Experts on Middle East Military University of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation candidates in political science Tahir Ganiev and Sergey Zadonskiy, candidate of military Sciences Vladimir Karjakin recently completed a fundamental two-volume "Military power of the Islamic Republic of Iran: military policy and the armed forces". The book is published by the Middle East Institute.
Scholars convincingly argue that currently in the greater middle East has formed several centers of power: Iran, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Israel. Their foreign policy determines the geopolitical dynamics of the region.
Iran is not accidentally named the first in the series of these States. The Islamic revolution of 1979 led to the establishment of the country's new form of government and management, which in turn led to the construction of fundamentally new armed forces. Very soon they underwent a severe test in 1980 and began Iran-Iraq war that lasted eight years.
As you know, the war is causing serious damage to the economy and demography of the state. However, the Islamic Republic has successfully overcome the consequences of military action and come out of them stronger. Moreover, a national military-industrial complex, forced to develop relying on our own strength.
In our world consider the States with considerable geopolitical potential. Its main components – the economy, military strength, demography, ideology. The authors of this new scientific work shows that Tehran is most effectively disposed of all these four factors, skillfully using its unique geostrategic position in the region and rich in natural resources.
The Islamic revolutionaries overthrew the Shah, turned the country into a regional superpower
The paradox of the contemporary history of Iran is that the Islamic revolutionaries overthrew the Shah, turned the country into a regional superpower. They realized what Shah only dreamed of. But the point here is not that the paradoxical nature of the historical process, but in the fact that the Shah started the movement for the revival of a distinctive civilization continued Shiite clergy, not based on the model of Western democracy, and their views on the optimal way of development of the Persian civilization.
The authors comprehensively reviewed the military structure of the Iranian state. The book describes in detail how the organized army, "the Islamic revolutionary guards Corps", the forces of law and order and the people's militia "Basij", what are the tasks and modus operandi of special forces, as well as the principles of acquisition and organization of combat training.
The book examines the experience of the Iranian armed forces purchased them in regional conflicts, including Syria. Discuss their functions in repelling possible aggression. Describes what role the middle East played by various friends of the Iran non-governmental armed groups – the so-called Pro-Iranian forces.
Of special interest is the study by the authors of the special (intelligence) services Iran, whose role in national security has increased significantly. This, in particular, the intelligence units of the Ministry of information and the "revolutionary guards" and military intelligence.
Despite the tense situation in the Persian Gulf, the authors believe that as long as there is no serious military threat related to the possibility of a U.S. or Israeli strike on missile and nuclear research centers of Iran. Opponents of the Islamic Republic of bet is placed on economic sanctions, leading to socio-economic hardships, which naturally affects the mood of the population.
The authors believe that the United States is unable to use its military power and political opportunities for planting in the countries of the region of the Western model. Sooner or later, they believe, the Americans will have to withdraw from the region, leaving it "on charge" regional powers: Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia.
It appears that the book will be useful not only to military specialists and Orientalists-the scientists, and anyone interested in this seething region.
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