Over the past two decades, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has consistently expanded the geography of its national interests. Indicative in this regard is the concept of "global good-neighborliness", which has been actively used in Chinese political science and practice since the mid-2000s. along with the already traditional concept of "good-neighborliness belt", which means relations with neighboring countries. In parallel with this, the psychology of the "great power" and the idea of the "great revival of the Chinese nation" are being introduced into the public consciousness.
Along with the need to interact with European partners, an increasing place in China's foreign policy is given to the countries of the Middle East. This state of affairs is due to the growing dependence of China's energy security on stable supplies of hydrocarbons from Middle Eastern countries. In addition, China is actively promoting projects in the Middle East in the field of high technology, food security and military-technical cooperation. The above determines the relevance of conducting scientific research on the Middle East policy of the PRC at the present stage of development, as well as determining the main directions of its development.
The monograph attempts to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the current state and the main directions of development of the Middle East policy of the PRC.
China's Middle East policy attracts the attention of domestic and foreign experts from state structures, as well as non-state institutions. In modern Russia, researchers from a number of organizations, including the Institute of the Middle East (M. V. Kazanin's study "The Syrian Conflict: assessments of Chinese experts") and the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (the work "China's Policy towards the Arab countries of the Middle East"), are engaged in issues of China's cooperation with Middle Eastern countries. Also of interest is a monograph by researchers of the Ural Federal University "Peculiarities of diplomacy of modern China", which describes the model of China's strategic partnership with Middle Eastern countries.
Researchers from the American Centers for Strategic Studies also examined some aspects of China's interaction with the Middle East countries. The author's team of the Middle East department of RAND Corporation has published a collective monograph "China in the Middle East: a Cautious Dragon", where the Chinese strategy in the Middle East region was considered taking into account two key players in the region: the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The report "Russia and China in the Middle East: US Involvement in the Era of Strategic Rivalry" prepared by the US Congressional Research Service is of considerable interest.
Chinese researchers at the Institute of Eurasian Studies of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences have released a number of research projects on Middle Eastern topics: "Modern Chinese Jews", "History of International Terrorism", "Terrorism in the Middle East". In addition, the collective monograph of Chinese scientists "Construction of the One Belt, One Road project in the Middle East" is of considerable interest.
The analysis of the works devoted to Beijing's cooperation with the countries of the Middle East showed the absence of a comprehensive study on the interaction of these countries, taking into account the influence of other countries (USA, Russia) and the definition of possible directions for further development.
When preparing the monograph, the author used the following sources:
- official documents, including agreements on expanding military-political contacts and cooperation programs;
- analytical reports of research and analytical organizations of Russia, the United States and the People's Republic of China on the issues of China's interaction with the countries of the Middle East;
- publications of Chinese media and specialized military-political publications.
The first chapter outlines the methodological foundations of the study of the Middle East policy of the PRC.
The second chapter of the study is devoted to the consideration of the current state of the Middle East vector of Chinese foreign policy.
The third chapter contains materials on the approaches of the Chinese leadership to building relations with the countries of the Middle East.
The fourth chapter analyzes the results of China's activities in the Middle East.
Within the framework of the fifth chapter, the main directions of the development of the Middle East policy of the People's Republic of China are identified.
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