The press office of China's state Council published its White paper, "Policy and practice of religious freedom in China." The following is the full text of this document.
China is a socialist state under the leadership of the Communist party of China /CPC/. Based on the real situation and religious reality in the country, China consistently pursues a policy of ensuring freedom of conscience and religion, guarantees the right of citizens to freedom of religion, creates a healthy and positive religious attitude, maintaining religious and social harmony. After the eighteenth national Congress of the CPC, under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee, the core of which is comrade XI Jinping, China comprehensively promotes the idea of governing the country in accordance with the law, includes the religious work in the state administration system, on the basis of the law regulates public relations connected with religion, and thereby continuously improve the level of management of religious activities on the basis of the law. Believers and unbelievers, citizens respect each other, live in good harmony, actively participate in the reform and opening up and socialist modernization, and together contributing to the realization of the Chinese dream of the great revival of the Chinese nation.
I. Basic policy on freedom of religion
China pursues a policy of freedom of conscience and religion, control the religious activities on the basis of the law, and in accordance with the principle of independence and autonomy actively promoting the fact that religion meet the standards of socialist society, in order to unite believers and non-believers citizens.
The government pursues a policy of freedom of conscience and religion. In the centre of the major policies of the CCP and the Chinese government toward religion is respect and freedom of conscience and religion. Every citizen has the right to profess or not to profess religious beliefs; the right to profess any religion or a branch of any religion; the right not to practice a religion in the past and have religious beliefs in the present, and Vice versa, has the right to have religious beliefs in the past and abandon them in the present time period. All citizens, both believers and unbelievers, have the same political, economic, social and cultural rights. Different choices of citizens in the field of religion does not lead to inequality in a particular area. The state shall respect the right of citizens to freedom of religion and guarantee normal religious activities. Using the right to freedom of religion, a citizen at the same time has no right to violate the legitimate rights of other citizens, be forced to receive religious education, to discriminate against non-Christian citizens or citizens who profess other religious beliefs or to violate the legitimate rights and interests of other citizens under the pretext of religion. Freedom of religion should be implemented with due respect for public order, public morals, cultural traditions, social ethics and morality.
Managing religious Affairs in accordance with the law. The state equally and fairly applies to all religions, not resorted to by the Executive, to develop or prohibit any religion. No religion can take overriding position in the legal system, superior to other religions. State in accordance with the law, manages religious Affairs connected with state, public and public interest, but does not interfere in the internal Affairs of religions. The state protects according to law the right of citizens to freedom of religion, guarantee the normal conduct of religious activities and ensuring the legitimate interests of religious circles, prohibits the illegal religious activities, prohibit the propaganda of extremism and extremist activity under the pretext of religion, prevents the penetration of foreign influence under the pretext of religion and fights crime under the pretext of religion. Religious citizens must observe the Constitution, laws, relevant rules and regulations. Religious activities must be carried out within the framework of state laws, with no interference with the exercise of government functions such as administration, justice, education, etc., you Cannot restore the previously abolished religious feudal privileges. Not under the pretext of religion to do things that harm social stability, national solidarity and national security.
Adherence to the principles of independence and autonomy. Religious organizations and religious Affairs must not be subjected to foreign influence. This principle is enshrined in the Constitution of the PRC. The Chinese government in accordance with the Constitution and laws supports to various religions adhered to the principle of independence and autonomy, and religious organizations, clergy and believers themselves were engaged in religious Affairs. The principle of the independence and autonomy of an independent historic choice of the faithful citizens of China in the struggle for national independence and social progress, given the shameful history, when Catholicism and Protestantism for a long time was under the control of and used for their purposes colonialists and imperialists, and was considered a "foreign religion." This principle is consistent with the past history when the Chinese people strived for national independence and people's liberation, and also meets the requirements of modern time, but rather contributes to the realization of China dream of the great revival of the Chinese nation. Through this principle of religious image of China has changed completely and now enjoys a common understanding, respect and support from the friendly international religious circles. Upholding the principle of independence and autonomy does not mean the gap of normal relations between Chinese and foreign religious organizations. The Chinese government strongly supports and encourages that different religions on the basis of independence, equality, friendship and mutual respect, conducted external contacts, as well as created, developed and strengthened friendly relations with foreign religious organizations in order to strengthen mutual trust, and getting rid of misunderstandings and to demonstrate a favorable appearance. The Chinese government is strongly opposed to organizations and persons abroad, under the pretext of religion were engaged in actions that violate the Constitution, laws, regulations and policies of China, took possession of a Chinese religious organization to interfere in the internal religious Affairs of China and tried to overthrow the government and socialist system of China, and to prevent such incidents in accordance with the law.
Active contribution that religion meet the standards of socialist society. Active contribution that religion meet the standards of a socialist society means that we need to teach believers that they loved their country and the people, guarding the unity of the country and the cohesion of the Chinese nation, obeyed and served the higher interests of the state and the common interests of the Chinese nation. In addition, this means that you need the right way to direct the religious circles to support the leadership of the CPC and the socialist system, firmly followed the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, continued the policy of kitasato religions, actively put into practice core values of socialism, spread the outstanding traditional Chinese culture, carefully combined religious dogmas and regulations with a brilliant traditional Chinese culture, comply with state laws and regulations, consciously taking control of the state in accordance with the law.
II. Constitutional and legal guarantees of freedom of religion
Constantly improving the legal system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, continuously improve the level of legalization in order to promote the right to freedom of religion. Managing religious Affairs by the government is becoming more streamlined and the protection of the legitimate rights of religious citizens is more comprehensive.
The Constitution of China guarantees freedom of religion. In the 36th article of the Constitution of China says: "citizens of the people's Republic of China have the right to freedom of religion". The Constitution also States: "the State guarantees the right to a normal religious activities", "No state organs, public organizations or individuals have no right to force people to profess any religion or to abandon the faith, and have no right to discriminate against citizens on religious grounds", "Nobody has the right to use religion to disrupt public order, harm the health of citizens and hamper the activities undertaken by the state within educational systems, Religious organizations and religions are not subject to foreign religious organizations." All it is is a constitutional basis for the state in the field of the right to freedom of religion, manage religious Affairs in accordance with the law and create a healthy and positive religious relationships.
The right to freedom of conscience and religion guaranteed by the basic law. "The criminal code of the PRC", "PRC Law on state security", "PRC Law on combating terrorism", etc. contain the appropriate rules and regulations to protect the rights of citizens to freedom of religion. "PRC law on elections in the NPC and local PCs at all levels", "PRC Law on organization of people's courts,""Law of the PRC on organization of people's procuratorates", "PRC Law on the organization of urban house committees", "PRC Law on organization of villagers 'committees", "the code of Criminal procedure of the PRC", "PRC Law on education", "law of the PRC on labor", "Law of China on employment promotion", "PRC Law on trade unions" and other laws also enforce the principle of protection of the right concerned. They have the right to elect and be elected to the SNP at all levels and grass-roots self-governing mass organizations, equality before the law, right to education, equality in employment, the right to an independent choice of profession, the right to enter trade unions and to organize trade unions in accordance with the law regardless of religion and the right not to be discriminated against because of religion. In the "PRC Law on national regional autonomy" says that the authorities of the Autonomous region shall guarantee the right of citizens to freedom of religion. In the "Law of the PRC on the protection of minors" States that according to the law, all minors, regardless of religion, have an equal right to exist, the right to development, the right to be under the protection, right to participation, right to education etc. In the "PRC Law on advertising" says that the ads must not have contents that discriminate against people for religious reasons. According to the "Criminal code of the PRC", in the presence of aggravating circumstances necessary to prosecute public officials who illegally deprive citizens ' right to freedom of religion. In "Civil code of China" says that the place of religious activities, created in accordance with the law, at observance of conditions of a legal person may apply for registration of a legal entity and to obtain the status of legal entities established for charitable purposes.
Administrative legislation for religious Affairs becomes more perfect. The corrected "Regulations on religious Affairs", published in September 2017, secured guarantees of the right of citizens to freedom of religion and the legitimate rights of religious circles, and in accordance with the law ordered the government to control religions and has enriched the contents to ensure state security and social harmony. The Regulations the rights and obligations of religious organizations, venues for religious activities and religious citizens in such areas as the establishment of venues for religious activities, conduct religious activities, open religious educational institutions applying for the status of a legal person, publication and issue of printed products, the adoption of religious endowments, the management of the property for religious purposes, conducting of charity and foreign exchanges. The Provisions clearly stipulates that to curb the process of commercialization of religions in the document is added to the content of information services on the Internet related to religion. However, local people's governments at all levels must provide public services to religious organizations, religious schools and places for religious activities, to include construction of places of religious activities in the General program of land use planning and urban and rural construction. No organizations and individuals are not entitled to inflame tensions and conflicts between believers and non-believers citizens. In print and on the Internet it is impossible to publish materials that discriminate against believers or non-citizens.
Religious activities of foreigners in China is guaranteed by law. In the "regulations on the management of religious activities of foreigners in China" emphasized that the Chinese government respects the freedom of religion of foreigners on the territory of the PRC, and facilitates friendly exchanges and scientific-cultural interaction of aliens with the religious circles of China in the field of religion. Foreigners staying on the territory of the PRC are entitled to participate in the religious activities in places for religious activities, like Buddhist temples, Taoist monasteries, mosques and churches. At the invitation of religious organizations levels of province, Autonomous region and city under the Central government, the foreigners can preach and counsel in venues of religious activities; they may also be used in areas allowed by the office of religious Affairs of the people's government of County and higher levels, to carry out religious activity with the participation of foreigners, to invite Chinese priests for the ceremonies of baptism, weddings, funerals, Puja and other religious rites, entering Chinese territory may carry allowed by law, religious printed materials, audio and video products and other religious objects. The Regulation also States that foreigners engaged in religious activities in China must comply with laws and regulations of the PRC. Foreigners and foreign organizations shall not be entitled to create in China a religious organization, open administrative structures, and premises for holding religious activities, establish religious schools and institutions that voluntarily accept foreign students. In addition, they also must educate the followers among Chinese citizens, appoint clergy or undertake any other missionary activity. In the "Law on management of foreign non-governmental organizations /NGOs/ in China" says that foreign NGOs can not engage in illegal religious activities or to Fund religious activities in China.
According to the law to deal with religious extremist forces and terrorist activities. In the "PRC Law on the fight against terrorism" says that the state objected to extremist activities in any form, which by distortion of religious ideology or any other means incites hatred, discrimination or violence, and forbids all sorts of discrimination based on parochial, ethnic and religious beliefs. In accordance with the "Regulations on religious Affairs", it is impossible to promote, support and Finance religious extremism, you can't use religion to disrupt national unity, and engage in separatist and terrorist activities. The government is taking measures to contain the spread of religious extremism, but at the same time, pays special attention to ensure that they are not linked to violent and terrorist acts and religious extremism of a certain nationality or religion.
III. Orderly conduct of religious activities
China is a country with such religious movements as Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism and Protestantism. There are nearly 200 million believers and more than 380 thousand religious leaders. Buddhists and followers of Taoism quite a lot; due to the fact that ordinary believers do not go through strict procedures for the adoption of faith, the exact number of believers is difficult to calculate. In China approximately 222 thousand Buddhist priests and more than 40 thousand of Taoist priests. More than 20 million Muslims from 10 national minorities represent over 57 thousand of the clergy; about 6 million Catholics account for about 8 thousand of the clergy; more than 38 million Protestants - about 57 thousand of the clergy. Moreover, in China there are also many folk beliefs, which are intertwined with the traditional local culture, customs and traditions, and at relevant events attended by many people. In China, about 5,500 religious organizations, including 7 obschekitayskom of religious organizations, namely the Buddhist Association of China, Taoist Association of China Islamic Association, China Catholic Patriotic Association of China, Chinese Catholic bishops College, the national Committee of the Patriotic movement "Trinity" of the Protestant Church in China and Chinese Christian society.
A considerable improvement in the conduct of religious activities. China in accordance with the law carries out registration of the places where believers deploy the collective religious activities, and takes them under legal protection to religious activities took place normally and orderly. Currently, in accordance with the law was 144 thousand religious sites: this is about 33.5 thousand Buddhist monasteries, including more than 28 thousand monasteries of Chinese Buddhism, more than 3,800 monasteries of Tibetan Buddhism and more than 1,700 monasteries of Buddhism of the southern school. In addition, there are more than 9,000 Taoist temples and more than 35 thousand mosques; 98 Catholic parishes, more than 6,000 churches and places of collection; approximately 60 thousand Protestant churches and places of Assembly. Against religious organizations and facilities there is a single state tax system; they pay taxes and enjoy tax privileges in accordance with defined provisions. The water supply system, electricity supply, gas supply, heating, roads, communications, radio and television broadcasting, medical services and other public services cover all religious objects.
The publication of religious literature and books. The publication and distribution of religious literature in different languages and in different versions, printed materials, audio and video products and e-books explaining and commenting on religious dogma and the installation meets the various needs of the believing citizens of different nationalities. It was published "Tripitaka", "Taoist Canon", "the Complete collection of the treatises of Lao Tzu" and other extensive ancient religious literature. Printed traditional monastic courts in Tibet have been preserved and developed. Currently there are 60 traditional print yards, including a printing house in the Potala Palace, where the annual print 63 thousand different sutras. Was translated and published the Quran and other canonical books of Islam in Chinese, Uighur, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, and other languages, and published and distributed the books of the new doctrine of "al-mawaz", etc. the Circulation of these publications amounted to more than 1.76 million copies. China has printed more than 160 million copies of the Bible in more than 100 languages for over 100 countries and regions in the world, approximately 80 million copies of Chinese religious communities. For China, the Bible is published in Chinese and 11 national minority languages and in Braille. Many religious organizations and places of service have their own websites on the Internet. For example, the Islamic Association of China has opened a website in Chinese and Uighur languages.
Improvement of the system of religious education. By September 2017, China had 91 religious educational institution approved by the State administration for religious Affairs of China. Among them, 41 Buddhist school, 10 Taoist schools, and 10 Islamic schools, 9 Catholic schools and 21 Protestant school. The country has 6 national religious educational institutions is the Institute of Chinese Buddhism, Higher school of Tibetan Buddhism, Chinese Taoist College and the Chinese Islamic Institute, the Chinese Catholic Seminary and the Nanjing theological Seminary "Concord". Currently, in the religious educational institutions in China are 10 thousand students. The number of graduates for previous years amounted to 47 thousand people.
Improvement of social welfare Ministers of religious worship. In 2010 was published "Considerations regarding proper settlement of the question of social welfare Ministers of religious worship," and in 2011 "Notice on further settlement of the question of social welfare Ministers of religious worship", which included Ministers of religious worship in the social security system. At the end of 2013, 96.5 percent. Ministers of religious worship participated in the health insurance system, to 89.6 percent. Ministers of religious worship participated in the pension insurance system. The system of minimum subsistence level covers all those who meet relevant requirements. In General, the majority of religious humans covered by the social insurance system.
Orderly conduct of religious activities of religious citizens. Believers in religious activities and in their homes in accordance with the religious customs carry out normal religious activities such as worship, fasting, the worship of the Buddha, prayer, instruction, preaching, reading of sutras, lighting of incense, the mass, baptism, acceptance of the vow, the last rites, remembrance, celebration of a religious holiday, etc. Such actions are protected by law, and no organizations or individuals may not intervene. In the monasteries of Tibetan Buddhism in the normal mode are such traditional religious activities as the study of the sutras, debates, making a vow, the ceremony of baptism in the Buddhist faiths and acceptance of monasticism as well as the ceremony of certification and academic degrees among the monks. On the main religious holidays in accordance with the customs organises various religious activities. The customs and habits of Muslims in the areas of food, clothing, celebrations, weddings, funerals etc. are respected in China. Every year, the Islamic organization of China is organizing a pilgrimage of Muslims to Saudi Arabia. Since 2007, more than 10 thousand Muslims annually make the pilgrimage.
Correction of acts that violate the normal order in the religious sphere. Since 2012, the relevant departments according to "Reasons for settlement of issues relating to the management of Buddhist monasteries and Taoist temples" carried out a joint inspection and eliminate the phenomenon of disorder, including the registration of religious sites on the stock exchange and taking "contracts" for religious objects. In 2017, the State administration for religious Affairs of China and other 11 departments have developed and published "Some considerations concerning the further settlement of the problem of the commercialization of Buddhism and Taoism". In accordance with this document prohibit the penetration of commercial capital on religious property, extortion of money under the pretext of religion and all other relevant actions that violate the normal order of religious activities. The relevant departments enhancing control over religious Affairs on the Internet, promptly remove the unlawful information connected with religion, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of religious circles.
IV. The full manifestation of the role of religious circles
China is promoting the fact that all religions evolved in step with the times, conform to the norms of socialist society and has contributed in promoting economic development, create a harmonious society, prosperity of culture, strengthen national solidarity and reunification.
Religions in China are trying to explain the religious doctrines and installation in accordance with the realities of the country and the demands of the time. In the process of development of the religion of China acquired the following feature: they have become part of the brilliant traditional culture of China and adapted to the real requirements of social development. Chinese religious circles, firmly adhering to a course of sinicization of religions, brought to life the main value ideas of socialism, spreading the best traditions of the Chinese nation, and are always in active search of religious ideas, relevant to Chinese realities. Keeping the basic faith, basic tenets and ritual system, Buddhist and Taoist circles give sermons explaining the classical treatises of Islamic circles work on the interpretation of the Koran and associated texts, the Catholic circles to promote "democratization of the Church", and Protestant circles spread theological ideas, trying to explain religious doctrine and tenets, in accordance with the realities of the country and the requirements of the era. Buddhist circles, combining patriotism with a love for Buddhism and pay attention to actual issues in real life and preaching Buddhism in order to blagodetelevoy of all living entities, public charity and cultural exchange. Taoist circles in turn are making efforts to disseminate and develop such attitudes as respect for the law of the Tao and reverence virtue, "de" doctrine of nature "Tao", the preservation of simplicity and following your own nature, and to promote the continuation and propagation of the best traditions and culture of China. Islamic circles, paying great attention to the explanation of such ideas the doctrine, the ideas of patriotism, peace, solidarity and inclusiveness play an active role in the establishment of the correct belief, recognition of truth and lies, the anti-secession and resistance to religious extremism. Catholic circles are actively promoting the localization of the Church and rely on the principle of "democratization of the Church" in running the Affairs of the Church and resolving important issues. Protestant circles, eating the fruit of outstanding Chinese culture, promote mutual respect and harmonious coexistence between Christians and believers of other religions and strive to ensure that Protestantism is better integrated into modern Chinese society.
Active participation in charitable activities. Since 2012, the religious community annually "Week of religious charity" in accordance with "Considerations on the promotion and regulation of charitable activities undertaken by religious communities"; the total amount of donations has exceeded 1 billion yuan. So, they prayed for the victims of Wenchangge earthquakes and other major disasters; help Sandu-Shuisky Autonomous County Prov. Guizhou to eliminate poverty; provide financial assistance to the poor students; provide funding for medical institutions to those carried out free reception of patients, financially help the poor in getting medical care, carry out various activities to provide assistance to the elderly and disabled, create nursing homes and rehabilitation centers for the disabled. According to preliminary calculations, the Chinese religious circles have created more than 400 nursing homes /about 29 thousand beds/. Proclaiming the ideas of "green" development and protection of the environment, Buddhist and Taoist circles trying to spread among the faithful the idea of "civilized kindling the incense" and "reasonable release captured birds and fish", and strive to create "environmentally-friendly" churches and monasteries.
A conscious counteraction to extremism. In the face of challenges of religious extremism to the very foundations of human civilization, the religious community clearly stated their rejection of extremism, and now they strongly oppose all sorts of violent and terrorist and national-separatist activities under the cover of religion and diligently encourage correct belief and correct acts. In January 2013 mentors of the highest rank, experts and scholars of Chinese Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism and Buddhism of the southern school held a conference, calling on all Buddhists to take an active role, to preach among the masses of the proper Buddhist approach to life and to speak out against such extremist actions as the implementation of self-immolation and instigating others to self-immolation, as this is contrary to the teachings and precepts of Buddhism. In may 2014, the Islamic Association of China issued a call "to Firmly uphold the doctrine of the median and stay away from extremism."
All known representatives of Islamic circles so jointly condemned violent and terrorist activities. In July 2016, the China Association for religious and cultural exchange in collaboration with the Islamic Association of China held in Urumqi international conference on the middle doctrine in Islam is to proclaim the idea of the median of the doctrine and speak out against extremism. In December 2017 the national religious organizations of China jointly launched an initiative calling on religious circles to enhance their ability to recognize heretical teachings, their prevention and suppression in order to maintain social harmony and stability.
V. Healthy and positive relationships
China appropriately governs the relationship between the CPC and the government, on the one hand, and religion on the other, and between society and religion, between different religions in the country, Chinese religions and foreign religions, believers and non-believers citizens, allowing the corresponding relations in the country are developing in a healthy and positive way.
The relationship between the CCP, government and religious circles can be called harmonious and friendly. The CPC, adhering to the principle of "strengthening cohesion and cooperation in the field of politics and mutual respect in faith," relations with religious communities and constantly reinforces the Patriotic United front with the religious circles. Currently, around 20 thousand figures from religious circles occupied the posts of deputies of people's congresses and members of political consultative councils at various levels, actively participating in government through a discussion of state Affairs and exercising democratic supervision. Since 1991, the leaders of the CCP and the state annually present at the meeting, responsible persons of religious organizations on the eve of the Spring festival and listen to their opinions and suggestions. Across the country, a mechanism was established friendly relations of party and government leading cadres with religious leaders aimed at deepening mutual understanding and strengthening friendship between them.
The public peace belongs to religion. For over 2,000 years in China spread Buddhism, Islam, Catholicism and Protestantism, but the country has almost never happened conflicts and clashes against the background of religion. The state and society from the standpoint of openness refers to different religions and diverse folk beliefs; religious freedom and the diversity of people's beliefs are due respect. Different religions, inheriting and continuing the tradition of sinicization and adaptation to local realities, and actively adapt to the needs of society, developing the best traditions of love of country and love of religion, unity and progress, service to society, harmony and inclusiveness, consciously protect state and public interests, public order and good morals, and take on social responsibilities. In 2016, the religious circles of China across the country held prayer events in honor of the 71 th anniversary of the victory in the war of Resistance of the Chinese people against Japanese aggression and the 2nd world war, urging all forces to protect national solidarity, stability and peace in the world.
Different religions actively deploy exchange and dialogue. In the process the history of different religions in China were intertwined with each other and borrowed from each other, becoming an integral part of the brilliant traditional culture of China. In the modern era of different religions respect each other, learn from each other and conduct exchanges and dialogue, creating a new environment "the five religions enjoy the glory and harmony". In addition, the national people's Congress and local religious organizations have established a mechanism of joint meetings. They advise on matters relating to religious relationships, improving the model of dialogue between religions with Chinese characteristics and deepen mutual understanding and friendship.
Widely deployed international exchanges in the religious sphere. On the basis of independence, equality and friendship and mutual respect, the Chinese religious circles maintain friendly relations with religious organizations of more than 80 countries. They take an active part in international conferences on culture, faith and religion, in the events organized by the world Council of churches, the world fellowship of Buddhists, world Islamic League, the world conference of religions for peace and other international organizations, as well as attend the sessions of the UN Council on human rights and many bilateral and multilateral dialogues on human rights. Moreover, the Chinese religious circles, actively responding to the initiative of the "Belt and road", promote the rapprochement of peoples and intermingling of cultures. Buddhist circles four times held the international forum of Buddhist and Taoist circles, the international Taoist forum. Now these two forums have become important platforms for exchanges between Chinese and foreign Buddhist and Taoist circles. The Islamic Association of China in 2012 and 2014 was conducted by Islamic cultural events in Turkey and Malaysia. Chinese and American Christian Church in 2013 was held the 2nd forum of Chinese and American Christian leaders in Shanghai, and in 2017 - seminar "Staff of the Chinese churches" in the United States. In 2016, the Islamic Association of China, Chinese Christian society, the Catholic Patriotic Association of China and Chinese Catholic bishops ' College in conjunction with the German Protestant Union held in Germany, "Religious dialogue between China and Germany - peace and sharing". After the start of the policy of reform and opening up, Chinese religious organizations have sent more than 1000 people to study abroad.
Believers and unbelievers, citizens live in peace and harmony. Non-religious citizens respect the religious beliefs of the faithful, not diskriminerad and not alienate them, and believers, in turn, respect the appropriate choice of non-believers. In places where the majority of citizens are not believers, the legitimate rights of the minority religious citizens are respected and protected; in places where the majority of citizens are religious, the legal rights of the minority non-Christian citizens are respected and protected.
Religion is an integral an organic component of human civilization. Freedom of religion, the proper regulation of religious relations, the promotion of religion adapted to the modern era, and combating religious extremism is a common problem facing all countries of the world. China in accordance with changes in the development of religions and religious realities of work, considering both positive and negative experiences in the country and abroad, have found a successful way of protection of the right to freedom of religion on the basis of law, promote the harmonious development of religious relations and to identify the active role of religious circles. The report delivered by General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee XI Jinping at the XIX Congress of the CPC, said: "Fully implementing the basic policy of the Party in the field of religious work, must adhere to the policy of sinicization of religions and actively promote the adaptation of religions to the needs of socialist society." The Chinese government respects and protects citizens ' right to freedom of religion and strived to make China wealthy, powerful, democratic, civilized, harmonious and modern socialist great power.
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