Center for Strategic Assessment and forecasts

Autonomous non-profit organization

Home / Politics and Geopolitics / Present and future of Europe / Articles
The role of Germany in European integration
Material posted: Publication date: 24-05-2017

Today, the EU is one of the Central elements of the balance of power in the modern world, and its members are now playing a more significant role than in the recent past. This is due to a number of external and internal factors. The ongoing economic and political changes such as globalization of international economic relations, require quick and appropriate reactions to them. Question about "new world order" at the present time has not lost its relevance, one of the centers which is the EU. Therefore, the integration processes, which began to develop from the beginning as a purely economic, are gaining more political weight.

In the process of European integration has always been a very active participation of Germany. For the European economic community, Germany has always served as the "locomotive", prodigiosin integration in the economic sphere, closer supranational cooperation in all fields.

The participation of Germany in the European Union has always been very active. In the European political arena the voice of Germany has more weight than the voice of the member States of the EU, due to a number of reasons.

First, Germany was one of the originators of European integration along with some other Western European States, namely France and Benelux, which served as the nucleus for rallying the European Nations. And today there is every reason to believe that Germany together with France, are the driving force behind the EU.

Secondly, Germany is a key regulator in Europe the unfolding processes because of its geographical position.

In addition, Germany actively participated in the creation of a single market, economic and monetary Union, and has initiated a joint European foreign policy.

For Germany the policy of unification of the EU has always played an important role because it allowed her to part with its nationalist past and to gain a worthy place in the European system of States. Thanks to its active role in the EU integration, Germany has managed not only to strengthen its position in Europe, but also to solve the problem of national reunification of the country. This example of how the unification of the two German States is an example of what benefits can bring the integration process to ensure national interests.

Having considered the questions of the relations of Germany to the Central issues of European integration, it can be concluded that Germany is one of the main supporters of the development of integration processes in the EU, and at the present stage not showing any signs of reducing interest of the country in the further development of integration processes of the EU.

The continuity of the process of European integration and the reunification of Germany within the EU offers political and scientific relevance of this study. Analysis of German policy since the inception in Europe of the Common market until the formation of the EU, and studying the modern trends in the management policy of Germany towards Europe can give an idea about the possible trends of German policy in the EU.

Thus, the participation of Germany in the EU gives it a lot of benefits and prospects. Germany as one of the founders and leading European Union countries from the beginning of the process of integration was particularly interested in its development[1]. Within the EU, it has strengthened its position in Europe weakened after the Second world war, Germany had significantly increased its economic power, has become an active member in all communities and institutions, and political leadership of the country had the opportunity to promote their solutions inside the EU, but also to actively impact on his policy.

A great contribution to the study of European integration has made work under the editorship of Yu. a. Borko and O. Butorina, V. "the European Union is on the threshold of the twenty-first century: the Choice of development strategy", labor under the editorship of Yu. V. Shishkov, D. E. Melnikov and V. G. Baranovsky "West - European integration: political aspects", a work by V. G. Baranovsky, "Western Europe: military and political integration", working under the General editorship of V. B. Knyazhinsky "West European integration: projects and reality". These works have a deep theoretical and analytical study of the EU.

Among the sources dealing with the role of Germany in the EU include the European legislative acts as well as the materials of the sessions of the European Council, published in the "Official journal of the European Communities" (Official Journal of the European Communities)[2]. Among Internet resources should be allocated to the official website of the EU, where available, official documents, White paper[3], "Green book"[4], press releases on important decisions of the European Supreme Court[5], the full texts of the decisions of this court, etc.

From the works devoted to Germany as one of the entities of the European Union, special interest research performed by E. V. Revyakina[6], D. K. Davletshinoy[7]. These papers examine the issues of participation of Germany in the EU with the development of European integration, examines the role of Germany in the integration processes, and also examines the impact of participation in the EU on the German economy.

Of special interest are the works of foreign authors, to assess the factors that had a decisive impact on the policy of Germany in the EU, such as the books of the former Chancellor Helmut Schmidt[8].

The theme of the formation and implementation of German policy in the European Union, described by X. Arnold[9], F. Borkenhagen[10], R. V. Morawitz and Kaiser[11], L. rühl[12]I. Hacker[13], R. Hrbek[14], X. Hubele[15]M. Zimmer[16].

The evolution of the German policy aimed at strengthening the position of Germany in the EU, in particular the prospects for the European policy of Germany after unification with the GDR, became the subject of research by British historians as T. Henehan[17], B. Lippert[18], D. March[19], p. Penninga[20].


Emeliannikov Valeria


[1] Borko Y. A., "Europe: a new beginning. Declaration Of Shuman"- M., 1994.

[2] "Treaty of Nice amending the Treaty on European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts", Luxembourg, 2001; La convention europeenne. L'avenir de l'union europeenne. - Bruxelles, 2003.

[3] White paper,

[4] "the Green books",

[5] the text of the decisions on important Affairs of the European Supreme Court

[6] E. V. Revyakin, "the Influence of European integration on the German economy". – Voronezh: Publishing House Voronezh State University, Moscow, 2000.

[7] Davletshina, D. C., "the Unification of Germany and its influence on the policy of Germany in the EU"- M., 2003.

[8] Schmidt, Helmut, "For the benefit of Germany: ways out of the crisis". - M., 1995.

[9] Arnold H., "Deutschlands Grosse. Deutsche Aussenpolitik Zwischen Macht und Mangel". - Munchen/Ztirich, 1995.

[10] F. Borkenhagen, "Aussenpolitische Interessen der Bundeswehr". - Bonn, 1997.

[11] R. Morawitz, W. Kaiser, "Die Zusammenarbeit von Bund und Landern bei Vorhaben der Europaischen Union". – Bonn: Europa Union Verlag. 1994.

[12] L. Riihl, "Deutschland als europaische Macht. Nationale Interessen und internationale Verantwortung". - Bonn, 1996.

[13] Hacker J., "Integration und Verantwortung: Deutschland als europaischer Sichcrheitspartner" - Bonn, 1995.

[14] R. Hrbek, "Die Reform der Europaischen Union. Positionen und Perspektiven anlasslich del-Regierimgskonferenz” - Baden-Baden, 1997.

[15] H. Hubel, "Ein "normales" Deutschland? Souverane Die Bundesrepublik in der auslandischen Wahrnehmung" - Bonn: Europa Union Verlag, 1995.

[16] Zimmer M, "Germany Phoenix in Trouble? "- U. S. A: University of Alberta Press, 1997.

[17] T. Henegan, "Unchained Eagle. Germany after the wal No.". - London, 1993.

[18] B. Lippert, "German unification and EC integration: German and British perspectives" - London, 1993.

[19] D. Marsch, "Germany and Europe: The Crisis of Unity" - London, 1995.

[20] C. Piening, "Global Europe. The European Union in World Affairs" - London, 1997.

Tags: Europe , Germany

RELATED MATERIALS: Politics and Geopolitics
Возрастное ограничение