Currently, many researchers of history, archaeologists say that in Russia in pre-Christian times had its own distinctive high culture, as evidenced by numerous artifacts found during the last decades in excavations of ancient settlements. But the reasons why it was lost, deserve special attention. These circumstances pose uncomfortable questions to representatives of contemporary academic historical science, which denies the existence of high culture in Russia in zakresevskis times because "something to do".
The official historians a clear answer to this question is no. A ROC pretends the found artifacts simply do not exist. In addition, she still tries to imagine our ancestors — pagans of semi-literate ignoramuses who believe in "some" strange gods, making blood sacrifices. And trying to convince us that the Church brought to Russia a beacon of enlightenment and universal literacy.
The following material proves once again that never happened. And was in Russia a great culture. Thanks to her over time, the notion of RUSSIAN SPIRIT, which is inherent only to the Russian people in the broad sense of the word.
Both lived in Russia before the arrival of Christians
Passed a few hundreds of years, thoroughly imbued with the false Chronicles the history of the Russian people. The time has come the true knowledge of their great ancestors. The main help in providing archaeology, which, regardless of the will of the Church and its Ministers, produces accurate data about the lives of people of a period. And not everyone even can immediately realize how the rights of the Patriarch, saying that "today Russia is going through the bitter experience of the rejection of its cultural foundations and roots, is back on its historical path".
Since the second half of the XX century at the disposal of researchers began to receive new written sources ― the birch bark. The first birchbark manuscripts were found in 1951 during excavations in Novgorod. Have already discovered about 1000 letters. The total volume of the dictionary of birch-bark is more than 3,200 words. The geography of finds covers 11 cities: Novgorod, Staraya Russa, Torzhok, Pskov, Smolensk, Vitebsk, Mstislavl, Tver, Moscow, Staraya Ryazan, Zvenigorod Galitsky.
The earliest letters refer to the XI century (1020 year), when the specified area has not yet been Christianized. This period includes thirty letters found in Novgorod and in Staraya Russa. Until the twelfth century neither Novgorod or Staraya Russa has not yet been baptized, so the names of people found in the charters of the XI century, the pagan, that is real Russian. By the beginning of XI century the population of Novgorod was rewritten not only targets inside the city, but also with those who were far beyond in the villages, in other cities. Even the villagers from the most remote villages, wrote on the bark of the economic order and simple letters.
That is why, outstanding linguist and researcher of the letters of Novgorod Academy A. A. Zaliznyak argues that "this ancient system of writing was very common. This script was distributed throughout Russia. Reading birch-bark manuscripts denied existed the view that in Ancient Russia were literate only nobles and clergy. Among the authors and recipients of letters many representatives of the lower strata of the population, found in the texts there is evidence of practice learning to write — alphabets, formulations, numerical tables, "samples"".
Wrote six children — "there is one letter where, like, a year marked. Wrote his six-year-old boy." Wrote almost all Russian women — "now we definitely know that a significant part of women to read and write skillfully. Letter XII century generally in most different respects reflect the society more free, with great development, in particular, women's participation, the society closer to our time. This fact follows from the birch-bark letters clearly". Literacy in Russia is supported by the fact that the "picture of the Novgorod of XIV century and Florence in the XIV century, the degree of female literacy — in favor of Novgorod".
Experts know that Cyril and Methodius invented the Glagolitic alphabet for the Bulgarians in Bulgaria and spent the rest of his life. The letter, called "Cyrillic alphabet", although it has the similarity in the name, but nothing to do with Cyril is not. The name "alphabet" comes from the designation of the letter — Russian "Doodle", or French "ecrire". And found during excavations of Novgorod Board on which was written in ancient times, called "Kera" (Sega).
In the "tale of bygone years", the monument of the beginning of the XII century, of the baptism of Novgorod. Consequently, the citizens and residents of the surrounding villages wrote 100 years before the baptism of this town, and went to the writing of Novgorod not from Christians. Writing in Rus ' existed long before the Christian invasion. The proportion of secular texts at the beginning of the XI century is 95 percent of all of the found certificates.
However, for academic falsifiers of history has long been a fundamental version that Russian people were taught to read and write in alien priests. Do foreigners have!
But in his unique scientific work "the Craft of Ancient Russia", released in 1948, archaeologist, academician B. A. Rybakov has published the following data: "There is a pervasive opinion that the Church had a monopoly in the creation and distribution of books; and the opinion is strongly supported by the clergy. Right here only that the monasteries and Episcopal or Metropolitan courts were the organizers and censors the book write-off, often acting as intermediaries between the customer and the scribe, but the executor were often not monks, and people, who had nothing to do with the Church.
We made a calculation of the scribes, depending on their situation. For the pre-Mongol era the result was that half the book scribes were lay people; for XIV–XV centuries. calculations gave the following results: metropolitans — 1; deacons — 8; monks 28; clerks — 19; Popov - 10; "servants of God"-35; Popovich-4; paraskov-5. The clerical origin cannot be considered in the category of clergy, as almost mandatory for them literacy ("the priests son to read and write can not ― rogue") is not predetermined yet their spiritual career. Under vague names like "servant of God", "sinner", "dull slave of God," "sinful and dirty on the evil and on the good lazy," etc., without indication of belonging to the Church, we must understand the secular artisans. Sometimes there are more definite indications "Wrote Eustace, worldly man, a nickname he Shepel", "ovsey Raspopov", "Thomas the scribe." In such cases, we have no doubt that in a "worldly" character of the scribes.
Total for our calculation, 63 and 47 of the laity to the clergy, i.e. 57% of craftsmen-scribes did not belong to Church organizations. The main forms in the period being studied was the same as in the pre-Mongol: the order and work on the market; among them there were various intermediate stages that characterized the degree of development of a particular craft. The order is specific to certain types of the patrimonial crafts and industries associated with expensive raw materials, such as jewelry making or casting of the bells".
These figures academician brought to the XIV–XV centuries, when, in the tradition of the Church, she had served almost helmsman for millions of the Russian people. It would be interesting to see loaded one of the Metropolitan, who, along with an absolutely tiny handful of competent deacons and monks served the postal needs of the multi-million Russian people from the tens of thousands of Russian villages. In addition, the Metropolitan and K° must have been many truly wonderful qualities: blazing speed writing and movement in space and time, the ability to simultaneously be located in a thousand places, and so on.
But not a comic, but the real conclusion from the data given B. A. Rybakov, must be that the Church has never been in Russia a place from which flowed the knowledge and education. So again, another academician A. A. Zaliznyak concludes that "the picture of the Novgorod of XIV century and Florence in the XIV century according to the degree of female literacy — in favor of Novgorod". But the Church in the XVIIIth century brought the Russian nation into the fold of ignorant darkness.
Consider the other side of life of ancient societies before the arrival in our lands of Christians. It applies to clothing. Historians have accustomed us to draw the Russian people dressed only in simple white shirts, sometimes, however, allowing yourself to say these shirts were decorated with embroidery. Russians are so poor, barely able to get dressed at all. This is another lie disseminated by historians on the lives of our people.
To begin with we recall that the world's first clothing was created more than 40 thousand years ago in Russia, in Kostenki. And, for example, on Parking of sungir in Vladimir is already 30 thousand years ago people wore a leather jacket and suede, trimmed with fur, a fur hat, leather pants, leather boots. Everything was decorated with various items and several rows of beads the Ability to make clothes in Russia, of course, have been preserved and developed to a high level. And one of the most important clothing materials for ancient Rus was silk.
Archaeological finds of silk on the territory of Ancient Russia of the XIX–XII century discovered more than two hundred points. The maximum concentration finds the Moscow, Vladimir, Ivanovo and Yaroslavl region. Just in those in which at this time saw the rise of the population. But these areas was not part of Kievan Rus on the territory of which, on the contrary, finds of silk fabrics, very small. The farther from Moscow — Vladimir — Yaroslavl density of finds silk in General is falling rapidly, and already in the European part they are rare.
In the end I Millennium BC in the Moscow region was populated by the Vyatichi and Krivichi, as evidenced by the group of barrows (at the station Yauza, in Tsaritsyno, Chertanovo, Concave. Cerealia, Zyuzino, Moscow, Matveevskaya, Fili, Tushino, etc.). Vyatichi, and made up the original core of the population of Moscow. While excavations allegedly show that at the end of XI century Moscow was itself situated at the mouth of the Neglinnaya river is a small town with the feudal center and craft-shopping predgradie. And in 1147 Moscow for the first time mentioned in Chronicles as the confluence of Suzdal Prince Yuri Dolgoruky. The same historians write about Vladimir, which was founded, ostensibly, only in 1108 by Prince Vladimir Vsevolodovich Mo but stroke, and — to protect the Rostov-Sadalsky Russia from the South-East. And absolutely the same — nondescript — historians write about Yaroslavl: it was founded only about 1010 years.
A. A. Tyunyaev
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