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Podnebesny counterfeit. China continues to develop military technology for its traditional ways
Material posted: Publication date: 10-11-2015
The Federal District Court for the Southern District of Florida in Fort Lauderdale considers the case of US citizen and a citizen of China, accused of trying to buy China and transfer the samples of American engines and UAVs. This is not the first time that the country was suspected of "reverse engineering." "To Lenta.ru" I tried to understand the charges and the court to trace a long way up the Chinese foreign technology.

The citizen of the USA Vensja "Vensi Man (Wenxia«Wency»Man) and the citizen of China Chzhan Sinshen (Zhang Xinsheng) are accused of attempt of purchase with the subsequent export to China BPLA MQ-9 Reaper of company General Atomics, aviation engine F135 of company Pratt and Whitney for fighter F-35, engine F119 of the same firm for F-22 and engine F110 of company General Electric for fighters F-15 and F-16. According to preliminary data, criminals collected to provide their export through Hong Kong, Israel or South Korea. In realisation of criminal plans by suspect the agent of the American special services working under cover within the limits of operation, begun in 2011 has prevented.

Court charges are based that the given equipment is forbidden to export according to Rules of international trade operating in the USA by the weapon (International Traffic in Arms Regulations) which regulate export and import of production of military and double appointment.

Vensja Man was born in China and has obtained citizenship of the USA only in 2006. She is a vice-president of the family firm specialising on manufacturing of the newest capacitors for the subsequent export. Her have arrested on September, 1st, 2015, and now it is in Broward County Main Jail. The second accused on the given case, Chzhan Sinshen, according to the authorities, - the official agent on purchase of the military equipment for the government of China. Man has described podelnika as «the technological spy buying the information at Russia and other countries that China could receive modern technologies, without being engaged in own researches». At present accused, wanted, stays in the homeland where he, naturally, is not arrested till now.

Habitual history

The described case testifies about all to the same problem of the Chinese engineering school: the defenᥠindustry of China develops by the way of loan of another's technologies by means of either larceny, or copying of licence products.

So, for example, Chineses already it is a lot of decades successively actively copy the Soviet and Russian aviation technologies. The history of the Russian-Chinese military cooperation has begun even before war, and from the end 1940 and prior to the beginning of 1960 USSR actually has on a turn-key basis constructed modern war industry of China. In the Peoples Republic of China actively made technics of the Soviet working out, and this manufacture has not stopped, even when relations of the USSR and the Peoples Republic of China in the sixties have definitively deteriorated also official military-technical cooperation of two countries has been curtailed.

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Bomber H-6, photo: Li Pang

China made and whenever possible developed samples of the Russian arms of all kinds - small arms, mortars, artillery systems, armour fighting vehicles, including tanks, air defence systems and even flying machines up to distant bombers-missile carriers of Tu-16 which under index H-6, having taken place deep modernisation, make a basis of distant aircraft of China and today.

And all Soviet technics reproduced by Chineses was actively exported - or to the Third World countries, not having financial possibility to get the Russian arms, or in the countries which could not buy the weapon from the USSR or the West for the political reasons (Albania, Kampuchea of times Pol Pot and others). This weapon was applied including against the USSR. For example, 90 percent of small arms and the mortars used dushmanami during the conflict in Afghanistan, have been made in the Peoples Republic of China.

Copying of the Russian weapon by Chineses has proceeded and after normalisation of relations between Moscow and Beijing. In 2009 it became known about failure of the planned transaction on delivery to China the Russian deck fighters Su-33. The Chinese party intended to buy from Russia from 30 to 50 fighters for equipment of perspective aircraft carriers of the Chinese construction. And then speech has gone about purchase only 14 cars provided that two of them will be put «for acquaintance». The reason of failure of the contract named possibility of piracy copying China the Russian fighter. Against that the Peoples Republic of China has already obviously copied Su-27, letting out it with own engine and the equipment under index J-11, similar succession of events with Su-33 seemed rather probable and at all did not arrange the Russian side.

As a result of the Peoples Republic of China has got the copy of skilled car Su-27K written off and unsuitable to flights (future Su-33) in Ukraine where that after disintegration of the USSR remained among other property of a land ispytatelno-training complex of deck aircraft (THREAD). Obviously, Chinese engineers have managed, possessing experience of reproduction of Su-27, to copy and technical decisions of its deck version.

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Fighter J-15, photo: Zha Chunming / XInhua / AP

All it is capable to cause to the Russian exporters of the weapon a serious damage - Chinese СУ-27, let even conceding on technical characteristics to the original, but cheaper, can interest many countries.

New cycle

In February, 2011 the director of the Russian Federal Agency for military-technical cooperation Michael Dmitrys has declared that signed in 2008 with China the special agreement in the area of the Ministry of Justice has not solved a problem with illegal copying of the Russian and Soviet military technology. In post-war years when the USSR delivered in the Peoples Republic of China the whole lines on manufacture of those or other products, it was not required signings of any papers. Position becomes complicated that, copying the Russian defenᥠproduction, China made to it own changes.

Certainly, that the copy did not concede to the original, it is necessary to create it according to the engineering specifications, the production technology and with application of those materials which have been provided by designers. Besides, it is the extremely important to provide quality of assemblage of the plane and its further operation. In this direction the Chinese engineers dvizhutsja to the touch. And still the way of "backspacing-engineering" elected by China, can help to reduce to the country backlog in military sphere from forward powers. Besides at increasing rates of development of the Chinese industry it is impossible to exclude and possibilities of formation of own school of working out and technics perfection.

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MQ-9 Reaper, a photo: Brian Ferguson / U.S. Air Force / Global Look

Today the basic hopes of the Peoples Republic of China in aviation sphere are connected with creation of military-transport plane Y-20, which, though and obviously borrows a number of foreign decisions, and also (in the skilled version) uses the Russian engines D-30KP, nevertheless is not an instantaneous play-back of another's prototype. Pre-production models of the Chinese fighters of fifth generation J-20 and J-31 - also much more independent product, rather than their predecessors. The same concerns also Chinese BPLA: besides obviously and obviously borrowed designs, in the Peoples Republic of China there are the workings out departing from direct copying of prototypes.

One more experience such - created in the Peoples Republic of China in the late eighties front bomber JH-7 which it is possible to name a fruit of own creativity on motives of the peeped European, Soviet and American decisions. JH-7 does not concern especially successful cars though draws duty in the Air Forces of People's liberation army of China. The history of its followers only begins.

Anzhelika Sarbasheva


Source: <http://lenta.ru/articles/2015/10/29/reverseengineering/>


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