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Only 2% of goods in external trade is transported by ships under the Russian flag
Material posted: Gornova Anna M.Publication date: 20-11-2017
Shipbuilding and development of the Northern sea route discussed in the Kremlin. On 16 November, Russian President Vladimir Putin has held meeting on questions of development of shipbuilding complex "Star". The agenda also included the issues of development of the Arctic, increasing intensity of navigation on the Northern sea route.

The meeting was attended by the head of "Rosneft" Igor Sechin, the head of "Sovcomflot" Sergey Frank, transport Minister Maxim Sokolov, presidential aide on economic issues Andrei Belousov, Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, Minister of industry Denis Manturov, the Chairman of the Board of PJSC "Gazprom" Alexey Miller, the head of NOVATEK Leonid Michelson, President of the USC Alexey Rakhmanov.

Vladimir Putin reminded about the mutual responsibility of shipbuilders and customers. "Customers placing orders have to be confident in the precise execution of the contract, know that you will get products of good quality for economically reasonable price and in a timely manner. On this account the owners of the shipyard needs to give a clear financial guarantees. Development of production capacities and the creation of modern jobs in the far East - it is a national task, " - said the head of state.

Vladimir Putin also highlighted the question of the provision of vessels under the Russian flag exclusive rights to the hydrocarbons transportation via the Northern sea route. "This step will allow to increase the volume of Maritime transport, will strengthen the position of domestic shipping companies, will create additional opportunities to upgrade their fleet. The bill is now being considered in the State Duma. I hope that soon will be adopted. However, I also know that there are proposals to extend this rule to other marine areas of our country. Let's analyze all of these issues so that our every step has been verified, done, counted," he urged participants of the meeting the head of state.

Recall that according to the Ministry of transport of Russia in 2016, the volume of cargo handled at Russian ports amounted to 720 million tons. At the same time courts under the Russian flag, according to experts, transported about 12 million tons, which is less than 2%, in 2000-m to year it was 6%. These data were presented March 15 at a General meeting of the Russian chamber of shipping, which brings together Russian ship owners for more than two thirds of the total freight turnover of sea transport of Russia. The initiative by the House amendment was developed in article 4 of the rules of the Russian Federation regarding the extension of the concept of cabotage.

In the state Duma the situation for the Centre of strategic estimations and forecasts commented on in the appropriate Committee. "- A long time Russian export cargoes are transported by vessels sailing under a foreign flag, it applies primarily to raw materials and export of hydrocarbons, coal, wood, grain. This problem is of strategic importance and require the involvement of many ministries and organizations. And when the President was informed that all goods that are produced we have on the shelf, transported by vessels under foreign flags, it turned out that a whole series of unique vessels for liquefied gas transportation from the port of Sabetta, planned construction, were under a foreign flag. The President had previously reported that the major part of them should be under the flag of the Russian Federation, he remembers it, and therefore made this the right decision followed by legislative changes proposed in bill No. 1155137-6 amendments to the merchant shipping Code of the extension of the concept of "cabotage". Asked to think about the dissemination of this decision to other goods, not only hydrocarbons. We export the minerals purchased in the bowels of aliens and transported by foreign carriers. For export, unfortunately, basically we are raw materials.

Awarded by the President of Russia, the issue of ownership of the vessel to the country on the flag, unfortunately, still ambiguously interpreted in our laws – this discrepancy must be eliminated as soon as possible. The merchant shipping code articulates: the Russian ship is a ship under the Russian flag. At the same time, many laws adopted after the collapse of the Soviet Union, are the terms not in line with international standards, and most importantly – the merchant shipping Code. These terms are in priority order to lead in accordance with the concepts established in KTM. For example, a vessel is considered to be Russian is not the owner, and the flag. Because the owner may be a foreigner, and to raise the flag of the Russian Federation, and registered it under the Russian flag. Conversely, the owner of the vessel might be Russian, but the flag of foreign. We introduced bill No. 104445-7 "On amendments to the Law "On the State border of the Russian Federation" and the Federal law "About seaports in the Russian Federation" that addresses, including that contradiction. However, unfortunately, now he is preparing the state Duma to reject. But these discrepancies, anyway, have to eliminate and lead to today's realities", - said Deputy Chairman of the Committee on transport and construction Paul Fedyaev.

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