Passengers climb aboard the legendary "maize" An-2, on the street -30, on Board too, and only -30 in close quarters can be a little warm breath.
On Board were carrying boxes and suitcases, as the Luggage compartment of the An-2 no. And the flight attendant who'd offer candy and juices, too. This is the reality of modern civil aviation in the Arctic circle in Russia. While we are here discussing one softer chair in the business - some have only one alternative - An-2 or Mi-8, but to his village or tent in the tundra from the nearest "airport" might still need a few hours on a snowmobile to go. Planes go here as taxis, with intermediate stops, ground message is simply impossible!
Today I will talk about "Naryan-Mar United aviation division" is the name of the airline, which is based at the airport of Naryan-Mar. To the capital of the Nenets Autonomous District only 2.5 hours by plane from Moscow and you get 100% authentic the North polar region, because it is the only major city in the European part of Russia, with whom there is no permanent roads!
February 9, 1923 is considered the birthday of the Russian civil aviation, aviation Arctic in the Nenets Autonomous District originates February 4, 1930, when he was made the first flight Arkhangelsk-Syktyvkar-Arkhangelsk. 13 Feb 1933 opened the first polar route, which connected the Arkhangelsk Naryan-Mar. Plane L-507, piloted by L. K. Fitelberga and engineer M. Alekseev, overcame the distance in 6 and a half hours.
At that time the aircraft was used for mail delivery, transportation of furs and fish in Arkhangelsk. Flight to Arkhangelsk lasted about 8 hours. The aircraft was landing in different places: in the winter on the ice of the Pechora river near the sawmill, is described in the article in the courier and on the state-owned lake, and in summer in the pasture near the villages of Forging and Nikitta. In 1935 the need of the organization base in the Nenets district was approved in Sicrystal. The Chairman of the Nenets Dec Ivan Pavlovich vyucheyskiy is proved that for communication with remote areas, deer farms, fish camps district without aircraft can not do. Then the space for receiving aircraft was equipped on the ice of the river Pechora. During the war years by residents of Naryan-Mar was built the first unpaved runway. In 1941, a special aviation group, which was instructed to conduct surveillance along the Northern sea route, control the entrance to the Straits of Novaya Zemlya and to escort cargo transports. In Naryan-Mar was billeted 16th air transport detachment of the 3rd air group, subordinated to the white sea flotilla. The aircraft serviced, refueled, and the crews rested before the new departures.
On 30 September 1946 the squadron was formed 228й. In 1963 the squadron was renamed the Naryan-Mar United. In 1985, the airline relocated to a new building and airport newly built runway made it possible to take a modern aircraft such as the Tu-134, Yak-40, an-24, An-26.
Peak of development occurred in the late 80s - early 90s. At this time accounts for the largest amount of flying hours – about 30 thousand. Yes and helicopters and planes was much more than now. In the late 90's- early Millenium there was a serious decline. And only in the last two years, the performance of the company improved.
The airport of Naryan-Mar, now is the airfield class, equipped with a landing system category II and III from both directions and lighting equipment. The airport accepts planes an-24, An-26, An-12, Tu-134, Yak-40, Yak-42, Il-18, CRJ 200, Boeing 737, ATR 42, helicopters of all types. In the winter time when a certain depth of soil freezing can receive Il-76.
Nenets squadron combined – today it is 605 people – pilots, engineers, airport workers. Flying squad consists of 8 crews of An-2 and 30 of the crews of Mi-8.
In December 1952, in Naryan-Mar, arrived first aircraft an-2 is ideally suitable for the conditions of the far North. Now 2013th, and the An-2 still in service!
The popular name "crop duster" aircraft inherited from 2, since replaced the predecessor in the agricultural sector in the period of mass planting field corn. Being easy to operate, suitable for operation from unprepared ground sites, and having a small run-up and run, the aircraft was essential to work on underdeveloped areas of Siberia, far North, Central Asia, where was used everywhere. The an-2 was produced in the USSR, Poland and continues to be manufactured in China. There were built more than 18 thousand An-2. Listed in the Guinness Book of records as the world's only aircraft that has been manufactured for over 60 years.
The flight cost 2-5 thousand rubles, there are discounts for students and pensioners. In winter the planes take off on skis, in summer on wheels and the possibility of landing on unpaved strips.
Helicopter fleet Naryan-Mar air group consists of Mi-8 helicopters. The hours of operation of the Mi-8 is 80-100 thousand rbola.
And this is the biggest helicopter in the world (commercially-produced), the Mi - 26. Among other things it is used for transporting the reindeer to the meat. One hour of work, the Mi-26 is 670 thousand rubles/hour capacity is 18 tons. When the purchase price 125 rubles per 1 kg venison, the cost of helicopter transport is another 90 rubles/kg!!! And other options to get to remote areas of the County simply does not. There are no roads or winter roads! Over the winter the helicopter makes 20-25 such flights in different regions, where centralized dumped the meat on the snowmobiles of the smaller villages or reindeer frigonautica yourself in major points of slaughter. And there is a flight of 1 hour, and there are flights for 5-6 hours.
The website Naryan-Mar United air detachment - http://www.avianm.ru (for some reason not working now).
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