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War in Syria: its nature, driving forces and mechanisms
Material posted: Publication date: 15-11-2013

August 30, U.S. Secretary of state John Kerry said, according to the American side, the armed forces of Syria used on August 21 near Damascus the chemical weapon nerve agents. According to him, the result killed at least 1429 Syrians. Further, on 1 September, President Barack Obama has written to leaders of the Senate and house of representatives a draft resolution authorizing military action against Syria.

And immediately we see a huge number of rebels sponsored by the West, East, USA, and terrorist organizations such as al-Qaeda, take on the role of the opposition and organize a terrible massacre, fighting for the overthrow of current President Bashar al-Assad, but while pursuing diametrically opposite goals. At this point Russia is tougher vyskazyvat its position on the Syrian issue, warning Obama that a strike on Damascus would mean the blow to Moscow. Supporting Russia, China submits that further steps against Syria must be approved by the UN Security Council. The world community is still waiting for a decision on Syria by the three superpowers. So what really is at stake?

All fighting, primarily for energy resources, for a dominant position in the East. Why Syria, Russia and China? Syria is the last strategic partner of Russia in the middle East region, there is the last stronghold of the Russian fleet - the port of Tartus. Without it, Russia completely will lose the last influence in the middle East. Syria – one of the main suppliers of oil and gas to China (25% of Chinese oil consumption Syrian oil). The loss of Syria and establishing in it an Islamic Caliphate Western regions of China, consisting mainly Muslim population, will be subjected to the promotion of Sharia law, and will be an escalation of Wahhabism, leading to the destabilization of the political and religious integrity of China. A special role plays overlooking the main fuel of the XXI century natural gas. Geopolitical problems associated with its extraction, transportation and use, perhaps, than any other topic in the field of vision of Western strategists, Russia, USA and, of course, the countries of the East.

The notorious position of the gas pipeline "Nabucco", preparation of the project which lasted from 2002 and construction was planned to begin in 2011. However, in late 2011 it was reported that the duration of the project is transferred to 2018. It now appears that the European Union is ready to abandon energy project "Nabucco", which was supposed to guarantee the reliability of energy supplies of the EU countries and allow to avoid dependence on supplies from Russia, making him a serious competition. In turn, the construction and the conclusion of contracts on realization of the project "South stream" are in full swing (December 7, 2012 near Anapa in the Krasnodar region began the construction of the gas pipeline "South stream", 31 October 2013 in Bulgaria on the site of the compressor station "Race" took place a solemn ceremony of welding the first joint of the Bulgarian section of the gas pipeline "South stream", and so on)[1].


The project "South stream"

In tandem with the Nord stream South stream controls the entire supply of natural gas to Europe, creating a monopoly in the gas market that does not suit not only the USA but also the countries of the East, with its huge reserves and gas deposits. Here is where Syria and gets in the way of the planned gas pipelines to certain States.

It is easy to notice that the rebellion in Syria began to grow two years ago, almost simultaneously with the signing on 25 June 2011 in Bushehr Memorandum on construction of a new gas pipeline Iran – Iraq – Syria.Its length should be 1500 km from Assaluyeh on the world's largest gas field North dome - South Pars (shared between Qatar and Iran) to Damascus. Subsequently, a possible extension on the bottom of the Mediterranean sea in Greece. We also consider the option of supplying liquefied gas to Europe via Syrian ports on the Mediterranean sea. The size of investments into the project will make 10 billion dollars[2]. After all, the last five years have witnessed the discovery in the Eastern Mediterranean enormous storehouse of energy in the Levantine basin, located along the coast of Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Gaza, and Cyprus and in the Nile basin North of Egypt. According to preliminary geological survey, the Levantine basin contains 3.5 trillion cubic meters (tcm) of gas and 1.7 billion barrels (MB) of oil. In the Nile basin signed 6 tcm of gas and 1.8 MB of crude oil[3].

But in the middle East already have one center for the production of liquefied natural gas. This tiny state of Qatar, which has come to play a key role in the anti-Russian plans USA:

  • huge gas reserves, on which this small country has already surpassed Gazprom (77 billion tons of gas)
  • a huge fleet of 54 special courts class Q-max and Q-flex liquefied gas
  • the world's largest gas field, "North", a moratorium on the development of which will end in 2014[4]

And in may this year signed a contract for the sale of gas in the amount of 10 billion dollars between the American company "Exxon Mobil" company and Qatar "Qatar Petroleum International"[5]. This allows us oil giant to export from Qatar to the UK and Mediterranean markets. The only thing that stands in the way of Qatar is Syria. Syria is an important element of both gas pipelines from Iran and Qatar. For Qatar today, it is a tube, Iranian remains in the project. The fact is thatfrom the perspective of Syria depends largely on the configuration of gas supplies to Europe[6].

Moreover, regime change in Syria will mean a more loyal policy towards exploration, both in Syria and its coast, the establishment of control over the oil fields in Deir ez-Zour, Hasaka, raqqa, and HOMS. And the loser is Russia.

In parallel in Europe and the Arctic are endless attacks on "Gazprom": on 2 October, around 60 activists of Greenpeace held a protest at all 23 Gazprom gas stations in Germany; Greenpeace protests against drilling in the Russian Arctic sea mining platform, which, according to the organization, represents a threat to the environment; in Paris, activists of the "Greenpeace" staged a rally near the offices of the company "Gazprom" on the Champs Elysees.

In addition, the terrorist organization, sponsored from the outside and initially used for the implementation of tasks of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the USA and others with them, strive to "economic self-sufficiency" by establishing control over oil fields in Syria and Iraq. They establish control over the areas of the oil and gas fields to the northeast, North and Northwest of Syria. Thus, in the race for mineral resources of Syria are connected, the third party players.

The U.S., eager to remove Russia from the lucrative European energy market and to acquire its ownership interest in natural gas. It is important to understand that Qatar and Saudi Arabia are only puppets of Anglo-American and Western coalition. The States will win, no matter who of these two countries to overthrow Assad. Actually everything was decided in 2009. But again, Russia stood in the way of the West[7].

Now Russia faces a very difficult task. It is not just about the loss of Tartus, and about loss of control over energy resources from the Middle East to the Caspian sea. She just can't allow that to happen and therefore throws its forces into the region. On the one hand, into the hands of Russia's protracted war in Syria and the longer it lasts, the better. Because the construction of "South stream" has already started, everything was okay. On the other hand, Russia in any case can not allow the removal of Bashar Assad as President. The risk of the emergence of a serious competitor on the European market[8].


Lyapin M. With.


A list of sources used


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