General Director of ANO "Center for strategic assessments and forecasts" Sergey Grinyaev in an interview with Pravda.Ru commented on in the Chinese capital for the APEC summit.
— If you evaluate the APEC summit in Beijing from the point of view of geopolitics, what lineof confrontation and cooperation would you highlight?
— First of all, the summit showed that, indeed, the twenty-first century is the century of Asia. Today, the APEC summit stands equal, if not the leader with the Davos economic forum, which traditionally represents Western civilization, Western economy.
The summit is being held in a fairly complex geopolitical situation. For the first time in the history of democratic countries the Institute of applied economic sanctions against the country — a permanent member of the UN Security Council, earlier this story is not yet know.
This led to the agenda that we had and have. Today as the fault lines and cooperation are the continuation and strengthening of ties between Russia and China. I think that these two geopolitical center, Russia, as the basis of the Eurasian Union, and China, as an independent geopolitical center to set the agenda of at least the first half of the twenty-first century. What will happen next, time will tell. Again this is due to the strengthening of partnership between Russia and China and the challenges that await Europe, primarily in connection with the reorientation of Russian energy supplies to Asia.
— The TRANS-Pacific partnership as a project of the United States has exhausted itself? Why?
— I would not like to say that this project has exhausted itself completely. The fact is that now, perhaps, we are at the peak of the geopolitical struggle, and the United States, including, know perfectly well that if today they give up the slack and try to escape from a geopolitical project, then to return to it would be extremely difficult.
So today they are ready to go on preferences in relation to its partners and allies in the Pacific region. However, in my opinion, the situation in the global economy and in the world today is that the paradigm is changing, and Western culture gives way to the culture of the East. This all is determined.
Soon the tension will remain. That militarization, including the Asian and Pacific region, will be too no doubt. What contradictions between China - Japan, China, the United States and other States currently exist and will not disappear in the coming years is also definitely.
Putin suggested that the countries of APEC to participate in two Grand investment projects — the First is the TRANS-Asian transport hub, including modernization of Transsib, BAM, the construction of "dry" and conventionalport facilities, the installation of the GLONASS system and the second arrangement of the Northern sea route. How do you assess the ability of these projectsto be integratedunder the aegis of Russia, Asian countries?
Is two projects that have huge historical importance, they lie at the heart of the Eurasian project of Russia. To them I would add a third - economic and logistic hub in Crimea, which will send commodity material flows not only through the Black sea Straits (Bosporus and Dardanelles) in the Mediterranean sea and further - to the middle East and North Africa, but also provide a way for goods to the West.
In Crimea will end the great silk road, which Bert started in China, will be held on the TRANS-Siberian railway, the BAM, through the countries of Central Asia to the Crimea and on, either on the West or sea to North Africa. And of course, it's North sea route. This is the Arctic, is a direct, relatively short delivery of goods from Southeast Asia to European markets, bypassing the zone of tension off the coast of Africa, the Suez canal, the Red sea and so on.
The way North by sea is about 30 percent cheaper than the traditional route from the Japanese port of Yokohama to Amsterdam. Plus, of course, is an extreme China's interest in access to the Northern sea route, as China today invests heavily in the development of mineral deposits to Greenland and want to get iron ore and copper ore from Greenland through the Northern sea route where there are no naval forces of the United States, is able to block sea supply to China (by sea today to China postavlena in fact, 90 per cent of resources).
— These projects can be regarded as the integration under the auspices of Russia Asian countries?
— Of course, without Russia, these projects are meaningless and have no value, since the sixth part of the land, no matter how much we want control of Russia, even geographically. And the Northern sea route, the Great silk road, including the TRANS-Siberian railway, and as I said, logistic hub in Crimea.
Three of these projects, plus St. Petersburg and Arkhangelsk, North of the Arctic gates, the entrance to the Northern sea route, Vladivostok and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, the centre of the Asian, and the city of Sevastopol and the Crimea as a center for black sea—Mediterranean. These three nodes is the basis of economic power of the Eurasian Union and beginning integration, including, and Asian States together with Russia in joint projects.
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