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The Russian draft as a basis for the system of Eurasian integration
Material posted: Publication date: 04-04-2013

The theme of the developing world crisis today is in the area of attention of the international expert community. There are differing views on the nature, duration and consequences of this process, which can roughly be divided into three groups of views, representing, respectively, the position of the three expert groups.

The first group of experts bases its findings on traditional views on the crisis of liberal market economy, based on the wave theory of these crises and the empirical evidence on which this theory was built. For this group of experts is the idea that there is a clear need for departure from this theory is unacceptable.

The second group of experts underlines the controlled character of the developing crisis, but mainly limited to consideration of the crisis of the existing financial system. This group of experts, mainly American, emphasises a point about the occurrence of global crisis the current economic paradigm, within which it became possible to build the volume of speculative capital (400 trillion.$ ) avalanche which can cover the financial system of the world at any time. This avalanche, according to experts, in a position to destroy the market, economic and political space of all States without exception. However, despite this forecast, a technological solution to the financial problem the experts suggest that in a functioning model in which there are no mechanisms to implement such technologies.

The third group of experts has attempted to expand for spectrum analysis of crisis processes, affecting, including, not only financial and economic problems, but also problems of loss of leadership of the United States, global government crisis, the inadequacy of control systems developing destructive processes. But most importantly, this group of experts, a question was raised about a progressive intellectual crisis, a crisis of the elites, the crisis of scientific and educational systems, which, being converted in its activities yesterday, formed a society not only unable to cope with a progressive range of global issues, but even to see them, not to mention the objective needs of designing future socio-economic system.

The first group of experts that are suspended in a state of anxious waiting for the results of the developing global crisis, virtually offers the international community a policy of expectant drift of the economic system in the fairway of crisis, making traditional measures of balance financial system and obnarujila all quite the imminent end of another circular wave.

The second group of experts was very clearly conturile large-scale speculative capital as one of the most powerful destructive mechanisms of the whole civilization system, but she did not reveal the reasons for its appearance and because proposed unrealizable in practice strategies to address this threat.

The third group of experts have advanced closer to the system's question concerning the exit from the global crisis, because firstly, tried to give a structural assessment of the crisis, revealing quite a wide range of related problems. And, secondly, showed that to solve this extremely complex problem requires intellectual breakthrough in many areas and the formation of new mechanisms to solve the aforementioned problems. But it did not provide any analysis of the causes of the crisis, nor a crisis-management strategy, neither the new mechanisms of its implementation.

However, with the system approach, increased threats to global security show the development of a deep systemic crisis of planetary scale, will result in the collapse of many state entities. The threat caused an avalanche of questions affecting the fundamental basis of the life of the world community.

How to stop the development of the global financial crisis?

How to stop the development of the global economic crisis?

How to stop large-scale migration processes that pose threats to inter-ethnic conflicts?

What should be the national policy of States?

How to stop the escalation of armed conflict?

How to prevent the coming energy crisis?

How to preserve the national identity in conditions of systemic instability?

How to avoid the escalation of system wars?

What should be the strategy and the mechanisms to solve those global challenges that carry with them the destructive processes listed?

And the most important question, what is the reason of development of these processes?

Instead of finding answers to these systemic problems began large-scale restructuring processes of the geopolitical space and escalation of armed conflict. The growth of African, middle Eastern, Central Asian, Caucasian, and Asian conflict zones accompanied by large-scale and protracted armed conflict, the beginning of the development of the disintegration of the European Union, accompanied by unprecedented social unrest, indicate the beginning of destructive large-scale geopolitical shifts. Terrorism has become one of tools of redistribution of spheres of influence in geopolitical space, and oil and gas are the catalyst for these destructive processes. They are a harbinger of the collapse of many nation States.

These large-scale geopolitical processes carry with them a lot of problems in international relations. There is a process of violent transformation of state systems, the destruction of unions and open military intervention. And although there is no clear-cut centers manage these processes, system analysis allows to highlight certain trends and groups most active processes developing in the highly competitive political environment:

  • the process of forming a zone of strategic interests of the United States
  • the process of forming a zone of strategic interests of Europe;
  • the process of forming a zone of strategic interests of the countries of Asia.

The focus of these processes are resources in the Arctic, Persian Gulf, Caspian sea and Russia. Systematic analysis of trends shows that today and in the future, the most active global power and geopolitical processes are developing around these political-geographical objects. While what is happening in these areas, the processes do not allow us to hope for a peaceful outcome to the situation. Is the escalation of force process and system interventions that are different and not always clearly pronounced. One should expect a further escalation of the situation, because depending on the result of the restructuring of geopolitical space will be a restructuring of the geoeconomic space, is fraught with massive economic crises, the collapse of national economies and large-scale migration processes.

The situation is not yet stabilized, since actions do not affect the underlying causes of the processes. The developing crisis is systemic in nature and it will be not just another cyclical wave of the economic downturn and another round of financial crisis, and increasingly the accelerating collapse of the system destruction in the geopolitical, economic, financial, and social spheres. To predict the periods of such system disasters in today's situation it is impossible. The world community faced the problem of survival of the national state structures in conditions of globalization of political and financial processes and development of technologies for system wars.

Today, through a variety of political, ideological, economic, informational and financial interventions in the internal government processes made possible the override the state of various countries, until their complete destruction and creation on their territories of qualitatively different geopolitical formations. In modern political terminology is known as soft power.

The mechanism of implementation of such system interventions within the state is part of systemic corruption, trafficking of which is national sovereignty. Powerful processes of migration of capital, production, technology, labour and information resources, mediated corruption systems can quickly "erode" the sovereignty of any country. Global systemic crisis opens up these systems with a global perspective, where the subject becomes corrupt bargain national sovereignty in the field of various kinds of large-scale programs and projects in the sphere of circulation of national resources and that is especially dangerous in the sphere of formation of public opinion and in political processes. The greatest danger is political corruption, contributing to the formation of various nationalist movements, by their very nature are mechanisms of self-destruction of multinational States.

Today there is a strong likelihood that the Arsenal of means of destruction of public entities will grow more formidable and highly effective weapon – a large-scale organized terrorism. This is exactly the kind of weapon, which under certain conditions can turn a separate group of people and not States in the real center of power in geopolitical space, capable of self-formation and geopolitical space and all other segments of the global socio-economic system. It should be noted one important feature. Carriers of organized terrorism as a weapon can be a large group of the population involved in this process under the flags of the national liberation processes of religious extremism and terrorist just business.

The systemic crisis has already provoked the development of large-scale social protests. These protests, transforming into a process of protracted and often bloody confrontation between the authorities and the population, have become the mechanisms of self-destruction of nation States. The situation is exacerbated by the lack of a common vision of the causes of such development processes and, consequently, the lack of an overall exit strategy from the crisis.

Today, the geopolitical space is the main focus of opposing political forces and the main theatre of their actions, it is in this space formed the centres of power, defining the vector of development of international relations in modern history. It is in this space in the conditions of rigid competition developed strategy and adopted policy decisions on the redistribution of the world's natural, financial and market resources, the development of integration or disintegration processes both in terms of individual States, and various international entities. From the kind of political role to play in this space, Russia, will determine not only her fate, but the fate of many associated with its history of States and its peoples.

You should also consider that the current world situation is complicated by the development of an even more serious crisis caused by uncontrolled global community the process of economic growth and scientific and technological progress came into conflict with the basic laws of functioning of ecosystems. This fact bears an extremely dangerous threat to civilization in the coming decades. While the process of developing an exit strategy from this crisis is in its initial stage, because there is no scientific approach to this extremely complex system tasks. According to this strategy, which was called strategy of Sustainable Development, the biosphere is no longer viewed as a supplier of resources and as the main condition for the sustenance of civilization and history.

This approach to the problem of ecological security imposes very severe restrictions on the operation of socio-economic systems. Practically, addresses the issue of the replacement of the current civilisational paradigm, the implementation of which will require radical changes not only of the principles of formation and functioning of political and economic system of the world space, shift almost all technological structures, but also change themselves in socio-economic models of social existence. It will require the development and implementation of global projects of reconstruction of these spaces, which lie higher, the fundamental laws of social order to ensure sustainable, balanced development and economic and social systems without damage to nature and future generations. Today, the need for such projects is not obvious for politicians, but a systematic approach to global security does not give any alternatives for their solution.

The development of civilizational crisis has put the world community to solve the most complex system task that requires the creation of a special system of controls of all processes and dramatically changes the roles and responsibilities of the state, political systems, science, society and business in these processes. To achieve this goal, an intensive search for a common platform for mutual rapprochement, the consolidation of world scientific thought and the formation of public opinion, focused on building a secure and stable future.

With the system approach to exit this difficult crisis situation it is necessary to create a global strategic environment that is able, first, to organize the growing flurry of inter-state differences on the conflict issues, and secondly, to articulate those common to all prospects that will proceed to develop the project of their implementation and thirdly, to establish the intergovernmental science-policy mechanism that will take responsibility for the development and implementation of a new civilizational paradigm of Sustainable Development.

Such a strategic environment should be a political Union of States in which a common understanding of threats and formulate a joint strategy to eliminate them. Such geopolitical Union can only be a Union of Eurasian States. There are no other possibilities. Political, administrative and economic capacity of the Union should be sufficient to withstand the pressure of any destructive processes and to ensure the safety of its participants.

Arrange the scope of inter-state disputes in Eurasia have common infrastructure projects in the sphere of transport communications in the field of unified energy systems, food production and, most importantly, in the sphere of formation of the intellectual potential. This potential needs to be focused on the design of future systems that will require fundamental change in the entire education system. In this sphere it is necessary to realize system breakthrough as soon as possible.

The analysis of the global crisis shows that one of the most devastating effects of the global crisis was the loss of incentives for the development of the world economy. Spontaneous practice of implementation of investment projects has been exhausted and will not be able to produce tangible positive results. To give incentive for the development of the world economy in the current situation, only large-scale TRANS-regional socio-economic projects. Their development and implementation require the creation of entirely new principles and new forms of management of processes of formation and development of TRANS-regional economic systems, taking into account the need to respect the laws of Sustainable Development and preserving the national specifics of participating States.

One such global TRANS-regional socio-economic projects should be the project of forming a Eurasian socio-economic space. In this project the geographical position of Russia and its resources will give the opportunity not only to create the main part of the economic infrastructure of Eurasia – highways and energy, but largely solve the problem of food security of the Eurasian continent. These factors a priori will determine the strategic status of Russia in this region that fits into the sphere of strategic interests of Russia, since this status gives it a powerful incentive to restore and develop its national economic and political potential. From the point of view of system approach the launch of such a transcontinental project even at the initial stage will not only give impetus to the development of the economies of Russia and Asia but, more importantly, will start all the processes for the implementation of sustainable, balanced development.

In addition, the implementation of large-scale TRANS-regional economic projects will not only give the necessary impetus for economic development of all involved in the Union of States, but, also, it will help stop the development of large-scale migration processes. These uncontrollable processes of mixing of different cultures lead to the emergence of ethnic and religious conflicts that can be resolved only within the framework of interfaith programs, but it is not enough to solve the problems of migration. And, meanwhile, the migration processes are one of the most powerful mechanisms of destruction of public entities.

Development and implementation of sustainable development strategy will require also the creation of a new comprehensive intergovernmental scientific direction, by consolidating all the most advanced research in the field of basic laws of functioning of ecosystems and socio-economic processes, will develop a code of fundamental laws of their joint activities, which will be a guarantor of continuation of the history of civilization.

Russia has all the prerequisites to take these processes very actively. Its geographical features, its natural and intellectual resources, its geopolitical status and, more importantly, its historical experience of resettlement of large territories inhabited by peoples of different cultures, determine the strategic role of Russia in the processes of socio-economic development of the Eurasian continent. We can and must offer the world a project of balanced and sustainable development of the Eurasian continent at all scales based on a systematic approach and the systemic mechanisms that have been proposed CSCP in the Russian Project and implementation strategy which is being developed today by the Coordinating Council.

In the ideological basis of the Russian Project is based on the principles of social conservatism, reflecting the need to preserve the core values of the peoples of Russia, their spiritual and moral values and mentality, preservation and use of historical experience, succession of generations, the preservation of peace and good-neighbourly relations. The latter circumstance is confirmed by the long-standing friendly ties with many countries of the world.

In today's crisis situation, despite the state, Russia can and should act with a global system project for the formation of the Eurasian space, attracting the interest of all potential participants. The implementation of such a large and ambitious project is the only opportunity for preservation not only of the Russian state. The implementation of this project on the territory of Eurasia will create so necessary today to the international community the territory of Sustainable development of socio-economic systems, primarily in the CIS. Today there are all prerequisites for the implementation of global it projects, today they are in demand as never before, and Russia has the resources to implement the most demanded of them. It is the Eurasian project today should be a strategic goal of the country.

Development and implementation of this project will require a significant expansion of the functional scope of the state and scientific systems and create completely new arrangements of their joint activities under a single strategic control structures. Such control structures must be consolidated in their framework for the implementation of the project the potential of its participants, including political, administrative and scientific. Methodology of system design used in the framework of these structures, gives the opportunity to present reasonably clear the design of the future system, to optimize the process of setting priorities in the implementation of any part of the project, clearly define objectives, roles and responsibilities of each participant, to make transparent all system processes and ensure comprehensive control over their results.

These structures should be plug and play, open for synergy and integration processes and have the system protection that they generate economic space from internal and external destructive processes, including systemic intervention and corruption processes. This, largely, will simplify the coordination of positions on all issues of interstate interaction.

These structures must be flexible, responsive to changing internal and external situations. This fact is especially important because the solution to any design problem within a very complex transregional project will occur in the context of progressive systemic instability, when the sudden appearance of unforeseen problems and the development of destructive processes of the system, requiring quick reorganization of priorities or strategy adjustments.

Certainly, implementation of all the mentioned functions the control system must have a powerful information and analytical infrastructure that allows real-time to provide support in the process of managerial decision-making in any segment of the project. This infrastructure is also part of the Russian project.

It should be emphasized again that in today's crisis situation, despite the state, Russia can and must make this global system of the Eurasian project. Russia is obliged to position itself as one of the world leaders in the building of a global system of spaces. Such an assertion is not a consequence of great power ambitions, it is dictated by today's condition of the Russian state, its natural potential and the development of the global crisis, including the resource. To save Russia's global role should become the core strategy of state-building.

One of the main reasons for such positioning of Russia in global processes is its historical experience, which allowed her in Eurasia to form multi-religious and multi-ethnic Civilization, which lasted many centuries, and to save all the peoples living on its territory. The cause of its destruction was not a weakness created civilization construction, and the weakness and degeneration of elite.

Y. Shuvalov


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