In Iran the total number of centers working in the sphere of political and strategic studies, approaching two hundred. Most of them operate as a public organization, either as an institution functioning under the universities (about 100). The latter is stimulated directly by the state, interested in the development of analytical and, as the Iranians say, "philosophical" thought in Iran.
However, a serious and influential "think tanks", directly serving activities of government agencies, not so much. They are either in government, or have the status of non-governmental organizations, however, as a rule, they are managed by former high-ranking government officials, and directly or indirectly financed by the state. However, many experts of these think tanks, as a rule, after some time, go to work in the public administration system, which ensures the creation of successful communication think tank – state system", has a positive effect on the efficiency of development taken by the state decisions.
One of the characteristics of Iran is that force in its territory "brain centers" do not receive foreign funding, while active in the field of natural science research and scientific agencies have conducted many international programs, including foreign financing.
The following institutions are the most influential "think tanks" of Iran serving the various segments of the public administration system, and performs many of the functions arising from national security, including informational.
"The center for strategic studies"
Established in 1989. when the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran. In 1997, when A. A. Hashemi Rafsanjani resigned from the post of President, the center was removed from the President's office and joined the Council on the reasonableness of political and economic decisions (Expediency Council), which since 1997. to this day controlled by the former President A. A. Hashemi-Rafsanjani.
The number of employees of the center, including technical composition, is 25 people. All 10 of centre's experts – former employees of the Ministry of foreign Affairs and intelligence. The head of the Center was the former Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs (1997 to 2009.) Mahmoud Vaezi. In 1989-1997. in the Ministry of foreign Affairs M. Vaezi was responsible for the ongoing in Central Asia and South Caucasus policy was a mediator in the negotiations on the establishment of the Armenian-Azerbaijani truce (1992-1993). Since January of 2009. The center is headed by former Secretary of the Supreme national security Council of Iran Hasan Ruhani.
The center is funded as part of the work of the expediency Council adopt political and economic decisions, which in turn is funded under a special article of the state budget of Iran.
The center is located in the North of Tehran, adjacent to the garden Niavaran in the most expensive district of the capital and has a large enough and technically equipped territory. Internet address – http://www.csr.ir.
The center organizes seminars and conferences, mainly non-international, dedicated to the events in the Persian Gulf developments, and invited experts from Arab countries. In recent years, most organized by the center of conferences devoted to the problems of Iraq. Among their members you can also come across the Shiite political and religious figures of Iran.
The problems of the Persian Gulf also the focus of most publications, which, however, are mostly of a propaganda nature.
"The Institute for political and international studies"
Unlike the Center for strategic research, Institute for political and international studies is a more open structure, however, has much less influence on the process of political decision-making.
The Institute as a separate Department was established in 1990. when Iranian foreign Minister, and in 1992. received the status of Institute, which works directly supervise the Deputy foreign Minister of Iran on line research and educational programs.
The number of employees of the Institute reaches 50, and only half of them engaged in research work. The rest are translators, editors, staff, institutional and publishing spheres. The majority of researchers – professors of Iranian universities and acting officers of the foreign Ministry.
The Institute is fully funded by the government, within the funds allocated by the Ministry of foreign Affairs. The average salary of employees-researchers is $3000.
The Institute is situated in the North of Tehran, in the quarter, Tigris, at a distance of about 1 km from the Ministry of foreign Affairs. The address of its website – http://www.ipis.ir.
One of the main directions of the Institute activities is the organization of international conferences. The most famous of them – annually (March and October) organized the conference "the Persian Bay" and "South Caucasus and Central Asia", dedicated to the regional developments. At the conference dedicated to the study of regional problems in specialists from different countries, including from Armenia.
The majority published by the Institute of materials, the outcomes and reports of conferences, some of them educational literature for students and doctoral students of the Diplomatic Academy.
Note also that the activity of the Institute is mainly of propagandistic character. The most organize conferences here becoming a tribune of foreign policy speeches for the foreign Minister of Iran, to build links with foreign experts, who, according to reliable sources, often have a financial component.
"The Institute for national studies"
The Iranian "national research Institute" (INI) was established in 1997. to conduct research on national identity, religious and ethnic minorities. INI has the status of non-governmental and non-commercial benefit of the organization, but, according to reliable data, funded by the Ministry of internal Affairs, the Ministry of education and Ministry of information (Ministry of national security of Iran.
In INI employs 15 people, most of whom have been engaged in work of a technical nature. The Institute's activities is provided by working in other major institutions, researchers and specialists who ordered work on the theme of national identity and national minorities.
INI is actively involved in the development of learning programmes existing in the places of residence of national minorities ' educational institutions. The main focus of this activity is the discussion of questions of national origin in the educational programs and their presentation in the form, which reduces the separatist, nationalistic feelings, introduces common Iranian identity. These works are carried out competently enough, since from a purely formal point of view, they are aimed at increasing, not decreasing consciousness. For example, all schools operating in small and large Azeri-inhabited provinces of Iran, introducing courses on the history of localities and of the population. However, they represent the history of a specific location as absolutely unique and peculiar, different from the history of neighboring areas or communities. In fact, this is a special methodical policy aimed at splitting the common identity of national minorities.
Director of the Institute is Professor, University of Tehran Ali Karimi.
The web address of the INE – http://www.rinsweb.org.
INI is actively cooperating with foreign Iranian studies organizes their visits to Iran and is funding their research on issues of national identity. The most active communication established with the German and Dutch words, in part because of the presence of a large Iranian community and yanovitskij schools in Germany and the Netherlands.
"International Institute for Caspian studies
"International Institute for Caspian studies" (MICS) is one of the largest and most influential think tanks in Iran. From a structural point of view is a non-governmental and consulting organization, conducting research on political, legal and energy issues in the Caspian basin. However, the activities MIKI is not so limited, as it has developed General principles of energy policy and the strategy functions are performed, due to the foreign activities of Iran.
The Institute was established in 1998. Most experts – former or current employees of the foreign Ministry of Iran, there are also experts who are also in the expediency Council adopt political and economic decisions.
The Institute manages the Academic Council, 12 members of which are high – qualified specialists and diplomats. The total number of staff reaches 20.
MIKI is funded by the Ministry of foreign Affairs and the Ministry of petroleum of Iran. Also has non-state funding sources. According to some reports, MICKEY is protecting the interests of Iranian companies making investments in Central Asia and Russia, and provides appropriate advice. Efficiency of activity of Institute is ensured also by the fact that it has developed the postulates and directions of the Iranian foreign policy in Central Asia. Part of the staff and experts of the Institute has a Western education a high enough level, including the founder-Director of the Institute Abbas Maleki, who graduated from Harvard University in absentia of collaborating with the Harvard management same school. John.Kennedy.
MIKI is also working with leading U.S. research centers and experts and specialists of the Institute, including the Director A. Maleki, often printed in the leading American analytical Newspapers and magazines. MICKEY also entrusted with very important functions of public diplomacy. Based on this, experts often make a few MICKEY contrary to the course of Iranian state policy opinions, with the result that one gets a false impression of proopposition Institute.
The Internet address of the official website of MICKEY http://www.caspianstudies.com.
All these centres play an active role in political developments in Iran. At the same time, they have a certain scientific research value because it performs development in the applied sphere.
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