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Russian-German relations at the present stage
Material posted: Publication date: 27-05-2017
The most important factor in European and world politics, which has a positive effect on many foreign issues, are Russian-German relations. Overcoming the global financial and economic crisis, the formation of Russia's relations with the EU and NATO is directly dependent on the development of relations between the two countries.

The modern Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) is the leader of the European Union. After the merger she became a political heavyweight not only in Europe and in the world. The country largely determines the political development of the reformed Union, as one of his major consolidation began.

Currently, Germany is one of the main partners of Russia in economic terms. Germany has always contributed to the development of relations between the EU and Russia. But the rapid growth of mutual distrust, the crisis in Ukraine, sanctions, the Russian response and allegations of violation of the Minsk agreements has changed the vector of Russian-German relations and was forced to turn towards the East. Sanctions by the EU had a strong impact on the development of relations between Russia and Western Europe, both economically and politically. Today the ruling elite in Germany is largely focused on the rupture of relations with Russia, which explains the introduction of economic sanctions against Russia, with the exception of the G7, and of non-EU countries from participating in the celebration of Victory Day.[1] But Germany needed to bring economic and political cooperation with Russia on new lines, not only to contribute to the development of its economy and strengthen its position on the European continent.

Russia should also seek to stabilize the bilateral relations, as even with all its great opportunities of the modern Russian economy can effectively develop only in functional interaction with the global market of goods and services.

Under the blow delivered achieved over decades of economic, scientific-technical and other mutual contacts. The problem of Ukraine today continue to cause serious friction in Russian-German relations. Western media, especially German, have sharply criticized Russia's actions in Crimea.

Being the locomotive of Europe, Germany contributes to the solution of the Syrian crisis. The differences between Russia and Germany in Syria also affected the cooling of relations between the two countries. Absolutely opposite position against the Assad regime do not allow Moscow and Berlin to find ground for further joint action. Although, in the case of the deterioration of the situation in Syria and overthrow Assad, the security of both countries will be under threat. New waves of refugees will flood into Europe and the fall of the Assad regime will allow terrorist groups to move on, and their next target could be Russian Caucasus.

The sooner Russia and Germany to understand the direction in which they move together, the more chances of creating a stable Eurasia and stable relations of Russia with European countries.

The degree of scientific elaboration of the topic. Theoretical and practical aspects can be reflected in monographs, dissertations, articles, official documents of the States official statements and speeches of political figures. Sources that discuss the issues of Russian-German relations can be divided into several groups.

The first group of the sources are official documents, international and bilateral treaties and agreements of the Russian Federation and the Federal Republic of Germany. Among them is the Agreement on good-neighbourliness, partnership and cooperation between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Federal Republic of Germany from 9 November 1990[2], the agreement between the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Government of the Russian Federation on cultural cooperation of 16 December 1992[3], the agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany on facilitation of mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of Federal Republic of Germany, 10 December 2003[4] etc.

In the second group have entered the statistical reports of ministries of Russia and Germany, reports the German-Russian organizations, the materials of the Ministry of development of the Russian economy and foreign economic information portal. These sources allowed us to estimate current real relationship between Russia and Germany in the economic sphere.

In the third group includes the work of scientists and researchers-germanists V. B. Belov[5], I. F. Maksimychev[6], N. V. Pavlov[7], K. S. Vyatkin, A. K. Nikitin[8], also the collective monograph under the editorship of A. V. devyatkova and A. S., Makarycheva[9]. In these works, special attention is paid to internal and external politics of Germany, its dynamics. N. V. Pavlov identifies the main trends and stages in the evolution of German foreign policy, but also pays attention to the relations of Germany with Russia and NATO.

In addition to monographs it is possible to allocate a scientific article is devoted to the problem of Russian-German relations and foreign policy – I. Klassen[10], Kravchenko[11], E. Leonov[12]A. E. Likhachev[13], A. Hovhannisyan[14] etc.

Also of particular interest are monographs of foreign scientists such as D. perovich[15], A. PAP[16], R. Trampert[17], H. Timmermann[18] etc., which consider the issue of Russian-German relations from a European point of view.

Vishnyakova O. S.

 

[1] V. Lepekhin, "Germany and Russia: enemies again, or still friends," 2016, https://ria.ru.

[2] the Treaty on good-neighborliness, partnership and cooperation between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Federal Republic of Germany from 9 November 1990 [Electronic resource] / URL: http://ppt.ru/newstext.phtml?id=43551

[3] agreement between the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Government of the Russian Federation on cultural cooperation of 16 December 1992 [Electronic resource] / URL: http://m.germania.diplo.de/contentblob/3755046/Daten/450744/1992abkommenkultur.pdf

[4] agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the government of the Federal Republic of Germany on facilitation of mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of Federal Republic of Germany, 10 December 2003 [Electronic resource] / URL: http://www.kdmid.ru/docs.aspx?lst=country_wiki&it=/Аgreement_RF_FRG_10.12.2003.aspx

[5] Belov V. B, Germany. Challenges of the XXI century // Old world – new times. 2009.- 792 p.

[6] Maksimychev, I. F., the German factor in the European policy of Russia 1914-2004. - M.: Institute of Europe RAS – LIGHTS, 2004. - 167 p

[7] Pavlov N. In. Foreign policy of the FRG in the post-bipolar world. – M.: Nauka, 2005. – 401 p.

[8] Nikitin A. K. Modern foreign policy strategy of Germany/ A. K. Nikitin. – M.: Nauka, 2008. – 320 p.

[9] Russia and Germany in the space of European communication: the collective monograph / under the editorship of A. V. devyatkova and A. S., Makarycheva. – Tyumen: Publishing house Tyumen state University, 2013. – 272.

[10] I. cool the Crisis of the Free democratic party and the possibility of its overcoming // the international life. – 2013. – No 10. – S. 135-143.

Cool I. New course in German foreign policy // international Affairs. – 2014. – No 5. – S. 103-113.

[11] Kravchenko, I. In the way of a historic reconciliation // international life. – 2013. – No 4. – S. 140-151.

Kravchenko. I. the Alternative for Germany - results of a political blitzkrieg // international life. – 2013. – No 12. – P. 162-172.

[12] Leonov E. Modern Germany in the Wake of the global US leadership // international life. – 2015. – No 6. – Pp. 136-147.

[13] A. E. Likhachev, External debt and debt diplomacy of Russia in transitional period // foreign trade Bulletin No. 10, 2005 [Electronic resource] / URL: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/vneshnyaya - zadolzhennost-i-dolgovaya-diplomatiya-rossii-v-perehodnyy-period

[14] A. Hovhannisyan Trap for Germany? // International Life. – 2015. – No 2. – P. 66-71.

[15] J. Perovic, Die Regionen Russlands als neue politische Kraft. Chancen und Gefahren des Regionalismus für Russland / J. Perovic. Berlin : Peter Lang, 2001.

[16] A. Rahr Kein Europa ohne Russland // Internationale Politik. 2009. – No1.

[17] R. Trampert zwischen Europa Weltmacht und Zerfall. Stuttgart: Schmetterling Verlag GmbH, 2014.

[18] H. Timmermann Europe: new realities. German-Russian relations in the European context // World economy and international relations. – 2006. – No 3. – S. 7 - 18.

Tags: Russia , Germany


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