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On support of small enterprises of the coastal strip
Material posted: Gornova Anna M.Publication date: 21-09-2018
19 September in Moscow took place the meeting of the Board of the Union of fishing collective farms of Russia. The Union has to date, 58 of the farms, total production volume which is approximately 215 thousand tonnes of aquatic bioresources.

The President of the Union Andrey Anufriev presented a report on the outcome of the Rybkolkhozsoyuz for the last period and outlined the tasks for the 2019 year. A report on the organization and the measures of state support of construction at domestic shipyards tonnage and medium tonnage fishing vessels were made by the Deputy Chairman of the Board Peter Dzhunkovsky.

One of the main agenda was the question of bringing the Russian legislation to the UN Convention on the law of the sea protection of the coastal fishing farms and cooperatives. Beforehand, all participants were sent prepared by combining the analysis of legal support to coastal communities in the international practice of Maritime countries. Coordinator of the project "Marine policy" Center for strategic estimates and projections Anna Gornova told about prospects of this direction.

"The world is moving in the Maritime economy. More and more countries see it as in their socio-economic growth. The rise of the sea shares stated in the national economies of many countries. The marine economy is regarded as a new round of modern geopolitics. Russia as a Maritime country has a good start and opportunities in this segment. This potential is part of our genetic code, it is formed historically, our ancestors and generously provided with natural resources. To realize its advantages in Maritime economy, the government should stimulate economic and social development of the population of the coastal strip.

In this case we are talking about fisheries. The United Nations Convention on the law of the sea and the law of the sea requires countries to protect and encourage coastal fishing communities by the various state preferences. We are talking, including about people in remote coastal areas of Canada, USA (Alaska), Greenland, Korea, Japan and other regions, where fish is a main component of the diet. It is small businesses that employ local people.

Presents an analysis of international legal sources allows to see the trend of protecting the rights of the coastal population, all the inhabitants of the zone of the sea coast, not separated by nationality, the classification of the majority of the population or indigenous minorities. This common internationally agreed protection of the rights of indigenous peoples and other local residents of the Arctic coast and other coastal areas characteristic of modern international law. After all, the population of the coastal areas gets animal proteins in the diet mainly from fish, marine animals and completely dependent on sea trade.

It should be emphasized that the UN Convention on the law of the sea (paragraph 5, article 7) stipulates the obligation that did not exist in earlier Geneva conventions, namely, the obligation of accounting for such factors as the economic needs of coastal fishing communities (p. 3. p. 61). This Treaty obligation is to be implemented by coastal States, including the Russian Federation. It is therefore proposed to update our legislation. Bringing the Russian legislation to norms of international law in this part of the appropriate in many aspects.

First, large-scale plans for the development of the Northern sea route and infrastructure development in the Far East require a fixation of the population in these areas. Maritime boundaries in the 37 thousand kilometers (20 thousand miles) we are a great naval power, but the thinking is largely most executives, unfortunately, still land, continental. Let's see, today is given a lot of instructions for the construction and development of port infrastructure. But if the outflow of population from remote areas will continue, this infrastructure will build and serve, who is it for? Where is state logic?

Second, the conditions for large fishing companies and small businesses should be different. Please note what it has become today in some cases competition? Competition in some areas is not the engine of progress, and a mechanism for the conquest of a monopoly in the market. In many cases, the traders do not develop because of them, and often in the beginning, kill competitors – in most cases, larger enterprises. Weaning quota historically present on the coast cooperatives, farms and small businesses continues. Therefore, for this category needs its own, different rules.

In this case, you should consider to initiate the formation of a separate Federal program on socio-economic support of the coastal population and its appropriate legislation. Primary achievements today were presented in the document. In fact, the coastal population is considered as a separate socio-economic category. And the balance of large and small enterprises in the sector as the basis for its sustainable development".


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