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National policy of Russia on the Eastern borders
Material posted: Publication date: 27-10-2014

The onset of XXI century the leading scientists, politicians, specialists of the developed countries of the world naturally called the century of the ocean. Undoubtedly, the new Millennium is the beginning of a new era of global scientific-technical and industrial development and redistribution of the World ocean. No doubt that the achievements of the world's Maritime powers in the field of research and development can become important prerequisites for further rapid development and gain strategic advantages in various fields: economic, political, environmental, military.

Occupying three-quarters of our planet, the ocean has enormous, largely unrealized to date biological, energy and mineral resources. Here are the most important transport communications, ensuring the sustainability of global economic relations of coastal States and the accelerated development of their coastal regions. And due to the depletion in the foreseeable future of the earth's resources and the intensification of Maritime and ocean transportation, the value of the oceans is increasing rapidly. Only at the beginning of the current century more than 80% of Russia's trade was accounted for by sea transport and about 20% of world production of oil and gas on the shelf seas.

The development of the resources of the World ocean, affecting the strategic interests of riparian countries, necessitates protection of the international legal methods, maintaining and strengthening the marine component of the States. As a result of the concentration of various forms of economic and scientific-technical, political and research, humanitarian and military activity of States, international organizations and transnational corporations increasingly intersect the interests of the subjects of Maritime activities. And, as a consequence, worsen existing between objective contradictions, threatening threat for Russia and emerging conflicts on its territory destructive processes.

The events of recent years show that sea and ocean waters adjacent to the territory of the Russian Federation, continue to exist problems associated with providing economic security and protecting its national interests. This refers primarily to the protection of biological resources, protection of marine areas oil and gas production, combating terrorism and drug trafficking, rescue at sea, military readiness, the status of Maritime capabilities.

The value of the Pacific coast in all areas of socio-economic development of the Russian Federation is largely determines. The far East has huge resources, especially in the exclusive economic zone and on the continental shelf, but it is sparsely populated and relatively isolated from the industrially developed regions of Russia. These contradictions are compounded by the intensive economic and military development of neighboring countries in the Asia-Pacific region (APR), providing a very significant impact on the economic, demographic and other processes in the region. Therefore, the maintenance of a guaranteed national security state in our strategic area requires continued focused and coordinated work of all bodies of Executive power.

The Asia-Pacific region today represents perhaps the most dynamic and undergoing changes visible region of the planet. Contained in almost 40 countries increasingly engaged in the process of regrouping of political forces and redistribution of spheres of economic influence, as well as searching for new forms and methods of ensuring their security. You can search for new principles of building a new international order in the region, and leaders in this are Russia and China (Shanghai cooperation organization). This is the new center of world politics and Economics. Now the region produces 2/3 of the world's GDP.

Modern situation in the Asia-Pacific region is characterized by a complex interplay of positive and negative factors and trends, the most important of which are:

  • the intersection in this part of the world interests of Russia, USA, China, Japan, accompanied by a growing rivalry between the U.S. and China;
  • the growth of uneven economic development of countries in the region, which was aggravated by the consequences of economic globalization;
  • increased cooperation between States with pure market economies (the US, Japan, ASEAN countries) and countries which remain committed to its modernized socialist (China, Vietnam);
  • the preservation of a number of serious tensions generated in some cases inter-state political confrontation (Korean Peninsula, Taiwan), in other – neuregulirovannost of territorial disputes (territorial dispute between Japan, Russia, China and Korea, the dispute over the Islands in the South China sea between China, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, etc.) that are the most dangerous in terms of retreat in the region's security structure, not only to discuss these problems, but also to take decisions binding on the parties to the conflict;
  • the economic dominance of the United States, actively using the economic globalization and international financial institutions to promote their interests;
  • the desire of Asia-Pacific countries to create regional economic communities and institutions type of ASEAN+3 (Japan, China, South Korea) to adapt to globalization, to protect themselves against its challenges.
  • the downsizing of the military presence of Russia in the Pacific ocean and a dramatic unilateral reduction of the Navy and other Armed Forces in the far East;
  • a serious imbalance of military potentials of different countries in the region when absolute military domination of the United States, based on bilateral and multilateral military-political alliances with countries in the Asia-Pacific and the powerful potential of naval forces and "forward-based";
  • breakthrough India and Pakistan among "nuclear powers" that are actively retooling, which means a significant impact on the military policies of other countries, not only in the Asia-Pacific region.

And yet, despite the presence of these and some other disturbing phenomena, the overall situation in the Asia-Pacific region remains relatively stable. The trend of its development in the present and near-term in addition to favorable and has a number for Russia is unfavorable components, which is a consequence, first of all, a dysfunctional state of the economy of our own country and lack of an effective realistic strategy of Russia towards the Asia-Pacific region.

Strategy of the Russian Federation in the Asia-Pacific region as a Eurasian power is determined by the totality of national interests in the areas of security, economic development of regions of Siberia and the Far East, political, external economic and inter-civilizational relations with countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Of key importance in this regard is the maintenance of normal good-neighborly relations of cooperation with States in the North-East and South-East Asia: U.S., China, Japan, the two Koreas, Mongolia, ASEAN and India, Australia. Although India is not included formally in the Asia-Pacific region, but its influence is growing, and developing cooperation with it Russia has great importance in terms of balancing its relations. It is also important to consider the main economic and military-political development trends in the Asia Pacific region that are defined by increasing globalization, regionalization, in economic terms, and economic and military-political dominance of the United States.

The President of the Russian Federation repeatedly pointed out that the protection of the state border, internal sea waters, territorial sea, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and their natural resources is the basis of border security and consists in the coordinated activity of Federal public authorities, authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government, exercised within the limits of its authority by adopting political, legal, diplomatic, economic, defensive, boundary, prospecting, counterprospecting, operatively-search, customs, nature protection, sanitary-and-epidemiologic, ecological and other measures.

Sadly, in marine activity of Russia in the far East continues the negative trend, expressed in physical, moral deterioration, the reduction of the ship and ship structure, systems-based and coastal and port infrastructure of the Russian fleet, the loss of shipbuilding, ship repair and onshore facilities.

The main reasons for the negative trends are:

  1. The imperfection of the Russian legislation regulating activity of management bodies and economic entities of the Far East in the field of Maritime activities.
  2. Irrational distribution of functions and powers of the Federal bodies of Federal Executive authorities of the Russian Federation, the far Eastern Federal district, subjects of the state power of the Russian Federation and subjects of the Maritime sector administration of marine Affairs.
  3. The growing gap between Russia and the leading Maritime powers in the field of studying of the World ocean, monitoring of the marine environment, exploration and development of mineral resources and bioresource base.
  4. The lack of training of managerial personnel of state bodies of the Russian Federation, bodies of state power of subjects of the Russian Federation on administration of Maritime activities.

The pace of economic development of our state is significantly behind the economic progress not only in the leading countries of the Asia-Pacific region, but also in most other Asia-Pacific countries. According to international statistics, Russia's share in world GDP in 2013 amounted to 2.95% (from 2.99% in 2012) (Fig. 1).


The weak economic base of our state generates for him, perhaps the largest and most dangerous threat is the possibility of loss of Russia's economic independence and related defense sufficiency, and with them the ability to effectively defend its national interests and to resist strong pressure on the various contentious issues, including territorial.

Meanwhile, the interests of Russia as a Eurasian power in the Asia-Pacific region are numerous and diverse. Chief among them, perhaps, is the creation of conditions for the strengthening of economic ties in the region, its vast investment resources and a large market, to give positive momentum to the economic development of our country and, above all, to stimulate socio-economic development of regions of Siberia and the Far East.

Undoubtedly, the cooperation between Russia and APR countries and regional intergovernmental organizations in the economic sphere and in the political area is for our country sorely needed. It is encouraging that it acknowledged the Supreme leadership of Russia. This is evidenced by the vigorous activity of the Government and, above all, President Vladimir Putin in the Eastern direction. The visits of the Russian President to China, Japan, India, Vietnam, Mongolia, North Korea and its numerous contacts with the leaders of Asia-Pacific countries, the transformation of the Shanghai five into the Shanghai cooperation organization (SCO) have all contributed to greater understanding and convergence of positions of Russia and its Eastern neighbors on important issues of regional cooperation, contribute significantly to the positive development of our relations with the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, strengthen the Eurasian identity of Russia and make its policy stability and predictability.

And yet, the role and influence of any state in international relations is primarily determined by its real economic and military potentials, as well as the availability of resources (natural, human, intellectual, etc.). And Russia geopolitically, and economically needs a strong position in the Asia Pacific region. However, a sharp decline in our country the production of medium and high technology, including products for military use, the forced orientation on the export of raw materials, primarily energy, reduces our business foreign economic relations even with States in the Asia-Pacific region, where demand for our goods was previously relatively high. One-sided Pro-Western orientation of foreign economic relations of Russia and its business since the early 90-ies resulted in the loss of important niches of our country in China, India, Japan, Vietnam, Mongolia, North Korea, countries AEAN. As a result, we are poorly and one-sidedly involved in the integration processes unfolding in the region, and more and more move away the roadside. It is logical that Russia is an attractive partner for their external economic activity, and therefore incurs a loss and loses important source of funds for its economic recovery.

Analysis of the geopolitical situation of the far Eastern region shows that the socio-economic conditions of development of coastal Far East constituent entities of the Russian Federation significantly different from the development of the continental regions. The main differences lie in the level of living of the population and economy of the coastal regions from Maritime activities, as well as the state policy in the development of this activity with regard to the specific development, interests and contradictions themselves coastal regions. On the one hand, the far East has huge resources, especially in the exclusive economic zone and on the continental shelf, and it is isolated from the industrially developed regions of Russia. Federal legislation of this specificity does not take into account. Therefore there is an urgent need in the formation at the Federal and regional levels of government administrative and legal mechanism of control in the far East Maritime activities allowing to engage in marine policy as to the interests of the Russian Federation and in the interests of its far Eastern regions. In the end, it is necessary to form the real sector of economy on the basis of all components of the sea potential of Russia.

The consequence of the weakness of the Russian economy was a sharp reduction of the military capabilities of its Armed Forces. Everything that is said here should not be interpreted as a call to turn our country into back-breaking for her the arms race. No. It is only reasonable and necessary defense sufficiency of the armed forces. It is necessary to emphasize that the pace of modernization today it is the highest in the States of East Asia. The growing strength of the economies of most countries in the region allow them to increase military spending, which in their sum are approaching similar costs in all States of the European Union (respectively 17 and 25 percent of expenses for these purposes in the world), with costs on the import of arms and military equipment here for the last 6 years has grown in 1.75 times.

Today the Asia-Pacific region in Russia-largest military budget to surpass China and Japan (Fig. 2). As a result, the armed forces of these countries are rising against the Russian armed forces and are already beginning to surpass the grouping of the Russian armed forces in the far East, and in some areas even ahead of her. And it has always attracted the growing threat of the military nature of the defense and security of the country. Our neighbors are tempted to ignore the interests of weak States or, to put it at the service of their interests by providing the pressure on him, including force.

In this regard it should be particularly emphasized a significant probability that in the future in the Asia-Pacific region will shift the centre of global confrontation. Today the world has only one superpower – the United States, which, using a positive current conditions and based on its closest allies, wants to dictate to other countries "rules of conduct" virtually all issues.

Today many States, including Russia, China, India, most of ASEAN countries are in favour of building a multipolar model of world order. This model is the most realistic, but achieving it in current circumstances, very likely, is still through the stage of forming a new "group" of bipolarity, which, presumably, will not socio-economic differences between groups of States, and the mere desire of a number of fairly developed countries to resist the hegemonistic dictates and to secure equal rights in solving the world's problems.

As the main power in the short term to counter the strength of the us is China, although he has made every effort to stay within the limits of rivalry and cooperation without confrontation. Therefore, the center, if not antagonism and confrontation, then certainly fierce competition and rivalry will become North-East Asia and the Pacific.

Russia in these circumstances will be very cautious and prudent to choose your strategic course. Probably to keep the position equal distance from both poles – USA and China will be very difficult, because each of them show the desire to engage her interest or to neutralize the possibility of any assistance to the opponent. Meanwhile, when the current internal situation in Russia and its geo-strategic position, it badly needs sustainable partnerships with the U.S. and with China, and with States of other major regions (Europe, Middle East, Southeast Asia and other). How ever Russia must strictly and consistently adhere to the autonomy and independence in foreign policy.

If we talk about the Asia-Pacific region, there is, most likely, will be "cutting edge" of global competition that will stimulate a new regrouping of forces and will lead to changes in the General military-political situation in the region. The hegemonistic U.S. policy encourages China to strengthen its military power step by step, not getting involved directly in a military race. On the other hand, the wary response of China have a wide resonance effect, as the incentive for the United States, Japan and other countries in Southeast and South Asia, to strengthen the military component of its policy. In the same context, you can probably consider the American idea to create ABOUT the North Eastern region of Asia, especially because the solution of this problem involved a potential enemy of China is Japan, and the possibility of involvement of South Korea and Taiwan.

Another serious, yet unconsciously we challenge Russia's ability to protect its interests in northeast Asia and the Pacific is the protection of the continental shelf and marine economic zones. The coming depletion of resources on the continents naturally pushes populous countries of the region to the active exploitation of the rich reserves of the oceans and seas who can meet their growing needs in mineral raw materials and fuel, in various forms of energy and biological products, but in the first place – food. Meanwhile, still lacks a properly executed international agreement on the delimitation of the continental shelf and sea economic zones, which gives rise to disputes between countries on the borders of their possessions in the districts. The seas around our territory, there are only a few fragmentary essentially agreements on these issues.

All this allows us to reasonably predict the increase in inter-state struggle for access to "marine resources" of the planet and the consequent need to protect what belongs to their own country and is a national heritage.

In our opinion, the priority national tasks of Russia in the far East can be formulated as follows:

  • unconditional preservation of national sovereignty and the inviolability of Russian far Eastern territorial waters, exclusive economic zones and continental shelf resources;
  • inadmissibility of realization of military threats from the sea areas and the escalation of naval activity in the far Eastern and Northern sea areas and ocean areas adjacent to the territory of Russia in the far East;
  • on the basis of international agreements freedom in economic and trade activities of Russia in the World ocean and open access to ocean resources that are not under jurisdiction of other States;
  • freedom of commercial navigation and unimpeded sea and ocean communications;
  • observance of accepted international agreements on marine law and the international legal decision between the States issues that are related to biological, mineral and chemical resources of the World ocean;
  • holding in the World's oceans active foreign policy aimed at strengthening of Russia as a great Maritime power;
  • the preservation of life of the population in technogenic safe and environmentally friendly sea.

As for foreign policy priorities in the development strategy of Russia in the Asia-Pacific region the first mention should include:

  • giving Russian-American relations Asian full dimension as in the economic sphere and in the sphere of security;
  • filling specific content of strategic partnership of Russia with China and India.
  • development of cooperation with Japan;
  • promoting the peace process on the Korean Peninsula;
  • development of long-term, comprehensive program of cooperation with the countries of northeast Asia in the interests of socio-economic development of the Russian Far East and integrating Russia into the economy of the Asia-Pacific region.

These priorities are interrelated. However, crucial among them is the development of strategic partnership relations with China and filling it with real content. Currently in the world is actually a struggle for China. USA, Japan and the developed West as a whole make the effort to "bind" China economically, to engage him in their embrace. In this regard, China has already become in fact an integral component of the globalization process. You must keep in mind that both the U.S. and the West as a whole managed to create within China a powerful Pro-Western lobby, especially in the environment of economic elites. The US is not stingy in spending on the training of highly qualified Chinese elites and the ideological and kulturarena treatment of youth. All the current system of education from secondary to high schools, created in 50-ies in the Soviet model, now being rebuilt by the American system. Key universities are actually sweat the patronage of major U.S. and Western European funds. The English language has replaced Russian as the main foreign language.

Not without external support in China creates an unfavorable image of Russia, in the historical studies attempt to historically portray her main aggressor and enemy of China, and the U.S. role embellished. In the history books, contrary to the instruction of Deng Xiaoping "to Close the past, open future", their real and false claims of China to tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union played only a few relaxed form. All these facts indicate that inside of China on the question of the attitude to Russia there is a definite struggle, and the line Jiang tszemin on good neighborly relations and strategic partnership with our country has been subjected de facto to some criticism from the Pro-Western nationalist elements. In the face of the impending generational change in the leadership of the country, the initiative to Jiang tszemin on the conclusion of the Treaty of friendship, good neighborliness and cooperation with Russia becomes especially clear and useful.

The priority for Russia is to participate in the integration processes of the global and regional level, creating common base for cooperation with China and other major Asia-Pacific countries. On the agenda is the transformation of interaction according to the scheme of ASEAN+3 (China, Japan, South Korea) scheme for the ASEAN+4 with connections to Russia and possibly the United States. Special attention should be paid to the activities of the ASEAN Regional forum (ARF), asserting themselves as the important part of increasingly manifested a new security system in East Asia.

An important aspect of Russian strategy in the Asia-Pacific region is the development of the ideas and practices of the strategic triangle Russia-China-India. Of course at the present stage of the tripartite cooperation can develop only on the basis of cooperation in protection of national interests in the face of common challenges of globalization and may not be direct anti-American.

In recent years there have been positive developments in our relations with Japan, but this relationship is not balanced and their status falls far short of the potential of both countries. Intensification in recent years of contacts in the political and military spheres comes amid a long stagnation in trade and economic relations.

Increasing influence on the formulation of a constructive course of Japan against Russia will be playing the following factors, which it is advisable to flexibly and consistently use Russian diplomacy:

  1. The interest of Japan in a constructive and pragmatic development of Russian-Japanese relations in the context of increasing conflicts of economic, political and military interests of Japan with the United States and China. The development of comprehensive ties with Russia should be balanced trilateral relationship.
  2. Fears of the Japanese side regarding the growing comprehensive power of China and growing doubts about American strategy towards China in General, which can be realized at the expense of Tokyo.
  3. In the well known historical contradictions long-term nature with regional countries (PRC, Korea, ASEAN countries, ROK), Japan, in addition to Russia, there is no alternative to strengthen its position as the political center, especially in the region. With this in mind, it seems reasonable for Russia to initiate the involvement of Japan within reasonable limits in bilateral and multilateral cooperation on strategic stability in the Asia-Pacific region and the world at large.

In the territorial question, in our view, Russia could, without showing haste, and , relying on the Declaration of 1956 g., joint Russian-Japanese Irkutsk Declaration of 25 March 2001, gradually "dilute" Tokyo 1993 and the Moscow Declaration of 1998, to work towards a final and mutually acceptable solution to the territorial problem. The importance given in the media dispute over the ownership of some Islands of the South Kuril ridge, seemed too dramatisieren. No doubt, in Japan as in any country, there is a certain number of persons, extremely nationalist-minded, but their position today does not reflect the opinions of the vast majority of the Japanese nation.

Actually complicate and hinder the development of bilateral business relations is not a question about "Northern territories" (a similar situation exists with Japan and with China and the two Koreas), and to a greater extent problems the state of our economy and the shortcomings of legal support of trading and investment activities of Japanese business in our country, as well as targeted work with certain external competing forces directed against the expansion of Russian-Japanese relations.

Nevertheless, we cannot completely dismiss the possibility of an unfavorable for Russia the change in the policy of Japan. In this country there are influential groups advocating remilitarization, to stimulate economic growth. In this regard, we cannot exclude the risk of the forefront military solution to the problem of the disputed territories., especially in the process of increasing contradictions between its ally – the USA - and the main competitor in the region – China, Pro-Chinese when clearly Russia's position.

This possibility dictates the need for a substantial strengthening of our military, primarily naval grouping in the far East, for the subject of the dispute are Islands. Meanwhile, the ratio of the ship part of the Japanese fleet and the Russian Pacific fleet, today they are not in our favor. On surface ships of the basic classes it approached 6-fold value, and continues to grow (from Japan, 55 destroyers and frigates, with 6 under construction, we have – 9, with one cruiser), mine-sweeping ships almost 4-fold (31 versus 8), in specialized amphibious ships more than 2-fold (them 9, with 2 under construction and we have 4). And only submarine forces, we maintain a relative advantage, since the approximate equality of the submarines, General purpose – 16 and 15 we 10 are nuclear.

The us demilitarization of the Kuril Islands and the withdrawal of military forces not only reduces the opportunities for defense, but also encourages the public all over Primorye, the feeling of "abandonment" by his Centre, which, in turn, generates the desire of local residents to leave the area (the population of the Far East declined by 800 thousand people).

The situation on the Korean Peninsula although improved, but remains fragile. It is not ruled out the transformation of U.S. approaches to methods of implementation of its commitments to South Korea. This arises from the new strategic concept of the conduct of modern wars. It provides for the reduction in the value of the land operations and even excluding them from the active phase of hostilities, in which the main role is given to air force, Navy and space tools, precision strike which destroy military and economic potential of the enemy, forcing him to surrender. In such circumstances, the presence of American troops on the territory of the country is not only unnecessary, but harmful from the point of view of minimization of losses of personnel in the event of armed conflict.

Therefore, when political maneuvers in the course of confrontation with China and support its Asia-Pacific States Americans can make the idea of reducing and even the withdrawal of its military contingent from South Korea a bargaining chip to achieve its own objectives in the solution of other problems in the region, such as Taiwan.

Of course, the situation here will depend primarily on the dynamics of development of inter-Korean dialogue, although the prospects for the unification of North and South Korea are very low. There are political, economic and ideological base, and each party in his own way understands the Association. Tensions in Korea will continue for a long time. Therefore, the U.S. and its allies can be expected to continue the "demonization" of the regime in Pyongyang and intimidation allegedly coming from all threats. Russia in such conditions should be balanced to consolidate its presence both in the South and the North Korea with the goal is to prevent conflict situation on the Peninsula, which, as demonstrated by the recent Yugoslav experience, and the experience of Korea in the past, will certainly be involved third force that, ultimately, may affect the security interests of our country in the far East.

"Maritime doctrine of the Russian Federation for the period till 2020" proposes that the development of spaces and resources of the World ocean are one of the main directions of development of world civilization in the third Millennium. Doctrine determines the priority for providing all kinds of Maritime activities staffing, which provides for the creation of conditions for retaining and attracting skilled personnel in the shipboard and in the management of Maritime activities; preservation and development of education with specialization in all types of sea activities; creation of system of preparation of public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation in the field of Maritime activities; the strengthening of the Russian sea traditions, expansion of the network of children's sea schools, clubs of young seamen, considering the studies in them as the initial step of preparation to the service and work in the Russian fleet; provision of state support in the establishment and operation of training ships, material and technical base of educational establishments of the sea profile. In turn, pravitelstvo Russia considers the system development naval professional education as one of the priorities in development plans of the Navy, because the professionalism of the sailors, their devotion to the Fatherland, the ability to perform their military duty largely depends on their combat readiness and fighting efficiency of the Navy.

Training the Navy (and other branches) in the far East region, carries out military Training center of far Eastern Federal University (FEFU UCC).

UCC FEFU was established by Government Decree in 2008 and to date has already produced 4 issues of officers. The government of the Russian Federation presently confronts the Educational military centre as a priority the following tasks:

  1. Preparation for the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, other ministries and departments of the officers – certified (qualified) professionals with two entities: civil and military.
  2. Conduct educational, military and Patriotic, professionally-orientation work with students and graduates of secondary educational institutions.
  3. Maintaining the quality of the educational process at the level of the requirements of the guidelines. Training and retraining of officers, including command and staff.
  4. Organization and performance of fundamental and applied research aimed at solving the problems of strengthening the combat readiness of the Navy and the improvement of military education.

Despite all the difficulties of recent years, UCC FEFU adequately serves its purpose, standing out not only among the military but also in civilian universities. The main thing – it's teaching staff. It should be noted that faculty UCC consists of officers who have the best-trained professionals in their field. Many of the officers held high military posts, he commanded nuclear submarines, military units, directorates of fleets. Is and combat veterans (for example, Lieutenant Colonel R. S. Kudryashov, Colonel S. V. Nedelin). These are the Teachers (with capital letters) able to teach future defenders of the Fatherland not only the basics of the military profession, but also a sense of patriotism, without which there can be a full-fledged military (and civil) professional.

The number of scientists in Training military center in recent years has been steadily increasing, to ensure уче6бный process-level requirements not only of the Ministry of defense but the Ministry of education and science. In the professional development of teachers plays an important role is that many of them are studying in graduate and post-graduate study defending a thesis.

The interests of Russia and its national security in the far Eastern and Northern zones should be in the current environment is an important component of national policy of Russia and one of the main factors determining the preservation of the country's great power status. Their geopolitical interests in the World ocean of the Russian Federation shall ensure, in accordance with national marine strategy. In General, the policy and strategy of Russia and the Asia-Pacific region should take into account favorable and unfavorable factors for its national interests and to exert maximum efforts for creation of favourable external conditions for the peaceful development of Russia, especially its Siberian and far Eastern regions, to form political, legal prerequisites for the expansion of profitable economic ties with States in any orientation as in the Asia Pacific region and in other regions of the world. The main thing is to ensure consistency between Federal Center and regions in the implementation of already developed and approved by the President of the concepts and doctrines of comprehensive security, foreign policy, and now are developing long-term plans socially-economic development of Siberia and the Far East.


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12. Fedorov V. D. About the results of activities of Executive authorities of the far Eastern subjects of the Russian Federation during preparation and conduct of command-staff exercises of the Pacific fleet national marine policy of the Russian Federation in the far East: problems and ways of ensuring the strategic interests of the state in the World ocean: materials of the international scientific.-practical. Conf. – Vladivostok: Publishing house of FESTU, 2003, P. 8-13.

13. Fedyuk R. S. Modernization of military education // Actual problems of modernization of the economy and vocational education: proceedings of the 11th International scientific and practical conference of students, postgraduates and undergraduates, March 20, 2014, Ekaterinburg, Russia / ed. by T. K. Rutkauskas; ROS. GOS. prof.-PED. Univ Ekaterinburg, 2014. – S. 255-256.

14. Fedyuk R. S. Inventory of property in the Armed Forces of Russia // Materials of the III scientific Mineralno scientific conference for "Udoskonalennya alcove-analtical zabezpechennya of DALnet subject KTV gospodarowania" / Ed.Col. Veretennikov V. I. that in. – Macca: MEH. – 2014. – P. 131-133.

15. Fedyuk R. S., Mochalov, A. V., Ilinsky Yu. Yu., Evdokimova G. Philosophical study of corporeality in the traditional culture of the peoples of the Far East // Innovacii suspilstva for the development of the minds of CROs-cultural vsamom: Collected materials VI Mineralno scientific-for scientific conference for students, post-graduates, scientists. – Sumi: RF SOPPO, SAF Panasenko I. M. 2013 – P. 192-196

16. Ivankov A. E. the main problems of implementation of marine policy of the Russian sea border in the space of the Pacific region national marine policy of the Russian Federation in the far East: problems and ways of ensuring the strategic interests of the state in the World ocean: materials of the international scientific.-practical. Conf. – Vladivostok: Publishing house of FESTU, 2003, P. 33-41.

17. Fedyuk R. S. Training future lieutenants on the basis of civil high schools // problems of improving the quality of education: proceedings of the Sixth international scientific-practical conference. – Orekhovo-Zuyevo, 2012. – S. 92-96.

18. Fedyuk R. S., Timokhin, A. M., Z. A. Mutalibov Aspects of socio-economic modernization of India // "India and Central Asia: problems and prospects of cooperation". Proceedings of the international scientific conference. Astana, September 20-21, 2013 – Astana: Eurasian national University named after L. N. Gumilev, 2014. –S. 163-175.

19. Fedyuk R. S., Mochalov, A. V., Mutalibov Z. A., Ilinsky Yu. Yu. the Uniqueness of the radiation regime of the southern Far East of Russia // the Fundamental and applied aspects of creating bioferroelectric systems: materials of international scientific-technical Internet conference (December 2012, Orel), state University – ESPC. – Orel: state University – ESPC, 2013. – S. 39-42.

20. Litvinenko E. Y., the Role of naval education in solving problems of national Maritime policy in the far East of Russia // national marine policy of the Russian Federation in the far East: problems and ways of ensuring the strategic interests of the state in the World ocean: materials of the international scientific.-practical. Conf. – Vladivostok: Publishing house of FESTU, 2003, P. 42-45.

21. Fedyuk R. S. the Rate of housing construction in China // the development of the theory and practice of management of social and economic systems : proceedings of the Third international scientific-practical conference (13-15 may 2014) / resp. for vol. J. W. Ganic. – Part II. – Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky : Kamchatgtu, 2014. –P. 134 to 136.

22. Fedyuk R. S. problems of financial stability // the III international youth forum of financiers. Moscow on 6-7 December 2013 / FGOBU VPO "Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation"
Under the editorship of O. V. Karembeu and A. P. Buevich — Moscow: Financial University, 2013. — Financial University [website]. [2013].

23. Fedyuk R. S., Mochalov, A. V., Ilinsky Yu. Yu., Evdokimov Yu. G. Urbanization and urban construction in China // China and Russia: problems of strategic interaction: the Eastern collection centre. 2013. No. 13. S. 45-54.

Fedyuk R. S.


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