Assessments of the results of the Glasgow summit vary greatly - some call this event a great success, others, on the contrary, a complete fiasco, while others believe that such large-scale international events are just a waste of time and money that could be spent on solving more pressing problems.
The Prime Minister of Great Britain, the host country of the summit, Boris Johnson, spoke out with his inherent claim to a global role in current world politics – according to Mr. Johnson, "in a few years the whole world will look back at the COP-26 in Glasgow as the beginning of the end of climate change." These words sound very pathetic, but in order to believe the British prime minister, you need to objectively assess the results of the climate summit, understand the positions of the participating countries before and after the meeting. And there is also a question of a higher order – why is the issue of climate change now causing such unprecedented keen interest among world leaders who are ready at the height of the coronavirus pandemic to drop all their pressing business at home and fly to a climate meeting?
In other words, with such a sharp change in economic and political orientations, uncertainty is created for many participants in the global process, since concern about climate change from the already familiar general conversations suddenly begins to acquire a fundamental character and change the usual economic structure at an accelerated pace, disrupting the established trade relations and logistics chains.
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Jennifer Morgan, Executive Director of Greenpeace International, believes that reaching an agreement on coal is a great advantage for the climate. "A signal has been sent that the era of coal is ending. And it makes a big difference," she said.
The latest historical scientific report on climate, published by the UN in August this year, calls for reducing emissions by about half by 2030, and by the middle of the century - to zero emissions in the world, in order to have at least some hope of maintaining global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Another important aspect of the negotiations is the role of rich countries in the fight against global warming.
"Russia welcomes the final decisions of the 26th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP26) in Glasgow, noting their balanced nature"
"The main achievement of COP26 was the completion of the rules for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, including rules on common time limits for nationally determined deposits, market and non-market mechanisms of Article 6 and transparency. The Russian Federation welcomes this result, which will make it possible to fully operationalize the Paris Agreement 6 years after its adoption," Edelgeriev said in his commentary.
Summing up, we can say that climate issues will increasingly influence the development of the world economy and world energy, but in all this feverish movement, it is necessary to remain calm and avoid making ill-considered decisions under pressure from partners, or out of a desire to "keep up" with global trends. The Russian position on the climate agenda should be dictated solely by national interests and have a serious scientific basis. Such work requires the consolidation of domestic scientific and economic potential.
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