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The Chinese army will make the jump solenoid
Material posted: Publication date: 09-09-2018
China is developing new types of missiles, testing launches projectiles using hypersonic were and railguns (electromagnetic guns). They will help the army of China to make a qualitative leap and the level of the arms to catch up in 2030-ies of the United States and Russia. According to the media, the idea starts using magnets rockets came up with the Chinese engineers after the armed clashes between China and India border area in the Bhutan — Tibet plateau.

Working in an unnamed Beijing Institute associated with ground forces of the people's liberation army (PLA), engineer Han Tsungli gave an interview to the magazine "Cacti's daily", which described a novel system of electromagnetic missile launch is working at his Institute. Traditionally missiles fly through the combustion of liquid or solid fuels in their tail. Han Tsungli suggested to use for launching electromagnetic rails where the projectile would have received a huge initial acceleration by means of electric discharge.

The combination of traditional fuel and electromagnetic acceleration, will allow, according to the scientist, to a serious increase in range of the launch. The idea came to him in early 2017, when he watched a certain unnamed "incident in the area of the Tibetan plateau". Then there was an armed clash between Chinese and Indian units in the area Dolam, where the borders of China, India and Bhutan. The conflict began plans to build China roads through the disputed territory, which was claimed by both Beijing and small Alpine monarchy. After analyzing the incident, the scientist came to the conclusion that this area is too great to keep her under the gun with a conventional rocket artillery (for example, the Chinese PHL03 complexes).

"The Tibetan plateau occupies 26% of the territory of China, and the use of electromagnetic launch will allow you to control the whole of this area from a small number of points",— quotes the edition of the scientist. He and his colleagues have already gathered information on the altitude of 4 thousand meters, to better tailor the rocket to the conditions of the rarefied atmosphere and extreme cold of winter. Performance characteristics of the rocket were not disclosed, but the principles on which it is based has already been used: railguns are being developed since the 1970s years in the United States. At the moment the closest to the real introduction came the American Navy, whose ship DDG-1000 Zumwalt can carry power generating capacity, enough to power this weapon. In China in February began testing its own EMF (installed on large landing ship Type 072III Haiyangshan).

In early August, China conducted a successful test of a new supersonic aircraft Xingkong 2 ("Starry sky-2") — the so-called supersonic manolete. To create a lifting force, the device uses the shock wave resulting from high speed flight. This allowed the device to the test to maintain a speed of 5.5 Mach for more than 6.5 minutes at peak times to reach Mach 6 (six times the speed of sound, 7344 km/h).

Camera in orbit with upper stage, then he separated and started a free flight. Scientists from the Chinese Academy of Aerospace aerodynamics reported that the aircraft managed to return to the atmosphere and to stabilize the landing. Beijing military analyst Zhou Chenming comments to the newspaper South China Morning Post said that the device can be used to launch missiles, and its high speed will give them the acceleration that is sufficient to overcome any PRO: "most Likely, the machine is adapted to carry conventional and not nuclear missiles. However, it will take at least another three to five years."

Missile troops occupy an important place in the military strategy of the PRC. 31 Dec 2015 they were raised in status with the army to an independent branch of the PLA along with the infantry, Navy and air force. Their main task, according to the doctrinal documents is the "strategic deterrence" in the case of nuclear missiles and "the application of precision strikes against enemy targets" in the case of non-nuclear missiles. In General, the head of state set a task to modernize the army in 2035 and make the PRC the world's leading military power by 2050.

As reported by “Kommersant” senior researcher, Institute of far Eastern studies of RAS Vasily Kashin, development, rather, are part of a secret military program 995. "It was adopted in may 1999 in response to the NATO bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade,— he explained.— Assumes the accelerated development of military technology in key areas, including rocket and improvement of aircraft".

Recall that in Russia also are developing weapons based on new physical principles. They include a hypersonic missile complex "Dagger" and hypersonic block "Avangard", capable of speeds of 4-5 and up to 20 sweeps, respectively. The first project is a modernization of missiles 9M723 (included in operational-tactical complex "Iskander"), adapted for launches from MiG-31 (complex carries experimental combat duty in the southern military district). The second, in turn, completed the test cycle, the results of which PO "Strela" (Orenburg) signed the serial contract. This unit will run with a heavy liquid ICBM RS-28 "Sarmat" or liquid UR-100УТТХ in 2020.

Michael Korotkov, Ivan Safronov


Source: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3725463


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