World day of whales and dolphins is celebrated annually on 23 July. On this day in 1986, a ban on whaling.
The fight against the ruthless destruction of the smartest mammals whales and dolphins lasted over 200 years. And is still ongoing. To mid nineteenth century from whale whiskers did corsets, umbrella spokes and handles of whips, and the liquid fat of Biscay and bowhead whales (blubber) has been used for lighting and as a lubricant. With the invention of kerosene in the late nineteenth century the demand for it plummeted.
Whaling "was renderbyval" whales completely. Meat was used (and still used) in cooking, the bones as a building material, and bone meal as animal feed and fertilizers. And it's not the entire list of "useful properties" of the whale carcass. The mass of a whale can reach 160 tons — a huge amount of meat, fat, skin and bones. And a huge amount of money. No wonder belilovsky Ishmael was chasing Moby Dick.
In 1986 the international whaling Commission (it includes 89 countries) was introduced and is still current ban on whaling. However, Japan, for example, found a loophole in the law in the form of "whaling for scientific purposes". In 2007, the quota for these purposes totaled 950 individuals per year, that is, in the land of the rising sun on an average day were killed on three pillars. In 2010, the Prime Minister of Australia Kevin Rudd has demanded from Japan to stop whaling, threatening to bring against Tokyo process at the International criminal court in the Hague. In 2017, the year under the flag of Japan operated the world's only floating whaling base Nisshin Maru.
In January 2019, the RIA Novosti news Agency reported that Tokyo in July resumes commercial whaling. According to the statistics of whale meat consumed in expensive areas. Despite the fact that after the war it saved many people from hunger, now the needs of the population in the meat of these mammals is not. In the 47th nearly all meat consumed old it was whale meat. And 54 it is officially part of the school lunch.
Stained with the blood of marine mammals reputation not only in Japan. Every year in the Faroe Islands is the slaughter of grindul — black dolphins. Local barbarian fishing exists with the X century. It is regulated by local authorities. The whaling boats, arranged in a wide semicircle, surrounded by dolphins and drive them into the Bay or to the bottom of the fjord. In shallow water the animals slaughtered vertebrae. A few hours are the most intelligent animals on the planet suffer in agony. The event, by the way, a non-profit. Organized local communities. In the mass murder of dolphins can participate anyone. The majority of local residents consider the fishing grind an important part of their culture, and journalists covering the carnage in a negative light, the stigma of ignorance of the methods of fishing and the supposed economic importance of the fishery. Killed every year about 950 individuals.
Less damage than whaling, marine mammal brings is that — capture for dolphinariums. The theme is relevant as never before because of the situation with the "whale jail" in the Middle Bay in the Primorsky Krai. Since the summer of 2018 in cages-cages there contained 11 of 87 whales and belugas (including calves) that have been illegally caught in the sea of Okhotsk. They were tamed before the sale to foreign aquariums, presumably China and Japan. The situation resolved in court of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, in particular they can not determine whose animals. For the release of prisoners from prison whale is a struggle on multiple fronts: the Prosecutor General's office found irregularities in the capture and maintenance of eight pages, two criminal cases. More than a million Russians have signed a petition demanding the release of animals. Against "whale jail" and by celebrities, including Steven Spielberg, Pamela Anderson, Leonardo DiCaprio.
In the Russian seas is home to several dozen species of whales, dolphins and seals, many of which are listed in the Red book.
In addition, whales and dolphins suffer from the garbage. Pollution of the oceans has reached catastrophic proportions. Floating plastic bags often resemble squid, and the animals ingest them while hunting. On the coast of the Philippines and Norway have increasingly discarded whales swallowing plastic debris. Scraps of polyethylene, which is not able to digest almost none of the living organism, inhibit the digestive system of whales, causing them excruciating pain.
All these factors are forcing the world community to look at the global problem of the extermination of whales and dolphins. And 23 July — international day of whales and dolphins, — another reason to look at the problem straight in the eye, until we lost these amazing marine mammals.
Tags: Sea policy
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