The importance of information security of the Northern sea route, said the General Director of the Center for political information Alexei Mukhin, speaking at the VII annual meeting of the International expert Council on cooperation in the Arctic November 7, 2019.
The theme of the meeting devoted to information technologies in the Arctic. As is well known, digitalization is designed to reduce the costs associated with exploration/production of hydrocarbons, production of special equipment. Information technologies allow to monitor production indicators in real time, in a timely manner to prevent breakdowns and accidents. The development of information infrastructure in the Arctic will ensure the control and handling of transport processes, to effectively monitor transportation safety. The application of information technologies and solutions will improve the reliability and efficiency of technological processes in Arctic fields. Advanced information telecommunication system required for the smooth and, in the long term, year-round operation of the NSR.
"Security in General and information security in particular - is, above all – secrecy. Information security is the choice very difficult and very specific tools, and, of course, is digitization," said Alexei Mukhin.
"Today - said the speaker, the digitalization of the regions in Russia is difficult to investicijski. Satellites, which can solve this problem is a fairly complex topic, a fibre-optic cable — it is too difficult and expensive".
According to A. Mukhin today we have a situation where Russian companies are the focus of attention of criminals at the state level. "Well-known fact that Russian companies are under attack and 1.6 times more likely than other companies in the world, primarily in the financial sector, in the sector of defense industry and so on. The expected damage in 2019 from 1.6-1.8 trillion rubles. Last year the damage amounted to 1.5 trillion rubles".
"In this regard, - said Alexander Mukhin, - experts note that entry points for breaches of cybersecurity are primarily small and medium business. However, the Northern sea route and the Arctic region is of little faces. There mostly are state-owned and large private companies that are well protected. But we must admit: information resources around the world, largely belong to the United States and China. They have "iron" intellectual resources, financial resources, and put Russia in a vulnerable position a priori. These problems need to be addressed. However, it is well known that the leadership in this area is rather arbitrary. The sanctions regime and the regime of import substitution, which are now included in our state, in a few years will give Russia exclusive features and benefits. An indirect indication that the situation is changing, is the nervous behavior of our opponents relative success of Russian specialists in cyberspace, and Russia begins to occupy an increasingly prominent place in this field. But nevertheless, a war for markets, a war for the transport corridors now. Unfortunately, Russia is in danger of being crushed between the U.S. and China. And there's no escape. Today, we need to create a society that must find a competitive technological information and other benefits."
"Today - said the speaker, there is such thing as a "blue" economy, green economy, green technology, environmental technology. This is an effective tools competitive advantages in this competition. The position of our country is very similar to the positions of Germany, which is developing "green" economy, and we are looking competitive compared to the "coal" to China and "junk" of the United States. However, the Northern sea route may become an area where Russia will fulfill these environmental technologies and create for themselves a competitive advantage in the Arctic territory".
"Increasing the level of data processing technology should stimulate these processes, - said Mukhin. - First of all it is necessary to optimize access to water, access to food, access to energy, access to territories. It's obvious the direction in which we should move. Today, it is obvious that we are in a very good competitive ratio with countries that are considered developed but that are now absorbed by the problem of bad ecology. America and China produce so much garbage that it becomes scary. It's a side effect of their industrialization, and we should use its benefits without making the same mistake I made a few years ago this dear country."
According to A. Mukhin, "the Problem also is that we have a lot of information and control its flow is concentrated in the hands of China and the United States, or even this flow is not controlled. And this problem is one of the main problems of digitalization, including in the Arctic. Here it is necessary to increase the technological component to keep the flow of data across borders. It is impossible to keep it in the same borders. But, on the other hand, you need to go the route control servers, over iron, over intellectual abilities and so forth."
"The new infrastructure, according to security officers, well protected, - said the expert - but, on the other hand, she is very vulnerable, because in addition to improving safety and improving the level of its violations. It is very important to make the right choice: or Russia, and we all become self-sufficient sovereign of the information ecosystem, or remain part of the ecosystem of the United States or, in the future, will become part of the ecosystem of China. Obviously, the first option is preferable, because it is the only thing that can save us in the future and make our economy a sovereign and dynamically developing. The problem of information sovereignty stands today in the first place, and I pay attention to it representatives of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation".
Another problem, according to A. Mukhin, is the problem of integrated and quality information summarized in a single system. If we build the economy of the future if we are prepared to ride, the transition to the new technological structures, we need to restore order in a private information component. Big Data (big data) - that's great, but Big Data is very much repetition of information, and repetitions of poor quality. You need this to work with all members of the international community because a single country to cope with it not under force.
"We must restore order in our information space, - summed A. Mukhin, not to be victims of so-called "digital dictatorship", which will be set if an artificial intelligence, about which we talk so much, suddenly take and will act independently, without human intervention. On these dangers I would like to draw your attention."
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