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Arctic fire
Material posted: -Publication date: 22-10-2010

In recent years political and military activities of countries, one way or another announced the availability of interests in the circumpolar regions of the Arctic (in the far North, Norwegian, Barents and Baltic seas), has recently increased significantly. The basis for the revitalization was the initiative of the USA, as embodied in the presidential Directive PDD-66 dated January 12, 2009, which, inter alia, stated that the United States has broad and long-term interests of national security in the Arctic region.

In recent years political and military activities of countries, one way or another announced the availability of interests in the circumpolar regions of the Arctic (in the far North, Norwegian, Barents and Baltic seas), has recently increased significantly.

The basis for the revitalization was the initiative of the USA, as embodied in the presidential Directive PDD-66 dated January 12, 2009, which, inter alia, stated that the United States has broad and long-term interests of national security in the Arctic region. Following the release of the Directive, held a coordination event in the framework of NATO, which was held in Iceland in January of the same year. At the event, according to sources, agreed on a plan of action member countries of NATO in relation to the goals and objectives for the protection of interests in the Arctic region.

This was followed by a sharp increase in military-political activity of the circumpolar countries.

From 11 to 21 may 2009 in the North sea have undergone large-scale military exercise "Joint Warrior" (following "exercise Joint Warrior" should be held in autumn this year, then their conduct should be increased from two to three weeks).

8 to 18 June 2009 in Sweden was held exercises of NATO forces under the code name "Loyal Arrow 2009", which was attended by more than 2,000 troops from ten countries, and among them were NATO members (Germany, UK, Italy, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Turkey and USA) and countries that are not members of NATO (Finland and Sweden). The exercise involved air and naval forces of NATO countries. The main task is the development of techniques of warfare in the far North.

The main forces involved in the exercise, was based on the Swedish Lulea airbase, Bodo Norwegian and Finnish Oulu.

One of the results of the exercise confirmed the readiness of Sweden to join NATO, as well as the political debate on the abolition of the international status of Sweden as a neutral country. Also as a result of the exercise raised the question of a closer cooperation of the armed forces of Finland with NATO forces. At the same time as the main objectives for the management unit before the armed forces of these countries – planning and supporting forces of the block in polar latitudes in the composition of the Nordic battle group in case of carrying out operations to protect military, political and economic interests of the countries-members of NATO in the Arctic region.

Experts note that combat coordination and to develop methods of interaction and control within the framework of the Nordic battle group (which included Norway, Ireland, Estonia, Finland and Sweden), took place over several months in Afghanistan.

Further developments associated with the implementation of the results of military maneuvers, are reflected in the statement of the military authorities of Norway, 2 June According to the statement, Norway plans to transfer operational command of the armed forces from Stavanger in the South, in the Miraculous (Reitan) in the vicinity of Bodo (Bodo) on the North of the country. Thus, Norway will become the first country that placed operational command of the armed forces in the Arctic latitudes, in the vicinity of the region of possible conflicts over resources in the Arctic region.

In the same period (from 2 to 18 June 2009) at the site Adazi in Latvia were maneuvers, which simulated the interaction forces of the Baltic battalion, consisting of soldiers of the Latvian, Estonian and Lithuanian armed forces, with the armed forces of other NATO countries. Military experts say that the Baltic battalion is now one of the most combat-ready units of NATO in the region from parts of constant readiness. It is equipped with the latest military equipment and weapons, personnel training training for special forces. The personnel in the majority was tested in the case of contingents in Iraq and Afghanistan.

One of the results was held in June 2009 NATO summit, was the confirmation of plans of the Alliance on further progress to the East and the General strengthening of the Eastern strategic direction. To this end it was decided the establishment of the headquarters of the operational command of NATO forces in the region in the Polish city of Bydgoszcz. Also under control of this headquarters are the majority of NATO operations in the Baltic sea region.

At the same time, from 8 to 19 June last year in the Baltic sea were naval maneuvers of NATO countries "Baltic Operations 2009". In maneuvers attended the Navy twelve countries (USA, great Britain, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland and Sweden).

From 15 to 26 June in Alaska held military exercise "Northern Edge 2009". The exercises involved aircraft grouping, and strategic aviation.

A series of military maneuvers was the first big show of force designed to show how and what forces NATO is going to protect the interests of its members in the Arctic region.

As expected, the results of the maneuvers continued active work on improvement and development of military infrastructure of NATO in the Arctic region. Today, it is not excluded the creation of a circumpolar military bases of NATO, whose main task will be control over the Arctic and counter the Navy of Russia.

Tags: Russia , USA , Arctic , NATO , security , threat


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