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Chechen scenario in China?
Material posted: Publication date: 01-11-2013

The Chinese government has officially designated an accident on Tiananmen square in Central Beijing as the bombing of the Uighur Islamic radicals. According to the authorities, people who were in the car were suicide bombers. Previously, the government announced a search of two ethnic Uighur from the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous region.

The accident occurred on October 28 in downtown Beijing. The cars and the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous region (XUAR) crashed into a crowd of people. As a result five people died, including three who were in the car. In addition, at least 38 people were injured.

According to a Hong Kong-based Information center for human rights and democracy, one of the people in the car row was a relative of a person who died during the bloody clashes between Uighurs, Han Chinese migrants and Chinese police in Xinjiang in June this year.

The June clashes were the bloodiest since 2009, when Xinjiang's capital, Urumqi, in clashes killed nearly 200 people, and the number of injured reached two thousand. Xinjiang in the Western press is sometimes called a "Chinese Chechnya," drawing an analogy between the fierce resistance of the indigenous Muslim population of the region and the North Caucasian separatism. Half the population of the region — Chinese, as many representatives of the Turkic peoples of the Muslim religion (42% Uighurs, 6,% Kazakhs, one percent of Kyrgyz and Tajiks).

In ancient times, Eastern Turkestan was a powerful state, which had a huge impact not only on Central Asia but also on China. In 1759 the Chinese troops conquered the region and named it Xinjiang (in Russian-"the New frontier").

Since the inclusion of their land in China Uyghurs have risen over four times. In 1944, the Uighurs even managed (with Soviet assistance) to take control of the Western part of Xinjiang and to declare the Eastern Turkestan Republic. But it lasted only until 1949: Joseph Stalin decided not to annoy those who came to power in China Communists. The current tragedy in Tiananmen square (the same "Holy" place for China, as the Red square for Russia) – the first terrorist act Uyghur separatists outside of Xinjiang. And here again are seen direct Parallels with the Northern Caucasus. So, at first, the Chechen separatists fought only in the territory of the Republic, and then decided to change tactics, to make "the war has come to every Russian home."

And North Caucasus and Uyghur separatists see their struggle not as a national but as a religious (exemption from the rule of infidels), so act as a United front. The Uighurs fought on the side of the separatists in Chechnya, and today the fighting side by side with their "Caucasian brothers" in Syria and Afghanistan.

In fairness it should be noted that, most likely, the separatist movement in China will not reach the same power as in the Russian Federation. Against the separatists operate as a relatively low number of Uighurs in China, and tougher and more effective in comparison with Russia, the work of Chinese law enforcement agencies.

In any case, the precedent migration "hostilities" outside the rebellious autonomy has been established and this symptom is very disturbing for the authorities of the celestial Empire.

Igor Rotar


Tags: assessment , China

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