Event, the final of which was the statement of Rashid al-Ziani, developed rapidly. On 19 February this year, Riyadh announced that it cancelled its decision according to which Beirut was allocated $ 4 billion: 3 – for the purchase in France of military equipment to the Lebanese army, $ 1 billion – to strengthen law enforcement agencies and special services of the country. Explaining this move, the official representatives of the Kingdom explained that such educational measure, which the Saudis were forced to go after the Beirut refused to condemn the incident in early January of this year, the attack on the Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Tehran.
Two days later the foreign Ministry of Saudi Arabia appealed to the citizens of the Kingdom with a call to refrain from traveling to Lebanon. Well, and then in the course went already quite concrete economic sanctions, to which immediately joined the Junior partners of Riyadh, the cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (CCASG) − Bahrain, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait. Just a couple of days were discontinued financial transactions with Lebanon and suspended as the country's banks in the Gulf monarchies, and the activity of affiliates of national banks from these countries operating in Lebanon.
frozen the assets and accounts of those Lebanese businessmen who are Christians or Shiites. 250 companies from Lebanon working in the Gulf countries, received from local authorities the requirement within three months to cease operations. More than a thousand Lebanese citizens working in Saudi Arabia again – Christians and Shiites – has been closed residence in the Kingdom, and officials of Bahrain, Emirates and Kuwait announced that similar measures are prepared and they.
It soon became clear that the "offense" of Riyadh on non-aligned to the condemnation of the Tehran Beirut to the Saudi sanctions against Lebanon has nothing that the main purpose of these steps is Hezbollah. February 24, adviser to the Minister of defence of the Kingdom of Ahmad Assiri stated that "we have received intelligence by evidence of the involvement of Hezbollah for supporting the rebels and terrorists in Yemen". That evening on TV the Gulf was demonstrated dated June-July last year, a video in which someone presented in the report "the Hezbollah representative" spoke with several people, which journalists called "the commanders of the rebel troops, Houthis", about the terrorist attacks in Saudi Arabia.
The Saudi ultimatum to Beirut
The result of the propaganda campaign, accompanied by concrete economic sanctions and administrative measures against Lebanese nationals is the emergence of so-called "ten measures", which Riyadh intends to implement in relation to Beirut.
According to the document published in the media in the Gulf States, the Saudis plan:
- withdraw all deposits from the KSA Central Bank of Lebanon;
- to ensure the withdrawal of all Lebanese banks all deposits from private persons who are nationals of Saudi Arabia;
- to terminate any investment projects in Lebanon, and to ensure that similarly entered Saudi businessmen;
- to stop issuing entry visas to Saudi Arabia to the Lebanese citizens;
- to suspend any Bank transactions and transfers between Saudi Arabia and Lebanon;
- suspend air travel between the two countries;
to expel from the country all working and living there Lebanese citizens;
- close the Saudi market for exports from Lebanon;
- to stop the import to Lebanon of Saudi goods and services;
- to sever diplomatic relations between the two countries to close the Embassy in Beirut and expelled from Saudi Arabia of all Lebanese diplomats;
- and, finally, to involve antilliaanse sanctions of all other countries in the GCC.
But in those days, when there was this "List" when the Saudis and their GCC allies are enthusiastically enacted sanctions against Lebanon, in an interview to France Presse, the Ambassador of the Kingdom in Beirut made a very significant statement. "Lebanese citizens", - he said, - "will not be deported, a number of businessmen from this country will be able to continue its operations in the Gulf countries, and sanctions will not take effect if the Lebanese government will take certain measures".
Given the fact that remittances from labour migrants working in GCC countries shall be five billion (!) dollars a year, given the fact that immigrants from monarchies in the ground and keeps the tourism industry of the country, given the fact that the Saudis act as the guarantor of the greater part of the external debt of Lebanon ($70 billion, 145% of the GDP of this country), representatives of the Saudi lobby in Beirut – the leaders of the "March 14 Movement" − has appealed to Riyadh for clarification. Say, what exactly needs to be done in the country, so she was able to avoid quite likely because Saudi sanctions economic collapse.
Then it all became clear. The main requirement of Riyadh to Beirut is that "in Lebanon there has been a radical change of the existing balance of power. Either needs to be a coalition of equal strength Pro-Iranian movement Hezbollah, or Hezbollah must be weakened enough to match forces with other Lebanese parties and movements".
The main goal of the Saudis is Iran, the main method is the armed conflict by proxy
In Riyadh are fully aware that the attempt of fulfilling their demands loyal to the Saudis parties and movements in Beirut will be called in the country the armed conflict. Actually, this is the scenario in the Kingdom and preparing, carrying out in Lebanon a covert mobilization of his supporters. So, under the leadership of Ambassador of the Kingdom of Ali Awad Asiri, the Saudi special services staff now meet with the leadership of armed groups that exist at each located in Lebanon the Palestinian refugee camp.
Let me remind you that in these camps the Saudis have recruited and are recruiting fighters for anti-government groups in Syria. And we already know that a number of Palestinian factions in ain al-Hilweh, in the South and in Beirut has already announced a state of alert and started training – "reflection for the possible deployment of armed Hezbollah forces".
Already split the political field of Lebanon: if the representatives of the "March 14 Movement" calls on the government to apologise for refusing to condemn Iran and Saudi to accept the conditions, their opponents from the "March 8 Coalition" uniting Syrian and Pro-Iranian forces, are strongly critical of attempts by Riyadh to reshape the country's balance of power.
The Saudis are pushing the country towards a new civil war, and they do it quite deliberately, because the conflict will allow them to kill not even two, but three "hares". First, the armed conflict will seriously weaken Hezbollah. Secondly, a weakened Hezbollah would be unable to keep the resistance front for anti-government forces in Syria, making the situation of Bashar al-Assad irrevocably critical. This is an intermediate target, hitting which you can achieve the main, that which thirdly: loosening the proxy Hizbollah and its financing further "finishing moves", overthrowing, again by proxy, Assad, Riyadh gets the main prize – the loss of Iran's position in the Levant and the sharp narrowing of the boundaries of his influence. In front of such prospects – what are the Saudis the lives of some Lebanese?
Moreover, to achieve this, Riyadh is ready to partially sacrifice his own reputation in the Muslim world. Not all countries share his position regarding Hizbullah. Condemning the decision of the GCC to recognize it as a terrorist organization was made by Iraq and Algeria, a number of influential Arab leaders called this move "irresponsible, totally unreasonable and illogical". But most experts and commentators in Muslim countries and the West made it clear that the Saudis are acting in full compliance with Israeli plans in the region that their steps – only to the benefit of tel Aviv that what is happening now in Lebanon – the proof of the existence of the Alliance "Saudi Arabia – Israel".
Skeptics who deny the possibility of the Alliance of Zionism and Wahhabism, it would be worthwhile to listen to made in an interview with Sputnik Persian the Iranian political scientist and diplomat Seyed Hadi Afsahi (Hadi Seyed Afghahi), worked for many years in Lebanon. "The mission of these two modes are very similar – occupied territory, and changed the names of the former States. So the land of the Hejaz and Nejd became the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and Israel announced the establishment of their state on occupied Palestinian land. The ideology of Israel is based on the assumption of Zionism and the Saudi regime on the export and spread of Wahhabi ideas. And in fact - both protect the interests of the West," he said.
However, it is enough to analyze the behavior of the Saudis in the period 34-day Israeli-Lebanese war of 2006, enough to study the activity of representatives of the Kingdom in Lebanon since beginning of Syrian civil war – that doubt about the Saudi-Israeli Alliance has finally fallen. There is no partnership in politics stronger than friendship against a common enemy. And for Riyadh, and tel Aviv is first and foremost Tehran.
In an effort to prevent the Saudis instigated the armed conflict in their country, the delegation of Lebanese parliamentarians urgently visited Washington. According to them, "senior American officials were extremely annoyed by the decision of Riyadh to opt out of funding the Lebanese army and security forces". However, to directly intervene in the situation, that the U.S. does not intend, as clearly gave to understand visitors from Beirut, "Washington today, did not view the situation in Lebanon a priority for its foreign policy." The President of France, which has traditionally strong positions in the political field of Lebanon, a few days after the GCC decision on Hezbollah was awarded the crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed bin Nayef with the Legion d'honneur, "for his work in the fight against terrorism and extremism". In fact, the United States and Europe, the Saudis gave their tacit consent for their anti-Iranian adventure in Lebanon. And although the odds of success it is not absolute, and although Iran has the resources to neutralize it – security region is not added. Another "hot spot" in the strategically important site is too much even for the current Middle East.
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