The national sea policy is a definition by the state and society of the purposes, tasks, directions and ways of achievement of national interests of the Russian Federation on the sea coast, in internal sea waters, in the territorial sea, in an exclusive economic zone, on the continental shelf of the Russian Federation and in the high sea. The state and society act as subjects of national sea policy. The state carries out national sea policy through public authorities of the Russian Federation and public authorities of territorial subjects of the Russian Federation. 0bshchestvo participates in formation and realization of national sea policy through the representative bodies of the Russian Federation, local governments and public associations acting Constitutions of the Russian Federation and the legislation of the Russian Federation on the basis.This project is devoted to reflection of realization of national sea policy of Russia, problems on the way of her realization and ways of their overcoming.
Pilotage service is harmoniously integrated into the system of national security States. During pilotage the pilot performed a public function and protect the national interests of the country. A pilot that is produced bythe cookies in the ports and on the approaches to them, in areas difficult maneuverof funding, complex navigational inherently government services at the expense of the shipowner, which shall pay pilotage dues, one of a dozen mandatory port fees. The main objective limanskih services worldwide is the navigational safety and smooth conduct ofyou ports. On this account the relevant IMO Resolution A.159, A.960 and recommendations of the internationalx pilot organizations.
In view of the particular vulnerability of Arctic nature the development of merchant shipping in the region, the increase in traffic flow along the Northern sea route without taking all possible measures to protect the organization and the maximum possible control of ships, safety of navigation and environmental aspects (what is the main work of the pilot), carries huge risks and could lead to disastrous consequences. Of particular importance in this context, the organization of high-quality ice pilotage and the pilots performing the duties of a public character.
In mid-February, the haters of bill No. 889303-7 (On amendments to the merchant shipping Code of the Russian Federation regarding the establishment of a unified state pilotage service), which is under consideration in the State Duma, attempted stuffing information. Their goal is to discredit the bill, so by all means leave the outdated, dull, unprofitable system a pilot system in Russia. Haters were disseminated materials in which a number of claims contain outright lies, but a number of facts construed solely for the benefit of private pilotage companies. In this connection it is necessary to shed light on the situation and the basic framework of a pilot security, the sources of which are true facts, events and historical truth. The project pilots the Center began the summer of 2018. To study the issue had a number of leading specialized industry and related experts, because the problem is not solved and sinks into lobbying for over 15 years. During this period, the haters of the bill, masquerading as its Maritime past, the naval education and extreme "complexity" of a pilot issue many took away from the simple truth, which is obvious. Here they are the eight rays of truth.
Under the heading "Experience of ice navigation for future generations" we continue to publish chapters from the book ice captain and scientist Emil Mikhailovich Shotzberger of "Ice road of the Arctic. The tactics of navigation in ice". In Chapter 3, "Northern sea passage" shows the unique historic contribution of the Russian State in the Arctic region during the reign of Peter I. Explained in detail the history of the discovery and mapping of the Arctic and far-Eastern seas, Siberia. Describes the course of the First and Second Kamchatka expeditions. Reveals a strong personality of the Dane Vitus Bering as a caring and wise leader, paving the sea route in ice along with the Russian sailors. The second Kamchatka expedition was one of the largest research expedition in the history of mankind carried out by the forces of a state. So there were the first maps and charts of the Northern seas. And meteorological observations of the academic detachment of the Second Kamchatka expedition were a step towards the establishment of permanent stations all over the World. Russian researchers have shown in the book as a personality sharp mind and relentless action, exceptional generosity and drive. Modern Russia summarizes the experience of sailing in the Arctic ice of many generations of Russian sailors, which is a unique historical heritage.
In April this year in Moscow the Analytical centre under the Government of the Russian Federation held the IV all-Russian forum of port "port Infrastructure: construction, reconstruction, modernization", organized by the magazine "Sea ports" with the support of the Association of sea commercial ports (ASOP), Rosmorrechflot and Rosmorport. The Forum was attended by over 100 participants representing the Federal bodies of Executive and legislative power, design, construction, operational, research enterprises and organizations of the Maritime industry, financial and educational institutions, public associations and unions. As noted by the forum participants, the conference venue at the site of the Russian Government justified and symbolic. The pooling of resources and interests of the state and business in development of this important segment of the economy and of the transport complex is of great importance. Not accidentally, the development of sea ports of Russia was given the status of a national project.
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