Opened a summit of the Asia-Pacific economic cooperation (APEC) in China. It's the moment of truth for Russia, and President Putin invited the partners to participate in ambitious Russian projects. Success is very possible, as there Alliance with China — a major regional player. What about the U.S., which has declared the Asia-Pacific region a zone of its main interests?
APEC acts as an international consultative forum for discussion of economic issues. However, beneath them are the issues of political and geopolitical struggle in terms of his vision of economic space. In this context, the looming three major players: Russia, China and the USA. In addition to the heads of these countries at the summit are leaders from Australia, Brunei, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Canada, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Singapore, Thailand, Taiwan, Philippines, Chile and Japan.
For Russia in terms of sanctions and reorient to the East, this forum is of great importance. Vladimir Putin, in his remarks today outlined an attractive image of the Russian economy for foreign investors. The President spoke about the good economic climate and that Russia will not restrict the movement of capital. Putin invited APEC partners to participate in two Grand investment projects. The first TRANS-Asian transport hub, including modernization of Transsib, BAM, "dry" and conventional port facilities with the installation on the route of the GLONASS system. And the second — arrangement of the Northern sea route, which will halve for Asian cargo delivery to Europe.
"These two projects, proposed by Putin, have huge historical importance, they lie at the heart of the Eurasian project of Russia, said Pravda.Ru Sergey Grinyaev, General Director of the Center for strategic estimates and projections. — To these two projects, I would add a third is an economic and logistics hub in Crimea. In Crimea will end the great silk road, which originates in China. It will pass on the TRANS-Siberian railway, the BAM, through the countries of Central Asia to the Crimea and on, either on the West or sea to North Africa. These three nodes is, by and large, the basis of economic power of the Eurasian Union and beginning integration, including, and Asian States together with Russia in joint projects".
It is obvious to everyone that China has to be raised for any economic partnership in the region. Needless to say about the economic power of China, which recently on GDP calculated on purchasing power, ahead of the United States. But the position of China in the region is complicated by territorial disputes in the South China and East China seas with the Philippines, Vietnam, Japan, and attempts to dictate the movement of aircraft over the East China sea. This policy meets the condemnation of the neighbors, but judge, do not condemn, and China is the largest trading partner for all, even for Japan. China is the largest creditor and trading partner of the United States. However, their interaction in the region is not formed. China skilfully plays on the low rate of the yuan, cheap labour, good infrastructure, huge market, causing irritation finansowanych circles of America. Escape the real sector in China is one of the main complaints about congressmen to Obama.
As for the U.S., Washington has long tried to realize among APEC economies integration project called the Transpacific partnership, but China in this agreement, under the dictates of America doesn't want to participate. Overall Obama's plan to pivot U.S. foreign policy towards the Asia-Pacific region (APR) has stalled once on the horizon the threat of the "Islamic state" and strategic withdrawal from the Middle East resulted in the fact that the allies had ceased to obey uncle Sam. Israel did not support sanctions against Russia, and Saudi Arabia plays down against Texas shale oil. In addition, the U.S. overdid it with the rate the military strength of Japan, taking possible military risks. With their submission, Tokyo has lifted restrictions on the use of self-defense forces, sparking criticism in both China and South Korea, and Vietnam. Japan in APEC is perceived as unrepentant aggressor, and a growing distrust. In conclusion we can say that the economic power of the United States is not as to play on two fronts. We will probably have to go back to the middle East.
In addition to the three main players, you can select India, the position of which is regarded as the most emerging trading blocks of China - Russia and USA — Japan. Write a lot about this American analysts, for example, Gilbert Rozman (Rozman Gilbert) in an article in Foreign Affairs indicates that the visible line on rapprochement of positions of Russia and China to counterbalance the U.S. position. It is useless to belittle the obvious coincidence of political interests of these countries, writes the author, suffice it to say that in both countries the events in Ukraine and in Hong Kong presents the result of U.S. actions, as well as the economic crisis of 2008, and there is a desire to go its own way of civilization development. Another analyst, Ian Bremmer argues that a planet moves in an uncertain era of G-zero, where the hegemony of the United States dies without a clear successor, and Russia and China will almost certainly form a powerful unit.
"Today, as fault lines and cooperation are the strengthening of ties between Russia and China. I think these two geopolitical centre of Russia, as the basis of the Eurasian Union, and China, as an independent geopolitical center, set the agenda not only of the forum, and at least the first half of the XXI century", said Pravda.Ru Sergey Grinyaev. Actually, the other invited to this event to participate.
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