years ago to study at the Russian Academy of national economy and public administration, our society is not only largely survives in difficult times through informal social ties (family, Dating), but almost half (46%) get a job through relatives, friends and acquaintances. That is meritocracy is not our way.
What social strata he was born, he was there often and lives. Yes, there are about ten percent of the population who are itching to do, they spin, what a rush. Due to which the economy shows signs of life, adapting to challenges of the time, as it is not trying to strangle in its sticky embrace the supporters of the nationalization of everything. The rest — for the most part, opportunists (in a good way), they "don't need much," they prefer the stability of the enterprise.
Often as an illustration of the thesis about the bad or the good work of the social mobility in Russia cite poll numbers about the number of people wishing to leave. Interpreted depending on political affiliation. So, the result of a recent opinion poll, according to which every tenth would like to leave abroad for permanent residence, can be interpreted as "only..." and "as much as 10% of the population." This figure is indeed the lowest for the time of these studies, those crafty, and measuring the strength of the belief that there can be fully self-actualize.
First, in the post-Soviet time has accumulated knowledge about life in other countries — there is not to smear honey all over. Second, many finally realized that "no, we are not needed there".
Including — due to the lack of competitiveness as skilled labor, scientist, inventor, innovator, businessman, etc. third, the vast majority of no-realization and not needed. And need money, and more. In terms of population decline and lack even such labor, that is, a will without any problems (until we have something to sell abroad and to Supplement the budget) to get there on terms that are comparable, if not better than that bloody West. And no need to elbow.
Sociologists claim that about half of Russians when applying for a job would prefer the employer who pays more. Only about 20% ranked the opportunity to realize themselves professionally. Less than 15% would like to move up the career ladder. For about 10% of Soviet-style "an important friendly staff". More than a third do believe that the perfect job is something that is close to home.
The structure of the current Russian society seems frozen, having undergone large-scale changes in the 90s Which in this respect was not so much a "curse", but few at the grassroots level values such as "time of opportunity".
And what opportunities we have at the grassroots level to appreciate not accepted, one reason for this relapse into the archaic and stagnant.
The ruling elite chose not to encourage the fleeting slogans of President Medvedev about modernization. Their implementation threatened the stagnant structure of society in which non-competitive (monopolistic) position for a long time retain the same men.
Russian so-called middle class (social support not only stability, but also progressive development of society in the interests of the wide Philistine layers) before the current crisis, with the difficult to reach 20% of the population and its most active - not exceed those 10%. Two thirds to three quarters of the population live either in poverty, or "below average". And in this respect the economic recovery (and even total welfare) in the early 2000s, a period of incredibly high oil prices, has made this structure a decisive revolutionary impact. Simply put, the main (though not all of course) the fruits of the "oil boom" went mainly to the small minority.
Freezing social mobility and the efficient operation of social mobility contributes to the preservation of backward (not upgraded, raw materials) structure of the Russian economy.
Up to 60% of the workforce engaged in physical labor. A third of workers have no professional training (that's two times-four more than in developed countries).
The demand for high-skilled jobs remains limited. Where to grow? What sort of work? Where she is on the expanse from Vladivostok to Smolensk and from Arkhangelsk to Vladikavkaz? Two big "bright spots" on the grayish body of the Russian economy are only Moscow and Saint Petersburg, where social mobility is still there.
Pistoia since Soviet times, the myth (and now it's definitely a myth) about the high educational level of our workforce, we noticed that today, not more than one third of it located in the economically active age (minus a helluva lot of educated retirees), has a higher education. Leave no question about its quality.
Without creating points of modernization in the economy it is impossible to speak about creation of conditions for millions of young people. Education needs a revolution from school. Otherwise, we will lag behind forever.
Until the proper economic conditions to stimulate social mobility (social mobility) in the country. We, of course, is not a caste society and even formally not a class. However, with many characteristics of estates, if there are serious obstacles to the transition of "their" in "aliens."
Indicative of the recent sensational story of a daughter's wedding Krasnodar judges: these people even get married and. Exactly the same principles apply at the Federal level.
Grown children stagnated elite climbed to your preferred "social Elevator", so others go and do not give. They are not only gospodryady, but "a dowry" — the whole of the Corporation.
In the first half of the twentieth century Pitirim Sorokin, studying vertical social mobility in different societies, identified eight basic "social mobility": the army, the Church, politics, art, media, business, family and education. The importance of the latter factor is compounded today. Should. But our education system is the fruit of mitrofanushka, science in the paddock, still dealing with her "crank" (despite the fact that there is after the older Soviet generation is a real chasm) fit to rank as one of the most despised castes of society.
Can dream of a modern young man who wants to make a career? To leave Muhodrischenska in Moscow or St. Petersburg. Go to the "security forces". As before in the bandits. And in this choice, you will agree, there are some similarities. It's not all "colonels Zakharchenko" caught with millions under the camera, the other — of both small and larger — are thriving in the current system of state power of capitalism. That is, this "lift Sorokin" works, but not for the benefit of the public good.
You can still go to the civil service. And too, without any thoughts about the public good. Sub — option- in policy. As it is we have a meritocratic and competitive, we know about. You can still try to quickly cut the dough in any kind of incomprehensible "projects", start a blog instagram that pushed millions (coming is), "to cut" bitcoins, to go sing in the show "the Voice" — and to unwind. Etc.
In fact, the set of professions-opportunities to live at a decent level in Russia, a cat laugh. Almost universally miserable wages.
Sorokin on the degree of vertical mobility is the most well-known civilizations/societies put such estimates: the Western Roman Empire — 45,6%, the Eastern Roman Empire — 27,7 %, in pre-revolutionary Russia — 5.5 percent, slightly more than those who lived under the rule of the aristocracy and traditions of that time in England — 5%. Well, USA — 48.3 per cent, a faithful heir of the Western Roman Empire in this regard. Will not evaluate the findings and calculations of the great sociologist Sorokin. But ask yourself:
how far is Russia today have gone from the pre-revolutionary? Despite the fact that Soviet Russia, with its clear rules, and to some extent meritocratic principles (albeit distorted ideological dogmatism) from tsarist Russia had gone just far enough.
Social stagnation, resting on the backward structure of the economy that has a direct continuation in politics. All our current government is a collection of the same persons, shuffling for almost two decades. And the expression of these individuals boring. In a figurative sense. They seem to have yourself bothered. Is that still the practice voiced expressions on Facebook and TV Yes to write poems.
Any significant decisions, it seems, has ceased to be accepted at all, even agreed by all agencies. And what "stick out" if success criteria are not clear (except the ruling party could lose because of the failed policies of the parliamentary elections?), and behind is a "parallel government" in the form of the Kremlin administration?
Every year Dole presidential website informs that the updated composition of the presidential reserve entered another few dozen people (in December 2016 — 135), and in the course of the year "a number of persons in the reserve, got a promotion in office". In particular, last year, "representatives of the presidential reserve is vested with the powers of a member of the Federation Council, was included in the new State Duma appointed to posts as Deputy Federal Ministers. At the regional level faces... became Vice-senior officials of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, heads of cities — administrative centres of regions."
I would certainly look at these individuals intently: on what basis they were in reserve and went on increasing? Who benefits their vertical mobility? In this sense, the principles of building a successful political careers in our country is not something that is incomprehensible to voters, but cause bad suspicion on the part it of the presence/absence there of the principles of meritocratism.
Not many people think that our political system is so oversaturated with "fresh faces".
Although the head of state periodically arranges a few items on Federal and regional levels, is the "promotion of the young generation" does not create the impression of the existing system. This amount, which does not create a new quality of public administration.
For example, there is a youth project "Territory" (according to the site — more than 35 thousand participants). A good thing. Important people of Ministerial level off important Affairs and going to talk with the youth. Young people listen to and probably just wants "to be the same". But make sure and equal chances of, say, earnest young activists and the children of the Prosecutor (and even General)? The question is rhetorical. What happened to the activists of the former stars of "youth political stage"? I've noticed that one such "star" recently planted. What about the others?
Notebook liberal then "charge" the favourite mantra — like, without political competition, it will not move. Ideally so. He's right, infection. But in China, where political competition is no longer ours for sure, I can change as much as the entire leadership of the country in the order established 10-year rotation.
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