Who is the futurist?
Futurology as a science is the forecast of the future, including through extrapolation of existing technological, economic or social trends or predict future trends.
Not difficult to guess, those who engaged in this science, are futurists, and that their task is the prediction of what will happen in the future. We can say that the futurist is a trendy modern name, who used to call prophet. That's only true of the prophets who had the gift (or gut feeling), something happened, and the futurists, the percentage of matches is equal to the percentage of hits the mark.
Since the future is always worried about people, except for prophets predictions engaged philosophers and some religious leaders. Someone was just telling what will happen next, someone conducted strange rituals, but then they implicitly believe, as had no other option. One of the most famous futurists of the past can be considered a Nostradamus. Only then it was called the predictor.
Hand on heart, can say that the futurists slightly more scientific approach than the soothsayers of the past. The first attempts at scientific forecasts refer to the end of the XIX century. Among the most striking works may be noted "Germany 2000" (1891) by Georg Ehrmann, "Future war and its economic consequences" (1897), Ivan Stanislavovich of Blika, "Anticipations" (1901) by Hg wells and many others.
The term "futurology" first proposed by the sociologist Osip Flehthayma in 1943. In the USSR it was accepted to share the "bourgeois" futurology "scientific" (Marxist) prognostics. As you can see in the beginning there was no unity of approach. No it and now.
Here's some more predictions: the UN has published the forecast of the population of the Earth by the year 2100
The predictions of futurologists are built on the basis of statistics, the forecast of development of branches and spheres of activity, as well as personal experiences ”the scientist”. The influence of each of these factors on the final prognosis depends on the particular futurist. Only he decides what to give more emphasis when deciding. The absence of unified standards and makes the work of current predictors are too abstract and subjective.
In addition to these factors, the prognosis may also be influenced by the polls of experts in different fields and the search for analogies the development of the situation in the past. But we all know that the turn of history, though similar, but every time I happen on a completely different level.
Futurists are deceiving us
In the old days, when people believed in everything, popular unrest was always possible to use for the benefit of someone, is why prophets and fortune tellers gave predictions that were beneficial to them or to those who asked.
Now this is almost there, as we all know the essence of phenomena and not believe those who say that Moscow will fall a meteor. In order for that person to believe that he will have to bring considerably more evidence than before.
Another issue is that futurists often give forecasts concerning the period of time which will be after 100-200 years or more. Now let's answer the following question... Anyone seriously expects to see come true that we were promised some futurist 200 years ago?
In this sense such distant predictions. We believe in what we say, but will it actually doesn't matter. Their attention, money and influence forecaster got now. Even 40-50 years, the predictions, no one remembers. That is why the price forecast that futurist that drunk ”Balabolka” will be about the same.
In the end, futurists just compete in their forecasts. In the best case, even if it is not intended to profit from it, it just becomes a dreamer, which is the same with other dreamers discuss their theories. That's all...
Can you predict the future?
To predict the future is impossible. It may be only those responsible for its creation. For some scientists, for other higher power they believe in. The one who does the forecasts can only analyze and identify probabilities.
That's just it often happens that all these predictions boil down to the fact that events will unfold as developed before. For example, one of the predictions of doomsday, about which I wrote in a previous article, is that the temperature increases by 0.5 degrees every 10 years. These pundits just figured the temperature at which melts the glaciers, shared it on the increase of temperature and received more than two thousand years, we all will be bad.
As usual, none of us will check. And most importantly, that in this particular forecast, they did not take into account deflection. Temperature may not always grow evenly. For such a long time, we can leave the planet. Can start an ice age or something else. Importantly, the forecast of space left and it started to discuss. And here's how to believe such absurdity, if to perform it yourself?
The predictions of futurologists do not come true
There are futurists who make forecasts for the near future. For example, for 15-20 years. Hard to really call them futurologists, but here it gets interesting.
If you such clever, why such poor? — Warren Buffett
Have you ever seen the history of the accumulation of huge capital, which began with a forecast for the future? Personally, I do not. I am sure that most of you will also respond negatively. There are people who work hard and have flair. There are those who are lucky. There are even those who knew that, for example, Apple with Steve jobs will take off, but nothing more. Most importantly, it's not the people who fantasize about the future in their small offices.
Is this an indication that they should not believe? In my opinion, shows an example of a maximally eloquently about it.
Futurists think too narrowly
Often those who proudly call themselves a futurist think too narrowly. Ever notice that? I mean those cases when they say that we will conquer space, fly to other galaxies or win all diseases.
There is no need to have a great gift of the predictor. It's clear to everyone that this will happen. And I want to say: ”Predict something not as a development of the already existing, but as the beginning of a completely new trend which will definitely be”.
Firefighters arrived, said fire, and left
When Jules Verne wrote about a trip to the moon, it really was new. If he wrote about the ships that sail three times faster than modern at the time, or more powerful horses, it would be similar to the chatter of the modern scholars of the future. Comes, from science fiction was more good than professional futurists.
A simple example. In the middle of the last century, futurists in the wave of General enthusiasm for the space and success in it, promised us a widespread space tourism. It is not. But, computers and many other everyday in our time, the things they predicted.
How to check the forecast futurist?
I think I gave four reasons, which explain very well why I don't believe the futurists. You may not agree with me, but if you have your reasons, state them in the comments or in our Telegram chat.
If you ask for, of course, you can check the words of the futurists and understand, was it worth to believe them. That's just no it is not necessary. I don't think anyone would want to record all predictions, and after 40 years, get them and start bombing revelations. Even if someone personally asks a question to the author of the forecast, he'll just say you were wrong, but then it would not matter.
So do not take seriously the predictions of ”experts” from futurology. Let's just hear them out, smile and dream and forget. Think of it as science fiction. How else can you relate to the projections, half of which predicts complete extinction, and the second absolute utopia and unconditional happiness for all?
The prediction is the business of prophets, clairvoyants and futurologists, but not writers. The point the writer is to lie — Ursula Le GUIN, introduction to "the Left hand of darkness"
The difference of fiction from the futurists is that the first just imagine and dream, and the latter trying to justify their, often too fantastic, forecasts and raise due to this its importance.
Even if he will give the most perfectly adjusted forecast, in which everything is just perfect, always something can happen. Because of the reckless actions of one-person air defense started the Third world war and all that was the forecast... Well, you understand. And the farther future, which makes the forecast, the more of such potential interventions. Just like in the movie ”the butterfly Effect”.
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