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Reform of the Chinese army: control, account, improvement
Material posted: Pankratenko Igor N.Publication date: 02-03-2016
Program speech of the Chinese President Xi Tszinpin at a meeting of the Central Council of War of the country on November 26, 2015 in which he declared long-term the beginning of realization till 2020, reform of the People's Liberation Army of China (PLAC), was followed by official comments of Beijing that the planned actions don't mean refusal of "defensive character" of the Chinese military and foreign policy at all.

The rare occurence in the politician, but the similar declaration, in general, quite represents the facts, as would try inveterate kitaefoby to assure us of the return, traditionally appealing to the thesis about the Peking insidiousness. First of all, on international scene China does not have today problems which decision would need application of large all-arms formations. I will tell more, Beijing before itself and does not put such problems - theses about territorial expansion concerning Russia and Central Asia, a reasoning on the Antiamerican policy of the Peoples Republic of China «in struggle business for the multipolar world» let's leave to visionaries from geopolitics.

At last that it is much more important, the Chinese management is more concerned by that NOAK in the fullness of time it has not appeared «a paper tiger», not capable to effective actions because of bulky and partly an archaic control system, moreover and corroded from within corruption, with following consequences all from here - up to political disloyalty to the country leaders.

Therefore on the next one and a half-two year Si Tszinpin has formulated the reform main task extremely capaciously: «the management of a handheld computer of armed forces should have absolute character». That, in transfer into the popular means the inventory of available military men of possibilities, optimisation of structure of management according to the requirement of modern military art and, the main thing, treatment of military structures from corruption and unduly close cooperation with local authorities.

Certainly, in the performance the Chairman of the Peoples Republic of China told and about modernisation of arms, and about development of an oboronno-industrial complex of the country, but all it for the Chinese management for today let and important, but not the main thing. «Military reform of Chairman Si» though in Beijing shun similar personification and prefer to speak about a course of the fifth generation of heads of the Peoples Republic of China, the main task on the nearest couple of years is put by""improvement"NOAK and strengthening of control of communist party over armed forces.

That, it is necessary to note, it is deeply logical, as it is difficult to expect effective actions from army which copes on templates of twenty years' prescription, and the senior officers and which generals are more concerned by questions of personal well-being, than a combat readiness raising. Having generated thus original «the state in the state» which copes not the Central committee of Communist Party of China, and the bodies generated by military elite. And, accordingly, this elite serving first of all interests, and at all the states.

What means «absolute character of a management» in the Chinese understanding?

First of all - increase of a role of the Central Council of war (TSVS), that is, as a matter of fact, the Central committee of the Chinese communist party in business of management by armed forces. To a command of Si Tszinpina, that to "the fifth generation of heads», it was possible to put through such plan of transformations which leaves «behind an edge» their political opponents in Joint Staff NOAK and the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China.

First of all, for a year-one and a half seven military men of district existing now - Beijing, Nanking, Chengdu, Guangzhou, Shenjan, Lanchow and Tsinan - will be reorganised in four «Commands of battle zones». And to these commands all service arms which units are deployed in a zone of its responsibility will be subordinated. It is necessary to explain, what commanders will be appointed and report now before TSVS which chairman is Si Tszinpin? And whether it is necessary to explain in detail now Joint Staff NOAK influence how much will decrease? After all in this body before reform the management of combat arms has been concentrated, and TSVS was faster theoretical, than practical control centre of armed forces.

The question from the Chinese national armed militia (NVM) which was in a double subordination - TSVS and the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China earlier has been so gracefully solved also. The structure of this formation, to a certain extent - analogue of internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia - is extremely interesting. A basis of national armed militia troops of the internal guards, directly subordinated to General staff NVM, and also troops of frontier guards, internal security and the fire guards make, the ministries of public safety of the Peoples Republic of China being under command. Besides, under a double management as from bodies NVM, and corresponding departments of the State Council there are troops of wood guards, gold mining maintenance, road-building, and also troops of building and guards of hydroenergy objects.

More precisely to tell - were. As now, according to the plan of reforms, and NVM, and earlier were in double sopodchinenii troops of wood guards, gold mining maintenance, road-building, and also troops of building and guards of hydroenergy objects completely pass in submission of the Central Council of war of the Peoples Republic of China.

The State Council is deprived now possibility in podkovernoj to an intrigue against «the fifth generation of heads» and personally companion Si to count on a certain armed trump. However, the sceptic has the right to ask: whether «Yes there was this intrigue, whether the author of a paint condenses, aspiring to give to the text of intricacy?» After all, as it is known, China - the totalitarian state, there one-party spirit also is not present a place to doubts in wisdom of a management. Well, well …

I will refer to one, rather indicative episode. 2012. Si and its command already prepare occurrence in the power, Whether rigidly competing to group of Ketsjana to which the secretary general of the Central Committee of a handheld computer of that time Hu Jintao patronises. The higher party management from giving of Si Tszinpina suggests to enter system of promulgation of the information on private means of officials and control of objectivity of this information in the country. Contra given decision 98,7 % (!) of delegates of Vsekitajsky meeting of national representatives (VSNP) have voted. And for some reason it is not believed at all that after March, 14th, 2013 when on a plenary meeting of VSNP Si Tszinpin all have been elected by the chairman of the Peoples Republic of China these voting against suddenly suddenly steels its supporters in fight against corruption. And to leave it though the slightest trump in the form of same "double subordination" of militarised structures at «the fifth generation of heads» and personally Chairman Si there is no desire.

Army improvement

According to the Chinese academy of social studies (leading scientific institution of Communist Party of China), from the middle of 90th years and till today from China has run away abroad or was missing from 16 to 18 thousand party functionaries, and also officials of security service, justice, the state enterprises and the Chinese departments arranged abroad. In total by these persons it is taken out from the country to nearby 800 billion yuans ($127 billion).

In 2010 during the next spring parliamentary session the member of Vsekitajsky meeting of national representatives, the professor of the central party school Lin Chzhe has informed that during the period with 1995 for 2005 abroad on a constant basis have lodged 1,18 million children and spouses of the Chinese officials. «This figure speaks about that», - he has declared, - «that in each Chinese province, on the average, works about 40 thousand« naked officials »(the given term in the Peoples Republic of China use concerning state employees, families and which private means are abroad).

It is necessary to be very naive person that at similar scales of epidemic of corruption the army has stood aside. Neither Si Tszinpin, nor members of its command naivety do not differ, therefore prior to the beginning of military reform have struck powerful blow to the basic, system elements of corruption as in the army environment so in bodies, like called with it in army to struggle. In the autumn of 2014 under a consequence (counterintelligence the head of department of safety has got to armies) major general Juj Shantszjun. Almost there has been simultaneously begun investigation concerning the former chief of unique Chinese reconnaissance service - Managements of external relations of the Main political management NOAK specialising on «influence operations» and the latent propagation in the foreign states - major general Sin Junmina.

Well and then the turn of colonel general Sjuj Tsajhou, the second person in political-military elite of the country, the assistant to head TSVS has come. During a search in its Peking residence cash and a nephrite to which the general had passion, did not recalculate, and - weighed, for export of values it was required ten trucks. On the basis of its indications under guards the former deputy chief of central administrative board of logistics NOAK, the former vice-commander of Chendusky military district, the former deputy chief of Central administrative board of back, and all - 16 generals and more than 40 senior officers are taken.

«How could happens, what so much greedy guys have appeared on such top? Whether they are capable to command armies in battles?», - asks a question the retired general major Lo Yuan in unprecedented article on the frankness passed by the Chinese censorship. Also adds: «Fighting capability of army to go down that soldiers will not want to fight for the selling commanders, they do not recognise the commanders who have received the posts for bribes». Absolutely fair remark, much explaining in the logician of the military reform conducted now in the Peoples Republic of China.

Control and the account

As a result, having conducted a dressing of the basic corruption elements, the Chinese management has started with system creation on its prevention in armed forces. First of all, for a hardening of supervision of activity of financial and rear subdivisions NOAK, and also strengthening of all forms of discipline, in structure TSVS creation of the distsiplinarno-revision committee which is carrying out as the general supervision of activity of military Office of Public Prosecutor and other law-enforcement services in army (including military counterintelligence), and kuratorstvo in questions of selection and advance of command shots is provided.

Besides, as prevention of displays of corruption in NOAK and units NVM the program of military reform provides full refusal of rendering by military men of any forms of paid services (rent of military-building technics, sale developed a service life and equipments and so on) both conducting by units and subdivisions of any forms of commercial activity.

And, at last, reform provides reduction NOAK on 300 (three hundred) thousand persons, and as Chairman Si has underlined in the performance, this reduction will concern only and exclusively bodies of military management and rear services - that is, the most dangerous structures in the corruption relation. The financial assets liberated as a result of a given step will be directed on increase of a monetary ration of military men and improvement of their conditions of life.

After one and a half-two year after the beginning of reforms, the Chinese management expects to receive more operated, more loyal and under control to the handheld computer Central Committee the armed structure saved of bulky officialdom and cleared of corruption. Then actually "military" stage of reform - saturation by its hi-tech arms, debugging of interaction of combat arms and other, purely technical details will begin. Thus means for development of an oboronno-industrial complex which will provide army modernisation, Beijing plans to receive partially for the account of expansion of export of the arms and development of military-technical cooperation with a number of the Near-Eastern states - such, for example, as Egypt and Iran. But it already a theme of separate conversation.

Igor Pankratenko

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