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Perception of basic values, factors and structures of socio-historical development of Russia
Material posted: Publication date: 09-11-2022
The article analyzes the results of the study of the emotional-imaginative vision of the basic factors and structures that affect the current state of the worldview of Russian society, acting as stabilizing, unifying and motivating social vectors. The results make it possible to increase the effectiveness of developing national strategies in the field of forming a civil society based on a common understanding of basic constructive values that are as consonant with the personal worldview of a particular citizen as possible. There is also the prospect of creating a full-fledged integral "nationwide code" formed from intuitive archetypes and images that reinforce the traditional strengths of Russian society, which can be described as a hierarchical system of interrelated images and meanings. The presence of a single semantic field in which assessments and interpretations of factors affecting socio-historical self-perception and civilizational self-esteem are relevant on the basis of the basic values accepted in society is an essential condition for the development of ideological concepts that stimulate the constructive evolution of public institutions.

At the same time, the integral system of basic values in this case will consist of a set of existing and desired qualities of a person, social structures, society, the state, the country as a whole.

In fact, we are talking about a semantic "national civilizational code", which, on the one hand, is a limiter of the "spectrum of what is permissible" in a particular society, for an individual and the state, and, in general, for ideas affecting the deep perception of the role and place of a person in the state and society, on the other, reveals the directions, according to which the creation of concepts and strategies based on national values [1] related to ideological spheres can be the most effective.

The study of the "national code" is in line with the study of the problems of social identity. Researchers of social identity, starting with the founder of the theory of social identity (A. Tashfel), the concept of self-categorization by D. Turner, the school of social representations (M. Zavalloni, S. Moscovici), as well as supporters of the concept of symbolic interactionism (I. Goffman, J. Mead), propose to consider "social identity" as one of the most important levels of "I-relatedness", "Self-concept", self-categorization of personality [9]. It occupies an intermediate position between attribution to humanity and personal self-categorization.

In this context, social identity is defined as a subjectively interpreted social category in which a person is embedded and to which he feels a sense of belonging. Similar social categories can be family, class, gender, political movement, territorial community, ethnic or national group, society, country, state. Whereas social identification is "the self–determination of individuals in a socio-group space with respect to diverse communities" [8].

E. Erickson [7] emphasizes the relationship of identity and solidarity in society based on common values, considering identity as a "personal construct" that reveals the internal connection of the subject with social ideals and group standards, thereby actualizing the process of "I-categorization", forming ideas according to which we divide the world into "our own"and "strangers", those who are similar, and those who are unlike us. In political science, Francis defends similar links between identity and solidarity in his recent work Fukuyama [6].

The study of the problems of social identity focuses on two closely related areas: in one of them, the object of analysis is the content aspects of identity, in the other – mechanisms, tools and processes leading to the integration of identity content, including on the basis of symbolic "ciphers" and "codes".

Meaningfully, social identity includes, firstly, cognitive schemas, common knowledge, norms, values, symbols for group members; secondly, behavioral strategies; and, thirdly, affective identification of the agent with his community, a sense of "We", emotional connection, including pride. Identity is an "everyday plebiscite" and needs constant legitimization.

An important role in the processes of social identification is played by signification, that is, the actualization of the meanings and signs of certain social groups that have their own identity. The significance of signification lies in the fact that on its basis an individual carries out subjective hierarchization and categorization of social spaces. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account that social groups act not only as carriers of certain symbolic and semantic characteristics, but also are significant factors generating meanings in their inherent social practices.

The formation and consolidation of social identity is carried out on the basis of a number of mechanisms and processes, among which the following can be distinguished: nomination, presentation, confirmation of the "I-concept", intergroup comparison [2].

The main properties of social identification are structural egomorphism, according to which the elements of the surrounding world associated with the group are endowed with positive qualities. At the same time, identity often becomes the result of subjective reflection, within which the interpretation of the future, present and past of the individual takes place. The search for identity, which eventually leads to acts of identification, is conditioned by certain initial circumstances and has a certain goal-setting, is closely related to certain circumstances and events in the life of an individual. On the other hand, the crisis of identity, the destruction of the boundaries of identity most often occur within the framework of traumatic experiences, the destruction of the sense of the integrity of the world, self-image, the relationship of the past, present and future.

The methods of social identity research were drawn, among other things, from the works of domestic specialists in the sector of social identification and solidarity of the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences [3; 4; 5]. Methods of studying the cognitive and affective components of identity, semantic analysis also formed the basis of the design of this study.

To assess the prevalence and nature of emotionally imaginative, intuitive and rationally extensible options, an analysis of materials obtained during brainstorming sessions was carried out.

The purpose of the brainstorming sessions was to involve the participants of the event in the process of understanding the value dominants of Russian society by discussing topical ideological issues.

Tags: Russia , forecasts

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