As the NSA has partnered with AT&T
The NSA program to collect data AT&T has the code name "Fairview" and allows you to collect data not only on Americans but also the citizens of other States. "Fairview" is valid since 1985, according to secret documents of the Agency, at the disposal of The Intercept. Methods of mass surveillance of Internet users, which told Snowden, the NSA was tested in 2003 in the framework of the "Fairview".
AT&T has the largest infrastructure in America to transmit digital data. In addition, she is 19.5 thousand "points of presence" in 149 countries of the world where there is an exchange of Internet traffic. Key hubs through which the main traffic is forwarded located in the US. In these data centers the NSA and installed additional equipment that allows you to copy and filter the data for further analysis.
Information from eight of the centres is sent on "centralized processing facility" codenamed Pinecone, located somewhere in new Jersey. From there it goes to the headquarters of the NSA in Maryland, where it is analyzed in the two systems: Mainway (for phone records) and Marina (for metadata from the Internet). To search the array data, employees of the NSA has its own Google system Xkeyscore.
A network of eight hubs, called "complexes routing service host" (Service Node Routing Complex, or SNRC), was developed in the mid-1990s, an American engineer of Iranian origin by Hussein Eslambolchi. A former technician AT AT&T Philip long, who worked in the company for more than 20 years, confirmed the exact location of all eight data centers, which have become branches of the NSA spy. For the first time, he suspected AT&T, in cooperation with the authorities in 2005, when the company asked him to redirect all Internet traffic from the Northern California data center in San Francisco. According to him, it was a sudden decision that there was no need. Long retired from AT&T in 2014.
Where the Internet hubs AT&T
Atlanta — PEACHTREE-center-Avenue, 51
The building was built in the 1920s and was once the telephone exchange AT&T. According to the documents submitted by a former employee of AT&T, mark Klein in the trial on possible espionage in this building was installed special equipment that allows you to copy traffic in the interests of the NSA. This data center is probably important for the NSA, because it is traffic from Latin America.
Chicago — South Canal street, 10
This 164-foot skyscraper was built in 1971. It is able to withstand a nuclear strike and hold without power supply in Autonomous mode for up to 40 days. Branch telecommunications holding company caters to all without an exception of inhabitants of the city.
Dallas — Bryan street, 4211
This is a data warehouse with few Windows, dark and covered with a protective layer, which was constructed in 1961. Next to a complex of other buildings AT&T, including telephone exchange of the early twentieth century.
Los Angeles South Grand Avenue, 420
During construction in 1961, is a 17-storey building was the tallest in the city, but since then there has been more than tall skyscrapers. On the roof of the building erected tower, previously intended for the transmission of cell signals, but now defunct. Near Madison complex is located in the One Wilshire building, which, according to the newspaper The Los Angeles Times, is the main transfer point of the Internet traffic in the U.S. West coast. The Intercept suggests that Madison complex transmits the same traffic, and One Wilshire.
New York- Tenth Avenue 811
134-meter high building with no Windows, located 15 minutes from Central Park and called the first telecommunication fortress of new York, was built in 1964. According to a former engineer of AT&T Thomas Saunders, this is the most secure skyscraper in the city. If 11 September 2001, George Bush was in Manhattan, the secret service would have hidden it in the branch of AT&T, says Saunders.
San Francisco — Folsom street, 611
That this office AT&T can be used for surveillance, told the trial of mark Klein. He found the secret room on the sixth floor, equipped with appliances for copying of Internet traffic. In addition, the building was visited by the staff of the NSA, who recruited local technicians for "special work." Through the hub in San Francisco also passed traffic American companies are Sprint, Cable & Wireless and Qwest.
Seattle — Third Avenue, 1122
15-storey building, built in 1955, is now owned by Qwest Corporation, but AT&T also rents a place there to store data. 40 kilometers North of Seattle, is an underwater fiber optic cable Pacific Crossing-1, linking the US with Japan. It is possible that Third Avenue will analyze this traffic, involves The Intercept.
Washington — Street-Southwest, 30
The building is owned by Verizon. AT&T occupies the space on its three floors. The office is well protected. When The Intercept journalists came to the building to photograph it, they were met by armed police.
The company does not comment on information of journalists
The representative of the NSA Christopher Augustine neither confirmed nor denied the Agency's role in the alleged secret intelligence activities. He refused to answer the queries of The Intercept on data centers AT&T.
An AT&T representative Jim Greer said that the company provides information to the public authorities on the basis of judicial decisions, subpoenas and other legal requirements. However, he added that AT&T provides voluntary assistance to law enforcement agencies in cases of threats to human life and other pressing emergencies.
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