The debt crisis clearly showed who is in Europe in charge. During the upheavals (whether political or economic) game in the "European concert", usually over and begins to lead the most powerful country. This Is Germany. Now it depends on the salvation of several EU countries close to bankruptcy, and the fate of the Euro. Therefore, the whole of the European Union hears the words of Chancellor Angela Merkel.
The history of Europe in the last half century somehow tied to the UPS and downs of Germany.
In the postwar period, its gradual strengthening was European integration. With the outbreak of the German-French "Companies of coal and steel", it led to the creation of today's European Union, all 27 members of which directly or indirectly recognize Germany the role of "locomotive". Even France - a long-standing opponent resigned with the second roles in the German-French tandem.However, more recently it was different. Germany, reunited after the collapse of the Soviet bloc, long away", focusing on full integration of its Eastern lands. At this time on its leadership in Europe began to forget. And when there has been a significant expansion of the European Union by countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the latter conceived to throw off the "giants" from the pedestal.
And, in principle, all went to the final celebration, "transnational democracy: Poland, supported from overseas, was ready to compete with Germany as its "weight" in the framework of the European Union. But the crisis has put everything in place.Germany showed in the first quarter of 2010, a 1.5% increase, was one of the most dynamic economies of the EU, and the level of technological development and international competitiveness in the European Union she has no equal. In fact, the "crisis" the rise of Germany had begun two decades. Its origins date back to the period of German reunification, when the country was forced to overcome serious imbalances in the face of declining economic competitiveness: production began to move to the East. It was then between the government, entrepreneurs and trade unions was signed a kind of gentleman's agreement. Put simply, the essence of it was the trade Union agreement on long-term containment of wage growth and the refusal of companies from moving production to regions with cheap labor.
The state, for its part, guaranteed the support of Patriotic customized business and stimulated the modernization of the economy.This interaction gradually yielded results. While most developed countries have begun to give way under the pressure of fast-growing economies of Asia, Germany, on the contrary, strengthened their positions. Over the last ten years the competitiveness of German goods and services rose by 25% compared to other Eurozone countries. In 2003, Germany came in first place in the world in terms of exports and maintained it until last year, when amid the crisis, it still surpassed China. Between 1995 and 2009 the share of German products in the EU market increased from 25% to 27% despite a significant expansion of the European Union. During this time, the corresponding share of France declined from 18.5% to 12.9%, the share of Italy decreased from 17% to 10%.
It is possible to envy only gained Germany's ability to react flexibly to tendencies of the world market in the era of globalization and to effectively address complex socio-economic problems.These recent successes began to cause envy among EU partners, which - especially France - have begun to argue that Germany does not normally develop their economies. According to calculations of analysts of the French OFCE of the company, due to the increased competitiveness of German products France has lost over the past two years 30% of their markets. While not having a national currency which could be devalued, other countries-Eurozone members, primarily France and Italy, have been deprived of the opportunity to balance its trade balance.
In this regard, in March this year, France's economic Minister Christine Lagarde lashed out at Berlin, which stimulates exports, while there is a need to develop domestic consumption to give the neighbors an opportunity also to develop. But these accusations seem unfounded: if the German model of economic development was more effective than the French, did the Germans blame?Anyway, Germany have strengthened and continues to strengthen its position in Europe and in the world. The unexpected resignation of President Horst Koehler will not affect this trend: the ceremonial figure little known abroad, all the reins of power concentrated in the hands of the Federal Chancellor. Now, as shown by the determination of Angela Merkel in the fight against the debt crisis, Berlin will dictate the macroeconomic parameters of functioning of the Eurozone. At least, all designed stabilization mechanism - up to participate in this IMF - exactly corresponds to the German concept, adopted by the 27 EU member States almost unchanged.
And recently Berlin has served an exemplary role model on the part of radical budget cuts.No doubt, Germany now depends the future of the European Union. "Because of its size, location and history, Germany has a special role in this unique structure - sandwiched between national and European interests, - says the former foreign Minister of Germany Joschka Fischer. - If Germany no longer acts as the driving force of integration, then European integration will be the past". It sounds very convincing. The only thing worrying: it is not just a statement for Germany's role of "locomotive" in the EU economy, but also the ideological basis for the recovery of the Germans in the role of a nation destined to unite the peoples and to put common interests above the national interest.
Whether they want Europe to give the Germans another chance to try yourself in this capacity?
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