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The current stage of military reform China
Material posted: Fostiychuk JulianaPublication date: 20-07-2016
The PLA of China is currently at a new stage of deepening reform. This article describes the main reasons for the reform of China in the military sphere, the main directions of their implementation, as well as the first results. The PLA of China is currently at a new stage of deepening reform. This process is a direct consequence of the most important strategic decision of the President of China XI Jinping. The solution includes the implementation of socio-political course "the Chinese dream"put forward by XI Jinping in 2013, as well as the implementation of a "dream" about the creation of a strong army. XI Jinping said that the need to take into account changes occurring on the world stage, but also the changes taking place in China. China adapts to global trends in military reform, firmly adhere to the laws of development of military construction.

Modern stage of reforms, primarily to reflect the objective need for an accelerated modernization. Currently, after large-scale military application in the field of information technology, smart weapons and other revolutionary technologies, modern forms of warfare and combat operations are continuously evolving, the war has entered a new era of "instant destruction". At the same time, forms and methods of waging a hybrid war become more hidden and complex, according to Chinese experts, there is a possibility of the beginning of an even more inhuman biological warfare, gradually became a reality war with the use of unmanned aerial vehicles. The military reforms of the PLA of China forward-looking, to update in accordance with the trends of military reform in the world.

This stage of reform is an urgent need for effective implementation of tasks on protection of state security interests of China's development. Following the increase in the scale of development of China, the policy of some Western countries is becoming more focused on preventive and restrictive measures against China. These countries shoulder to shoulder, secretly and openly restrict and suppress China, undermine the security situation in the Asia-Pacific region. United States in the Asia Pacific region to vigorously implement the strategy of "Rebalancing", increasing military presence in the South China sea, inciting countries such as Vietnam and the Philippines to make provocations against China, in addition, encourage Japan, Australia and India have on China pressure. Japan, taking advantage of the strengthening of the Japan-us Alliance, is expanding its presence in the East China sea. Serious situation has developed on the Korean Peninsula. The recently concluded 5 nuclear tests, North Korea has led to the fact that the situation in northeast Asia has become more tense. Terrorism in Central Asia and Afghanistan have a direct impact on the security of China. All this calls for the creation of a strong army, able to respond effectively to various challenges and threats.

China fought for over 30 years, no war has resulted in many serious problems and contradictions in the PLA. For example: the system is not enough scientific management system joint operations command built effectively enough, the structure of the Armed forces are insufficiently rational, and the political system relatively lags behind, and so on. It's all the underlying problems that need to be addressed through in-depth reforms.

The main objective of this stage of reform is the establishment of scientifically sound and rational management system, an effective system of joint operations command, proportionally built the organizational structure of the Armed forces and enhance combat capability of the army, through a radical elimination of structural contradictions and problems of a political nature. In the end, the main objective is the creation of a powerful army, able to fight and win.

The content of this task, you can highlight 4 main points:
  • Command;
  • The number of Armed forces and their organizational structure;
  • The political course of the army;
  • Integration of the army and society.
The most important of these is the reform of the system of command at this stage of the reform, this question is also a starting point.

Principles of reforming the system of command are "the Central military Commission is responsible for the overall leadership," "Military districts are responsible for operational (combat) job, and the types of Armed forces for General construction" (军委管总、战区主战、军种主建). So-called "Central military Commission is responsible for the overall leadership" (军委管总) means that it is necessary to ensure the absolute leadership of the party army, to ensure the implementation of responsibility system of Chairman of the CMC.

The so-called principle of "military districts are responsible for operational (combat) job, and the types of aircraft for General construction" (战区主战、军种主建) means that in order for the military district became the center of the United military command, and the types and kinds of the armed forces were responsible for construction management of the army, it is necessary to meet the objective requirements of the system command in future wars. At the same time, it is necessary to reform the system of regulation of joint training exercises and providing issues.

On 24 November last year, Chinese President XI Jinping headed a meeting of the Central military Commission, which became the starting point of reform at the new stage. Currently as follows:

The previous 4 General departments (General staff, the Main political Directorate, General logistics Department and armaments Department) converted into 7 departments (Central office of tsvs, the tsvs of the joint staff, the Department of political work tsvs, the Department of logistics of CVS, the Department of development of weapons of tsvs, the Department exercises of CVS, military-mobilization Department tsvs) created by 3 of the Council, 15 administrative offices, composed of 5 units of direct subordination (5 units of direct subordination are divided into unit strategic planning of tsvs, the apparatus reform and personnel work tsvs, international military cooperation of CVS, audit office of tsvs of the Main administration practical guide the work of the military authorities tsvs).

The gradual implementation of the main functions of the military administration of tsvs will make more rational the work and staff of CMC bodies, Executive bodies of tsvs, tsvs service bodies, will more clearly delineate the command, construction, management and control, but also facilitate the implementation of 4 functions, namely: decision-making, planning, execution and evaluation.

February 1, 2015 7 military districts converted to 5 (Eastern, southern, Western, Northern and Central).

China's armed forces went on a three-tier system of operational joint command: CVS – military district – a division. It was also created for the command of the armed forces in the military districts with the corresponding structures of control: the command of the land forces command naval forces command airborne troops, and troops for strategic support.

31 December 2015 was created a new army headquarters had also been created troops of strategic support. Strategic nuclear forces was renamed to the missile troops. Thus, China became the 5 branches of the armed forces - land forces, naval forces, airborne troops, rocket troops and strategic support.

13 September 2016, Chinese President XI Jinping signed a decree on the establishment forces joint logistics.

Troops of the joint logistics exercise logistics and providing strategic and operational support. Include base logistics (Wuhan) and 5 centers of logistics.

Repeatedly, the military leadership of China has indicated that further reforms will focus on reducing the number of armed forces.

In particular, the main reduction will affect the personnel in the military administrative bodies and non-combat structures. The military authorities, the main event will be to reduce the excessive number of personnel at all levels, reducing the number of managerial positions.

The Chinese leadership is striving to create an army that will be able to defend state sovereignty, security and national interests. But simultaneously, Chinese policymakers claim that China, as before, strictly adheres to a defensive military policy and military-strategic policy of active defense, in order to in the future to create an army capable of maintaining peace in the region (Asia Pacific region) and in the world.

Yuliana Fostiychuk

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