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Kurdish state — a project of the future or the coming reality?
Material posted: Publication date: 05-11-2016
At the level of the age-old dream and the national idea of the 40-million Kurdish people will never give up the opportunity to create their own state. What it can be: Great Kurdistan, a Federation or Confederation of the peoples of Kurdish, Iraqi, Turkish, Iranian or Syrian Kurdistan — the time will show... Artificial partition of the Kurds in the former Ottoman Empire is of a temporary nature and is unlikely to last a long time. Suck and Iranian Kurds of their status as people of "second class". So far, all of the Kurdish community fought mainly for equal rights and freedoms with the titular Nations of the countries where they were by fate (Turks, Arabs, Persians).

In the civil wars, the activation of radical Islamists in the middle East and, as a consequence, the destruction of the statehood of several countries in the region the role and importance of the Kurdish minorities has increased dramatically. So, in fierce battles with Kurdish militias in Syria and Iraq, was able not only to defend their ancestral territory from incursions by gangs of radical Islamists of the "Jabha an-Nusra" and "Islamic state", but also to free the surrounding territory.

The international community has recognized that the Kurds of Syria and Iraq were at the forefront of the fight against the forces of international terrorism and arms won the right for their further self-determination. The closest to the creation of his state was the Iraqi Kurds. Now they have achieved equal rights with the Arab majority, manage their region, which is the subject of the Federation with all the attributes of the state (flag, anthem, Constitution, code of laws, the President, the government, armed forces, judiciary, police, intelligence agencies, foreign policy and foreign economic activity, the Kurdish language as a language of regional communication).

The region is adequately represented in Baghdad (President, several Federal Ministers, the faction in Parliament, Kurdish students in Metropolitan Universities). The Iraqi Kurdish leaders have always stressed that they are not separatists and are willing to cooperate with the Central government in terms of compliance with national rights and freedoms of the Kurds and the preservation of a unified Iraqi state. However, the events of recent years compel the President of Iraqi Kurdistan Barzani to initiate a referendum among the population of the region about its full independence. The fact that the Central government of Maliki/Abadi strongly sabotaged the implementation of article 140 of the Iraqi Constitution, which provided for the restoration of the demographic composition of the Northern provinces at the expense of the return of forcibly displaced Kurds to their ancestral lands and the return of Arabs displaced home.

According to this article, had to follow the new census and a referendum in the so-called "disputed areas" (Kirkuk, Nineveh, Diala, Mosul, Sinjar, etc.) for their continued administrative subordination (Erbil, Baghdad or form a new constituent entities of the Federation). The Central government broke not only compliance, but also the adoption of a new law on oil and gas which would give the regions the right to itself to dispose of its natural resources, and regularly underpaid from the state budget required by the Federal law of 17% on the development of the Kurdish region.

The problem has been the maintenance of territorial troops — the brigades of the Peshmerga, their rearmament and military training. All attempts to resolve Erbil Baghdad disputes and contradictions failed. On the relations between the center and the Kurdish region have affected the events of the summer of 2014, when held Arab-Shiite elite in Baghdad a policy of discrimination against Arab-Sunni minority of the country (campaign debianization) led to the revolt of 8 Sunni provinces, the invasion of Iraq militants and the collapse of the Iraqi army. The staff her had fled, purchased billions of dollars of heavy weapons and military equipment have been given as trophies to the Islamists. The political and military weakness and a betrayal of the Kurds from the Maliki government has led to the death and capture of tens of thousands of Muslim Kurds and Yezidi Kurds.

The latter was in the position of slaves of the Islamic Caliphate. Neither Maliki nor his military elite has not suffered any punishment for these crimes against their own people. Replacing Maliki by the new Prime Minister — Abadi has continued the same disastrous sectarian proseasy policy. He even tried to unite the Iraqi society and to build on all its healthy forces (Shiites, Sunnis, Kurds), but rather a new military intervention of the United States (Western coalition) and Iran in the internal Affairs of the country. Even among the Shi'ite Arab majority growing dissatisfaction with the provocative actions of the government of Abadi.

Crowds of thousands of protesters Shiite Arabs burst into a government area and periodically block the work of Parliament and government. In these circumstances, Iraqi Kurdistan to remain part of the collapsed de facto on the part of Iraq becomes not only useless, but also dangerous. Baghdad ignores all the legitimate requests and demands of the Erbil and at the same time trying to draw the Iraqi Kurds to Arab internecine slaughter under the pretext of fighting terrorism. Brigade of the Peshmerga quite effectively in the defense of Kirkuk, the liberation of Sinjar, on the outskirts of Mosul. To fight on with is militants on the streets of the city with a million people, some of whom prefer the power of the Caliphate of Baghdad's Shiite rulers, the Kurds clearly do not want to. To kill Sunni Arabs and die for the corrupt, rotten, corrupt Central government the Kurds are not in a hurry. The foregoing in some measure explains why Barzani asked the regional Parliament to organize a referendum on the independence of Iraqi Kurdistan.

Of course, in the context of the ongoing fighting in the North of the country, and in the presence of opposition within the region and external hostility to this idea, to hold a referendum and implement its result will be very difficult. The leaders of the Kurdish opposition parties — the PUK and Gorran, fearing a right to speak against the independence of IR, and more talk about the timing of such a referendum, questioning the legitimacy of the presidency of Barzani, threatened to withdraw from the Kurdistan province of Sulaymaniyah. These vnutriserdecna separatist sentiments strongly heated in Baghdad and Tehran. We can assume that the Iranian ayatollahs do not spare cash to bribe Sulaymaniyah tribalistas the top of the intelligence agencies are working with their agents in this province.

Not accidentally, it was observed smashing and burning the headquarters and offices of the Kurdistan Democratic party (KDP). Tehran Declaration of independence IR will mean largely the loss of their positions in Iraq. Without the Kurds the Shiite government in Baghdad finally loses legitimacy, secured the disintegration of Iraq as a minimum, into three parts, a Kurdish state will inevitably activates his full cooperation with Turkey, Israel, USA, EU countries. Thus, the logic of recent events in the middle East leads to the restoration of historical justice in relation to the Kurdish people. Created all the prerequisites for the phased implementation of the rights of the Kurds to establish their own States. Iraqi Kurdistan could be the first link in the chain of subsequent identities of the Kurds of Syria, Turkey and Iran.

Much will depend on the cohesion of the ranks of the Kurds in each of these States and their willingness to vigorously defend their rights and freedoms, including the right to sovereignty and independence. Of course, if the Central government of Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Iran to change its policies towards its Kurdish minority and to integrate the Kurds in their societies on an equal and fair basis, there could be other options for further cooperation of the Kurds with Ankara, Tehran, Baghdad and Damascus.

Stanislav Ivanov


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