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The longest succession of "Artek" - 1301 day
Material posted: Publication date: 26-06-2017
In 1941, the"Artek" met children from different republics of the Soviet Union, in particular Belarus, Western Ukraine, Moldova, Baltic countries. There were children and from Moscow, Leningrad, Simferopol and other Russian-speaking cities.
No one then suspected that this change to the camp will be the longest.

The first group from Estonia, settled in the camp of "Bottom" on June 19. Counselors — the most hot time. To place, to form groups, to give shape, to learn the songs to sing around the campfire.

The opening of the camp was planned for June 22. At 17.00 on square fire pit "Bottom" (now the camp "Marine").
In the morning, as usual, was charging. Then the line, Breakfast, swimming, volleyball and lunch. Everything went according to schedule. Children did not know that the planes with the crosses for several hours, bombing their homes. And after "absolute" (as they call the quiet hour) from the speakers echoed the voice of Levitan. War!
The opening of the camp still held. Raised the flag. No songs, no dancing. The pioneer fire is not diluted — blackout.
By the end of the day showered telegrams from anxious parents. Local the next morning took their children. Then came the Moscow, Leningrad mom and dad. Small groups with leaders dispersed over the country the rest of the pioneers.
And what was done to the children from Chisinau and Tallinn, which is already rattled fights?


July 1 at the emergency range camp was presented to the new chief Gury G. Hawks. The journalist of "Izvestia", he was treated at the cottage not far from the "Artek". As soon as the war began, Guri G. received the party task — to deal with evacuation of the Artek campers away from the front.

In the "Lower" camp was filed buses. 200 children from the Western regions of the country it was decided to send in the Moscow sanatorium "novice." Here, in Firsanovka, the estate of his grandmother, Lermontov wrote the famous poem. In the "novice" has already settled the children from Latvia and Lithuania, which the war caught on the way in "Artek".
Contrary to the inviolable rules of the Artek shift is not closed. There was no time. But the flag was lowered, and took with him.
At the Simferopol station waited a long time when the truck with bed linen. Had to delay the departure of the train — in wartime, for it is court-martialed. But then the kids... the Truck pulled onto the platform and loading would go straight through a car window. By the way, the one-piece breech Artek's underwear during the war is not lost.

 

Firsanovka, the height of summer. Again raised the flag. Again on the mountain — run charge. Everything as in peacetime. Only from the forest into the sky bristled anti-aircraft guns. Only on the next pitch went to attack training recruits. But at night the sky ripped open spotlight and he could hear the roar of the "Junkers", who were flying to bomb Moscow. In mid-July, the estate in Firsanovka needed for the hospital. The front was approaching. It was decided to take the children. In the far rear of Stalingrad.


"Truth" slapped wheels on the Volga. In dark — transfer to ship "Uritsky". Here and Stalingrad seemed to know, absolutely peaceful city in late July 1941. Except that at the tractor plant was producing tanks now.

Children placed in a new school on the right Bank, while the pupils are on vacation. But a few days later received new orders to be loaded on the wagons and go on the don station Chir. There, in the cottages belonging to the resort, continued camp session.
Camp moved to self-service. Artek's crews worked on the collective farms. Of transport, a pair of oxen — all trucks worked for the front. About "absolute" forgotten: what is daytime sleep, when the German rushing to Moscow?! Senior pioneers literally was so tired, after returning from the field. Jr. helped in the kitchen and cut firewood. Rapidly approaching autumn with heavy rains. And dangerously close to the don steppes the front.

In Moscow decided to evacuate the camp in Central Asia. Gury Hawks once again ordered the General collection. Again pulled Artek flag. The journey would be long.


The pioneers were white shirts and shorts. And his cap with the inscription "Artek". The last group, who passed in Nizhne-Chirskaya collective property, almost pomerla on the road to commodity supply trucks.

Located in school, a few steps from the Stalingrad tractor. Their "Artek" continued. November 7, came the terrible news: the Crimean "Artek" was captured by the Nazis. Wooden housing burned down. The Palace Suuk-su, where the House of pioneers, where he stayed with the Czechs, destroyed. Savagely cut down rare trees. Shot unique porcelain figures of pioneers on the "walk of nationalities" — a gift Dulevo factory.

And Stalingrad "Artek" lived! The girls worked in hospitals. The boys were on duty on the roof, ready to extinguish "lighter".
In Stalingrad greeted the New year of 1942. About Central Asia forgotten. Senior pioneers the time has come to join the Komsomol. All rushed to the front, but Guri Hawks clearly set a task:

— In the "Artek" discipline above all else. For you, the front is now here!
And the ruthless front was approaching. Over Stalingrad shot down the first German plane. Every night bombed tractor. Called to the front leader Anatoly Pampa. But the city marked by pockets of typhus. Two of the pioneers and pioneer Nina Khrabrova came down to the prison...

 

In the spring of 1942 the camp was taken to the North of the Stalingrad region, in the village of Frolovo. Goodbye, touched the head physician of the military hospital, where he worked for Artek campers gave the camp his revolver.

Artek raised the flag at the sanatorium "Serebryanye Prudy". Habitually got involved: milked cows, drove a tractor, worked at the power plant, mowed hay and cleaned the bread. But in the summer began the German air raids. Fascist approached the don.
Guria G. was urgently summoned to Moscow. And ordered to evacuate the camp on Altai.

But how to get to Kamyshin, where the Artek campers were waiting for the steamer? The commander of a nearby military unit suggested:

— Send to Kamyshin for the repair of tanks. Go echelon. You can take your kids. However, in the armor a little fit. And on top of the kids to put dangerous.

The guys brought in Kamyshin army truck, which miraculously took command of the hospital the Hawks. The Germans were advancing. The wards were waiting for cars of wounded soldiers. Still, the first flights took the Artek campers. The head of the hospital knew that the children were important. And the common phrase of the future in the smoke of war could not be more relevant now.

 

Placed "Artek" in the city Park, in the room of the summer theatre. The city is also bombed daily. But the Park was dug slit, and the pioneers were hiding in them. Finally boarded the boat, went up the Volga, away from the front. From the air the ship was similar to the island, which abound on the Volga: the top deck filled with young birches and green branches — masking. But it does not always help. The Nazis bombed on the two ship — one that was higher, and the second downstream. Fate kept guys. In the evening the steamer was moored to the shore, and the pioneers went to the steppe for the night. And suddenly again the RAID?

In Kazan worked as porters in the port, waiting for a transplant. Again I emphasize this, because all the money for the war money, including the salaries of pioneer leaders, the Artek campers were transferred to the defense Fund. A total of 116 thousand roubles. On this money it was possible to build Sturmovik "IL-2", which was called "flying tank".

Stalin was informed of the transaction. He sent a telegram to the Artek campers:

"Thank the all-Union sanatorium pioneer camp "Artek" im. Molotov for taking care of the red Army. Please accept my warm greetings and gratitude of red Army. I. Stalin."

 

Through Ufa, Omsk, Novosibirsk, Barnaul, Biysk pioneers and Komsomol members finally made it to Altai resort of Belokurikha. On trains and ships, trucks and wagons they drove 7750 kilometres. A year and three months on the way. A year and three months of adult labor, sleeping in shelters and on the bare ground, duty on the roofs under the bombs exploding and in hospitals, at the bedside of the wounded...

The camp was set in two buildings of the sanatorium. Immediately began school — boys far behind, had to catch up the whole year. In the Artek campers joined in the Siberian, far Eastern children. Sent also the best and most worthy. The camp had 150 children of the "old call" and as many new ones. But this tradition of "Artek" were the ones that helped to survive and survive.

12 Jan 1945 in Altai "Artek" has officially lowered the flag. Almost 4 years 1301 days lasted the longest and heaviest shift in the history of the camp.


Source: http://back-in-ussr.com/2017/06/samaya-dlinnaya-smena-arteka-1301-den.html

Tags: war , national idea , USSR


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