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The US is using new approaches in Central Asia
Material posted: Publication date: 07-05-2012

Official Bishkek after the presidential elections have intensified in the strengthening of interstate relations with Turkey, adding that the foreign policy direction of special status. Evaluation of international and national expert communities in their arguments leaning closer ties Almazbek Atambayev from the political and business elite of Turkey. This fact, according to experts, has become decisive in the mid-term planning of foreign policy of the Kyrgyz authorities. However, despite such an assessment, personal relations of the authorities of both countries are merely part of the foreign policy strategy of Washington.

Strengthening the Kyrgyz-Turkish relations during the presidency of Askar Akayev and Kurmanbek Bakiyev was driven by several factors, which included:

• Political interaction within the framework of the pan-Turkic project of Turkey;
• Cultural and humanitarian cooperation;
• The field of education;
• Small and medium business.

Of course, at the present stage a range of issues for intergovernmental discussions, has not changed and limited to the aforementioned items, however, changed the nature of cooperation. First, on the background of rapprochement between Bishkek and Ankara have deteriorated sharply the relations of Kyrgyzstan with Russia. Secondly, the political cooperation between Turkey and Kyrgyzstan is planned in the medium term to connect Azerbaijan with the exception of any energy projects are quite open to political and economic cooperation. Thirdly, the main factor in choosing Washington of Turkey for its subsequent activation in the region through Kyrgyzstan, supports the existing system of public administration in Turkey. The Turkish model that has managed to integrate the system of Islamic and secular values in the political structure, seems to be the most attractive for the countries of Central Asia and Kyrgyzstan as such, as an example for national development.

In this context, it becomes clear that in the conditions of Central Asian reality and the growing role of Islam in society, White House policy in the region simply cannot afford to ignore the religious factor as an instrument of pressure and consolidation. It is noteworthy that in the period 2005-2010 in Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, an American game in the region were aimed at discrediting Islam. As now, the U.S. is not at risk to play on the contradictions of religious and secular sections of the society directly and try to involved third parties. In this regard, the chief Executive in this process was intended to be Israel, whose unofficial influence on policy decisions of the authorities has been quite successful.

In Kyrgyzstan, the influence of the Israeli lobby, partially supported by the supporters of Bakiev were mainly confined to religious blocking legislative initiatives. In Kazakhstan on the background of the diversity of religious sects and, accordingly, views on religion was the basis for the development of reactionary forces of terrorism and extremism. In Uzbekistan, Israel has the strongest positions in the face of the vast Jewish Diaspora, not directly interested in the Islamization of the country and focuses on extremist organisations like Hizb-ut-Tahrir, IDT, Akramiya, etc. However, in Kyrgyzstan, after the revolution of 2010 in Kyrgyzstan, the situation in the country has radically changed, that basically pushed the U.S. to approach the situation from a different perspective and change their approaches.

Also, ambiguous is the expression of interest in cooperation with Kyrgyzstan in a country like Qatar. During the visit at the beginning of last month, the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan Omurbek Babanova, the negotiations were conducted on the feasibility of projects in mining and tourism, although the main issue on the agenda was to further the deployment of the U.S. airbase at Manas and the discovery of other training centers for the military in the country. Such American government in many ways complements the actions of Turkey in Kyrgyzstan, which in the successful implementation of short and medium - term projects will seek to strengthen its position in other Central Asian countries. As for the Arab world in the face of Qatar and its behavior in Kyrgyzstan in particular, cooperation, apparently, will not take the active in nature and limited to a few educational and humanitarian initiatives. However, the issue of military-political character will stand in the forefront. Moreover, a strong emphasis on reaching these agreements, Arab countries will be put on cultural and religious community countries.

Meanwhile, serious international situation of Iran, caused largely by the ban on energy exports, according to the plans of Washington, should loosen its attention on its Central Asian neighbors, Tajikistan. Energy instability in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, is mainly dependent on Russian supplies of fuel and lubricants, serves as a good opportunity for the diversification of routes of oil imports.

So, official Dushanbe last week called on Azerbaijan to build on its territory the oil refinery, which is able to some extent alleviate the difficult situation of Tajikistan suffering from gas and electricity innuendo with Uzbekistan. The purely political dimension of development scenario shows that Azerbaijan and Turkey share the aspects of cooperation with the countries of the Central African Republic, in which the fuel and energy sector is Baku. Acting in conjunction, the two countries will strive to reduce the presence of Iran in Tajikistan, the Tajik leadership to take a favourable way to mitigate the energy crisis, however, due to the high level of Tajik-Iranian relations will make it extremely difficult. This is also explained by discontent of Turkey in Tashkent, which Uzbek authorities accuse the shelter of the Uzbek terrorists and sponsoring is forbidden in Uzbekistan underground organizations. In this regard, the White House today can not count on Turkey and Azerbaijan in the issues associated with Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.

At the present stage, the religious situation in Kyrgyzstan indicates that traditional sustainable influence of Islamic culture is still maintained in the southern regions of the country, but at the same time in the Northern part of Kyrgyzstan, in spite of the still strong positions of secularism, trends in the development of Islam increasingly stable political and ideological forms. In this regard, it makes sense to believe that in the medium term, Washington in Muslim countries (Turkey, Azerbaijan and Arab countries) will make efforts for the development of Islam in Kyrgyzstan up to the level, which implies the involvement of broad masses in the decision-making process and consequently influence "from below" (this principle also overlaps with the withdrawal of foreign forces from Afghanistan, due to which there will a favorable environment for import-export of religious ideologies in the CAR).

As a result, it is expected the creation and development of a wide network of Islamic non-governmental organizations, and the construction of religious educational institutions. Besides, not devoid of sense, the possibility of transfer of religious values in behavioral line some politicians that were not previously gravitated toward religion. In General, at the present stage it becomes apparent that such an approach intends to use Russia, which after the meeting of the Bishkek Bishop and Kyrgyz Theodosius his grace with the mayor of Bishkek ISA Omurkulov allocates funds for construction of Orthodox school (on 1 thousand persons) in the city. The struggle for influence in Central Asia, namely in Kyrgyzstan, is entering a new phase, but taking into account that all the issues associated with religion requires a very delicate relationship, these games can exacerbate civil contradictions on religious grounds.

Of course, in the drawing of the "religious card" in Central Asia risks of inter-religious contradictions count against the players in the first place, and the likelihood that these goals are the end result of all activities is quite high.

Analiticheskii Department "Prudent Solutions"


Tags: Central Asia

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