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Iran June 2011: cautious optimism
Material posted: Publication date: 04-08-2011

In June, the continued confrontation between the Iranian President and the Iranian Parliament, which had a negative impact on the domestic political situation in the country (at least the politically active part of Iranian society). In political life continued to escalate relations with Saudi Arabia. Iranian diplomacy has intensified in the Caucasus in trying to keep in balance its relations with Armenia and Azerbaijan.

The nuclear issue of Iran "stuck" in traffic that is moving very slowly, but, unfortunately, inexorably to a standstill. Russia is trying to do something, but so far it's just "a boondoggle". In military terms, June for Tehran was very effective – exercises, new models of weapons, exhibitions, bellicose statements by political and military leaders. All this does not allow for optimistic estimates of the future development of the situation around Iran and throughout the middle East.

 

1.POLITICAL SITUATION

June 4 marks the 22 year anniversary of the death of the founder and leader of the Islamic revolution, the Supreme leader of Iran, Ayatollah, Ruhollah Mousavi Khomeini. Since 1963 he was in opposition to the Shah's regime in Iran. His arrest led to the biggest unrest in the country over the decade, which have killed more than 1,000 people. After two months of arrest, the authorities were forced to release the Ayatollah Khomeini. In 1964 he was again arrested and exiled to Turkey. From Turkey, he moved to the Iraqi city of Najaf, and in 1978 in Paris.

In January 1979 the Ayatollah Khomeini led the Islamic revolution in Iran. Two weeks after fleeing the Iranian Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi on 1 February he returned to Iran, where he spent the April 1 referendum on a new state of Iran. In December, the country adopted the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran. In accordance with the new Constitution, Ayatollah Khomeini took over as the Supreme leader of Iran. The last years of his life he almost never left his residence in Tehran Jamaran quarter, leading a very ascetic lifestyle. Despite many ailments, the Ayatollah Khomeini until the last days of regularly preached and held meetings with followers and disciples. The Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini died on 14 khordad 1368, by the Iranian calendar (June 4, 1989) at the age of 87 from a heart attack.

June 6, 1989 at the funeral ceremony of the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran was attended by more than 11 million people. After more than two decades, the authority of Khomeini in Iran remains unquestioned, and his name became a symbol of the struggle against "the forces of evil and imperialism."

On the occasion of the anniversary of the death of Ayatollah Khomeini in Iran held large-scale ceremonies. The main ceremony was held at his mausoleum in 40 km South of Tehran. It was made by the current Iranian leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and President of Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

Now none of the leaders of the country does not possess the authority of Ayatollah Khomeini. New challenges to Iran, modernity, do not find adequate response of Tehran. Moreover, they destabilize the situation in the higher echelons of power. In June, the continued opposition of President Ahmadinejad to the Parliament, who felt the support of the Supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei.

The speaker of Parliament of Iran Ali Larijani in a separate letter to the President of Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, announced that 26 decisions of the Cabinet of Ministers contrary to the laws of Iran. One of the decisions of Cabinet, declared illegal by Parliament, is to transfer the right to take a decision on the oil sector working group, consisting of special representatives of the President. The letter urged Larijani to make changes in the 26 solutions. Copies of this letter were sent to a number of officials, including the head of the judicial system of Iran.

But the confrontation is not limited to only letters. Apply repressions against the supporters of Ahmadinejad. There is no doubt that this is a reaction of certain circles of the clergy to the behavior of a President who behaves more and more independently, dismissing and appointing Ministers without consultations with the ayatollahs. Within that struggle are some supporters of Iranian President is put behind bars, and he was twice on the verge of impeachment.

On 18 June, the foreign Minister of Iran, Mr. Salehi has appointed Mohammad Sharif Malekzadeh his Deputy for financial and administrative matters and 21 June, it was announced about the resignation of Malekzadeh with this post. After the appointment of Malekzadeh for the post of the Deputy Minister a number of parliamentarians signed a document declaring the impeachment of the foreign Minister of Iran. The reason for this was allegations of corruption and violations of the law, sounded in the address of his new Deputy. Later, former Deputy foreign Minister Mohammad Sharif Malekzadeh was arrested. Some time ago the head of the administration of Iranian President Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei appointed Mohammad Sharif malekzade the General Secretary of the High Council of Iranian abroad.

In June, the Majlis adopted a decision to establish a Committee to investigate the activities of the former head of the presidential administration of Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei and Vice President for management Hamid Bahai. The necessity of creating such a Committee caused by the special importance of investigations, said MP Fazil Mousavi. In recent times, the judiciary of Iran began a massive investigation related to offences of corruption against officials close to Mashaei. Against first Vice President Mohammad Reza Rahimi, Vice-President Hamid baghai and several other officials indicted for corruption. It also became known about the arrest of the leaders of the two free economic zones — "Arvand" and "Aras".

However, even in this tense situation, President Ahmadinejad has denied the information about deteriorating relations with the Supreme leader of Iran great Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who is the informal leader of the conservatives. The President said these relations are "stronger than someone might think". However, to comment on the nature of political struggle in the Iranian leadership the President refused, saying: "We never was strangely talkative in defending their position. Such silence is the key to unity."
Still later, Ahmadinejad broke down and said that the arrest by law enforcement bodies of the Iranian government of a number of senior government officials is a "political provocation". "If this trend (arrest-ed.) will continue, I will be forced to bring the issue to public debate and to act with the use of the plenitude of presidential power," said Ahmadinejad. He believes that the government is exerting serious pressure. "Until now we were silent and still continue to be silent. But there is a "red line" and I'm bound to defend the Cabinet," warned the head of state.

In the middle of the month, President Ahmadinejad introduced Hamid sajjadi to Parliament as the candidate for the post of Minister of sport and youth policy. However, the Parliament approved the nomination of the President. Recall that in January, the Majlis, joining the national organization of youth and sports, adopted the law on the establishment of a unified Ministry of youth and sports. The position of the head of the new Department is still vacant.

Majlis calls on President Ahmadinejad in the near future to answer questions of deputies concerning its activities. If Ahmadinejad fails to convince MPs to withdraw their demands, he will have within a month to attend a meeting of Parliament and to provide MPs report on issues of interest to them. The questions relate to the delay in the appointment of the Minister of sports, and also untimely granting of the financing of the Tehran metro, which was approved by the Iranian Parliament. In may a group of MPs announced his intention to seek the impeachment of Ahmadinejad's allegations about 50 cases of violation of the Iranian Constitution. Previously, about 90 lawmakers signed a petition demanding to hear the report of Ahmadinejad on the situation in the country. Primarily they were interested in the issues relating to the possible disagreements between the President and the spiritual leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, and the project state financing company Tehran Urban and Suburban Railway Co. Attempts to achieve the presidential report the number of MPs was also undertaken in November of last year.

In June, the Committee on human rights of the Iranian Parliament adopted a decision to prohibit the entry of the recently appointed UN special Rapporteur on Iran. As you know, on June 17 the Council for human rights, the UN appointed the former foreign Minister of Maldives Ahmed Shaheed, special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran. And still earlier, on 24 March 2011, the Council for human rights, the UN decided to introduce the post of special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran. The resolution, adopted by 22 votes in favour, seven against, and 14 "abstain", it is stated that the Rapporteur would be required to make its report and in the Council and the General Assembly. The Iranian side stated that the United States, Britain, and Israel themselves are the most flagrant violators of human rights, and it would be much better if the UN took up the issue of human rights in these countries.

Iranian authorities are fighting not only with the UN but with its own opposition. The Iranian opposition has called for his supporters to be held on 12 June (the anniversary of the 2009 presidential election) in the capital of the "March of silence". In response, the government has placed in the city of reinforced special forces units. Official sources have not confirmed reports of opposition Internet sites of serious clashes between police and opposition supporters. However Pro-government media informed about arrest of "several violators of public order". According to them, "a limited number of troublemakers and counter-revolutionary elements under management from abroad", tried to carry out today in Tehran unauthorized action, "threatening public security". However, these plans were thwarted.

At the end of the month the security forces of Iran detained Iranian activist women's movement and filmmaker - researcher Mahnaz Mohammadi, who is the ally of disgraced Iranian Director-dissident Jafar Panahi, is currently serving a sentence in prison. The reason for the detention of Ms. Mohammadi – unknown. In the ranks of the opposition, there is concern that Ms. Mohammadi was detained by officers of the IRGC. Oppositionists do not exclude that the active participation of Ms. Mohammadi in opposition activities, which, in the opinion of the authorities, aimed at "the collapse" of Iranian society from the inside and away from Islamic values, as well as filming documentaries of a political nature could be the reason for her detention.

In turn, in June, Israel has urged the world community to the political isolation of Iran and pressure through sanctions and support for opposition activities in Iran. This was announced in Moscow the Vice-Premier, Minister of strategic Affairs of Israel Moshe ya'alon. He said: "the Most correct way political exclusion, pressure through sanctions, giving moral support to the opposition, including a credible military threat we will decide". However, he added that "we very clearly say that the military option (against Iran) in the last step, but all other money will be enough as long as Iran is not convinced that in the world there is someone who is ready to attack".

In June, the continued struggle of the authorities of Iran against the illegal armed groups. It was stated on the elimination of the Islamic revolutionary guards Corps (IRGC) in the South-West of the country the Kurdish terrorist gang associated with the organization "Komala" and at the same time – with the American intelligence services.

Help. The grouping of "komala" is one of the Kurdish militant organisations operating in the Western part of Iran. In the region, a significant portion of the population is Kurds, in recent years, there have been violent clashes between Iranian security forces and Kurdish rebels operating from bases in neighbouring Iraq. Previously Tehran has repeatedly accused Britain, the US and its allies in support of existing on the territory of Iranian fighters.

In the southeastern Iranian provinces of Sistan and Baluchistan arrested four members of the group "Jundullah". According to information, the Prosecutor of the provinces of Sistan and Baluchistan reported that those arrested were confiscated ammunition and a "suicide belt". These persons intended to carry out a series of terrorist acts.

Help. Group "Jundullah" (Soldiers of Allah) - an armed Islamist organization in Iran, also known as the popular resistance Movement of Iran, was established in 2003. The organization was comprised of Sunnis, mainly from Baluchistan. "Jundallah" has gained prominence by attacks on military, police and civilians under the slogan of resistance of Shiite reprisals from the authorities. The leader of the organization Abdolmalek Rigi was captured and executed in 2010. The group linked to drug trafficking. Many experts suspect Gundala connections to terrorist network al-Qaeda. Iranian authorities have accused the "Jundullah" in mass killings, armed robberies, kidnappings, explosions and sabotage. According to Tehran, the group associated with the special services of the USA and the UK.

In the 20's days of June during the meeting with Iranian foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi his Iraqi counterpart Hoshyar Zebari, who was on a visit in Iran, announced that camp Ashraf in Iraq, where the members of the Organization of mojaheds of the Iranian people (the MKO) "Mojahedine Khalq", will be disbanded by the end of this year.

Help. The MKO was founded in 1965 by Iranian students who aim to overthrow loyal to the U.S. regime of the Shah, and to establish a socialist Iran, Islamic Republic of. Omonovtsy was supported by leader of the Islamic revolution Ayatollah Khomeini against the Shah's regime, but soon after the Islamic revolution of 1979 was ideologically at odds with the clerics. The MKO has carried out in Iran, a number of terrorist attacks, one of which killed Ayatollah Beheshti was one of those who stood at the origins of the Islamic revolution. The activities of the organization in Iran was prohibited, then the units of the Iranian "mujahidin" in 1982, relocated to France, and in 1986 to Iraq, where with the support of Saddam Hussein regularly made armed incursions into Iran and were engaged in subversive activities against the Islamic Republic during the Iran-Iraq war (1980-1988). According to the calculations of the Iranian government, the MKO was involved in the deaths of more than 12 thousand Iranian and more than 25 thousand Iraqi citizens. In 1997, the U.S. Department of state formally submitted the MKO on the list of terrorist organizations. Later, Washington has repeatedly declared its links with "al-Qaeda". After the American invasion of Iraq omin has been neutralised and disarmed, but the political activity of the organization continues. In fact, the "Mujahideen" entered into with Washington ceasefire, and overseas its members are no longer considered terrorists. In January 2009 the EU removed the MKO from list of terrorist organizations, in which she appeared from 2002. On this, Iran's foreign Ministry said the EU decision contradicts international norms and commitments of the European Union on the fight against terrorism.

In June it was announced that Iran has increased the penalty for unintentional murder, so-called "fee zakroi" ("que"). As reported by the official representative of the judiciary of Iran Gholam Hossein Ejei the facade of the mineral, in this year, the penalty will be 90 million tomans, roughly 80 thousand dollars. This is almost a twofold increase compared with last year. "Payment for blood" is set by judicial authorities. Payments can be increased by a court decision if the victim's relatives will insist on this, Recalling, for example, large families or a difficult financial situation left without a breadwinner of the family.

Help. "Que" is an ancient tradition throughout many centuries used by Iranian justice. In the past this penalty was levied exclusively livestock - camels, cows, sheep, and there was a strict regulation: the camel each corresponds to a certain number of cows and even more sheep. In modern terms it comes down to money. Most often to be paid "que" sentenced drivers who hit a pedestrian or found guilty of an accident in which people suffered. A considerable part of the contingent of Iranian prisons constitute careless motorists. They are deprived of liberty as long as their relatives, friends or acquaintances will not be settled with the injured party. Iranian charities are constantly collecting donations for the liberation of such "inadvertent criminals". Usually in the days major Muslim holidays - end of Ramadan (feast of breaking the fast), EIDE Gorban (feast of the sacrifice), EIDE ghadeer (Shia festival to commemorate the proclamation of Imam Ali the successor of the prophet Muhammad) - to freedom come tens of prisoners, "que" which chipped repaid benefactors and compassionate fellow citizens. Sometimes "que" can replace the death penalty. This happens in the case of murder, if the victim's relatives agree to renounce retribution and to get a large amount of money.

June 11 received a message that Iran has arrested a person suspected of espionage in favor of USA. According to the Minister of information (intelligence and counterintelligence) of Haydar Moslehi the arrested people who arrived in Iran from a neighbouring country, accused the Iranian authorities in the attempt to organize unrest before the parliamentary elections via the Internet resources. He added that, according to reports, on the implementation of subversive activities has been allocated millions of dollars. At the end of may, Mr. Moslehi reported the arrest of 30 agents working for the Central intelligence Agency of the United States. "Of the 35 people who worked in the espionage network of CIA, 30, were arrested in Iran, five in other countries, he said Moslehi. - Arrested mainly engaged in espionage activities at nuclear facilities, oil and gas sector, energy and software."

On the night of June 21 at a reception of the Chairman of the expediency Council of the decisions of Ayatollah Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani was committed by arson, which burned all the documents and equipment. At the time of the accident, the Secretary on duty, who was taken to the hospital. The investigation is being conducted. Media noted that the children of Hashemi Rafsanjani, are rigid opposition of the current government. After the presidential elections in Iran in June 2009, his son Mehdi and daughter Faiza Hashemi were repeatedly accused of organizing riots in the country, including large-scale opposition protests against the results of presidential elections. While the daughter of Hashemi Rafsanjani was arrested twice. Mehdi Hashemi is currently in the UK. Last year the Tehran Prosecutor's office chose against it punishment in the form of arrest.

Iran's Supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei signed a decree pardoning 996 military, political and civil prisoners in honor of the birthday of the prophet Ali, which is celebrated on 16 June.

However, there is no relief expected in respect of users of satellite antennas. As stated by the head of the Iranian police Ahmad Reza Radan, "all kinds of satellite dishes found in the population shall be seized. At the first stage of this event, if the owners do not voluntarily dismantled the antenna, police officers, observing ethical standards themselves will dismantle, not entering private residences. If the antenna will be newly established, in accordance with court order a person using prohibited equipment will be brought to justice".

So in Iran power struggle with the Western influence. It touched the Internet. In Iran is called the specific timing of the appearance of the country's "Halal" Internet. The idea is to create a closed domestic Internet system. It is believed that this Network will fully comply with ethical and moral norms of Islam. In accordance with the plans about two years physical and legal persons in Iran will have access to a new internal Network. This was announced by the Director of the research Institute under the Ministry of communications of Iran, Reza Bagheri. And the Deputy of the first Vice President of Iran on economic issues Ali Aghamohammadi fleshed out this idea. According to him, at first "Halal Internet" will coexist with the usual, but then the new Network will replace the usual Internet. Currently 11 out of 100 Iranians connected to the Internet is quite high for this part of the world. The blogosphere remains for Iranians one of the main sources of information. However, the creation of a closed national system of the Internet without the possibility of access to the global Network may lead to information "iron curtain". Because the Iranians, especially the younger generation, already accustomed to such access and are unlikely to want to wean. By the way, recently the UN recognized the right to Internet access is an inalienable human right.

At the end of June the Ministry of culture and Islamic guidance of Iran issued a sharp statement in the address of the British Corporation BBC. Tehran dissatisfied with the BBC is about to broadcast a biopic about the prophet Mohammad. "The decision to withdraw biographical film about the prophet, seems doubtful. If these fears are confirmed, we will take serious action. We are sure that will support us and other Muslim countries," said Minister of culture and Islamic guidance of Iran Mohammad Hosseini. According to observers, the leadership of Shiite Iran fears that the film will be reflected Sunni interpretation of early Islamic history. However, the editor of BBC on religion and ethics Aaqil Ahmed assured that as consultants to a film crew caught and Shiite spiritual authorities.

Football Federation of Iran (FFI) filed a complaint to FIFA after women's team in the country was not admitted to the qualifying match of the London Olympics because of the traditional Muslim clothing of players. June 3, shortly before the match against Jordan, the curator of the meeting has banned the Iranian team to take part in the match, and then she was counted technical defeat with the score 0:3. FIFA rejected the appeal filed by FFI.

Immediately after this incident was reported that a canadian of Iranian origin designer Elham Seyed Javad came up with a fundamentally new design of hijab, which resolves the conflict between FIFA and the athletes-Muslim women. It is a thin hoodie, snap-on a t-shirt. The modified hijab does not cause any problems in terms of conformity to Islamic rules and at the same time it is very easy to do sports. Ms. Jawad is now just swamped with orders from all over the world.

If the sports issues of the dress code somehow resolved, in Iran the situation with the observance of Islamic norms in clothing is complicated. Iranian authorities sent to the streets of Tehran and other cities more than 70 thousand employees of the police to combat the elements of Western culture in the clothes of the inhabitants. According to the police spokesman, "strengthening the moral rules of security imposed at the request of the people and will continue as long as it meets the interests of the people". As you know, the "moral security plan", developed by the government of Iran forbids women to wear tight clothes, short pants. Men are forbidden to wear jewelry on the neck and shorts, but shirts with short sleeves are allowed. Earlier, Iran's Parliament proposed to make punishable the dogs, as it is a "blind imitation" of Western culture.

Imitation of Western culture, apparently, is the joint training of students in universities of Iran. So at the end of June, several deputies of the Iranian Parliament with reference to the Minister of higher education Kamran Daneshju reported that with the new academic year students and students of universities to study in different classrooms. The Ministry of higher education is preparing a program of separating students by gender students after secondary school are in shock from a University environment. Therefore, parents of some students are turning to resolve this problem. The deputies of the Mejlis opposed the initiatives of the Ministry.

 

2.MAJOR FOREIGN POLICY EVENTS

In a message released on the occasion of the 29 June in Tehran XXVIII International competition of reading the Quran mojtahid Supreme Ayatollah Hossein Nouri Hamedani said "the great wave of awakening of the peoples has become possible thanks to the Islamic revolution, and it originates in the Qur'an". The message Hamedani expressed hope that "Muslim life is always accompanied by power, greatness and progress, they will move forward in unity and solidarity and of course, that this opinion is shared by all the representatives of the Islamic elite."

The IRI's Supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei at a meeting with the leadership and elite of the country, congratulating the anniversary of the beginning of the prophetic mission of the Prophet Muhammad, has called on Muslim countries to be guided by spiritual principles, revealed to the Prophet and stressed the opening of a new era in the history of the countries of the region. Ayatollah Khamenei urged Muslim Nations to consolidate in the face of Western threats, as well as to tolerance to avoid civil confrontation. The Ayatollah expressed the readiness of Iran to support freedom-loving peoples of the Middle East and North Africa. In his speech he also touched upon the situation in Syria and attempts by the US to hinder the revolutionary process in this country. Ayatollah Khamenei also expressed his regret regarding the events in Bahrain and wished his people in the near future to gain independence and freedom.

In turn, earlier in June, President Ahmadinejad called for closer cooperation with countries such as Venezuela, Ecuador and Belarus. "Support independent and revolutionary States was one of the key strategic policies of Iran," Ahmadinejad said at a government meeting. The Iranian leader has ordered the Ministry of foreign Affairs of Iran "with all seriousness to follow the" process of rapprochement with the three listed countries.

At the beginning of June came the information that Venezuela broke off relations with Washington because of the sanctions imposed by the U.S. on Venezuelan company for exporting gasoline to Iran. In may the Minister of energy of Venezuela Rafael Ramirez said that Venezuela will maintain relations with Iran and any other country at its own discretion: "It is our right and we will not go on compromises". Note that Venezuela is one of the main suppliers of crude oil to the US daily in the country exporting about a million barrels of "black gold".

June was another month of sharp criticism from Iranian leaders that the U.S. policy, Israel and the West in General. So, the speaker of the Iranian Parliament Ali Larijani has criticized the United States for its double standards, saying that "US-backed dictators are engaged in spreading terrorism". Mr. Larijani noted that the US under the slogan of defending democracy to support dictators such as the late Shah of Iran. "Muslim Nations in the middle East and North Africa in search of justice marked the beginning of movements, some of which has already borne fruit," he said.

President Ahmadinejad and spiritual leader Ayatollah Khamenei also accused the U.S. government in support of extremism and repression against the civilian population in Asia. According to Khamenei, the US, which provided financial and military support to terrorist organizations in the Middle East, also responsible for the deaths of dozens of civilians of Pakistan and Afghanistan, killed in the air strikes by us unmanned. President Ahmadinejad accused the US of meddling in Syria's internal Affairs, saying it is unacceptable. The Iranian President strongly condemned the U.S. foreign policy of recent years. His analysis is clear: "Everything is absolutely clear. A world leader in the last 10-12 years conducted large-scale military incursion into the East under the pretext of combating terrorism and the incident of 9/11, to save his ailing economy. To achieve this, it uses the Zionist regime".

Opening on 25 June an international conference on terrorism, initiated by Tehran, Ahmadinejad said that fighting terrorism need to check the true extent of the events of 11 September 2001 and the Holocaust. "If I open up the "black box" of 11 September and the Holocaust, will reveal part of the truth. But the US won't let that happen," said Ahmadinejad. According to him, the Holocaust and the terrorist attack of 2001 to serve as the U.S. pretext for repression against Muslims and at the same time to receive huge economic benefits from panic attacks in the middle East. In Iran's view, the most reliable way to rid the world of terrorism is to withdraw foreign troops from the Middle East and allow local authorities to control the situation in the field of security.

In June he was appointed head of the new structure of the European Union - the European service for external Affairs on the Middle East, North Africa, the Persian Gulf, Iran and Iraq (EEAS). They became skilled diplomat and specialist on the Middle East Austrian Christian Berger.

Help. The main purpose of the European service for external Affairs is the strengthening of political power of the European Union on the world stage. The creation of the EEAS provided by the Lisbon Treaty, which entered into force on the first of December 2009. Presumably, the structure will include about seven thousand employees and embassies in 136 countries around the world.

The new European structure did not save the European Union from harsh criticism of his policy with Iran. Foreign Ministry spokesman of Iran Ramin Mehmanparast announced that the EU statement, accusing Iran of meddling in the internal Affairs of Syria, has no basis and is the reason for the anti-Iranian propaganda campaign. He also subjected to criticism by Western countries practice a policy of double standards, made it necessary to revise the tactics pursued by the EU against Libya and to stop the decimation of populations in this country and in Bahrain.

Particularly bad are the relations Iran has with the United Kingdom. The accusation by Iranian authorities and Western intelligence agencies, as well as British foreign intelligence MI-6 terrorist acts committed on 29 November 2010 in Tehran, has created an even greater tension. In addition, Iran accuses Britain of openly supporting the Iranian opposition and inciting mass street unrest that occurred in the country. Last year, the Commission on national security and foreign policy of Iranian Parliament approved a bill requiring a complete severance of ties with great Britain, including political, cultural and economic relations. The reason for the adoption of the Commission's decision was the assessment of the situation in Iran on human rights, this formerly British Ambassador Simon Hess on the website of the British Embassy. In late 2010, Simon Hess was summoned to the Iranian foreign Ministry where he was told about the inadmissibility of interference in the internal Affairs of the Islamic Republic. After that, Hess left the country.

Accusing Western countries of all sins, Tehran still acknowledges their statehood. Israel he does not offer this option. In June, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad continued to attack the "Zionist regime". "Israel is an illegitimate state, and today it is already obvious to all, said the Iranian President, "the Zionist regime" was created to serve the needs of the West in the middle East". He called this country the main destabilizing factor in the region. As has been emphasized by the Iranian President, "the People who we call invaders of Palestine, has no real power. They dolls. Puppets, doing everything they're told America," said the Iranian President. Mr. Ahmadinejad called on all Palestinians to unite. "The discord between you is the hand of the Zionist occupier... All Arab countries must unite for the liberation of Palestine... Occupied Palestinian land should be returned to them, the refugees should return to their land," said the Iranian President. According to him, the holding of a referendum in Palestine - a democratic solution, and the people should elect which mode he needs. He added that the establishment of a Palestinian state does not mean the end to Israel's occupation of Palestine. "We will always support the Palestinian leadership to establish a state", he said. In his speech on the 22nd anniversary of the death of Ayatollah Khomeini, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad once again said that the middle East will soon witness the collapse of Israel and the United States.

Israel responded. In June, the office of the Prime Minister of Israel announced that the Israeli government in the very near future plans to formally declare Iran an "enemy state". This step, according to the Israeli government, formally needed to advance planned by government for new anti-Iran sanctions by Israel.

No relations of the Iranian leadership and the regimes of some Arab States, especially Gulf States and especially with Saudi Arabia. In June, Saudi Prince Turki bin Faisal al-Saud said that if Iran did not stop work on its nuclear project, Saudi Arabia "displace" it with the oil market. According to him, the Kingdom is prepared to use "political, economic and military means" to achieve their goals. "The Iranian oil sector is very vulnerable, and it is here to strike below the belt," said the Prince.

Analysts said another important statement June Turki bin Faisal al-Saud. On assurance of the Prince, if Iran will get nuclear weapons, Saudi Arabia "will be forced to pursue a policy leading to consequences which it is impossible to calculate and may be dramatic".

Help. Turki bin Faisal al Saud - one of the oldest and most influential members of the ruling clan, the former head of Saudi intelligence secret service "Al Mukhabarat Al Aamah," former Saudi Ambassador to the UK and the USA. Currently, possessing great influence and authority, does not occupy any official posts.

The statement of the Prince can be seen as the beginning of a new phase of complex and multifaceted processes of confrontation between Shiite Iran and Sunni Saudi Arabia – the two world centres of Islam, the competition of the two world centres for the production of hydrocarbons, military-political rivalry of Persians and Arabs for dominance in the region. Similar military-political, economic, religious, ethnic, and in the future – and nuclear confrontation between Tehran and Riyadh is fraught with the most disastrous consequences not only for the region but for the entire world (which, in fact, did not hide in his statements Mr. Turki bin Faisal al-Saud).

On the background of deteriorating relations with Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and other Arab countries in June, Iran has continued a policy of rapprochement with Egypt, Lebanon, Iraq, Syria. Earlier this month Tehran was attended by many of the Egyptian delegation, comprised of scholars, public and political figures, etc. of the Egyptians included high-ranking officials of Iran. The country has not yet announced the restoration of full diplomatic relations, but, as experts believe, this could happen in the foreseeable future. Foreign Minister of Iran Ali Akbar Salehi, at a meeting with members of the delegation said that Tehran is ready to resume diplomatic relations with Cairo at any time. According to him, the case for the Egyptian leadership. Mr. Salehi also noted that such a populous country as Egypt, is a promising market, and Iran is interested in the speedy development of commercial relations. President Ahmadinejad also took the Egyptians told them that the Western powers are afraid of restoring Egyptian-Iranian relations. According to him, the West understands that Egypt and Iran will be able to challenge the "Zionist regime". The Iranian President stressed that Iran is ready to share with the "Egyptian brothers" accumulated experience in all fields.

In mid-June, Vice-President of Iran Mohammad Reza Rahimi in a telephone conversation congratulated the Prime Minister of Lebanon Najib Mikati with the completion of the formation of a new government. In his speech, the representative of Iran said: "Iran reiterates what has been repeatedly declared in the past – we're on the side of Lebanon and is ready to put into action previous agreements between our two countries."

Later in June, held a meeting with Iran's Ambassador in Beirut Hasanpura Roknabadi with the new Prime Minister of Lebanon Najib Mikati. The Lebanese Prime Minister said that his country was ready to implement all agreements signed between both countries during the recent visit of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to Lebanon. Recall that in October last year, was signed on 26 Iranian-Lebanese agreements on cooperation.

On 21 June had a telephone conversation Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad with President of Iraq Jalal Talabani. Noting the historical and cultural commonality of the two countries, the Iranian President pointed to the importance of good-neighbourly relations between the peoples of Iran and Iraq. In turn, Talabani stressing Iraq's interest in expanding ties and cooperation with Iran in all spheres, noted that the friendly relations of two neighboring countries are in the interest of the entire region.

On the same day in Tehran on an official visit there has arrived the Minister for foreign Affairs of Iraq Hoshyar Zebari. He will meet with high-ranking Iranian officials, including President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to discuss the issue of expanding bilateral ties. As it became known that Iran intends to abolish visas for Iraqi entrepreneurs.

June 28, in the Iranian city of Sari hosted the meeting of the Council on the Iranian-Iraqi economic cooperation, which discussed the trade opportunities of Iran, Mazandaran province, and Iraqi Kurdistan.

In June, the Iraqi delegation visited the Ministry of petroleum of Iran. She held in Baghdad negotiating the supply of fuel. After the meeting with the Minister of oil of Iraq, the delegation went to the Ministry of energy, however during landing the cars on them have opened fire by unknown persons. During the shootout, which lasted a quarter of an hour, injuring two guards. Several bullets hit the car, which moved accompanying the delegation are journalists.

In June Iran made two warnings in connection with the growing international criticism of the Syrian authorities. The first warning was addressed to Turkey. The special representative of the Iranian President conveyed to the Prime Minister of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan a letter in which he says: "the Turkish Authorities must know that we cannot succumb to U.S. pressure and to provide the Turkish military bases for attacks on Syria." Meanwhile, several media outlets have published the assumption that Turkey was indeed prepared a plan for military intervention in Northern Syria. We are talking about the possibility of holding the ground operation of Turkish armed forces to create a buffer zone that will house the Syrian refugees. About the U.S. participation in the operation or use of American bases in Turkey, there were none.

As for the second warning to Iran, it was sent to the Arab countries of the Persian Gulf. The Iranians have made it clear to the Arabs that Syria for Iran is a "red line" that cannot be crossed. Arab leaders were told that their intervention and support for opponents of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad could further complicate the already complicated situation in Syria. This, according to the Iranian side, will lead to further instability in the Gulf region. Iran is warning the Arabs once again demonstrated the tension between the Iranian leadership and the Arab States of the Persian Gulf, which have intensified in the midst of mass anti-government unrest in several Arab States. Recall: members of the cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Persian Gulf, including Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates, accused Iran of inciting to incite unrest. At the request of Bahraini authorities of Saudi Arabia and the UAE sent troops to Bahrain, and Kuwait was to protect the territorial waters of that country. In Kuwait, announced the erection of several Iranian spy networks. Kuwait and Bahrain deported the citizens of Iran. Behind them Jordan has banned Iranian nationals entry into the country. It came to the withdrawal of ambassadors and the temporary rupture of diplomatic relations.

However, despite criticism of Ankara on the Syrian issue Tehran is doing its utmost to secure for him the positive trends in the development of Iranian-Turkish relations that have been observed in recent months. IRI President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was the first foreign leader who congratulated Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, with a third consecutive victory in parliamentary elections. Moreover, immediately after a telephone conversation between Ahmadinejad and Erdogan held a conversation between the foreign Ministers of the two countries - Ali Akbar Salehi and Ahmet Davutoglu.

At the same time, Iran has traditionally been and remains a competitor of Turkey in the Caucasus. And a lot of what makes Tehran in the Caucasus region, is planned and carried out not without looking back at Ankara. Still, the main opponents of Iran that affect Iran's interests in the Caucasus, the US and Israel. It is their good relations with Baku not allow Iran to Azerbaijan to sign a strong brotherly-Shiite arms. This naturally brings the position of Iran and Armenia, including in a sense, the issue of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which contributes to the development and deepening of trade and economic cooperation. And positive aspects of Iranian-Armenian relations are concerned, Baku.

Although, of course, Iran has sided with Armenia in its confrontation with Azerbaijan, as often they say. Moreover, Tehran is seeking to position itself as a mediator in the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict, so he is forced to maneuver.

Perhaps one of these maneuvers was the transfer of a one-day visit of Iranian President Ahmadinejad to Yerevan, which is scheduled for June 6. The purpose of the visit was the strengthening and deepening of relations with Armenia. During the visit it was also planned to sign bilateral economic agreements.

Some analysts saw in this migration is the result of discontent of Baku, the other – the impact of internal political problems, in which "buried" the President of Iran, and others even suggested that the visit was postponed due to an unofficial ban by influential opponents of the President leaving the country two accompanying officials. Ahmadinejad's Official point of view was expressed by foreign Ministry spokesman of Iran Ramin Mehmanparast, who said that the visit is postponed by mutual consent of the parties, and the President of Iran will travel to Armenia when the parties will finalize the documents that will be signed within this visit. At the same time he has not specified the exact date of Ahmadinejad's visit to Yerevan. Although the discussion between the two presidents took place, however, on the phone. June 19, Mr. Ahmadinejad and Mr. Sargsyan discussed the development of bilateral relations, the issues of activation of cooperation in a number of areas of mutual interest touching on regional processes and interactions. A telephone conversation took place on the initiative of the Iranian side.

At the end of June all the Iranian-Armenian meeting at a high enough level. 26th Tehran called for the Secretary of the national security Council (NSC) of Armenia Arthur Baghdasaryan. He held talks with his Iranian counterpart, Secretary of the Supreme national security Council (SNSC) of Iran Saeed Jalili and had a conversation with President Ahmadinejad. Artur Baghdasaryan arrived in Tehran to participate in the international conference on combating terrorism.

In June, Iran has conducted diplomacy with Azerbaijan. June 25 on the eve of his visit to Baku, Iranian Majlis speaker Ali Larijani held a meeting with Azerbaijani Ambassador to Iran Javanshir Akhundov. Mr. Larijani has mentioned long-standing ties between the two countries and said that mutual visits of the representatives of the two countries and regular consultations between officials of Azerbaijan and Iran point to deep friendship between the two peoples. He also stressed the importance of developing economic relations with Azerbaijan. Ambassador Akhundov, for his part, noted that the future visit of the speaker of the Milli Majlis (Parliament of Azerbaijan) in Tehran will be a significant step forward in strengthening relations between the two countries.

The 30th began the visit of Ali Larijani to Azerbaijan, where he arrived at the invitation of the speaker of the Azerbaijani Parliament oktay Asadov. The purpose of the visit is expansion of cooperation between the parliaments of Iran and Azerbaijan. Mr. Larijani was negotiating with Oktai Asadov, Prime Minister Artur Rasizade and other officials of the country. The visit of the head of the Iranian Parliament was scheduled for February, but due to busy schedule the visit was postponed.

It is noteworthy that according to the Armenian website Panorama (13.06.11) the most popular foreign political figure in Azerbaijan is the spiritual leader of Iran, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. The survey involved 285 respondents, and the votes were as follows: 1. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei – To € 132.2. Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan or 48.3. Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili – By 36.4. U.S. President Barack Obama is 21.5. Turkish President Abdullah Gul Is 18. However, the number of respondents does not allow for representativeness of the study, i.e. regarding the validity of the transfer of the results obtained with such a small coverage of the respondents, on the whole Azerbaijani society.

However, even this "respect" of Azerbaijanis to the neighbors did not affect the decision to suspend the activities of the Iranian Committee of help named after Imam Khomeini, a humanitarian organization working in Azerbaijan for 18 years. The Committee has carried out the country's humanitarian mission, providing assistance to refugees and internally displaced persons, the disabled, orphans and children from low-income families. When the Committee functions as the clinic is named after Imam Ali, which provided medical care to people in this category. Azerbaijani authorities explained that the organization must be legally justified and agreed with the Ministry of justice.

In June, Iranian diplomacy did not escape the attention and the Central Asian republics. In the middle of the month, Iran and Turkmenistan signed a Memorandum of understanding to expand their consular, border and customs cooperation. Both sides agreed to contribute to the increase in the number of consular offices in the visa and customs issues, and conduct joint campaign against drugs and border security.

Earlier in June, Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs of Iran, Mohammadreza Rauf Sheibani met with President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov conveyed a message from Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's invitation to visit Iran. During the meeting the sides discussed topical aspects of Turkmen-Iranian cooperation on its priorities, focusing on the practical issues of implementing joint projects with regional and international significance. Among them is the construction of transnational railway North-South, as well as the creation of the international transit and transport corridor, which will connect Turkmenistan, Iran, Uzbekistan, Oman and Qatar.

Already in Tehran on 25 June on the sidelines of the conference on the global fight against terrorism, the foreign Minister of Iran Ali Akbar Salehi and his Turkmen counterpart Rashid Meredov reaffirmed the importance of developing relations between the two neighbouring States. The sides discussed political, economic, trade and cultural relations and discussed joint projects in the field of oil, gas, electricity and Railways. During the meeting, the Iranian foreign Minister noted that Tehran is ready to boost mutual economic and cultural ties with Ashgabat.

In late June, a parliamentary delegation from Iran visited Kyrgyzstan. Members of the Iranian delegation met with Deputy foreign Minister of Kyrgyzstan Mr. Aitmurzaeva, the leadership of the Kyrgyz Parliament. At the meetings the sides underlined the existing good political and contractual basis of bilateral relations between Iran and Kyrgyzstan, consisting of long term agreements and contracts. Was expressed mutual interest in their practical implementation, especially in trade-economic and investment cooperation. The Iranian delegation also noted the need for capacity building in issues of inter-parliamentary cooperation and made several proposals. In particular, the head of the Iranian delegation, the Deputy of the Anushirwan, the facade of the mineral, noting the tourism potential of Kyrgyzstan, proposed to establish a visa-free regime between the two countries. According to him, this will allow not only to strengthen relations between the two brotherly Nations and to increase cooperation in trade and economic sphere.

In mid-June, Iranian President Ahmadinejad, who arrived in Kazakhstan's capital Astana to participate in the jubilee summit of the Shanghai cooperation organization (SCO), discussed with the Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Karim Masimov the situation in the region and the state of bilateral relations. The Iranian President met with his Kazakh counterpart Nursultan Nazarbayev.

In the framework of the SCO summit, Mr. Ahmadinejad also met with Chinese leader Hu Jintao. Both leaders expressed interest in further comprehensive development of relations between the two countries.

In Astana on 15 June hosted a meeting of presidents of Russia, Kazakhstan and Iran. They discussed matters "of mutual interest".

On 20-21 June, the Director of the Department of Middle East and North Africa of the MFA of Russia Sergey V. Vershinin as personal representative of the Minister of foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation held in Tehran consultations with the leadership of the Iranian foreign Ministry. Mr. Vershinin in order for the next round of regular political consultations between Russia and Iran met with Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs of Iran Mohammad Reza Rauf Sheibani and handed him a message from the Minister of foreign Affairs of Russia Sergey Lavrov. Focused on the development of the situation in the middle East, including the middle East peace process, Persian Gulf and North Africa. The parties agreed to continue exchange of views on this issue. S. V. Vershinin, referring to events in the Middle East, put into the spotlight the question of what the peoples of the region should determine their own destiny without outside interference. However, he said that the way out of the current crisis should be dialogue between the various movements and the authorities of the respective countries, and expressed the hope that the crisis countries, including Libya, military operations ceased.

Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs of Iran M. R. Sheibani criticized the dual approach of the West to events in the Middle East and North Africa, and stated that the legitimate demands of the peoples of the region aimed at ensuring the independence and sovereignty of countries in the region.

In June Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs, the representative of Iran on the negotiation of the Convention on the legal status of the Caspian sea Mohammad Mehdi Akhundzade expressed optimism, saying that next year the work on preparation of Convention on legal status of the Caspian sea will be completed. Mr. Akhundov expressed confidence that if some countries show some flexibility, then next year it will be possible to reach a common consensus. This issue is currently being negotiated. To date, coastal States in November 2003 signed the framework Convention for the protection of the marine environment of the Caspian sea. In July 1998 between Kazakhstan and Russia concluded an agreement on delimiting the Northern part of the Caspian sea to implement sovereign rights for subsoil use and in may 2002 - Protocol to this Agreement. On 29 November 2001 and 27 February 2003 signed an agreement between Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan on the delimitation of the Caspian seabed and Protocol to it respectively. Also between Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Russia may 14, 2003 signed an agreement on the joint of lines of differentiation of adjacent sections of the Caspian sea. Iran does not recognize bilateral and trilateral agreements on the Caspian sea.

 

3.NUCLEAR PROGRAM

On June 23, speaking in the city of ray near Tehran, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said: "We are not afraid of anyone. If we wanted to build a nuclear weapon, was not afraid to declare it openly. But if we declare that we want a nuclear bomb, it really means that we don't want that. We're not as hypocritical as those who destroyed the world system of colonialism, and now stood under the banners of human rights," stressed the Iranian President.

He criticized the IAEA. "We are actively cooperating with the IAEA. However, the Agency settled puppets of world powers, - said Ahmadinejad. - When Japan blows up a nuclear power plant, the IAEA has kept silent about the false information provided to the world by the Japanese side regarding this NPP. When we are talking about Iran, the IAEA is willing to distribute the documents, worthy only of the trash". In a statement a month ago the next IAEA report on Iran States that the Agency recently "received additional information about possible undeclared nuclear activities" Iran. In response, the permanent representative of Iran to the IAEA Ali Asghar Soltanieh has called groundless and without any evidence of allegations that Iran's nuclear program has a military component. "Similar accusations were made repeatedly and tired. They are based on mere speculation, clearly politicized and undermined the credibility of the Agency", - said the Iranian diplomat.

By the way. In June, Russia and China blocked a U.S. attempt to publish the report of the independent experts on alleged violations by Iran of UN sanctions regime due to the lack of "reliable information". In submitted to the sanctions Committee of the UN security Council report States that the majority of violations by Iran of the UN embargo on the supply of weapons to Syria, where it allegedly Western countries, smuggled Lebanese and Palestinian militants. The report also accuses Iran of refusal to give up its programme of uranium enrichment. In connection with this report, the Deputy permanent representative of Russia to the UN Alexander Pankin said: "Unverified or politicized information should not encourage or promote any initiatives in the Security Council or the Committee".

However, the real activities of Tehran in the nuclear sphere does not allow the opponents of the IRI to stop to tire the Iranian government expressing her concerns. The Iranian authorities announced a new stage of development of the nuclear program. As stated by the head of the atomic energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Faridun Abbasi Davani, the production of enriched uranium from the nuclear centre in Natanz will be partially transferred to the new facility near Qom Fordow that will turn out 20 % of the total amount of enriched uranium. In consequence, as soon as three times to increase his production plant, Fordo, uranium enrichment at Natanz will be terminated. In mid-June, Iran has produced more than 50 kilograms of enriched uranium to a 20% concentration. The representative of Iran in IAEA Ali Asghar Soltanieh said that Iran needs to speed up the production of enriched uranium up to 120 pounds. To note, France has called a "provocation" Iran's intention to sharply increase production of enriched uranium.

Head of AEOI Mr. Abbasi Davani also said that the factories on uranium enrichment in the Natanz Fordow and will be installed next-generation centrifuges. In the near future will be installed the first cascade of 164 centrifuges of new generation. Research and tests concerning the installation of centrifuges named, was held in Fordow and Natanz.

In addition, Mr. Abbasi Davani said that before April of next year Iran will start production of fuel rods. According to him, a similar process has been in Iran for the first time, so the production will be done in phases. "Today the work at each stage is carried out according to schedule," he said. In this regard, the Deputy of the Majlis, Boroujerdi Alaaddin Keykubat, explaining the desire of Iran to independently produce nuclear fuel for the Tehran research reactor (TRR), has accused the IAEA of failing to provide reactor fuel for the production of medicines for 800 thousand sick and the needy and said: "we have to make the required fuel inside the country". Recall that in 2009, the Iranian authorities announced plans to build in Iran ten enterprises for uranium enrichment. Plans huge. They are of concern to the international community.

In June, the Russian foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov referred to the Russian position. So, commenting on the initiative of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev trilateral meeting of leaders of Russia, Iran and Kazakhstan, he said that Tehran is ready to cooperate with the "six", including the solution to the Iranian nuclear issue, but would like to discuss the question of easing sanctions. The head of the Russian foreign Ministry noted that the issue of Iran's nuclear program in the last time "faded into the plan; other participants of the negotiation process probably too busy with the Middle East and North Africa". "But we, although also very concerned about what is happening in the region, we consider it inappropriate to forget the deadlock that remains around the Iranian nuclear program," Lavrov explained the Russian position. This is the reason the initiatives of the President meeting, which was held in Astana, - said Lavrov. - At a meeting with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad raised the question of a more constructive interaction with the "six" and, most importantly, improved transparency in contacts between Iran and the IAEA. "The reaction of the President of Iran was a positive one," said the Minister.

According to Mr. Lavrov, President Ahmadinejad "has admitted that "six" is an important tool and mechanism with which Iran is ready to cooperate and willing to cooperate including on the Iranian nuclear program; but Iran's President would like to discuss other issues, including the weakening of the sanctions regime, including the development of regional processes, in which Iran has every right to participate on an equal footing with other States". "This approach - combining subject matter of the Iranian nuclear program and regional and economic perspective - fully reflects the position, which promotes "six", - said Lavrov. Russia - he added, - "expressed the hope that there will now be no obstacles to dialogue with the "six" resumed". The Minister said that the talks "we heard from the Iranian President the assurance that he would undertake additional steps with regard to ensuring greater transparency of the Iranian nuclear program within the framework of contacts between Tehran and the IAEA".

However, it seems that the optimism in Tehran excessive. IRI President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, characterizing the Iranian nuclear program, June 7 said: "the train of the Iranian nuclear program has no reverse gear, no brakes". "The nuclear issue has three aspects, - he stressed. - First technical. Centrifuge work, designed their new generation, the research continues, as well as ongoing enrichment of uranium to 20 percent. The second aspect is legal. In this respect we act in the international legal field, in the framework of international law, in close contact with the International atomic energy Agency". However, according to the Iranian President, there is also a third aspect is political. Nuclear theme in this case is only an excuse. "The essence of this aspect is that the West, primarily the United States and its allies, hostile to independent development and progress of Nations. They don't want the nation were truly independent and came out of the sphere of their influence. To this end they try to enter world public opinion is misled, claiming that Iran seeks to acquire nuclear weapons," said Ahmadinejad. According to him, Iran will continue its peaceful nuclear activities, "regardless of whether or not to negotiate with him and discussions". However, the President of Iran once again expressed his country's willingness to continue negotiations with the group of international mediators "in order to promote cooperation and understanding". While Mr. Ahmadinejad stressed that for the sake of resuming negotiations with the group "5 plus 1" (the permanent members of the UN security Council and Germany), Iran agrees to suspend enrichment of uranium.

The pessimistic mood set and the statements of the Iranian Ambassador to the IAEA, Mr. Soltanieh. He said, "If the IAEA will drop all charges related to the so-called "American notebook," then Iran will be ready, on his part, to answer any questions and dispel any suspicion regarding the presence of military aspects in Iran's nuclear program". "Resolution of the UN Security Council on Iran lack legal basis and are not subject to execution - was a historic mistake to involve the UN in the Affairs of the IAEA organize a technical nature," he said. According to Soltani, once the "interference" of the UN security Council will end, "it will open a new Chapter in our cooperation". Ali Soltanieh also said that Iran supports the Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons (NPT). "We strongly support the universality of the NPT, he said. - We realize that the NPT inherently a certain discrimination, but it is the only Treaty on the nonproliferation of approaching universal status, and we stand in support of it".

Help. The case, dubbed the "American notebook", due to the escape or abduction of Iranian nuclear physicist of Shahram Amiri in June 2009 in the Saudi city of Medina. Then the scientist allegedly said that he had taken from Iran the laptop with secret data on its nuclear program of his country and handed them over to American intelligence.

But still, despite the hard-line nuclear Iran, the world hopes for negotiations that are better than their absence. World powers have urged Iran to engage in constructive dialogue on its nuclear program. In a joint statement, the UK, Germany, China, Russia, US and France suggests the need to address critical issues in order to exclude a possible military orientation of Iran's nuclear program. The statement was adopted on June 9 at the meeting of the leadership of the International atomic energy Agency in Vienna.

But, unfortunately, at the beginning of July the date of the meeting "six" international mediators on the Iranian nuclear issue was not inconsistent. This causes Moscow's concerns, announced in late June, Deputy foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov. "Ongoing correspondence between the (representative of the EU Catherine-auth.) Ashton and (Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Iranian national security Saeed-ed.) Jalili. We in the details of this correspondence are not able to go. To inform about the date also can't. This causes us some concern, because without dialogue the situation is not improving. Today the dialogue with Iran needed more than ever," said Ryabkov. The diplomat stressed that Russia was "against unilateral sanctions against Iran bypassing the UN Security Council". "We are concerned that the sanctions were imposed. They, in particular, may affect the interests of the Russian enterprises, - said Mr. Ryabkov.

The Russian foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov also stressed that Russia is interested in the soonest start of negotiations with Iran on its nuclear program. He said this after talks with the foreign Minister of France Alain juppé. "We are interested in the soonest launch of negotiations with Iran, and reaffirmed their support for those proposals that this group (5+1) transferred to our Iranian partners," — said the Russian Minister. He noted that although the majority of issues Russia and France have common viewpoints on a number of them "we have certain differences, especially concerning ways to achieve goals." "And for the very purposes we have no disagreements", — said Lavrov.

In June, Iran was represented by its Vice-President head of AEOI Faridun Abbasi Davani spent a few noteworthy shares in the nuclear field. At the IAEA Conference on nuclear security in Vienna, Faridun Abbasi Davani said that Iran has started activities on accession to the international Convention on nuclear safety. Speaking about the upcoming commissioning of the Bushehr NPP, Mr. Abbasi stated that the main reason for the delays with the introduction of the first Iranian nuclear power plant in operation was the desire of Iran to ensure full safety of nuclear power plants. "I reaffirm our commitment to respect the security," added Abbasi.

In addition, during the conference, Faridun Abbasi Davani invited IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano and his colleagues to visit any nuclear facilities Iran. According to Mr. Davani, both sides (Iran and the IAEA) has expressed willingness to resolve their problems through dialogue. "We have a common view on all issues," he said, without specifying what issues were raised in the discussion. But despite the positive assessment of his communication with Mr. Amano, Mr. Davani expressed indignation at the actions of the Agency, which, in his opinion, will not tolerate an Iranian nuclear physicists to participate in international scientific conferences, devoted to the development of the nuclear industry. "We oppose such practices. Such shameful actions are just inadequate," he said Faridun Abbasi Davani.

In Vienna he also made the statement that Iran is ready to share its nuclear technology with other countries, provided that they join the NPT, and the process of technology transfer will take place under IAEA control. "We want other States could benefit from our experience, which we, in spite of the sanctions, had been saving for the last 30 years," he said, calling the implementation of international sanctions against Iran "nuclear apartheid". Observers doubt whether all of the initiative active Mr. Davani part of a massive public relations campaign pursued by Tehran in its attempts to bring down the intensity of emotions in the first place, "the sanctions of passion" around Iran.

As already noted the head of the AEOI working on putting the Bushehr NPP into operation coming to an end. Launch is expected in August. And already there was anecdotal information that Iran is ready to continue peaceful nuclear cooperation with Russia. But in Iran support this idea. The Chairman of the energy Commission of the Majlis of Iran Hamid Reza Katuzian about the decision about signing a new contract with Russia on construction of a nuclear reactor said that the transfer to anyone of such large, estimated in the billions of dollars of projects on the basis of bestinternet not legal. He noted that given the accidents that occurred at nuclear power plants in various countries, the construction of new nuclear plants is a challenge that requires a comprehensive and careful analysis. Next, Mr. Katouzian stressed that the contract with the country or company that did not complete execution of previous contracts and cooperation which has given rise to many problems, it is not correct. According to the Chairman of energy Commission, at the moment Iran in the field of NPP construction is tied to the technologies of Eastern Europe. In this connection a question arises whether to use these technologies in the construction of all these power plants? In any case when concluding such contracts necessary to carry out international tenders. Mr. Katouzian reiterated that the conclusion of a large, estimated in the billions of dollars of contracts directly, without tendering contrary to existing law. In addition, such contracts should be discussed in the Majlis.

For many years political scientists have argued that the development of Iran's nuclear program in the format in which it is happening now initiating similar programs in other, primarily neighbouring countries. And here is the "Domino effect" begins to appear in reality.

In June at a meeting with representatives of NATO countries — it took place at the British base of Molesworth, which is considered a center coordinating the activities of Western intelligence services in the middle East, the former head of intelligence of Saudi Arabia, former Ambassador to Washington and London Prince Turki al-Faisal was driven to the Western allies a threat to Riyadh. It lies in the fact that Saudi Arabia will be forced to acquire nuclear weapons if it is from Iran. According to Prince, should Iran get nuclear weapons, Saudi Arabia "will be forced to pursue a policy leading to consequences which it is impossible to calculate and may be dramatic". Experts believe that the Kingdom will not even have to conduct its development: finished atomic charges to Riyadh will provide the Pakistan, which at one time created their Saudi money. However, as I hope in Saudi Arabia, it this may not be reached if the West, he would deal with the Iranian regime, removing the main rival of the Saudis in the middle East.

 

4.SANCTIONS

In June, the US imposed unilateral economic sanctions against several Iranian security agencies and one of their leaders. Under U.S. sanctions falls to the Islamic revolutionary guards Corps (IRGC), the resistance of the "Basij" controlled by the IRGC; as well as the security of Iran and the head of service General Finish Ahmadi Moghadam. In addition, sanctions will be subjected to a number of other Iranian legal entities and individuals, including the national carrier. According to the Finance Ministry, these measures will relate to the air carrier Iran Air, the company-operator of several sea ports of the Islamic Republic of Tidewater Middle East investment company, Mehr-e Eghtesad-e Iranian Investment. In the "black list" included the name of Iranian official Behnam Shahriyari and his firm "Behnam Shahriyari trading". The approval of the U.S. Treasury, the first three of these are used by the IRGC for the transportation of cargo, which can be used for the production of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery. Tehran has no right to receive or to send such cargo by the decision of the UN Security Council, which has adopted several relevant resolutions. Shahriari Behnam and his firm have been charged with providing support and the transfer of weapons to the radical Shiite group Hezbollah, which the U.S. government considers a terrorist organization. In practice, the current actions of Washington mean the freezing of all assets of the data structures in the U.S. and ban American citizens and organizations to have any business with them. Their assets in the event of discovery under U.S. jurisdiction will be seized.

The European Union also expanded sanctions measures against Iran, and distributed to the three commanders of the IRGC. Tehran has expressed to the EU protest against these "unauthorized actions" of the EU.

The government of Israel does not lag behind the Americans and Europeans. In June it approved additional economic sanctions against Iran. In their framework, will be developed for the amendment of the act on prohibition of money laundering, which allows inspection and control over the companies which are in trading relations with Iran.

In June a representative of the Ministry of the Treasury David Cohen visited Japan and South Korea, where he discussed the imposition of new sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program and urged the Japanese and the South Koreans also tighten sanctions against Iran. In April, Mr. Cohen visited Turkey. Meeting with representatives of the private sector of this country, the representative of the Ministry of Finance of the USA stressed that foreign banks, when you do business with countries such as Iran, could lose access to the U.S. financial system.

June 9 – exactly a year after the adoption of resolution 1929, imposing the fourth, counting from the 2006 round of sanctions against Iran, the UN security Council extended the mandate of the panel of experts of the 1737 Committee on Iran by adopting a resolution. This group, which is an important element of the Iranian sanctions regime is working, assisting the UNSC Committee 1737. She leads the collection and verification of facts for possible sanctions violations, performs analysis and prepares assessments and recommendations. The results of the experts are reflected in the reports group.

Representatives of Russia and China urged the panel members to comply strictly with its mandate, to work impartially and independently, and to use reliable sources and reliable information in the preparation of opinions and proposals. We will remind, Russia and China blocked the publication of the report of the expert group.

Russia criticizes new sanctions the U.S. and the EU and opposes the imposition of new international sanctions against Iran. About this stated the head of Russian foreign Ministry Sergei Lavrov."With the adoption of the resolution in June of last year all the hidden areas, which anyway belonged to the nuclear program, have already been covered, - said the Minister. - Any other sanctions will have nothing to do with the initial purpose and would harm the economy of Iran." "We painfully discussed the resolution, which affects quite a large number of issues, including economic issues of China, Russia and other countries. After this, the United States and some European countries immediately added their own unilateral requirements in respect of the sanctions that were approved. It's not the correct approach to discuss a collective position. Considering these two aspects, we see no opportunities for further international sanctions against Iran".

Despite the sanctions Iran with the help of interested parties finds loopholes to overcome it. The United States accused the French company Aerotechnic, its President and commercial Director in the illegal supply of American weapons to Iran. The company is accused of "unlawful purchase of military equipment for combat helicopters and fighter jets and the deliveries of this equipment to Iran," said the official representative of the US Department of justice Dean Boyd. All seven people and five companies in the United States, France, United Arab Emirates and Iran, accused by the American court of Georgia to conspiring "for the purpose of illegal supplies of military equipment purchased in the US and sent to Iran," said the Ministry.

In early June, police in Spain have arrested a group of local businessmen who tried to sell to Iran, Israeli helicopters written off American manufacturing Bell-212. This type of machine has been adopted in Israel to 90-ies. The Ministry of defense of Israel assures that in Spain cars were legally and with the approval of the United States. The Israeli defense Ministry launched an investigation.

 

5.NATIONAL SECURITY

In June continued the propaganda work of the intimidation of Zionists and imperialists the power of Iran and at the same time the cohesion of a nation in the face of us-Israeli threats. So, the defense Minister of Iran Brigadier General Ahmad Vahidi said that Iran is ready to inflict a crushing retaliatory strike if the US will take unreasonable and aggressive steps against Iran. "Iran is ready to adequately respond to the hostile behavior of the United States," said Vahidi. Note that the official Tehran earlier warned that if attacked will close the strategic Strait of Hormuz, a key oil supply routes. The General also stressed that if the United States will extract a lesson from the mistakes committed in Afghanistan and Iraq, they will not repeat them in the case of Iran.

Later in the same month, General Vahidi warned once again that no enemy will dare to threaten Iran, but if it does, the response will be swift and decisive. He said that Iran is strong in the sky, and the air force is able to protect her from enemy attacks. In turn, Reaffirming the statements of its chief, the representative of the air forces of Iran Aziz Nasirzadeh said that all parts necessary for normal flying combat aircraft, now produced inside the country, and the US failed their sanctions to weaken the power of the air force. The defense Minister added that Iranian armed forces have sufficient capacity defense to protect the country, and the enemies do not dare threaten Iran, while they have repeatedly stated about the attack of Iran, but they themselves realized that their threats are far from practical realities.

Commander of the IRGC aerospace forces Brigadier General Amir Ali Hajizadeh stated that sanctions had no impact on the defenses of Iran. The General said, the only result of the sanctions was to unite the Iranian people. The Iranians have become more experienced, stronger and more conscious, said Amir Ali Hajizade. The General noted that significant progress made by the armed forces of Iran, marking a new generation of specialists, using the rich experience of their predecessors. Speaking at the ongoing almost permanent military exercises, Hajizadeh stressed that the aggression against Iran would be a disaster for the attackers, as a retaliatory strike by Iran would be "devastating and fatal."

On June 27 began a ten-day military exercise of the armed forces of Iran (especially the IRGC), codenamed "Great Prophet-6". He commanded the teachings of the already mentioned General Amir Ali Hajizade. Speaking on the morning of 28 June, at the beginning of the second day of teachings, he said that Iran is able to develop and produce strategic missiles long range, but doesn't need this. (Yet?-ed.). According to him, all American and Israeli targets are already within range of Iranian missiles "Shahab-3" and "sajil", and Iran does not need missiles, the radius of action exceeding 2000 kilometers. General Hajizadeh added that the distance between Israel and Iran is 1200 miles, and U.S. military bases located in the Arab States and Afghanistan, and closer. The General also stressed that the missile programme of Iran does not threaten any other countries and need only to protect against Israeli and American aggression.

The commander exercises General Hajizadeh stated that the purpose of military exercises is to strengthen the combat capability of the armed forces of Iran in case ward off any aggression. Exercises, the General said, "include missile tests short, medium and long range". He called the exercise "a message of peace and friendship to other countries in the region". It's hard to imagine a more hypocritical and cynical definition of these military propaganda maneuvers in conditions, when "other countries in the region" extremely concerned about the military-political activity of Tehran and in response to the endless process of demonstration of military force by Iran, they themselves are building up their military capabilities.

A feature of these exercises was the presentation of silos to launch ballistic missiles. Iranian TV showed video of rocket launch from this mine. According to experts, the first time Iran has openly demonstrated silo launchers. Military in Tehran say that the launch of missiles from the ground can be achieved faster than with terrestrial plants, in addition, allow these mines to launch rockets larger range.

According to Iranian officers that are stationed in the mines missiles are part of the rapid response system and the possible attack "at any moment ready to strike pre-designated targets". What this purpose was not reported. But, as hinted at General Hajizade is Israel and American bases in the region. The location of the new facilities of the Iranian missile forces is not called, however earlier Western experts have assumed that they are built in the North-West of the country. Mine, covered by massive steel plates, will greatly enhance the chances of preservation of Iranian missiles safe in case of a sudden attack - under the ground making them difficult to hit than at the launch site or mobile platform on the surface. The Iranians claim that the technology used in the construction of these objects, almost as complex as the manufacturing technology of the rocket itself. The officers rocketeers told that the mines were built by the efforts of local engineers and technicians.

Brigadier General Amir Ali Hajizade reported that Iran for the first time got technology silos 15 years ago, and has since placed them in different parts of the country. He also reported that the mines do not require the constant presence of the people, as connected with remote command posts. According to Iranian sources, the mines are missiles "Shahab-3" capable of hitting targets at a distance up to 2000 km, However, the mine may be used for launches of missiles "sajil" that use solid fuel, unlike "Saharov". ("Sejil" - in translation from Farsi "burnt clay": it Allah sent birds from the air pelted the enemies of Makkah).

In the last exercise "Great Prophet-6" passed the test "of Sagila". This, according to experts, has become, along with mine PU, the key point of the teachings. Two-stage solid fuel ballistic missile "Sejil", according to experts, is fundamentally different from previous Iranian ballistic missiles, including another medium-range missiles "Shahab". "Sajil" more mobile and less vulnerable than the rocket "Shahab" which had to fill before starting – it took time, in which the missile is easily detected by potential enemy. The construction of the rocket suggests that the Iranians are steadily building up its missile capability. The previous version of the rocket "sajil" was successfully tested Tehran in 2009. Exercise "Great prophet-6" will need to demonstrate how the claimed features of the new version of the rocket "sajil" correspond to the real. Earlier, the Iranian ballistic missiles have demonstrated a low accuracy in the defeat of the purposes. To demonstrate the range "sajil" the Iranians will be forced to launch a rocket into the sea, because in Iran you cannot work off a flight of missiles with a range of 2000 kilometers.

According to reports from Iran, just one day the IRGC has conducted 14 successful launches of missiles of various types, including, nine missiles "Salsal", two "Shahab-1", two "Shahab-2" and one "Shahab-3". Also conducted launches of the missile class ground-to-ground "Giam-1", recently adopted by the Iranian army (foreign experts previously thought that the creation of this rocket Tehran used the technology of North Korea, but Iranian authorities deny the borrowing of the North Korean experience).

The test of Iran's ballistic missiles has been a concern in the world. In late June, the head of British foreign Secretary William Hague said that the Iranian military secretly conducted tests of ballistic missiles capable of carrying a nuclear warhead. According to Haig, this is contrary to the resolutions of the UN Security Council 1929. (Resolution 1929 of the UN security Council dated 9.06.2010 G. prohibits Iran from carrying out activities associated with the development and testing, including launches of flying along a ballistic trajectory missiles that are capable of becoming carriers of nuclear weapons). In response, foreign Ministry spokesman of Iran Ramin Mehmanparast has refuted this statement by Mr. Hague. He said: "None of the tested Iranian missiles are not capable of carrying a nuclear warhead".

The success confirms Iranian missile production and space programme of Iran. June 15, Iran successfully put into orbit using its own rocket satellite device "Seedlings-1" ("Observation"). The type of missile was not specified. According to some reports, the height of the satellite orbit is 260 kilometers. The apparatus includes photographing the earth's surface and transfer this information along with other telemetry data of the Iranian ground stations.

The next day the head of the Space Agency of Iran Hamid Fazeli reported that Iran intends to launch into space three satellites before the end of the current Iranian year (21 March 2012), onboard one of which will be a weight of 285 pounds and a monkey. According to Fazeli, a second satellite named "Fajr" will be sent into space in early October and will be in orbit for a year and a half. The third satellite "Naveed", he said, will be launched in February 2012. Mr. Fazeli said that Iran is a month earlier than planned ready to launch into space a new missile carrier, which will be put into orbit a capsule with a live monkey on Board. "According to our plan rocket "Kavoshgar-5" during the month Mordad (July 23 - August 22) will orbit at an altitude of 120 kilometers a capsule with 285 pounds of cargo and a monkey on Board". According to him, "send in the space of this capsule is the first step in order to go there man". In August 2010 the President of Iran said that Iran plans to send man into space by 2017. Launch animals into space, as noted by Hamid Fazeli will be the first step towards meeting the objectives set by the President. Iran had previously been sent into space only small animals such as rats, turtles and worms are on Board the rocket "Kavoshgar-3".

After a successful space tests of the so-called "capsule of life", which took place on March 16, Fazeli reported that Iran sent into space a monkey in mid-September. New applications head of the Iranian space Agency has sounded next day after the orbit was successfully launched a new satellite, "Seedlings-1". Commenting on the launch of "Plants-1", President Ahmadinejad said that Iran soon will be put into orbit a satellite with a large coverage area that is able to provide all the needs of Iran in the field of communications.

Help. Space program of Iran was launched in February 2008, when was the test launch of the rocket "Kavoshgar-1", intended for the collection of research data and launch of the first national artificial satellite of the Earth. In November of the same year, Tehran has launched a second rocket - "Kavoshgar-2" with block scientific equipment. 40 minutes after starting the descent module returned to Earth. As reported by Iranian sources, the apparatus was able to measure atmospheric pressure and wind speed at various altitudes. In February 2009 a two-stage launch vehicle Safir 2 launched into earth orbit the first national satellite of Iran's "Omid" into orbit height of 250 km. In early February 2010, according to reports from Iran, Tehran on the booster of own production "Kavoshgar-3" sent into space a capsule with living organisms that will be used for scientific research. In turn, it was reported that Iranian scientists were sent into space mice, turtles and worms. At the launching ceremony was attended by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and the military leadership of the country. This project Tehran was prepared more than two years.

In early February of this year, Iran demonstrated satellites "Tolu" and "Mesbah-2", a companion for student research "Mehdi" and the engine of the carrier rocket "Simorg". All spacecraft were designed and constructed by forces of the Iranian scientists.

Along with combat ballistic missiles "ground – ground" space and launch vehicles, Iran has been actively engaged in the development and anti-air missiles. In June the air force of Iran has produced close to Tehran tests missile defence system "Mersad" ("Ambush"). The system is equipped with missiles "Shahin". "Mersad" are able to monitor the missiles and hit them at a distance of 75-150 km "Mersad" equipped with the latest radar, electronic processing of radar data and electronic tracking of a moving target, the electronic guidance. Missiles "Shahin" capable of shooting down ballistic missiles, aircraft and helicopters. Delivery systems "Mersad" in troops began on 12 June, according to the Iranian Ministry of defense. According to the General Farzad Ismaili, the rockets were of Russian military-industrial complex and formally delivered to the army. In April, the Iranian authorities announced the start of mass production of new generation anti-aircraft missiles.

Iran put into operation a new radar system called "Gadir". With the new radar, the range of which is 1,100 kilometers on the earth's surface and the height of the steps is 300 metres away, can detect airborne objects, stealth aircraft, cruise and ballistic missiles, and also live at low altitude satellites. It was noted that this radar was used to detect targets during a military exercise "Great Prophet-6".

In this regard, it is pertinent to mention that according to the chief of staff of the air defense of Iran's "Khatam-ol-Anbiya" of Farzad Ismaili, Iranian military experts have created a technology that allows you to find, identify, track stealth aircraft of various kinds Krylatye missiles. According to the military leader, the technology has already been created and will soon begin production of devices and equipment. "All enemy activity in this area is the center of attention of the armed forces of Iran", - said ismaily.

The commander of the 2nd naval district of the IRGC Brigadier General Ali Razmjou said that Iran has placed missiles short and medium range in the Persian Gulf. As said the General, already stationed in the Persian Gulf sufficient number of advanced weapons and technology to "enhance the defense ability and strength to intimidate Iran, and to guarantee stability and security in the strategically important sea areas". According to Ali Razmjou, the deployment of the naval forces of the IRGC in the Persian Gulf, including the deployment of high-speed ships and the establishment of missile bases on the Islands and in the coastal waters has forced a number of foreign warships to change the route meanders through the southern waters of the Bay. In addition, Ali Razmjou said that the IRGC is ready in the coming days to hold maneuvers in the waters near the province of Bushehr in the South-West of the country.

Commander of the IRGC aerospace forces Brigadier General Amir Ali Hajizade said that in the framework organized in the coming days of military exercises in the Persian Gulf Iran plans to test supersonic missiles "land-sea". The General said: "last year we received the technology of new missiles, capable of hitting a target and developing a supersonic speed".

It can be stated that Iranian military and political leadership pays special attention to missile troops and more recently naval forces.

From Tehran increasingly heard statements about Iranian "zones of interest" and "areas of responsibility" not only in the Persian Gulf, Oman and Aden gulfs, not only the Arabian sea but also the Mediterranean and even the Atlantic ocean. Atlantic projects in the future. Today the Iranian Navy develops near the world's oceans. In June, the Iranian authorities sent combat submarines, including the latest Yunes, in the area of the red sea, according to Iranian sources, to gather information and identify warships of other countries. How many were sent to the sub, not specified. It is known that submarines were escorted by warships of the 14th fleet of the Iranian Navy. Earlier it was reported that the 14th flotilla consisting of two warships - combat supply vessel of Bandar Abbas and the destroyer Shahid Naqdi - was aimed at combating pirates in the Gulf of Aden. Currently, despite the fact that many countries of the world have United in a coalition under U.S. command in the Gulf of Aden, the ships of the Navy of the Iranian army on combat duty in the Gulf independently, relying solely on their strength. In 2010, Iran has expanded its naval eleven 120-ton Ghadir class submarines, which, according to the military, will be used to patrol the waters of the Persian Gulf up to the red sea, but about patrolling the red sea earlier, the Iranian military is not stated. In February 2011, two ships of the Iranian Navy in the framework of the educational campaign passed through the Red sea and the Suez canal, heading for Syria - for the first time since the Islamic revolution of 1979 in Iran. Tehran stated that the mission of a "peaceful and friendly intentions", however, Israel has regarded it as "provocation". The passage of ships of the Iranian Navy in the Mediterranean sea caused alarm in Israel, since the Iranian ships were headed to Syria with which Israel formally is at war.

The naval aspirations of Iran and aimed to the North. To ensure its interests in the Caspian sea of Iran closely monitors 20 percent of the territory by the armed forces, said in June the chief of the Navy of Iran Habibullah Sayari. Admiral of Sari announced that soon Iran will hold naval exercise "Velayat-90". His Deputy Mohammad Mousavi said that the goal of the upcoming manoeuvres is to check the capabilities of the new submarines manufactured in Iran. Other details of the high-ranking Iranian military was not informed. So on the parameters of a new Iranian submarines is unknown. He also did not name the date and venue of the forthcoming naval maneuvers.

Iran is preparing not only to "hot war" with the enemy, but also to a new, bloodless, true, brutal and uncompromising "cyber warfare". The Minister of information (intelligence and counterintelligence) of Iran Heidar, Moslehi said that Iran has taken appropriate measures to counteract new spyware cyberwar between the US and Iran. However, he noted that the conspiracy USA associated with the cyber attack on Iran is not something new. The Minister stressed that his Ministry is implementing reliable control over cyberspace

Iranian army prepared to counter cyber attacks. This was stated by chief of land forces of Iran Ahmadreza Pourdastan. He stressed that the Iranian army is ready in cyberspace to counter any hacker attacks launched by the enemies of Iran. The General said: "Today, modern armies around the world seek to equip themselves with the necessary systems and equipment to ensure their presence in cyberspace. Iranian troops are familiar with the cyberspace and is ready to make his presence in it. The necessary equipment for these purposes is made on the Iranian defence industry".

Many experts believe that the first cyber war was the launch of the Stuxnet virus into the computer network, providing operation of Iranian centrifuges enriching uranium. Iran was accused of sabotage, the U.S. government and Israel. According to some observers, the idea of attack was suggested by German experts, and the virus was tested at the Israeli reactor in Dimona. Note that in February 2011, the Minister for intelligence and atomic energy of Israel Dan Meridor called cyber warfare a good alternative to "ugly" military action. He reported that Israeli intelligence agencies have expended considerable effort to neutralize the enemy without force. Plans to use cyber weapons for military purposes officially stated in the USA.

Iran is not only a cyber defensive and cyber comes. Hacker group Anonymous announced the attack on the official website of the Knesset of Israel. The attack will be made under "Operation Intifada". "While the Israelis launch their viruses by type of Stuxnet into the Iranian computers, and try to prevent the country to produce nuclear weapons, we intend to organize their own attack, so they can feel what it's like in their own skin," was written in the official blog of hackers. It is noted that the blog doesn't say about the attempt to steal sensitive information, or that the operation can cause damage to the security of Israel. "It's just an attempt to bring down the website of the Knesset," reads the blog. We will remind, earlier it was reported that in the last time recorded wave of cyber attacks. According to some reports, in Libya NATO forces first tested for the army Gaddafi latest cyber weapons.

As noted by Iranian media, the entire military might of the Islamic Republic of Iran in June focused on the exhibition of scientific and military Jihad of the armed forces of Iran. June 22, Supreme leader of Iran and Supreme commander of the armed forces Ayatollah Ali Khamenei visited the exhibition. The exhibition presents more than three hundred exhibits demonstrating scientific and technological achievements in the field of production technology for defence industry, military equipment for the army and the IRGC, for land, air and naval forces of the country. Among the latest developments presented at the exhibition: defense products in the field of air defense systems and aircraft; - helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles; surface combat ships, vessels and submarines; radar stations for various purposes; modern electronic devices and equipment protivoelektrodom protection; equipment to prevent cyber attacks; advances in military medicine.

The Supreme commander of the armed forces of Iran also visited military power and level of development of the armed forces on the example and offensive light tactical vehicles, light utility vehicles, various types of intelligent missiles of a class "earth-air", "earth-earth", "air-earth". In particular, there were presented different types of ballistic missiles of a class "earth-earth", including the rocket "sajil" with a range of 2,000 km, the missile "Giam" with a range of 750 km and rockets type "Fateh" with different range.

Different types of ballistic missiles with solid motors and liquid fuel, anti-aircraft missiles, submarines and anti-ship missiles was another section of the exhibition, testifying to the mighty missile potential of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Also presented were two-stage launch vehicle satellites "Safir" and "Seedlings-1", missiles, special forces and the system of laboratories for space research. In addition, the exhibition presents achievements in the use of laser technology, nanoantennas, and many other tools of high technology.

After viewing the exhibition, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei underlined the necessity of development and strengthening of research centres of the armed forces, as well as support scientific elite and talented researchers. Khamenei further stressed that the main goal of Iran in the production of weapons is defensive in its orientation, while the individual countries, aspiring to world domination, develop offensive weapons. "The main purpose of creation of weapons in the West is sold to increase the wealth of the bosses weapon business," added Khamenei. At the end of his speech, the Supreme commander said: "Given the effort and diligence that is observed in the armed forces, the sanctions taken against Iran will be useless and will harm themselves enemies of the Iranian people.

Thus, in June continued confrontation between the Iranian President and the Iranian Parliament, which had a negative impact on the domestic political situation in the country (at least the politically active part of Iranian society). In political life continued to escalate relations with Saudi Arabia. Iranian diplomacy has intensified in the Caucasus in trying to keep in balance its relations with Armenia and Azerbaijan. The nuclear issue of Iran "stuck" in traffic that is moving very slowly, but, unfortunately, inexorably to a standstill. Russia is trying to do something, but so far it's just "a boondoggle". In military terms, June for Tehran was very effective – exercises, new models of weapons, exhibitions, bellicose statements by political and military leaders. All this does not allow for optimistic estimates of the future development of the situation around Iran and throughout the middle East.

 

V. I. Sazhin

Source: http://www.casfactor.com/rus/analitic/372.html

Tags: Iran


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