Many citizens of our country, tired from the activities of the Russian "democratic opposition centers of thought", jealous neighbors-the Chinese. According to widely spread pastoral picture in the country periodically flare up protests, but it is rather a spontaneous revolt, not related to the work of "dissidents".
It seems to us that there is peace and quiet. Yes, even in China from year to year rapidly growing gross domestic product – if the forecasts come true, this year the economy of China will be the largest in the world. Accordingly, an increase in the quality of life.
But the reality is that, as in any other country, China has a certain and considerable stratum unhappy. Try to understand, because of who she is. Let's say the obvious thing: since in China there are "intellectuals" who profess the Western values, of course, she "cannot be silent".
The desire to Express yourself, beloved, and sometimes results in a frankly silly and provocative talk is akin to the mood of the end of "perestroika," then many of our liberals began to assure citizens that "we could drink Bavarian beer, not to fight in the great Patriotic war". Praised by the West, a dissident writer who won the Nobel peace prize 2010 Liu Xiaobo in 1988, said that his country will need three hundred years to go through a historic transformation. That is "restructuring" according to Western standards.
Based on the fact that Beijing is now one of the main opponents of the global hegemony of the West, the idea of a "return to the bright past" under the whip of the colonizers, to be on the margins of history, today does not enjoy great popularity.
It is worth noting that Chinese intellectuals loves to make dire predictions – in 2009, one Wei zinsen said that the powers that be in China would be down in 2009-2010 due to the global economic crisis, which needs to hit and the most populous country in the world.
A second protest group – the ordinary citizens of China, to make certain demands of an economic nature. They are the instigators of numerous spontaneous riots against the transfer of peasant holdings for the construction of enterprises or residential areas, they are asking for a raise or address urgent environmental problems.
The third group – those who protest on the basis of religious motives. Here we are talking the vast majority of Christians of the Western denominations: the number of existing churches is not keeping pace with the growing number of believers who have to meet, as in the days of the first Christians, at home. At the same time, I note that the Chinese leaders are publicly declaring their commitment to Communist ideology with local specificity, clearly not liking the growing number of supporters of the influential world religion.
And finally, the last group of nationalist, separatist movements in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous region, Tibet, Inner Mongolia. Despite diligently fanned by the Western propaganda promotion of these movements, brag they don't need. In addition, we must understand that if the West and will escalate the situation on national anxious the outskirts of China, it is almost guaranteed further consolidation velikorusskogo ethnic group, the majority of which will not be seen in the West good friend. Makes itself felt and the policy of Beijing for the development of national regions, only one in Tibet is scheduled to invest a lot of money to attract to the region annually to three hundred thousand tourists by 2015.
How the West supports Chinese dissidents? First of all "spins" in their media. "Promoted" to receive handouts in the form of grants and awards, as well as hero status – but not at home, of course. Have fallen into the category of such "celebrities" the people of China be hard for local law enforcement, any arrest or detention cause inadequate reaction of the Western politicians.
For dealing a killing blow in the arena of the ideological struggle Westerners should be split among Velikhanli. To understand what lead to China wizard fight Western propaganda, it is necessary to understand the components of a sense of "national pride of velichanie".
Cornerstone – is a sincere admiration for its ancient history. Indeed, the most populous country — a representative of one of the greatest ancient civilizations that has survived to the present day.
The connection with the great heroes of antiquity sought to demonstrate, and during the reign of the "red ideology". In the program speeches of the Chinese leaders in the eighties were to be found passages like "we, the descendants of Yao and shun". Yao and shun were one of the first legendary rulers, the founders of China, who lived almost four thousand years ago. Has anyone heard anything in the speeches of Leonid Brezhnev at least some hints on the continuity of the political system with the deeds of the legendary Rurik or Yaroslav the Wise?
For the West, the destruction of that part of the national consciousness of the Chinese people — it is daunting. They are trying to use the mistakes of our friends. For example, in China claim that their country was first formed as a single unit in the III century BC, of the principalities inhabited by ethnic Chinese. In fact, it is not quite so. The southern Principality of Chu and Zhao was apparently inhabited by peoples very close to the ancestors of the modern Vietnamese, what was written in the seventies by Soviet ethnographers. Instead of accepting this fact, historians of China are still insist we are talking about the native Chinese state entities. Like scholastic dispute, but all this gives ground for growth of sentiment "Reconquista" in Vietnam. There is a no-no, and hear the scathing remarks that the subject of a territorial dispute with Beijing to Hanoi should become not only the Islands in the South China sea, but also a number of Chinese provinces.
Official propagandists say that non-Chinese government today is fully incorporated in the overall fold of the history of the country – on the grounds that, for example, representatives of the Mongols and Koreans living in its territory. But if the Koreans in recent times are more or less loyal to the authorities, the number of supporters of secession from the state in the Chinese province of Inner Mongolia is not reduced.
With all this particular success of the West in this field will not succeed in China, representatives of national minorities occupy quite high positions, among them are generals, and heads of civil departments.
It turns out, as we have in Soviet time of national minorities chances to climb the corporate ladder high enough. And the "opposition" is nothing but problems, will not bring.
The Han Chinese comprise more than 90 percent of the population of the second economy in the world. So foreign "preachers of democracy" they are trying to split. Contrast the North of the great country South; are issued, for example, the textbook "Cantonese language", that is the southern version of the Chinese.
The name of such works laid the bomb: in Beijing, it is considered that there is only a single Chinese language and its numerous dialects. Yes, many of them are just "vzaimoponimanie", but on the basis of political correctness, they are considered as variants of the language most populous country in the world.
It is a gradual introduction into the consciousness of people the idea that they are "different", because it worked the same propaganda about the necessity of separating two parts of one nation – Russians and Ukrainians. So in the case of overseas Chinese cherish the hope gradually to split this great nation.
The following strong pillars of Chinese identity – attitude to the events of the not so distant past. Modern China was born in the middle of the last century, when the Soviet Union supported Mao Zedong comrades drew a line under a feudal and colonial past of the country. The official view States that therefore, before the Chinese opened the way to a brighter future. With certain reservations it can be taken despite the existence of certain social problems, China is now one of the key players in the international arena.
Another piece of work Westerners – ideological attack on the image of Mao Zedong. In China this man is a symbol of the state in which they live. Something like Vladimir Lenin for the older generation in Russia. Almost all cities and towns of our neighbor has its own monument to the "great helmsman".
Parents, here leading their children, inspire them in very clear language: "Chairman Mao is good."
Image Mao placed even among the faces of Buddhist saints. There are ardent followers of his ideas who are still trying to live in the community in individual settlements: once there, you start to feel like during the "cultural revolution".
Yes, this person left a highly mixed legacy. Let's not talk about his persistent dislike of our country – there is mixed and negative emotions in relation to the "leader of all peoples", which is authoritarian, without objection, directed the actions of Mao in the thirties, and perhaps an innate dislike of the USSR.
Have to claim it, and fellow citizens. What stand alone experiments "helmsman" to increase productivity and accelerate the ripening of crops... rice fields, for example, installed lighting, thus Mao was hoping to give the plants an extra dose of light, so they don't "idle" at night.
Not to mention his well publicized campaign for the destruction of sparrows because of the extravagance which allegedly was missing a significant portion of the crop. The effect was, as you know, is quite the opposite. However, the merit of Mao is that he was able to see the essence of the Chinese Communist movement, identify its main driving force – millions of the peasant masses.
What puts the West to blame Mao? Excessive cruelty. The Chinese are trying to suggest that because of ill-conceived reforms, the village was struck by famine, the victims of which became the thirty million of those same peasants. The numbers, of course taken from the ceiling, but the propaganda techniques are very familiar: the same personally Joseph Stalin was accused of outrageous despotism and juggled dozens of "millions tortured".
Most Chinese "dissidents" have not yet solved completely blacken the figure of the "great helmsman", limited to complaints about what Mao during the "cultural revolution" dealt with loyal Communists.
Fu Jie, a former employee of the news Agency "Xinhua" wrote the book "the Empire of Mao" executed in 1968, some of Lin Zhao, her life and activities. The author fondly describes all of the major events in the life of this girl, won the sympathy of the comrades in the party not just a female charm, but also a willingness to sacrifice themselves for a common cause. At sixteen she joined who was then in the underground Communists risked their lives for the victory of Marxism, and in ten years became an ardent opponent of his once-beloved idols.
Another favorite theme of the Chinese "dissidents" – the events in Tiananmen square in 1989. Liberals strongly insist that the fault for casualties should be entrusted to the then leaders of the Communist party, the heirs of Mao Zedong.
But there are really "sick" for the Chinese authorities to problems. It is sometimes very difficult conditions of work and life of workers and peasants, corruption, and ecology. Of course, all this is the official media to cover and analyze do not want. So to a large extent thanks to the efforts of "dissidents" in China was launched loud the trials of corrupt officials.
In this case, the objects of sharp criticism often become the top leaders of the country. For example, the opposition leader, Yu Jie, has published a book about a former Premier of the state Council Wen Jiabao, calling it "the Most senior actor of China". However, the book was immediately banned in the country.
Often the accusations put forward by the author, unfounded, or simply absurd. Yu Jie says if one of the reasons for the collapse of buildings during devastating earthquakes in Sichuan in 2008 was not an element and the low quality of construction, which was known to the Central government, including supervising the social block Wen Jiabao. But officials allegedly not gratis turn a blind eye.
On the other hand, the authorities ' attempts to ban objectionable publications is ineffective: most people can read them, just having been in Hong Kong. Not too help and reprisals against distributors and publishers of such literature in the country. Awkward also looks like the presentation of "dissidents" allegations of economic crimes. The most famous was the case of the artist AI Weiwei, which Beijing officials in the end was forced to release. Besides, the Chinese government still allows certain "pranks", itself giving another reason for bringing charges in the address. Why should only study at a prestigious American University, the daughter of Chinese President XI Jinping...
Recently Beijing sometimes acts on the patterns, cut the years of "perestroika". For example, during a recent visit to China of U.S. Secretary of state John Kerry audience was rewarded with four Chinese human rights activists. "Truth-seekers" complained that it does not turn out in full force a policy of the authorities of his country aimed at restricting access to the Internet.
However, Washington is aware that overdosing is not: China is not only an important trading partner but also a key link in the global chain division of labor.
Instability in China would mean the curtailment of production, such as electronics. Therefore, the United States behave carefully, they recently denied asylum to a Chinese diplomat. So, for example, conferences with the participation of dissidents from China are often conducted in Germany.
Today China is facing a very difficult choice. If the authorities will begin to indulge "dissidents" and their patrons, the Chinese will inevitably suffer the tragic fate of the Soviet Union. It remains to persecute dissidents of the old harsh methods, even going for confrontation with the West...
On the other hand, if the Chinese leadership will not abandon sometimes lurks the desire to ensure, first and foremost, personal well-being, its popularity will inevitably fall. Then the road the power will be open to various crooks and agents of Western influence.
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